Weingartia

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Weingartia
Weingartia westii pm.jpg
Weingartia westii
Scientific classification
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Weingartia

Werdermann 1937 etc.

Weingartia is a genus in the family Cactaceae, with species native to Bolivia and Argentina.

Distribution[edit]

Andes mountains of central and south Bolivia and northwest Argentina at elevations of 1600 – 3600 m.

Description[edit]

Weingartia lanata in flower.

Plants usually solitary. Stems globose to oblong, to 20 cm high and 15 cm, rarely 30 cm in diameter, fresh green. Ribs 12 - 18, spiraling, forming distinct tubercles. Areoles on the tubercle in excentric position, sunken in its higher part. Spines more robust and thick, 7 – 35 in one areole, radial spines 1 – 3 cm long, central spines 3 - 4, to 5 cm long. Flowers borne near the stem tips, one areole can produce up to 3 flowers, golden yellow to orange to reddish yellow, 1 – 3 cm in diameter. Floral tube scales broad and imbricated. Fruits globose to ovoid, brownish. Seeds oblong, 1 mm long, black or brown.

Taxonomy[edit]

The genus Weingartia was designated in 1937 by Werdermann to replace invalid genus Spegazzinia Backeberg 1933. All species of the genus Weingartia were transferred to synonymy status under the genus Rebutia (Hunt & Taylor, 1990; Hunt, 1999, Anderson 2001).[1] More recent research has indicated that the genus Rebutia as currently defined is polyphyletic. Sulcorebutia and Weingartia were kept as separate genera in the study; a summary cladogram for those species studied is shown below.[2]

Rebutia I (R. pseudodeminuta, R. fiebrigii, R. deminuta, R. pygmaea, R. steinmannii and R. einsteinii)

Other genera

Browningia hertingiana

Browningia candelaris

Rebutia II (R. minuscula and R. padcayensis)

Sulcorebutia, Weingartia and Cintia

Species formerly classified as Weingartia, Sulcorebutia and Cintia Kníže & Říha show a close relationship to each other. The larger group of species of Rebutia studied, those with hairy or bristly pericarpels, form a separate, more distantly related clade (Rebutia I). It is suggested that these be excluded from the genus Rebutia. [2][3]

List of species[edit]

List of species accepted by The Plant List Org.[4]

Weingartia fidaiana (Backeb.) Werderm.
Weingartia kargliana Rausch
Weingartia lanata F. Ritter
Weingartia neocumingii Backeb.
Weingartia neumanniana (Backeb.) Werderm.
Weingartia westii (Hutchison) Donald

First description list[edit]

Subgenus Weingartia

Group Weingartia fidaiana
Weingartia fidaiana (Backeberg) Werdermann 1937
Weingartia cintiensis Cardenas 1958
Weingartia leocoriensis Cardenas 1964
Weingartia vilcayensis Cardenas 1964
Weingartia (under Gymnocalycium) westii Hutchison 1957
Group Weingartia neumanniana
Weingartia neumanniana (Backeberg) Werdermann 1937
Weingartia kargliana Rausch 1979
Weingartia pygmaea F. Ritter 1980

Subgenus Cumingia

Weingartia neocumingii Backeberg 1950 (syn. W. cumingii (Back.) Werd. 1937)
Weingartia attenuata F. H. Brandt 1985
Weingartia brachygraphisa F. H. Brandt 1977
Weingartia buiningiana F. Ritter 1980
Weingartia callecallensis F. H. Brandt 1981
Weingartia chuquichuquiensis F. H. Brandt 1983
Weingartia columnaris F. H. Brandt 1986
Weingartia erinacea F. Ritter 1961
Weingartia flavida F. H. Brandt 1981
Weingartia gracilispina F. Ritter 1980
Weingartia hediniana Backeberg 1950
Weingartia knizei F. H. Brandt 1977
Weingartia lanata F. Ritter 1961
Weingartia longigibba F. Ritter 1961
Weingartia mairanana F. H. Brandt 1983
Weingartia mataralensis F. H. Brandt 1984
Weingartia miranda F. H. Brandt 1986
Weingartia multispina F. Ritter 1961
Weingartia neglecta F. H. Brandt 1983
Weingartia pilcomayensis Cardenas 1964
Weingartia platygona Cardenas 1964
Weingartia pulquinensis Cardenas 1951
Weingartia riograndensis F. Ritter 1961
Weingartia saetosa F. H. Brandt 1980
Weingartia saipinensis F. H. Brandt 1982
Weingartia sucrensis F. Ritter 1961
Weingartia trollii Oeser 1978

References[edit]

  1. ^ International Cactaceae Systematics Group
  2. ^ a b Ritz, Christiane M.; Martins, Ludwig; Mecklenburg, Rainer; Goremykin, Vadim & Hellwig, Frank H. (2007), "The molecular phylogeny of Rebutia (Cactaceae) and its allies demonstrates the influence of paleogeography on the evolution of South American mountain cacti", American Journal of Botany, 94: 1321–1332, doi:10.3732/ajb.94.8.1321, PMID 21636499. Summary cladogram based on Fig. 2.
  3. ^ Stefano Mosti, Nadeesha Lewke Bandara y Alessio Papini,Further insights and new combinations in Aylostera (Cactaceae) based on molecular and morphological data. Pak. J. Bot., 43(6): 2769-2785, 2011
  4. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/browse/A/Cactaceae/Weingartia/

Literature[edit]

  • Augustin K.: Weingartia: history, description and reclassification. Cactus & Co. 7. (2): 91-126, 2003
  • Ritter Fr.: Kakteen in Südamerika, Spangenberg, 1980.
  • Anderson E. F.: The Cactus Family, Timber Press, Portland, Oregon, 2001.