|"The Home of Football"
|Location||Wembley, London, England|
|Public transit|| Wembley Park
|Owner||The Football Association|
|Operator||Wembley National Stadium Limited|
|Capacity||90,000 (Association football, rugby league, rugby union, boxing)
75,000 to 90,000 seated and 15,000 standing (concerts)
60,000 to 72,000 (athletics)
86,000 (American football)
|Record attendance||90,000 (Muse, Eminem, Green Day)|
|Field size||105 by 69 metres (115 by 75 yd)|
|Broke ground||30 September 2002|
|Opened||9 March 2007|
|Construction cost||GBP £757 million (2007)
(£947 million in 2017 sterling)
|Architect||Populous, Foster and Partners, Nathaniel Lichfield and Partners (planning consultants)|
|Structural engineer||Mott Stadium Consortium – Mott MacDonald, Sinclair Knight & Merz & Aurecon|
|Services engineer||Mott MacDonald|
|General contractor||Multiplex Constructions (UK) Ltd|
|England national football team (2007–present)
Tottenham Hotspur (2016–present)
Wembley Stadium is a football stadium in Wembley, London, England, which opened in 2007, on the site of the original Wembley Stadium, which was demolished from 2002–2003. The stadium hosts major football matches including home matches of the England national football team, and the FA Cup Final. The stadium will be the temporary home of Premier League football club Tottenham Hotspur while White Hart Lane is being demolished and their new stadium is being constructed.
Wembley Stadium is owned by the governing body of English football, the Football Association (the FA), through its subsidiary Wembley National Stadium Ltd (WNSL). The FA headquarters are based in the stadium. With 90,000 seats, it is the largest football stadium in England, the largest stadium in the UK and the second-largest stadium in Europe. Designed by Populous and Foster and Partners, it includes a partially retractable roof and the 134-metre-high (440 ft) Wembley Arch. The stadium was built by Australian firm Multiplex at a cost of £798 million.
In addition to England home games and the FA Cup final, the stadium also hosts other major games in English football, including the season-opening FA Community Shield, the League Cup final, the Football League Trophy, the Football League play-offs, the FA Trophy, the FA Vase and the National League play-offs. A UEFA category four stadium, Wembley hosted the 2011 and 2013 UEFA Champions League Finals, and will host both the semi-finals and final of UEFA Euro 2020. The stadium hosted the Gold medal matches at the 2012 Olympic Games football tournament. The stadium also hosts rugby league's Challenge Cup final, the NFL International Series and music concerts.
- 1 Stadium
- 2 Tenants
- 3 Music
- 4 Firsts at the new Wembley Stadium
- 5 Transport connections
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Wembley was designed by architects Foster + Partners and Populous (formally HOK Sport) and with engineers Mott Stadium Consortium, who were a collection of three structural engineering consultants in the form of Mott MacDonald Ltd, Sinclair Knight & Merz and Aurecon. The design of the building services was carried out by Mott MacDonald. The construction of the stadium was managed by Australian company Brookfield Multiplex and funded by Sport England, WNSL (Wembley National Stadium Limited), the Football Association, the Department for Culture Media and Sport and the London Development Agency. It is one of the most expensive stadia ever built at a cost of £798 million (after the MetLife Stadium), and has the largest roof-covered seating capacity in the world. Nathaniel Lichfield and Partners was appointed to assist Wembley National Stadium Limited in preparing the scheme for a new stadium and to obtain planning and listed building permission for the development.
The all-seater stadium is based around a bowl design with a capacity of 90,000, protected from the elements by a sliding roof that does not completely enclose it. It can also be adapted as an athletic stadium by erecting a temporary platform over the lowest tier of seating. The stadium's signature feature is a circular section lattice arch of 7 m (23 ft) internal diameter with a 315 m (1,033 ft) span, erected some 22° off true, and rising to 133 m (436 ft). It supports all the weight of the north roof and 60% of the weight of the retractable roof on the southern side. The archway is the world's longest unsupported roof structure.
A "platform system" has been designed to convert the stadium for athletics use, but its use would decrease the stadium's capacity to approximately 60,000. No athletics events (track and field) have taken place at the stadium, and none are scheduled. The conversion for athletics use was a condition of part of the lottery funding the stadium received, but to convert it would take weeks of work and cost millions of pounds.
