Welton, Lincolnshire

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Welton
Town and civil parish
Welton Montage.png
Clockwise from top: Welton town centre; the war memorial in front of St Mary's Church; Welton Beck; village pump; St Mary's Church with cemetery in foreground; Victoria's jubilee lamp; village sign on Lincoln Road
Welton is located in England
Welton
Welton
Location within England
Welton is located in Lincolnshire
Welton
Welton
Location within Lincolnshire
Area16 km2 (6.2 sq mi)
Population4,327 [1]
• Density270/km2 (700/sq mi)
LanguageEnglish
OS grid referenceTF015795
• London202 km (126 mi) S
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLincoln
Postcode districtLN2
Dialling code01673
PoliceLincolnshire
FireLincolnshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire
53°18′10″N 0°28′33″W / 53.302878°N 0.475938°W / 53.302878; -0.475938Coordinates: 53°18′10″N 0°28′33″W / 53.302878°N 0.475938°W / 53.302878; -0.475938

Welton (/ˈwɛltən/; or Welton by Lincoln) is a village and civil parish in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. The population of the civil parish was recorded as 4,327 in the 2011 census.[2] It is geographically situated 10 km (6 mi) north from Lincoln city centre. The name Welton by Lincoln distinguishes it from other similarly named villages in Lincolnshire: Welton le Wold and Welton le Marsh.

The village centre has been long appreciated for its picturesque and quintessentially English qualities,[3] boasting multiple Grade II or higher listed buildings, alongside the titular Welton beck, whose venerable spring really puts the 'Wel' in Welton.[4] It has also been known as a wildlife haven, likely due to having a lot of green spaces,[5] and as a charitable place, especially through the church and schools.[6][7]

Toponymy[edit]

The name means, roughly, "town with a stream", with the suffix 'ton' being from the Saxon term 'tūn' for an enclosure, and 'wel' coming from the Anglo-Saxon 'wella' a place of springing or bubbling waters, possibly referencing the nearby Old Man's Head spring, the source of the Welton Beck.[4] For this reason, it is unlikely to refer to the pump and formerly well on the southern green.

Historically, the town has been known by many diverse names and spelling variations. Most famously in 1086, the Domesday Book registered the area as 'Welletone'. Later names include 'Welletonam' as early as 1070, 'Welton Davy Bekhall' in 1291, 'Welleton cum Kirketon' in 1292, 'Wolteme Brynthall' in 1349, and 'Welton Askeby Payneshill' in 1428. Many refer to the prebends, as they were sometimes seen as similarly significant to the town itself. In relation to the neighbouring hamlet of Dunholme, the area was also called 'Welton iuxta Downeham' and 'Welton nigh Dunham' in 1583 and 1661 respectively, amongst other names.[4]

The town has also been known as Welton by Lincoln or Welton-by-Lincoln[a] to clearly differentiate it from the multitude of other settlements with a variation of the name Welton, including three within just 31 miles (50 km): Welton with Melton, Welton le Wold, and Welton le Marsh.

History[edit]

The village does have an ancient well, later completed with a Victorian pump.[8] Though the more famous pump is located on a small grassy triangle between Sudbeck Lane and Lincoln Road, there are other old wells with their own functioning pumps elsewhere.[9] Before the Anglo-Saxon inhabitation, there is evidence of both Roman and Celtic settlement from about 7,500 years ago, with fragments of pottery serving as evidence of a Roman farmstead.[4][10]

By 1086, the Domesday Book recorded as many as 52 households, and named the village "Welletone".[11]

Welton School was built by subscription in 1826, and by 1881 it had about 130 students. In 1889, it was rebuilt to accommodate 167 students. The site of the school has since become residential, but can be remembered by the symbolically named Old School Yard Passage directly adjacent to the building. In 1881, the parish was entitled to send eleven boys to Christ's Hospital (or Blue Coat) School in Lincoln.[6]

