Wellington Point, Queensland

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Wellington Point
Redland CityQueensland
Wellington Point Jetty 2011.jpg
Wellington Point jetty
Wellington Point is located in Queensland
Wellington Point
Wellington Point
Coordinates27°29′53″S 153°14′09″E / 27.4980°S 153.2358°E / -27.4980; 153.2358Coordinates: 27°29′53″S 153°14′09″E / 27.4980°S 153.2358°E / -27.4980; 153.2358
Population12,350 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density972/km2 (2,519/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4160
Area12.7 km2 (4.9 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
Location22 km (14 mi) from Brisbane GPO
LGA(s)Redland City
Suburbs around Wellington Point:
Moreton Bay Moreton Bay Moreton Bay
Birkdale Wellington Point Ormiston
Birkdale Alexandra Hills Ormiston

Wellington Point is a residential locality in the City of Redland, Queensland, Australia.[2] In the 2016 census, Wellington Point had a population of 12,350 people.[1] The suburb is a popular seaside destination within the Brisbane metropolitan area and is notable for a popular walk along a sandbar to King Island which emerges at low tide.

Geography[edit]

Sandbar walk to King Island at low tide

Wellington Point is about 22 km south-east of Brisbane, the capital of Queensland. Wellington Point is largely residential and adjoins Birkdale in the west and Ormiston to the south east.

The loclity derives its name from the headland called Wellington Point which extends prominently into Moreton Bay. The headland and its adjoining waters are used extensively for aquatic sports. The area is also a popular day-trip destination. While it is predominantly urban, Wellington Point retains a seaside and village atmosphere.

History[edit]

The people of the Quandamooka lived in the Redlands long before white settlement. Food was plentiful and skillfully hunted, fished and collected. Tribes of the Yuggera language group inhabited the whole area, with the tribe inhabiting the mainland coastal strip stretching from Redland Bay to the mouth of the Brisbane River being called the Koobenpul.[3]

It is considered that the first Europeans to travel through Wellington Point were three shipwrecked timber getters, Pamphlett, Finnegan and Parsons in 1823.

Wellington Point was named by surveyors Robert Dixon and James Warner in 1842 after the Duke of Wellington who led the army of the United Kingdom in the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. The bay formed in part by Wellington Point was named Waterloo Bay. The first European settlers arrived in Wellington Point in the mid-1860s after the first land sales of 1864 at which one of the big purchasers was Thomas Lodge Murray-Prior. Another purchaser was Captain Louis Hope, who built Ormiston House and established a major sugar plantation and milling operation in Ormiston.[4]

Around 1869, Gilbert Burnett come to the district, taking over Captain Louis Hope's sugar mill before purchasing land at Wellington Point, where he grew sugarcane and erected a sugar mill. In 1889 he built the two-storey house Fernbourne in Fernbourne Road (the third house he built by this name in the district).[5]

Early industries included growing sugar cane, timber cutting, fruit and vegetable farming and fishing. (Of these the only surviving industry of any significance is fruit and vegetable farming though rapidly increasing urbanisation has reduced this industry to very low levels.)

In the 1889 a railway line from Brisbane, Queensland was built to Cleveland, Queensland passing through Wellington Point. This led to greater travel to Wellington Point and the opening up of yet more land. The line was closed in 1960 due to lack of use. In 1988 the railway station was re-opened and the rail link to Brisbane was re-established. The Wellington Point reserve, opened in the 1880s was closed in 1974.

In 1887 Gilbert Burnett subdivided more of his Wellington Point holdings, especially around the railway station. Edith, Alice and Matilda Streets were laid out and named after three of Burnett’s daughters.

Wellington Point State School opened on 9 May 1887.[6]

Tents on the foreshore at Wellington Point, around 1911

The first Methodist church was established in 1888, as was the original Wellington Point Hotel which was demolished in 1972 but has since been rebuilt. Another house called Fernbourne was constructed in 1889, but was renamed Whepstead Manor in 1900.

By 1893 the population of the area was 260 most involved in the primary sector and the service sector and by 1897 the end of Wellington Point was set aside as a recreation reserve.

The Point’s popularity continued to grow with special fruit trains run to the area in 1906 to sample the strawberries and to visit the gardens and vineyards and by 1911 retirees and commuters began to move into the area and more housing blocks were set aside.

Aerial view of resorts at Wellington Point, 1929

Banyan figs were planted at the point in 1924, by 1925 the first kiosk at the point was established and in 1927 the Moreton Bay Figs were planted giving the point many of its most iconic features.