The initial plan for the reconstruction of Wembley was for demolition to begin before Christmas 2000, and for the new stadium to be completed some time during 2003, but this work was delayed by a succession of financial and legal difficulties. In 2004, the London Mayor, Ken Livingstone and Brent Council also announced wider plans for the regeneration of Wembley, taking in the arena and the surrounding areas as well as the stadium, to be implemented over two or three decades. Demolition officially began on 30 September 2002, with the Twin Towers being dismantled in December 2002.
Delays to the construction project started as far back as 2003. In December 2003, the constructors of the arch, subcontractors Cleveland Bridge & Engineering Company of Darlington, warned Multiplex about rising costs. Cleveland Bridge withdrew from the project and replaced by Dutch firm Hollandia with all the attendant problems of starting over. 2004 also saw errors, most notably a fatal accident involving carpenter Patrick O'Sullivan for which construction firm PC Harrington Contractors were fined £150,000 in relation to breaches of health and safety laws.
In October 2005, Sports Minister Richard Caborn announced: "They say the Cup Final will be there, barring six feet of snow or something like that". By November 2005, WNSL were still hopeful of a handover date of 31 March, in time for the cup final on 13 May. However, in December 2005, the builders admitted that there was a "material risk" that the stadium might not be ready in time for the final. In February 2006 these worries were confirmed, with the FA moving the game to Cardiff's Millennium Stadium.
On 20 March 2006, a steel rafter in the roof of the new development fell by 1 1⁄2 ft (46 cm), forcing 3,000 workers to evacuate the stadium and raising further doubts over the completion date which was already behind schedule. On 23 March 2006, sewers beneath the stadium buckled due to ground movement. GMB Union leader Steve Kelly said that the problem had been caused by the pipes not being properly laid, and that the repair would take months. Rumours circulated that the reason for the blockage was due to Multiplex failing to pay the contractors who laid the pipes who then filled in the pipes with concrete. A spokesman for developers Multiplex said that they did not believe this would "have any impact on the completion of the stadium", which was then scheduled to be completed on 31 March 2006.
On 30 March 2006, the developers announced that Wembley Stadium would not be ready until 2007. All competitions and concerts planned were to be moved to suitable locations. On 19 June 2006 it was announced that the turf had been laid. On 19 October 2006 it was announced that the venue was now set to open in early 2007 after the dispute between the Football Association and Multiplex had finally been settled. WNSL was expected to pay around £36m to Multiplex, on top of the amount of the original fixed-price contract. The total cost of the project (including local transport infrastructure redevelopment and the cost of financing) was estimated to be £1 billion.
For the new stadium the level of the pitch was lowered. During excavation of the new playing field, mechanical diggers unearthed a buried obstruction: the concrete foundations of Watkin's Tower, a failed attempt to construct a rival to the Eiffel Tower in London. Only the base of the tower was ever built before being abandoned and demolished in 1907; the site was later used as the location for the first Wembley Stadium.
Handover and opening
The new stadium was completed and handed over to the FA on 9 March 2007. The official Wembley Stadium website had announced that the stadium would be open for public viewing for local residents of Brent on 3 March 2007, however this was delayed by two weeks and instead happened on 17 March.
While the stadium had hosted football matches since the handover in March, the stadium was officially opened on Saturday 19 May, with the staging of the 2007 FA Cup Final. Eight days before that on Friday 11 May, the statue of Bobby Moore had been unveiled by Sir Bobby Charlton outside the stadium entrance, as the "finishing touch" to the completion of the stadium. The twice life-size bronze statue, sculpted by Philip Jackson, depicts England's 1966 World Cup winning captain Bobby Moore, looking down Wembley Way.
- The stadium contains 2,618 toilets, more than any other venue in the world.
- The stadium has a circumference of 1 km (0.62 mi).
- The bowl volume is listed at 1,139,100 m3 (1,489,900 cu yd), somewhat smaller than the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff, but with a greater seating capacity.
- At its peak, there were more than 3,500 construction workers on site.
- 4,000 separate piles form the foundations of the new stadium, the deepest of which is 35 m (115 ft).
- There are 56 km (35 mi) of heavy-duty power cables in the stadium.