By a scheme of the Charity Commissioners for the re-appropriation of the endowments of Christ's Hospital school, in Lincoln, five exhibitions of £20 yearly are open to scholars of Welton elementary school and tenable at the Lincoln Middle school; the amount of each exhibition to be applied, first to the payment of tuition fees, and then for the maintenance and benefit of the scholar; under the same scheme the sum of £50 yearly is to be paid to the Welton Christ's Hospital endowment fund and to be applied by the governors as follows: £10 in maintaining scholarships each of not less than £1 yearly, tenable at the parish elementary school, to be awarded in equal shares to boys and girls who are and have been for at least three years in such school and £40 in maintaining exhibitions of £20 each yearly, tenable for four years at any place of education, higher than elementary, approved by the Welton governors, to be awarded to girls who are and have been for at least three years in the Welton elementary school.

— Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire (1896)

The vicarage was recorded as discharged in 1848, meaning that as it valued in the king's books at 7 pounds, 6 shillings, and 8 pence, it fell below £10 and was therefore exempt from having to pay the First Fruits and Tenths according to law created by Henry VIII, and confirmed by Elizabeth I.[12]

In 1863, a number of apparently Saxon graves were discovered on the site of an old chapel cemetery.[6] Roman remains have also said to have been found in the town as well.[13]

Bastardy cases would be heard in the Lincoln petty session hearings on the 1st and 3rd Fridays of each month.[6]

There is significant recorded personal charity for the poor through the local parish church, St Mary's, as well a history of other resources for the poor. In 1664, Thomas Codd left 20 Shillings per year for the poor, and four year later in 1668, a Mrs Leary left 10 Shillings per year. However, by 1881, all knowledge as to what land generated Leary's income was lost and the grant left undone. In 1716, Elizabeth Croft left 20 Shillings a year to the poor. The Common Lands were enclosed in the parish around 1771.[6] In 1824, John Camm left the interest from £500 for the poor, which was combined with about £11, 10 shillings a yearm recorded as chiefly the gift of Earl Brownlow by 1848, to supply about £20 to the poor per annum.[6][12] The Countess of Warwick gave £10 per annum for the establishment of a Sunday-evening lecture.[12] As a result of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act, the parish became part of the Lincoln Poor Law Union. In 1881, the parish still held the right to send one poor man to Market Rasen Hospital.[6]

William Farr School was opened as a secondary modern school in 1952 on the site purchased for £600 from RAF Dunholme Lodge in 1946 by Rev William Farr, the then vicar of Welton. The school was named after him when he died in 1955. Five years later in 1960, the old former wartime buildings were replaced. It acquired comprehensive status in 1974, became grant-maintained in 1992, and as part of their trip to Welton in 1996, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip visited the school to open the new Humanities building.[10][14]

In 2000 William Farr signed up for the latest education initiative and attained Technology College status. In 2001 they achieved the distinction of having the best comprehensive school A-level results in England,[15] and in 2006 it received an outstanding award in every category in an Ofsted inspection, one of the best in the country. It is now an academy and is also an associate school of the University of Lincoln.[10]

Welton also has a very successful not-for-profit magazine, Welton News, which has published monthly since June 1999, nearing 300 issues as of 2022. More than 2,000 copies of each issue are distributed free-of-charge to every household in Welton by a group of volunteers.[16] The magazine was edited by Hugh Gilfedder for over 15 years, until his retirement in 2019, when he was succeeded by Dorothy Russell. Gilfedder was also responsible for the donating two new trees to be planted in the village the same year.[10][17][7]

The village floral displays were planted in a purple, cream and green theme in 2018 to reflect the colours of the Suffragette movement, commemorating the 100th anniversary of when women first won the vote.[7]

Prebends of Welton[edit]

When Lincoln Cathedral was first built, Welton's owner, William the Conqueror, gave the parish to the bishop to endow six prebends which provided income to support six canons attached to the cathedral. These were subsequently confirmed by William II and Henry I.[18] The prebends were:

  • Beckhall
  • Brinkall
  • Gorehall
  • Painshall
  • Rivehall
  • Westhall

Some of the roads in the village have been named after them: Brinkhall Way, Beckhall, Rivehall Avenue, Westhall Road, Painshall Close, Gorehall Drive, and even Prebend Lane. However, there is not necessarily any geographical connection between the original prebends and the streets named after them.

