Wellington Street, Perth
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|Wellington Street construction work outside the Perth railway station|
|Length||3.7 km (2.3 mi)|
|Route number(s)||State Route 65|
|East end||Plain Street (State Route 65 / State Route 66), East Perth|
|West end||Thomas Street (State Route 61 / State Route 65), West Perth|
Wellington Street is the northernmost of the four primary east-west streets in the central business district of Perth, Western Australia. It is 3.7 kilometres (2.3 mi) long, stretching from Plain Street in East Perth to Thomas Street in West Perth
Wellington Street begins at Plain Street in East Perth, as the continuation of Waterloo Crescent. It travels in an east-north-easterly direction, passing the Wellington Square park. In the suburb of Perth, Wellington Street is adjacent to a number of notable buildings and landmarks, including Royal Perth Hospital, Forrest Chase shopping centre, Perth railway station, Wellington Street bus station (now demolished), Perth Entertainment Centre and Perth Arena, before reaching the Mitchell Freeway. The road passes under the freeway with a half-diamond interchange that has a southbound freeway exit ramp and a northbound entrance ramp. Wellington Street continues into West Perth, past Harbour Town and commercial properties, until it ends at an intersection with Thomas Street and Roberts Road, near Princess Margaret Hospital.
Parts of the street near the railway station are home to several budget hotels and backpacker lodgings, while the more upmarket Hotel Grand Chancellor is located closer to the freeway.
Wellington Street is part of State Route 65, which continues south from the street's eastern end to Riverside Drive, near The Causeway, and from the western end of the street to West Coast Highway south of City Beach.
Wellington Street was named after the Duke of Wellington. It existed as far back as 1838, although at that time it only extended as far east as Milligan Street. In 1894, the section of road continuing North-West of Milligan Street was known as Douro Street, although the name Douro Street for this section of road appears on maps as early as 1855. It is unclear, however, as to when this road extension was actually made, as maps from 1860 still show Lake Irwin with Douro Street and surrounding lots superimposed over it, suggesting the lake was yet to be drained and Douro St was yet to be constructed.
Railway station precinct
The area of the street facing the Perth railway station to the north, Forrest Place to the south, and bound by Barrack Street to the east, and William Street to the west, was effectively the transport hub of Perth from the 1880s when the first railway station was built, until the 1960s when public transport and private car usage changed significantly in Perth.
The western and eastern ends of the street were locations of the city based industries that survived until the 1950s when industry moved out into new industrial locations in the suburbs.
Tram services developed along the street early.
The main transport facilities on the street have included the Wellington Street bus station and the Perth railway station. In 1933 the first permanent trolleybus system in Australia ran along Wellington Street.
The eastern end of Wellington Street has historically been and is currently the location of several government departments and facilities. Main Roads Western Australia is located in the Don Aitken Centre, at the north-east corner of the intersection at the eastern end of the street, and Royal Perth Hospital has buildings on both sides of the street, to the west of Lord Street.
Considerable change from industrial and residential purposes at the western end has occurred with office buildings being the dominant mode of building.
- Google (5 January 2013). "Wellington Street, Perth" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- Distance book (12 ed.). Main Roads Western Australia. 2012. pp. 4–5. ISBN 0 7309 7657 2. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- "Perth Names 2: Wellington of Wellington-street". The West Australian. 6 August 1938. p. 6. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- "Perth 18a. Plan of Perth Township showing Lots, Streets & Lakes from Mt Eliza in West to Walters & Claise Brooks in East, Lakes Henderson & Poulett to North & St Georges Terrace in South. Unsigned, probably Hillman, 1838 [scale: 6 chains to an inch].". State Records Office of Western Australia. Series 235 Original Plans – Townsites, Item 289. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- "Perth 18/31. Little plan of The City of Perth copied from original 21/11/1894 showing City Lots and Streets, West Perth Railway Station & Central Railway Station & Goods Yard [scale: 5 chains to an inch].". State Records Office of Western Australia. Series 235 Original Plans – Townsites, Item 342. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- "Perth 18B. Plan of Perth Townsite showing Lots, Streets & Additions & Alterations bounded by Charles Street, Mounts Bay Road & Adelaide Terrace. Bulwer Street & Swan River (Claise Brook) unsigned, possibly Roe, undated [scale: 6 chains to an inch, Tally No. 005653].". 1855. Retrieved 2014-09-15.
- Phelps, W. (1860). "Perth 18F. Copy of Plan of Perth Townsite Map 18E (see Map 18E for details) added notation of Fieldbook 2 p. 9 by W. Phelps, 1859-60 [scale: 6 chains to inch, Tally No. 005728].". Retrieved 2014-09-15.
- "WELLINGTON STREET PERTH THIRTY-FIVE YEARS AGO.". The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. 7 February 1931. p. 16. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- HRRC (1910), Wellington Street, outside Perth Railway Station [picture], retrieved 3 January 2014 – the building that preceded Forrest Place is to the right of the photograph
- HRRC (1940), Westralian Farmers Ltd premises, Wellington Street, Perth, July 1940 [picture], retrieved 3 January 2014 Wesfarmers main office in 1940
- "WELLINGTON STREET, PERTH, LOOKING EAST.". Western Mail. Perth: National Library of Australia. 6 December 1912. p. 31. Retrieved 3 January 2014. Photograph taken in 1912 looking east from where the intersection and pedestrian crossing exists with Forrest Place, showing trams of the time on Wellington Street and at the rear, Barrack Street
- "Perth Trolleybuses". Perth Electric Tramway Society. Retrieved 6 January 2014.