- 90,000 m3 (120,000 cu yd) of concrete and 23,000 tonnes (25,000 short tons) of steel were used in the construction of the new stadium.
- The total length of the escalators is 400 metres (1⁄4 mi).
- The arch has a cross-sectional diameter greater than that of a cross-channel Eurostar train.
The pitch size, as lined for association football, is 115 yd (105 m) long by 75 yd (69 m) wide, slightly narrower than the old Wembley, as required by the UEFA stadium categories for a category four stadium, the top category.
Since the completion of the new Wembley, the pitch has come into disrepute since it was described as being "no good" and "not in the condition that Wembley used to be known for" by Slaven Bilić before the game between England and the team he managed, Croatia. It was confirmed when the pitch was terribly cut up during the game, which was blamed by some as the reason England did not qualify for UEFA Euro 2008. The Football Association admitted in April 2009 after the FA Cup semi-finals that improvements are needed to the Wembley pitch after criticism of the surface by Sir Alex Ferguson, Arsène Wenger and David Moyes. The grass has been relaid ten times since the stadium re-opened in 2007 and was relaid again in the summer of 2009, ahead of the 2009 Community Shield.
In March 2010, the surface was relaid for the 10th time since 2007, when the stadium was built. In April 2010, the pitch was again criticised following the FA Cup semi-finals, during which the players found it difficult to keep their footing and the surface cut up despite the dry conditions. The then Tottenham Hotspur boss, Harry Redknapp labelled it a "disgrace" after his side's semi-final defeat to Portsmouth. After the 2010 FA Cup Final, Chelsea captain John Terry said, "The pitch ruined the final. It's probably the worst pitch we've played on all year. It was not good enough for a Wembley pitch." It was relaid with Desso semi-artificial pitch, ahead of the 2010 community shield game between Chelsea and Manchester United. Michael Owen, who previously criticised the pitch for causing him injury, said that it was much improved.
The stadium roof has an area of 40,000 m2 (430,000 sq ft), of which 13,722 m2 (147,700 sq ft) is movable. The primary reason for the sliding roof was to avoid shading the pitch, as grass demands direct sunlight to grow effectively. The sliding roof design minimises the shadow by having the roof pulled back on the east, west and south. Angus Campbell, chief architect, also said that an aim was for the pitch to be in sunlight during the match between the beginning of May and the end of June, between 3 pm and 5 pm, which is when the FA and World cups would be played. However it was mentioned during live commentary of the FA Cup Final in 2007 that the pitch was in partial shade at the start at 3 pm and also during the match.
The stadium roof rises to 52 metres (171 ft) above the pitch and is supported by an arch rising 133 m (436 ft) above the level of the external concourse. With a span of 315 m (1,033 ft), the arch is the longest single-span roof structure in the world.
The Australian firm Multiplex, which was the main contractor on Wembley Stadium, made significant losses on the project. In an attempt to recoup some of those losses, the firm has initiated a number of legal cases against its sub-contractors and consultants. The largest of these – the largest construction claim in UK legal history – was a claim for £253 million against the structural engineering consultants Mott MacDonald. In preliminary hearings the two architecture practices which worked for Multiplex on the project were ordered to allow Multiplex access to their records in order for them to build a case. The practices, Foster + Partners and Populous, estimated the costs of providing access and answering Multiplex's queries at £5 million. The case was not due to be heard until January 2011. Mott MacDonald has issued a counter-claim for unpaid fees of £250,000. The dispute between Multiplex (now known as Brookfield) and Mott MacDonald was settled out of court in June 2010, the judge having warned that costs were likely to be more than £74 million.
Multiplex also took the original steel contractor, Cleveland Bridge, to court to claim up to £38 million compensation for costs resulting from Cleveland Bridge walking away from the job. Cleveland Bridge, in turn, claimed up to £15 million from Multiplex. The case was finally resolved in September 2008 with Cleveland Bridge ordered to pay £6.1 million in damages and 20% of Multiplex's costs after the court found Cleveland Bridge was in the wrong to walk off site. The judge criticised both sides for allowing the case to reach court, pointing out that total costs were £22 million, including £1 million for photocopying. Multiplex's ultimate bill is estimated to be over £10 million. In 2007, Multiplex also contested a claim from its concrete contractor, PC Harrington, that Multiplex owes £13.4 million to PC Harrington.