Toponymy[edit]

These would generally have been named after manors, hence the suffix 'hall'. Despite Gorehall's particularly gruesome sounding name, it in fact simply originates from gāra, "a triangular plot of ground".[19] Rivehall is described as 'manor-house associated with the reeve', a form of local magistrate and real estate manager.[20] Beckhall is a compound of 'bekkr' and 'hall', meaning the manor by the beck.[21] Brinkhall is formed from brink, as in 'the edge of a bank' and hall.[22] Painshall is believed to come from an individual's name, which may have been Pain, or from historical names for the prebend, it could be Paganus, Pene, Pane, Pan, Panus, Payne, Pounce, or Paunch.[23][24] Westhall is simply named for being located in the west, and has never had any other known names or spelling variations.[25]

Attractions[edit]

The Church of St Mary is by far the most well known landmark in the town, with its long, interesting history and numerous listed structures including the celebrated war memorial. There have also been chapels in Welton for the Wesleyan Methodists, the Free Church, the Primitive Methodists and the Reform Methodists, but now only the Wesleyan chapel is still in use, known as the Welton & Dunholme Methodist Church.[6]

St Mary's Church[edit]

The village church, the Prebendal Church of St Mary, was originally Norman, but only a few fragments of this survive in the tower walls; the present building is in the Early English style from around 1250.[26] Apart from the pillars and arches within the church, most of the church is not the original Norman one. After it burnt down in 1442, the tower was rebuilt in 1768[b] and the body of the church in 1823 and 1824.[6][27] The large cemetery to the south and east has likely been in use since as long as the church, though most graves from earlier than the 1700s have been lost to time, with tragically few surviving from even as far back as that.[28] The choir vestry was added onto the north side in 1921 in memory of Bishop Edward King. Above and behind the baptismal font, on the west wall of the tower, hang the hatchments, the Royal Coat of Arms of King George III, dated 1838, which interestingly, in the year after William IV's death and Victoria's accession, do not carry the name of the monarch.[27] Below the arms is an oil painting of the Holy family by Florentine artist Carlo Falcini Depinse, dated 1847, given to the church in 1925. Until its removal in 1876, there was a gallery up against the west wall, which would have been used by the orchestra to provide music for the services until 1851. The box pews were removed in 1888 and 1890, at the same time as chancel was refitted, replaced with pine benches which now seat 250.[6][5] The total cost of all these improvements came to £613.[29]

The six church bells were cast by Henry Harrison, nephew of John Harrison the carpenter, clockmaker, and inventor of the marine chronometer. Henry was born in 1732 and cast the Welton bells in 1770. He was also commissioned to hang the bells at York Minster in 1733.[26]

The Church was struck by lightning in the autumn of 1847, and one person killed, and many others injured.[12] In y, the south-western pinnacle atop the bell tower fell into the churchyard during a storm, though it was replaced shortly after. The building became Grade II* listed on 30 November 1966.[30][31]

A copy of the Act of Parliament for Welton, and the original Enclosure Award, are in the church chest.[32] The Anglican parish register dates from 1562 for baptisms, 1568 for marriages and 1575 for burials.[6]

The tall ashlar cross near the war memorial in St Mary's churchyard, was erected in 1910 in memory of Dr Richard Smith, founder of Lincoln Bluecoats School, and became Grade II listed on 21 June 1985.[27][31] Smith was born in Welton in about 1533, and later died there in 1602. He was also notable for being the physician to Lord Burleigh at the court of Elizabeth I.[26] Smith also has a brass plaque and a stained glass window in the church dedicated to his memory, which was designed and made by Burlison & Grylls in 1917.[27][31]

The other large stained glass window is a memorial window to the RAF, also designed and made by Burlison & Grylls in London, in 1919 and unveiled by the Bishop of Lincoln on 10 May 1921.[27]

The other large stained glass window is a memorial window to the men and women of the Royal Air Force, Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service,[c] also designed and made by Burlison & Grylls in London, in 1919[31] and unveiled by the Bishop of Lincoln on 10 May 1921. It is said to be one of the oldest stained windows dedicated to the British Armed Forces.[26][27]

A third listed structure in the churchyard is a pair of ashlar headstones to Robert Camm, who died 1781, and his wife Elizabeth, who died 1788. The two became jointly Grade II listed on 21 June 1985.[31]

On 17 September 2014, a Black Mulberry tree was planted in the churchyard by Charles Hood, Deputy Lieutenant on behalf of HM The Lord-Lieutenant of Lincolnshire in commemoration of those who served in the First World War.[26]

Nowadays, the church is still very active with many charitable events such as the Welton Larder, with free food for any in need, even providing free delivery, and spreading awareness for global issues such as the ongoing climate crisis. The current reverend is Rev Adam Watson, who with Rev Paul Blevins blessed the dresses sent by the Christian organisation named 'Little Dresses for Africa' which sends dresses to girls around the world. Under the 'Threechurchespray' scheme, Welton's St Mary's, Dunholme's St Chad's and Scothern's St Germain's churches come together for joint prayers.[33][7]

With a donation of £10, all of which goes towards the upkeep of the church, the flootlights around its base can be sponsored for an occasion.[33]

St Mary's Church is also responsible for the running of the nextdoor charity shop "The Mustard Seed".[9]

Welton War Memorial[edit]

The war memorial outside St Mary's Church in Welton.
Col Herbert Gordon unveiling the war memorial on 26 May 1923.

The war memorial in St Mary's churchyard was ceremoniously erected in 1923 to commemorate the men who lost their lives fighting in World War I. It was unveiled by Col Herbert Gordon on 26 May 1923 to a crowd of Weltoners, with prayers by the Rev T Naylor, followed by the dedication by the Venerable Archdeacon Blackie, and singing. The memorial was made by A J Tuttell and son of the Monumental Masons in Lincoln, and George William Beeton (1890-1966) was photographed by J Spencer Baldry of Lincoln as a model for masons to use in the making of Welton's war memorial. Memorials using the same reference have since been erected in various villages in Lincolnshire, including Haxey and Metheringham, as well as possibly Soham in Suffolk nearby his hometown,[34] and was also notably used for the memorial that was damaged by the IRA in Enniskillen in 1987.[26][35][36]

It is composed of Portland stone encased in Carrara marble[37] with leaded lettering,[38] and became Grade II listed on 21 June 1985, alongside other local monuments.[31][35]

The inscriptions read:

To the Honour of God and in Grateful Remembrance of Those Who Gave Their Lives for Us in the Great War 1914-1918

...

Greater Love Hath No Man Than This, That a Man Lay Down His Life for His Friends

1939-1945

A number of names are not shown on the memorial and can only be seen on the smaller brass plaque within St Mary's Church, such as those who were wounded or taken prisoner. The plaque was placed there to commemorate all from the parish who fought in the wars by Alfred Hunt, former vicar of Welton. The names only seen on the plague originally included the three men who died during World War II, although they were later added to the base of the pedestal.[39]

The name of George Grantham, who was killed in August 1918, shortly before the memorial was built, was added onto the physical memorial in around 2005, though to a separate piece of stone at the base of the pedestal, between the encompassing flowers.[10][39] Harry Cottingham's name is shown on the smaller brass memorial, but only otherwise on the War Memorial in neighbouring Dunholme.[39] Notably, out of all the names on the memorial, there is one known error, as the name of Hermann Reed is incorrectly engraved as 'Herman Read'.[26]

Photos from the original set of sixteen by J Spencer Baldry of George Beeton from the Lincolnshire Regiment as a model for the making of Welton's war memorial.