Whilst the great depression in the late 20s and 30s was a personal tragedy for many, it was also a time of work creation and the development of infrastructure. An interesting development at the point was the drilling for oil which began in 1931. The drilling was commercially unsuccessful, but it did attract the interest of the Prime Minister and the Catholic Church. 1931 was also the year that town electricity was first provided in the area and the Wellington Point jetty was completed in 1937.

The Second World War had a significant effect on Wellington Point and arguably the most obvious consequence was the US camp during 1943 and 1944 when 1500 US forces camped there and conducted shooting and bombing practice.[7]

After the war the pace of life slowed but change was coming. In 1959 a chemist, doctor’s surgery, butcher, garage and fish shop were set up and with the arrival of reticulated water in 1969, farmland began to be sub-divided for house blocks.

In 1983 the Redland Cricketers Club was opened.

Wellington Point State High School opened on 25 January 1988.[6]

Redlands College was established on 1 February 1988 by an association of members of the Churches of Christ in Australia.[6][8]

On 4 September 2012, the historic Fernbourne House was destroyed by fire. It was a two-storey building built in 1889 by pioneer Gilbert Burnett. It was the third house he had built with that name; the first being on the site of the present Whepstead Manor.[5]

Heritage listings[edit]

Wellington Point has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Significant features[edit]

Wellington Point Jetty

Significant features include the point, King Island (which is joined to the point at low tide by a natural sand causeway), Redlands Sporting Club, Sovereign Waters (a lakeside housing development), and Whepstead Manor (a significant historical residence) and a shopping and restaurant precinct which contains the Wellington Point Clock Tower.

Education[edit]

Wellington Point State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 476 Main Road (27°29′28″S 153°14′23″E / 27.4910°S 153.2396°E / -27.4910; 153.2396 (Wellington Point State School)).[11][12] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 546 students with 44 teachers (33 full-time equivalent) and 22 non-teaching staff (13 full-time equivalent).[13] It includes a special education program.[11]

Wellington Point State High School is a government secondary (7-12) school for boys and girls at Feb-36 Badgen Road (27°29′28″S 153°13′44″E / 27.4910°S 153.2288°E / -27.4910; 153.2288 (Wellington Point State High School)).[11][14] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 914 students with 80 teachers (76 full-time equivalent) and 37 non-teaching staff (24 full-time equivalent).[13] It includes a special education program.[11]

Redlands College is a private primary and secondary (Prep-12) school for boys and girls at 38 Anson Road (27°29′33″S 153°13′58″E / 27.4926°S 153.2327°E / -27.4926; 153.2327 (Redlands College)).[11][15] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 1,319 students with 109 teachers (99 full-time equivalent) and 82 non-teaching staff (58 full-time equivalent).[13]

Amenities[edit]

The Redland City Council operates a mobile library service which visits Main Road.[16]

Public transport[edit]

A railway service to Brisbane and other suburbs on the line between Brisbane and Cleveland, Queensland is accessed at the Wellington Point railway station, Brisbane.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 census, Wellington Point recorded a population of 11,787 people, 50.9% female and 49.1% male.

The median age of the Wellington Point population was 39 years, 2 years above the national median of 37.

73.1% of people living in Wellington Point were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were England 7.7%, New Zealand 5.1%, South Africa 1.8%, Scotland 1.2%, Netherlands 0.5%.

90.8% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common languages were 0.5% German, 0.5% Italian, 0.4% Afrikaans, 0.4% Punjabi, 0.3% Finnish.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Wellington Point (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Wellington Point - locality in City of Redland (entry 43638)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  3. ^ "Redland City website "In the beginning"" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 March 2011. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
  4. ^ "Redlands timeline". Archived from the original on 2 March 2011. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
  5. ^ a b Holloway, Judith Kerr and Shannon (4 September 2012). "Fire destroys historic Wellington Point house". Redland City Bulletin. Archived from the original on 30 March 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2019.
  6. ^ a b c Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  7. ^ Dunn, Peter. "US NAVY GUNNERY SCHOOL WELLINGTON POINT, NEAR BRISBANE, QLD DURING WW2". www.ozatwar.com. Archived from the original on 29 April 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  8. ^ "Heritage & Governance". Redlands College. Archived from the original on 27 November 2019. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  9. ^ a b "Schedule 4 - Heritage Places Register" (PDF). Redland City Council. March 2006. p. 2. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  10. ^ "Whepstead (entry 600776)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  11. ^ a b c d e "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Wellington Point State School". Archived from the original on 19 April 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  13. ^ a b c "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  14. ^ "Wellington Point State High School". Archived from the original on 22 June 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  15. ^ "Redlands College". Archived from the original on 26 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  16. ^ "Mobile Library". Redland City Council. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • "Wellington Point". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland.