It is located within the rural Waldviertel region on the upper Lainsitz (Lužnice) river, near the border with the Czech Republic. The municipality consists of the Katastralgemeinden Brühl, Großwolfgers, Oberwindhag, Reinprechts, Spital, St. Wolfgang, Sulz, Walterschlag, Weitra and Wetzles.
Klara Hitlernée Pölzl (1860–1907), mother of Adolf Hitler, was born on 12 August 1860 in the hamlet of Spital. She was the daughter of Johanna Hiedler (1830−1906), a local peasantwoman, and by her maternal grandfather Johann Nepomuk Hiedler (1807−1888) a distant cousin of her later husband Alois Hitler from nearby Strones, Döllersheim. Alois Hitler also lived in Spital (1842-1850), raised by Johann Nepomuk Hiedler after he was abandoned by his mother as a five-year-old.