The first meeting to establish a committee for the organisation of a memorial was held on 28 February 1919, followed by a second meeting on 11 March. There was a large attendance of parishioners and James Lillie was appointed chairman of the meeting. It was initially decided to have a memorial hall, but the committee did not proceed with the idea. On 24 August 1922, authorisation was granted for the erection of the present memorial – a soldier of the Lincolnshire Regiment, in full battle dress, with reversed arms. The faculty also granted post permission for the RAF memorial window inside St Mary's Church, Welton. In order to be more easily accessible, a portion of the wall around the churchyard was removed and replaced by iron gates leading up to a series of stone steps. It was said in 1923 that the memorial had cost about £200, of which £65 was still outstanding by the start of June. The scheme was carried into effect by the committee, then with Mr W Lyon as their secretary.[26]

The former flag mast from RAF Scampton was erected beside the war memorial in 1997.[40]

Due to a lack of any known surviving documentation referencing the party responsible for the maintenance of the war memorial, the parish council (as it is empowered to do by the War Memorials (Local Authorities' Powers) Act 1923 - s 1 & 3), formally accepted responsibility for it at a meeting on 19 May 1997. The memorial is now insured for public liability by the parish council.[26]

As part of the 2020s Bishop's Green development in the north of the town, many new streets used names from the memorial, such as Hodson, Twell, or Reed, using the corrected spelling.[3]

Northern Green[edit]

The main green is a grassy triangular park in the centre of town. It is generally known as just 'the green', but can be called the northern green to differentiate from the similar space surrounding the pump. The green is home to a mature lime tree, which was planted at the same time as an ornate cast-iron lamppost was erected in 1897 to commemorate Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee. A second lamp was placed on the northern side of the green to commemorate Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee in 2012. There is also a map board and a trio of semi-mature deciduous trees, and a recently added bench encircling the Victorian tree.[31]

Controversially, the space is also home to "less than appropriate streetscape features," such as the phone box, bus shelter, and modern street lamp.[31]

Pump[edit]

Though there are many old pumps throughout the village, the most famous, and likely oldest pump is located on a small grassy triangle between Sudbeck Lane and Lincoln Road, often known as the second or southern green.[9] It is believed to have been in use as a well since the Anglo-Saxons inhabited the area, only more recently with the addition of a Victorian pump.[8]

A common mistake regarding the name of the town is that the pump, or earlier well, is responsible for the 'wel' prefix. However, since it comes from the Anglo-Saxon 'wella,' meaning 'springing or bubbling waters or stream' a more likely origin would instead be the beck itself or the source at Old Man's Head spring just west of the village.[4][41] It is likely because of this misunderstanding that the pump has become a primary symbol of the town, featuring on much Welton imagery, emblems, and even the village sign.[4]

An ornate plaque on the side of trough in front of the pump reads "Welton-by-Lincoln Pump Refurbished 1995" with a second on its front thanking the family of Janet Spence for their support of the pump's refurbishment.[42]

Welton & Dunholme Methodist Church[edit]

The chapel holds a 10:30am Sunday Worship, and their programme claims to include children's and youth clubs, men's and women's fellowships, Bible Study, a Prayer Group and many other social, community and church activities.[43]

Geography[edit]

The parish covers about 3,900 acres (16 km2), hemmed in by Hackthorn parish to the north, and Dunholme parish to the south. The parish includes the former hamlet of Ryland in its east.[6]

Welton is noted for the rare chalk formation known as the 'Welton Band'.[citation needed] The layer is not visible from Welton, but on just seven sites much further north-east.[citation needed]

Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire described the physical geography of the parish in 1898, saying the soil was loamy; subsoil, oolite in the upper, clay in the lower part of the parish. The chief crops were wheat, barley and oats. The area was also described as having an abundance of good building-stone in 1848.[12]

To the immediate south-east is the neighbouring village of Dunholme, near the A46. Former air base RAF Dunholme Lodge is situated next to both villages and was a wartime bomber base used intermittently from 1941 to 1964.[44] It was land bought from this RAF base that William Farr School was built on.[14] Some runway still remains, though the majority of the land is now used for farming.[45]

Beside the church, there are a handful of boulders, some of which lie against the wall. They were carried to the village during the ice age.[40]

Though it is now governed by the West Lindsey District Council, the parish was in the ancient Lawress Wapentake.[6] The parish was also in the north-east sub-district of the Lincoln Registration District.[6] The town was also formerly the centre of the Welton Rural District, a region of the Parts of Lindsey, from is establishment in the Local Government Act 1894, until it was abolished under the Local Government Act 1972, becoming part of the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire.

