Welwick is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England, in an area known as Holderness. It is situated approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) south of the town of Withernsea and 2 miles (3.2 km) south-east of the village of Patrington on the B1445 road from Patrington to Easington.
The civil parish is formed by the village of Welwick and the hamlet of Weeton. According to the 2011 UK census, Welwick parish had a population of 297, a reduction on the 2001 UK census figure of 307.
In 1823 Welwick inhabitants numbered 410, including the settlements of Thorpe Plewland and Weeton. Occupations included eleven farmers, three shoemakers, two blacksmiths, two wheelwrights, a corn miller, a butcher, a tailor, a grocer who was also a draper, and the landlady of the Wheat Sheaf public house. There existed a Quaker Meeting House and a Methodist chapel. Baines' History, Directory & Gazetteer of the County of York mentions an ancient and "grand" monument within St Mary's Church supposedly removed from Burstall Abbey, and perhaps a memorial to either John de Fortibus or William le Gros, Earl of Albemarle. Welwickthorpe, in the parish of Welwick lay between the village and Patrington.
A sand and gravel pit was established in the south-west of the parish in the 1930s, located parallel and south of Pant Drain, the site's development was driven by the 1930s building boom. The extracted material, which lay less than 1 foot below the ground, was washed and grade separated on site by a rotary screen. By 1938 a rail tramway had been built to transport the excavated material to the main road – the line ran southwards from the midpoint of the B1445 between Welwick and Patrington, passing west of Haverfield House, to Oxlands Hill, and used a diesel shunting locomotive capable of hauling 120 tons; the material was transported in short wheelbase side tipping wagons.
- Christopher Wright and John Wright – both involved in the Gunpowder Plot.
- Mary Ward, an English Roman Catholic nun and founder of the Sisters of Loreto (also known as the Institute of the Blessed Virgin) lived in the village from 1590-1594 under the care of her grandmother Ursula Wright. Ursula had been imprisoned fourteen years for the "exhalation of the Catholic religion" and was sister to John and Christopher Wright, who were involved in the Gunpowder Plot. Here Ward's grandmother would teach her Latin and become an example of integrity.
- UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Welwick Parish (1170211286)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
- UK Census (2001). "Local Area Report – Welwick Parish (00FB157)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
- Baines, Edward (1823). History, Directory & Gazetteer of the County of York. pp. 398, 399. ISBN 1230139141.
- Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1366256)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "Holderness Geological Curiosity : Golden Sand and Gravel Being Drawn from the Earth". The Times (Hull and Lincolnshire Times). 1 October 1938. p. 6.
- Ordnance Survey map, 1:10560, 1956. Approximate locations: ;
- Nicholls, Mark (2004). "Wright, John (bap. 1568, d. 1605)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 February 2011. (subscription required)
- Chambers, Mary Catherine Elizabeth. (1882) "The Life of Mary Ward. Volume 1" Burns and Oates, London.
- Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 11.
Media related to Welwick at Wikimedia Commons