Given the ownership of the stadium by the Football Association – the governing body of English football – the English national football team is a major user of Wembley. In 2007, the League Cup final moved back to Wembley from Cardiff following the FA Cup final and FA Community Shield. Other showpiece football matches that were previously staged at Wembley, such as the Football League promotion play-offs and the Football League Trophy final, have returned to the stadium, as has the Conference National (now National League) play-off final. Additionally, the Rugby League Challenge Cup final returned to Wembley Stadium in 2007, and the stadium also hosted both semi-finals of the 2013 Rugby League World Cup. The new Wembley was a significant part of the plan for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London; the stadium was the site of several games in both the men's and women's football tournaments, with the finals being held there. Additionally, Wembley was one of the 13 2015 Rugby World Cup venues. The FA offices at Wembley Stadium, with social areas and boardroom, were designed by architects Gebler Tooth - who were also responsible for Team GB House at the London 2012 Olympics.
Wembley has had a long association with American football. A United States Football League game was staged there in 1984, and between 1986 and 1993 the old Wembley Stadium hosted eight National Football League exhibition games featuring 13 different NFL teams. Since the new Wembley Stadium opened in 2007 Wembley has hosted games during the NFL regular season. As a result of this, NFL commissioner Roger Goodell stated in October 2009 that "he expects the NFL will start playing multiple regular-season games in Britain in the next few years, an expansion that could lead to putting a franchise in London." On 20 January 2012, the league announced that the St. Louis Rams would become a temporary tenant of Wembley Stadium, playing an annual game at the stadium every year from 2012 to 2014; part of the reason the Rams were chosen was the fact that the team is owned by Stan Kroenke, who also is majority shareholder in a local Premier League team, Arsenal. However, the Rams later cancelled their 2013–2014 games, leading to the Jacksonville Jaguars becoming new temporary tenants and hosting games in London from 2013–2016. This was later extended to 2020.
Besides football, Wembley can be configured to hold many other events, particularly major concerts but also private events like weddings and conferences. This is an economic necessity given that the stadium ended up costing the FA much more than was originally projected. The regular covering of the pitch for concerts has led to the pitch being relaid often (see elsewhere in this article). Regular changes to the pitch mean that it never matches the quality of its surroundings, or of the pitch of the old Wembley in its later years. The first concert at the new stadium was given by George Michael on 9 June 2007. Bon Jovi were scheduled to be the first artists to perform at the new Wembley but the late completion of the stadium saw the concerts relocated to the National Bowl and the KC Stadium.
Muse became the first band to sell out the new stadium on 16 and 17 June 2007, and released a live DVD of the performance. Other acts to have performed at the stadium are Metallica, The Killers, Green Day, Foo Fighters, Madonna, Coldplay, Oasis, Take That and AC/DC. Wembley hosted Take That Present: The Circus Live for four nights in summer 2009. The tour became the fastest selling tour in UK in history before that record was broken by Take That two years later with their Progress Live tour.
In the first week of July 2007, two large charity concerts were held at the new Wembley stadium, the Concert for Diana, a memorial concert to commemorate ten years since the death of Princess Diana, and Live Earth, a concert hosted at Wembley as part of the Live Earth Foundation, committed to combating climate change.
95.8 Capital FM's Summertime Ball, which was previously hosted with 55,000 spectators at the Arsenal Emirates Stadium and slightly less in Hyde Park (as Party in the Park), was hosted at Wembley Stadium on 6 June 2010, and was headlined by Rihanna and Usher. The move to Wembley allowed many more fans to watch the annual music event which has previously lasted over 5 hours with more than 15 performers. It has since returned to the Stadium in 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 and again in 2015 on 6 June. Rock band Green Day continued their world tour, playing at Wembley on 19 June 2010. The gig was Green Day's biggest audience yet with over 90,000. The Killers performed a song specially written for the Wembley Stadium: The Wembley Song. Brandon Flowers, lead singer for The Killers said "We've written a song for this joyous occasion." And proceeded to sing about some of Wembley's great moments, its history from the Twin Towers to present day arch.