As a result of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act, the parish became part of the Lincoln Poor Law Union. In 1881, the parish still held the right to send one poor man to Market Rasen Hospital.[6]

Welton civil parish[edit]

Other than the main town of Welton, the civil parish of Welton includes several small hamlets, most notably Welton Hill and Welton Cliff, as well as the formerly separate Ryland. There is also evidence for other inhabited places by the names of Welton Heath, Welton Mill, and East Field.[18]

Ryland[edit]

Ryland was a small hamlet to the east of Welton that was incorporated in x as the village grew.

The name Ryland is said to originate from the Old English 'ryge' and 'land', basically meaning a 'strip of land where rye was grown'. Like Welton and most other places in England, the hamlet was known by other names and spelling variations in the past, such as 'de Riland' from at least 1160 to 1245.[d][46]

The hamlet was recorded as having 97 inhabitants around 1858.[47]

Welton Hill[edit]

In the furthest east of the parish of Welton is a smll hamlet with less than twenty buildings and only attraction being the Seven Districts Coffee Roasters.[48] The hamlet has also been known as 'Long Welton Hill', 'Short Welton Hill', 'Weletonhul',[e] and 'Snarford Hill',[f] likely as it is physically located very close to the hamlet of Snarford.[49]

Welton Cliff[edit]

Located in the far west just by the border of the Scampton civil parish, the area is barely even a hamlet, with the only notable landmark being Cliffe Farm.[50]

Demography[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1801380—    
1811368−3.2%
1821484+31.5%
1831516+6.6%
1841566+9.7%
1851604+6.7%
1871692+14.6%
1881682−1.4%
1891660−3.2%
1901609−7.7%
1911608−0.2%
1921637+4.8%
1931635−0.3%
1951797+25.5%
1961939+17.8%
1971—    
1981—    
1991—    
20013,821—    
20114,327+13.2%
Source: [6][51]

The 2001 Census recorded a resident village population of 5,000 in the Welton ward, which includes other smaller villages and parishes nearby, from Hackthorn to Faldingworth. The population of just the Welton civil parish was 3,821.[citation needed]

The 2011 census recorded the population of the civil parish to be 4,327.[2]

Amenities[edit]

There is a wide range of services, amenities and retail outlets in the village, ranging from supermarkets to a tea shop, gift shops and takeaways, as well as banking and financial services and even an award-winning fish and chip shop. There is also a campsite, Co-op store, local butchers, and a veterinary clinic.[10]

Welton Manor Golf Centre has proved to be a major asset to the village, as a Golf Centre of Excellence with eighteen holes of challenging golf to suit all players. Its 120 acres include tree-lined fairways, lakes, and meandering streams, which eventually go on to join the Barlings Eau and link up with the Welton Beck on the way to the River Witham. The site also houses a driving range and a fishing lake with a caravan and camping site. Its club house is now the Falconer bar and restaurant, which is licensed for civil wedding ceremonies and christenings. The site originally opened in the mid-2000s as a nine-hole course, with the restaurant opening a year earlier, and is an example of successful diversification by local farmer Charles Ottewell and his sons, Andrew and David.[10]

Welton has two public houses: The Falconer by the golf course, and The Black Bull in town.[52]

The Black Bull is rumoured to be a former regular of the Dam Busters,[3] and reputedly, haunted.[53] Though no ghost has ever been seen, the haunting has often been reported because of inexplicable sounds believed to be a phantom slowly climbing the eighteen stairs to the restaurant. The pub is run as a joint venture between equal partners Derek Wright, his wife Bridget, her son Thomas Allen, and his partner Leanne Robinson. Reportedly, special themed nights such as pie nights, steak nights and quiz nights which have proved particularly popular as well as a monthly meat raffle, and live music nights on the last Friday of the month, featuring all local bands.[10]

Marvin Liddle operates the registered charity Project Cornerstone on Ryland Road, that collects funds from foreign and old coinage donations for education in Ghana, healthcare education in Malawi and Burundi, and a crisis fund for Phuket, Thailand.[7][54]

Manor Park pavilion is used twice weekly for Pilates classes, a toddler's music programme, by two bridge clubs and the bowls club, together with the football club, who regularly play at weekends. It is a popular venue for birthday parties The Library and Community Hub is open from Monday to Wednesday during the day and it has been a worthwhile investment in retaining this service for the village.

