Wellow, Nottinghamshire

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For other places with the same name, see Wellow (disambiguation).
Wellow is located in Nottinghamshire
Wellow shown within Nottinghamshire
Population 470 (2011)
OS grid reference SK669662
  • Newark and Sherwood
Shire county
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NEWARK
Postcode district NG22
Dialling code 01623
Police Nottinghamshire
Fire Nottinghamshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
List of places
NottinghamshireCoordinates: 53°11′N 1°00′W / 53.19°N 1.0°W / 53.19; -1.0

Wellow is a village in Nottinghamshire, England. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 444,[1] increasing to 470 at the 2011 census.[2]

It has a village green and a maypole, which is still in use. The parish church of St Swithin is 12th century, which was restored, with a new chancel, in 1878-9. On the east and south sides of the village are the remains of a defensive ditch, which originally encircled the village. To the south is the deserted medieval village of Grimston, which now forms part of the Manor of Wellow. To the north east is Jordan Castle, a Norman ringwork consisting of a circular earthwork surrounded by a bank and ditch.[3]

Wellow also has, in Wellow Park, the largest remaining example of ash-wych elm woodland in Nottinghamshire.

History of The Lordship of the Manor of Wellow[edit]

The Manors of Wellow and Grimston have Anciently been held by the Lords of Jordon Castle, and the Lords of the Manor of Wellow

In 1290 Richard Foliot, Knight of Jordon Castle had the Rights of Stallage of the Market and Fair on St. Swithuns day valued at 40s yearly in Wellow.

Jordan Foliot, Baron de Foliot, Lord of Jordon Castle was granted the power to embattle his dwelling at Jordon Castle, he was the Lord of the Manor of Grimston, and Wellow, and of Besthorpe, with the Soc of Grimston, and its members, in Kirton Schidrintune, in Willoughby, and Walesby, in Besthorpe, and Carleton, and in Franesfeild.[4]

Cratley and Walesby have been held as Sub Manor of Wellow and Grimston.[5][6]

There was an assize in the time of King John, between the Abbot of Rufford, and William, son of Robert, and others, concerning Common of Pasture in Wellow and Grimston, The Abbot pleaded that they could not claim nor have any common of pasture in the pasture of the said Abbot, nor he in theirs, because the said lands and pastures were granted from lands of divers Baronies (or lordships) viz. of the Barony of Robert de Cauz, and the Barony of Gilbert de Gant, and that bounds were made between them, that neither Barony could have Common of Pasture in the other, and produced the letters of King John, which testified to these facts.[7]

Wellow is reputed to have the second largest acreage of registered common land north of Watford, over parts of which the Wellow toftholders still have grazing rights.[8]

The village is associated with Robin Hood. An historian has claimed Robin Hood was a pseudonym by which the ancient Lords of Wellow were once known.[9]


  1. ^ Neighbourhood Statistics. "Area:Wellow CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 April 2016. 
  3. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus. 1979. The Buildings of England:Nottinghamshire. page 372-373.Harmondsworth, Middx. Penguin.
  4. ^ John Throsby (1796). "Welley, Grymston". Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: volume 3: Republished with large additions by John Throsby. Institute of Historical Research. pp. 199–203. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 
  5. ^ "Crastell | Domesday Book". Domesdaymap.co.uk. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  6. ^ "Walesby | Domesday Book". Domesdaymap.co.uk. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  7. ^ Thoroton Society Record Series Vol XXX ,ed. C J Holdsworth, Rufford Charters, Vol 2, p.199-203.
  8. ^ Clive Aslet 20 October 2007 Comments (20 October 2007). "''Telegraph'', 'Village Voice', 20 October 2007". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  9. ^ Molyneux-Smith, Tony. 1998. Robin Hood and the Lords of Wellow. Nottingham: Nottingham County Council Leisure Services Department

External links[edit]

Thorotons History of Nottinghamshire volume 3by John Throsby 1796 P.199-203 'Welley, Grymston',