Muse returned to Wembley Stadium on 10 and 11 September 2010 as part of their Resistance Tour to a sell-out crowd, having previously played there in June 2007. Madonna played Wembley in 2008 during her Sticky and Sweet Tour, to a sold-out audience of 74,000. The event has surpassed all gross revenue for a single concert at Wembley, grossing nearly US$12 million. Take That played a record breaking 8 nights at Wembley Stadium in summer 2011 on their Progress Live tour, which has become the fastest and biggest selling tour in UK history.
The Olympics meant that no concerts took place at Wembley in summer 2012, with other big shows taking place elsewhere. In summer 2013, there were seven big shows. The first act to perform at the venue was Bruce Springsteen, who played his first show at the new stadium on 15 June. One week later, rock band The Killers performed their biggest headline show at the venue on 22 June. Robbie Williams then performed four solo concerts at the stadium on 29 and 30 June, and on 2 and 5 July after previously performing with Take That at the stadium in 2011. The summer's final show saw former Pink Floyd bass guitarist Roger Waters play at the venue on 14 September as part of The Wall Live tour. Adele will complete her world tour with four concerts, dubbed "The Finale", at Wembley on 28, 29 June and 1, 2 July 2017.
Firsts at the new Wembley Stadium
The first match at the stadium was a game played behind closed doors between Multiplex and Wembley Stadium staff. The first game in front of spectators was between the Geoff Thomas Foundation Charity XI and the Wembley Sponsors Allstars on 17 March 2007. The Geoff Thomas Foundation Charity XI won 2–0 (scorers Mark Bright and Simon Jordan). The first official match involving professional players was England U21s vs Italy U21s on 24 March 2007, which finished 3–3. Official attendance was 55,700 (although all of the 60,000 tickets that were made available were sold in advance). The first player to score in a FIFA sanctioned match was Italian striker Giampaolo Pazzini after 28 seconds of the same game. The first English player to score in a full-scale match was David Bentley with a free kick in the same game.
The first club game, competitive game, and cup final held at the new Wembley took place on 12 May 2007 when Kidderminster Harriers met Stevenage Borough in the FA Trophy final. Kidderminster striker James Constable was the first player to score a goal in a final at the new Wembley. Kidderminster became the first team to play at both the old and new stadium. Stevenage Borough were the first team to win a final at the new Wembley beating Kidderminster 3–2, despite trailing 2–0 at half time. The first players to play at both the old and new Wembley Stadiums were Steve Guppy (for Stevenage Borough) and Jeff Kenna (for Kidderminster Harriers). Ex-England international Guppy was the first player to win a final at both stadia (with Leicester City, Wycombe Wanderers and Stevenage). Ronnie Henry was the first ever player to lift a competitive club trophy at the new Wembley.
The first penalty save and first red card came in the Conference National playoff final between Exeter City and Morecambe. The penalty was saved by Paul Jones of Exeter City from Morecambe striker Wayne Curtis. The red card was given to Matthew Gill of Exeter for a headbutt on Craig Stanley of Morecambe.
The first Football League teams to play at Wembley in a competitive fixture were Bristol Rovers and Shrewsbury Town in the 2007 Football League Two play-off Final on 26 May 2007. Shrewsbury Town became the first league team to score at Wembley via a Stewart Drummond goal, they also the first league team to have a player sent off, in this case – Marc Tierney Bristol Rovers won the game 3–1 in front of 61,589 which was a stadium record until the Championship play-off final two days later when Derby County beat West Bromwich Albion 1–0 to become the first team at the new stadium to win promotion to the FA Premier League.
The first FA Cup Final at the new Wembley (between Manchester United and Chelsea) was on 19 May 2007. Chelsea won 1–0 with a goal by Didier Drogba, making him the first player to score in the FA Cup final at the new Wembley. Chelsea goalkeeper Petr Čech also became the first goalkeeper not to concede a goal in a competitive game at Wembley. Chelsea were the last winners of the cup final at the old Wembley and the first winners at the new.
The first game involving the full English national team was a friendly played on 1 June 2007, against Brazil. The match saw captain John Terry become the first England international goal scorer at the new stadium when he scored in the 68th minute. Diego became the first full international player to score for a visiting team when he scored in stoppage time, with the full-time result being a 1–1 draw. The first competitive senior international was played on 8 September 2007 between England and Israel. This game ended 3–0. The first player to score international goals at both the old and new stadia was Michael Owen when he scored for England against Israel. On 22 August Germany beat England 2–1 to become the first team to beat them in the new Wembley Stadium. England's first competitive defeat at the new stadium was on 21 November 2007 when Croatia won 3–2. This match cost England qualification to Euro 2008 and head coach Steve McClaren his job.