The barrier for vehicles entering the car park at Manor Park has a surprisingly long history of vandalism. Across 2019, there were reports of vandalism, accidental damage and mechanical failures, where number plate recognition camera was said to have been instrumental in identifying the culprits of anti-social behaviour and vehicles being used irresponsibly on the park. In 2021, three vehicles were locked in at Manor Park after the barrier closed at 10:30pm, despite a "prominent notice warning of the closure time." One owner attempted to raise the barrier, one rang the parish office, and another rammed the barrier with their vehicle.[7]

Welton Library was refurbished in February 2008,[55] but has since moved from between the Co-op and the Clinic to Manor Park, with the Community Hub, which receives a regular attendance of around 40 people.[7]

The village playing field serves as the secondary recreational grounds in Welton, despite its more central location. There is a children's playground and the Sports and Social Club, where members play darts and pool as well as outdoor activities such as football and cricket.[10]

Welton has two schools, the Ofsted outstanding William Farr secondary school on Lincoln Road,[56] and St Mary's C of E Primary Academy on School Drive. The students at the primary school designed a painted model of the Lincoln Imp that was placed at the Lincoln Hotel for the Lincoln Imp Trail 2021.[57] In conjunction with the school, the related Friends of St Mary's school group of parents and staff also organises events frequently, such as 22 to 31 October Scarecrow Trail around the village,[33] and yearly Easter bingo, though many plans were disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic. There are also three preschools.

The village has two youth football teams, the U12 Bombers and U16 Bombers, both of which play in their respective age group of the Lincolnshire Co-op Mid Lincs County Youth Football League.[58][59] In conjunction with Welton Parish Council, the clubhouse at Manor Park maintains a record of top scorers.[60]

The Scout Hut provides activities for Beavers, Cubs and Scouts, Rainbows, Brownies and Guides.

International Relations[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Welton is twinned with:

Welton and Moncé-en-Belin signed the Official Twinning Charter on 28 September 1974 in Welton.[62] The twinning committee oversees all activity related to twinning with the council in Moncé-en-Belin, chaired by Cllr Marlene Chapman, vice-chair of Welton's council, who usually gives the welcome speech on the Moncéen arrival in Welton. The two councils meet and celebrate anniversaries every 10 years. Visits between members of the Family Twinning Association take place each year over the August bank holiday weekend with the people for Moncé-en-Belin visiting Welton every even year, and vice versa every odd.[7]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ and rarely, usually only in stylistic context, such as on the village sign as 'Welton by-Lincoln'
  2. ^ or 1770
  3. ^ Interestingly referred to as the RNFC (presumably Royal Naval Flying Corps) in many sources
  4. ^ Ryland has also been known as 'Rieland, Riland Hill, Riland Sike, Rylande, Ryland Hedge'
  5. ^ or 'Welletunhil'
  6. ^ or 'Snartefordhil'

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census, 2011
  2. ^ a b "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  3. ^ a b c "Bishop's Green". Beal Homes. Retrieved 17 March 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Home – Welton by Lincoln Parish Council". welton-by-lincoln-pc.gov.uk. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Welton St Mary". National Churches Trust. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p GENUKI. "Genuki: Welton, Lincolnshire". genuki.org.uk. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "Issue 243" (PDF). Welton News. August 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2022.
  8. ^ a b "MLI96587 – Pump on the Green, Welton". heritage-explorer.lincolnshire.gov.uk. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  9. ^ a b c Bennett, David (18 September 2019). "Lincolnshire Cam: Welton Village (Revisited)". Lincolnshire Cam. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Welton – a village with real appeal". Lincolnshire Life. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
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