Wellesley Hills (MBTA station)

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WELLESLEY HILLS
Wellesley Hills station, March 2013.JPG
Wellesley Hills station platforms; station building is at right
Location 339 Washington Street
Wellesley, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°18′37″N 71°16′37″W / 42.3102°N 71.2770°W / 42.3102; -71.2770Coordinates: 42°18′37″N 71°16′37″W / 42.3102°N 71.2770°W / 42.3102; -71.2770
Owned by MBTA
Line(s)
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 2
Construction
Parking 51 spaces ($4.50 fee)
Other information
Fare zone 3
History
Opened 1834
Rebuilt March 13, 1886
Services
Preceding station   MBTA.svg MBTA   Following station
toward Worcester
Framingham/Worcester Line
  Former services  
New York Central Railroad
toward Worcester
Worcester Line
toward Boston

Wellesley Hills is a commuter rail station on the MBTA Commuter Rail Framingham/Worcester Line, located off Washington Street (MA-16) in Wellesley, Massachusetts. Designed in 1885 and completed in 1886, the station was the last of nine stations that H.H. Richardson designed for the Boston and Albany Railroad. It replaced a previous station, built in 1834 with the completion of the Boston and Worcester Railroad.

Wellesley Hills has two low platforms serving the line's two tracks; it is not handicapped accessible.

History[edit]

Wellesley Hills station, still with a Grantville sign, around 1884
Wellesley Hills station on an early postcard

The Boston & Worcester Railroad (B&W), extending outwards from Boston, reached through the West Parish of Needham in mid-1834.[1] North Needham station was the terminus for a few months while construction continued towards Worcester.[2] In 1839, the line was double tracked through the area.[3]

The station was later renamed Grantvile, then briefly Nehoiden, and finally Wellesley Hills in 1881 when the West Parish was fully separated from Needham as the town of Wellesley.[2]

Wellesley Hills station was designed by Henry Hobson Richardson in 1885 for the Boston & Albany Railroad,[4] and was the last in a series of stations he designed, all featuring rough-cut light colored stone with dark stone trim around windows and doors, slate roofs, and varying amounts of decorative dark stone carvings.[4] As a B&A station, it originally served both commuter trains in the Boston Metropolitan Area and long distance trains toward Albany, New York.

Though the platforms are still active for railroad service today, the station house is currently occupied by Caffè Nero [5], described as a European coffee house. The portion facing the street has been renovated and the original roofing has been removed. However, the sides and back of the building have been preserved, though the windows are boarded up and large air conditioning units have been installed.[6] The previous station building, constructed in 1855, has been moved across the road and converted to a private residence.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Humphrey, Thomas J. & Clark, Norton D. (1985). Boston's Commuter Rail: The First 150 Years. Boston Street Railway Association. pp. 21–25. ISBN 9780685412947. 
  2. ^ a b Fiske, Joseph E.; Ellen W. Fiske (1917). History of the Town of Wellesley, Massachusetts. Boston, Chicago: The Pilgrim Press. p. 26. OCLC 6541911 – via Internet Archive. 
  3. ^ Karr, Ronald Dale (1995). The Rail Lines of Southern New England. Branch Line Press. pp. 278–283. ISBN 0942147022. 
  4. ^ a b # Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl, H.H. Richardson: Complete Architectural Works, MIT Press, Cambridge MA 1984
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ Richardson stations
  7. ^ Harwood, Herbert H. (Spring 1992). "History Where You Don't Expect It: Some Surprising Survivors". Railroad History (166): 103–125. JSTOR 43523701. (Subscription required (help)). 

External links[edit]