Celtic were the first Scottish team to win a trophy at the new Wembley. Competing in the first year of the Wembley Cup in July 2009, against English side Tottenham, Egyptian side Al-Ahly and the 2009 European Champions, Barcelona. Swansea City were the first Welsh team to win a trophy at the new Wembley, winning the 2013 Football League Cup Final 5–0 over then League Two side Bradford City.
Wembley Stadium hosted the UEFA Champions League Final on 28 May 2011 between FC Barcelona and Manchester United. Wembley also hosted the 2013 UEFA Champions League Final, making it the second time in 3 years. The event was held to mark the 150th anniversary of The Football Association.
During the 2012 Olympic Games Great Britain defeated Brazil in the first women's international to take place at the stadium. On 23 November the England women's team played at the stadium for the first time when they lost 3–0 to Germany in a friendly.
The Rugby league Challenge Cup Final had been played annually at the old Wembley Stadium since 1929. In 2007 the cup final returned to its traditional home after the rebuilding of Wembley. When Catalans Dragons played St Helens in the 2007 Challenge Cup Final, they became the first non-English rugby league team to play in the final. The result saw St Helens retain the cup by a score of 30–8 before 84,241 fans. The first Rugby League team to win a game at the new Wembley Stadium, were Normanton Freeston. The West Yorkshire secondary school beat Castleford High School in the Year 7 boys Carnegie Champion Schools final, which was played immediately prior to the 2007 Challenge Cup Final. The first official try at the renovated Wembley was scored by James Roby of St Helens, although Luke Metcalfe of Castleford High School scored the first try in the schools game that took place before the 2007 Challenge Cup final.
In 2011, International rugby league returned to Wembley for the first time since 1997 when Wales lost to New Zealand 0–36 and Australia beat host nation England 36–20 in the 2011 Rugby League Four Nations. The semi-finals of the 2013 Rugby League World Cup were played at Wembley Stadium where defending champions New Zealand beat England 20–18, and eventual tournament champions Australia defeated Fiji 64–0. The double header drew 67,575 fans to Wembley, the second highest crowd for an international rugby league game at either the original or the new stadium.
Castleford Academy (formerly Castleford High School) currently hold the record for the most Rugby League appearances at the New Wembley Stadium. On 24 August 2013 their Year 7 Rugby team played RGS High Wycombe in the annual schools curtain-raiser to the Challenge Cup final. This was Castleford Academy's 4th appearance at the stadium since 2007. This puts them joint with Leeds and one appearance ahead of Warrington.
Since 2009, the stadium has been used regularly by Saracens for some major Aviva Premiership, Heineken Cup and International matches. Their Aviva Premiership clash with Harlequins in 2012 was played before a crowd of 83,761, a world record for a rugby union club match. In 2014 the teams faced again in front of 83,889 spectators. The 2015 match between Saracens and Harlequins had a new world record attendance for a club game of rugby union with 84,068.
The stadium was also used during the 2015 Rugby World Cup, during which it hosted two pool matches:
|2015||20 September||Pool C Match||New Zealand||26–16||Argentina||89,019|
|27 September||Pool D Match||Ireland||44–10||Romania||89,267|
The 89,019 crowd for the New Zealand versus Argentina game set a new record attendance for a Rugby World Cup game. The Ireland versus Romania match one week later improved this record again to 89,267. Although the 90,000 seat Wembley was the largest stadium used during the 2015 Rugby World Cup, the World Cup Final was held at the 82,000 seat Twickenham Stadium, the traditional home of the tournament's host, England's Rugby Football Union.
On 28 October 2007, in front of 81,176 fans, the New York Giants defeated the Miami Dolphins by a score of 13–10 in the first regular season NFL game ever to be played in Europe, and the first outside of North America. The first touchdown scored at Wembley was on a run by Giants' quarterback Eli Manning. The NFL have hosted at least one regular season game a year at Wembley since.
On 21 August 2012, the Jacksonville Jaguars announced a four-year deal to become temporary tenants of Wembley by playing one regular season game each year between 2013 and 2016 and becoming the first team to return to Wembley in consecutive years.
