Wells Street Bridge (Chicago)

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Wells Street Bridge
Wells Street Bridge 070512.jpg
Wells Street Bridge raised to allow sailboats to pass
Coordinates 41°53′15″N 87°38′02″W / 41.88750°N 87.63389°W / 41.88750; -87.63389Coordinates: 41°53′15″N 87°38′02″W / 41.88750°N 87.63389°W / 41.88750; -87.63389
Carries Automobiles
Elevated Trains
Crosses Chicago River
Locale Chicago, Cook County, Illinois
Official name Wells Street Bridge
Design Double-deck, double-leaf bascule bridge
Designer E. H. Bennett
Opened February 11, 1922
State Street Bridge (foreground), Dearborn Street Bridge, Clark Street Bridge, La Salle Street Bridge, Wells Street Bridge, and Franklin Street Bridge

The Wells Street Bridge is a bascule bridge over the Chicago River, in downtown Chicago, Illinois, United States, which was built in 1922. Standing east of the Franklin Street Bridge and southeast of the Merchandise Mart, the bridge connects the Near North Side with "The Loop." The bridge is double-decked, the lower deck carrying three lanes of traffic south over the river with sidewalks on both sides of the street. The upper deck serves as a bridge for the Chicago Transit Authority's Brown and Purple lines. Bridge tenders' houses for controlling the bridge are on the northwest and southeast corners of the bridge.

Bridge carrying a Chicago Transit Authority Chicago 'L' train

The bridge was constructed during the first term of William Hale Thompson. The Chicago Plan Commission and Chicago Art Commission provided design input to architect E. H. Bennett.

The bridge was completely rebuilt 2012-2013 by the Chicago Department of Transportation.[1][2] The two leaves (north and south) were built off-site and floated on the river to Wells Street for installation.[3] The other half of the bridge was rebuilt in place – the two portions closest to each river bank, containing the counterweights for the bascule bridge.[4]

The second period of the reconstruction that affects Chicago Transit Authority train service on the upper level began at 10 pm April 26, 2013 and ended before the morning rush hour Monday May 6, 2013. The north leaf of the bridge was installed in the nine-day period, again floating the section on the Chicago River from its construction site to the bridge. The bridge reopened fully on November 21, 2013, when the lower level of the bridge opened to vehicles, bicycles and pedestrians.[5][6][7][8] The bridge tender houses are also part of the rehabilitation of the bridge.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Jon Hilkevitch (2012-10-30). "Wells Street Bridge Reconstruction". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2013-03-10. 
  2. ^ "Wells Street Bridge Reconstruction". Customer Alerts. Chicago Transit Authority. 2013. 
  3. ^ Chicago Dept of Transportation (1 March 2013). "Video Illustration of the Wells Street Bridge Reconstruction". City of Chicago tv. Retrieved 2013-03-10. 
  4. ^ Cynthia Dizikes (1 March 2013). "Crews prepare for intensive surgery on Wells Street Bridge". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2013-04-26. 
  5. ^ Rachel Levy (26 April 2013). "CTA outlines changes for 2nd closing of Wells Street bridge (related photo & maps)". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2013-04-26. 
  6. ^ "Wells Street Bridge". Historic Bridges. Retrieved June 7, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Mayor Rahm Emanuel Reopens Historic Wells Street Bridge to Traffic". City of Chicago. November 21, 2013. Retrieved June 7, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Wells Street Bridge Officially Reopens". NBC Chicago. November 21, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2015. 
  9. ^ "A Historic Look at the Changing Leaves on the Wells Street Bridge". Chicago Architecture Blog. 26 April 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-26. 

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