Weisseritz Valley Railway
|Weißeritz Valley Railway|
|Line length||26.335 km (16.364 mi)|
|Track gauge||750 mm (2 ft 5 1⁄2 in)|
|Minimum radius||50 m (160 ft)|
|Operating speed||30 km/h (18.6 mph) (maximum)|
The Weißeritz Valley Railway (German: Weißeritztalbahn) is a steam operated narrow gauge railway in Saxony, Germany. The line connects Freital, near Dresden, with the spa of Kipsdorf in the Ore Mountains, and follows the valley of the Red Weißeritz.
The construction started in 1881. The gauge selected for the line was 750 mm (2 ft 5 1⁄2 in), in common with other Saxon narrow gauge railways. The first section to Schmiedeberg was put into operation on 1 November 1882. On 3 September 1883, the regular trains reached the terminal station at Kurort Kipsdorf.
In 1912 a part of the track was relocated to allow construction of the Malter Valley Dam. In 1920 construction began on the Pöbel Valley Railway (Pöbeltalbahn) that was to link Schmiedelberg, on the Weißeritz Valley Railway, to Moldava, now in the Czech Republic. This line was expected to bring additional freight traffic, but construction was abandoned in 1923 and never resumed.
Freight traffic ceased on the line in 1993, leaving only passenger traffic. By the time of the floods in 2002, the railway carried approximately 200,000 passengers per year.
Damage in 2002 floods
The railway was badly hit by the major flooding in 2002, which severely damaged most of the track and infrastructure. This damage mirrored that of 1897, when almost all the line's bridges were damaged or destroyed.
The damage was estimated to be around €20 million and a fund-raising campaign was organised. The Federal government and the Government of Saxony agreed to cover one half of what is needed to rebuild the railway line. The section of line between Freital-Hainsberg station and Dippoldiswalde, the normal passing point for trains, was reopened on 14 December 2008. Six return trains per day are normally operated on this section.
The section of line from Dippoldiswalde to the terminus at Kurort Kipsdorf was due to reopen in 2010, however reconstruction has now been halted whilst the cost of rebuilding the first section to reopen is investigated. The rebuilding was originally expected to cost €19 million, but to date has cost €22.5 million. As this has coincided with budgetary cutbacks for the Saxon narrow gauge lines, new sources of funding need to be found if the rebuild is to be completed.
- Gauge: 750 mm (2 ft 5 1⁄2 in)
- Length: 26.3 kilometres (16.3 mi)
- Elevation difference: 350 metres (1,150 ft)
- Min. curve-radius: 50 metres (160 ft)
- Max. gradient: 1:40
- Stations/Stops: 13
- Bridges: 34
The other stations and stops are as follows:
- Freital Cossmannsdorf; 1.6 km (0.99 mi); 192 m (630 ft)
- Rabenau; 5.3 km (3.3 mi); 249 m (817 ft)
- Spechtritz; 6.7 km (4.2 mi); 274 m (899 ft)
- Seifersdorf; 8.7 km (5.4 mi); 301 m (988 ft)
- Malter; 10.8 km (6.7 mi); 335 m (1,099 ft); by Malter dam
- Dippoldiswalde; 14.8 km (9.2 mi); 343 m (1,125 ft)
- Ulberndorf; 17.3 km (10.7 mi); 374 m (1,227 ft)
- Obercarsdorf; 18.8 km (11.7 mi); 390 m (1,280 ft)
- Schmiedeberg-Naundorf; 20.7 km (12.9 mi); 410 m (1,350 ft)
- Schmiedeberg; 22.1 km (13.7 mi); 441 m (1,447 ft)
- Buschmühle; 23.3 km (14.5 mi); 463 m (1,519 ft)
- Kurort Kipsdorf; 26.1 km (16.2 mi); 533 m (1,749 ft)
- STREDA – Total distance directory of the DBAG; status: 1 February 2003
- Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0.
- Älteste öffentliche Schmalspurbahn Deutschlands at www.ig.weisseritztalbahn.de. Retrieved 24 Dec 2016.
- Nock, Andrew (April 2009). "Weisseritztalbahn reopens to Dippoldiswalde". Today's Railways. Platform 5 Publishing Ltd. p. 61.
- Fender, Keith (February 2011). "Weisseritztalbahn cost increase puts rebuilding in doubt". Today's Railways. Platform 5 Publishing Ltd. p. 61.
- Thiel, Hans-Christoph (1996). Schmalspurbahn Freital-Hainsberg – Kipsdorf. Verlag Kenning Nordhorn. ISBN 3-927587-67-2.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Weißer Valley Railway.|
- Website of the Weißeritztalbahn e.V.
- Site with a map
- Model of Schmiedeberg
- Model of Kipsdorf
- Model of Hainsberg-Kipsdorf
- Blog of Weisseritz Valley Railway rebuilding work
- There is a relevant English language discussion forum at Railways of Germany