Wellington-Karori

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Wellington-Karori is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the Wellington region, which existed for one parliamentary term from 1993 to 1996, and was held by Pauline Gardiner. In 1995, Gardiner defected from National to United New Zealand.

Population centres[edit]

Based on the 1991 census, an electoral redistribution was carried out. This resulted in the abolition of nine electorates, and the creation of eleven new electorates. Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, so the new electorates increased the number of the North Island electorates by two.[1] In the South Island, one electorate was abolished and one electorate was recreated. In the North Island, five electorates were newly created (including Wellington-Karori), five electorates were recreated, and eight electorates were abolished.[1][2]

The electorate covered the central section and some suburbs of the city of Wellington. Polling booths were in Chartwell, Wellington Central, Crofton Downs, Highbury, Karori, Kelburn, Khandallah, Makara, Ngaio, Northland, Thorndon, Wadestown, and Wilton.[2]

History[edit]

The electorate was represented by Pauline Gardiner during the three years of its existence, from the 1993 election to 1996.[3]

Gardiner had contested the Wellington Central electorate for the National Party in the 1990 election against Fran Wilde, the incumbent of the Labour Party. On election night, Gardiner had a lead, but Wilde won when the special votes had been counted.[4] Wilde was elected Mayor of Wellington in 1992, and her resignation from parliament caused the 1992 Wellington Central by-election. Gardiner was beaten by Labour's Chris Laidlaw by a vote margin of just over 1%.[5] In the 1993 election, Gardiner in turn defeated Laidlaw when they contested the new Wellington-Karori electorate.[2] In 1995, Gardiner left the National Party to join six other MPs in the establishment of United New Zealand, a centrist party.[6] Like all United MPs but Peter Dunne, she was defeated in the 1996 election; she contested the Wellington Central electorate, where she came fourth.[7]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 National    United NZ  

Election Winner
1993 election Pauline Gardiner1

1Pauline Gardiner defected to United New Zealand in 1995.

Election results[edit]

1993 election[edit]

General election, 1993: Wellington-Karori[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Pauline Gardiner 10,537 43.95
Labour Chris Laidlaw 10,057 41.95
Alliance Danna Glendining 2,181 9.10
NZ First R Bramwell 654 2.73
Christian Heritage D Harris 230 0.96
McGillicuddy Serious A Millen 215 0.90
Natural Law I G Douglas 99 0.41
Majority 480 2.00
Informal votes 590 2.40
Turnout 24,563 91.70
Registered electors 26,786

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. pp. 111f. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  2. ^ a b c d Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. pp. 134, 163. 
  3. ^ "Women in parliament 1933–2005". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 14 October 2008. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  4. ^ Bassett, Michael (2008). Working with David: Inside the Lange Cabinet. Auckland: Hodder Moa. p. 538. ISBN 978-1-86971-094-1. 
  5. ^ "By-election Special". The Evening Post. 14 December 1992. pp. 23–24. 
  6. ^ James, Colin. "Watch out for the elephants". Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  7. ^ "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - Wellington Central" (PDF). Retrieved 6 July 2013.