On 16 October 2012, the NFL announced there were to be two NFL regular season games played at Wembley Stadium during the 2013 season. The Pittsburgh Steelers at Minnesota Vikings on 29 September 2013 and the San Francisco 49ers at Jacksonville Jaguars on 27 October 2013. This is an attempt by the NFL to strengthen the NFL fanbase in London and internationally. Future plans to have a permanent NFL team in London have been suggested.
Another first was recorded in 2014 as three regular season NFL games were played at Wembley. The Oakland Raiders hosted the Miami Dolphins on 28 September at 6 pm BST, the Atlanta Falcons hosted the Detroit Lions on 26 October at 1:30 pm GMT and the Jacksonville Jaguars hosted the Dallas Cowboys on 9 November at 6 pm GMT. At 9:30 am ET, the Detroit-Atlanta game was the earliest kick off in NFL history and gave fans a unique four game window on this day. In 2015, another first occurred as the first ever divisional match took place at Wembley between the Miami Dolphins and New York Jets.
On 30 October 2016, for the first time in an NFL game played outside the US, the game carried into overtime and subsequently ended in a tie (another first for both Wembley and an NFL International Series match) in a week 8 match between the Washington Redskins and the Cincinnati Bengals. The final score was 27–27.
On 31 May 2014, Wembley Stadium hosted its first boxing event, featuring the rematch between Carl Froch and George Groves for the IBF and WBA super-middleweight titles. The contest was held in front of a crowd of 80,000 spectators, a British post-war attendance record for a boxing event, surpassing the crowd at the City of Manchester Stadium when it hosted Ricky Hatton vs. Juan Lazcano in May 2008.
A World Boxing Association and International Boxing Federation heavyweight championship fight between Anthony Joshua and Wladimir Klitschko is expected to break the attendance record on 29 April 2017.
The stadium is described as a "public transport destination" for which parking is available on a very limited basis. To alleviate the impact of vehicular traffic on the local residents and businesses, Brent Council have introduced a number of measures in relation to on street parking and to access restrictions of roads that surround the stadium.
The "Wembley Stadium Protective Parking Scheme" sets a boundary in which parking on street is restricted to only those that hold an event day parking permit. Road closures are in force from 10:00 am on the event day until midnight and apply to Fulton Road, Engineers Way and South Way.
Rail and Underground
The stadium is connected to two London Underground stations: Wembley Park Station (on the Metropolitan and Jubilee lines) via Olympic Way, and Wembley Central (Bakerloo line) via the White Horse Bridge. Rail links are provided at Wembley Central (London Overground, Southern and London Midland services) and Wembley Stadium railway station (Chiltern Railways services).
Stations near by:
|London Underground||Wembley Park|| Jubilee line
|Wembley Central||Bakerloo line|
|London Overground||Watford DC Line|
|National Rail||Southern Railways
|Wembley Stadium||Chiltern Railways|
The onsite parking facility is shared with Wembley Arena, essentially being the open air surface parking surrounding the eastern flank of Wembley Stadium and the multi-storey car park. These are called Green Car Park and Red Car Park, respectively. There is disabled parking available onsite, at the Green Car Park, at a reduced rate but on a first come first served basis. On some football event dates, opposing team supporters have been separated into the two different car parks.
- List of football stadiums in England
- List of British stadiums by capacity
- List of European stadia by capacity
- "Japan, Korea and the 2002 World Cup". google.ca.
- "Hotels near Wembley". Retrieved 2016-11-03.
- "Timeline: The new Wembley". BBC News. 21 February 2006.
- "Wembley to break even by 2015, says FA chairman". BBC News. 5 October 2011.
- UK Consumer Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Gregory Clark (2016), "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)", MeasuringWorth.com.
- "Projects : Wembley Stadium". Populous.com.
- "Wembley Stadium, London". Design Build Network. 19 June 2006. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- Tottenham Hotspur on Twitter: "We’ve reached agreement with @WembleyStadium to play our @ChampionsLeague fixtures there for the 2016/17 season. https://t.co/BPCGmW1mrQ"
- Tottenham Hotspur on Twitter: "…The agreement additionally provides an option to play all @PremierLeague & cup home games at @WembleyStadium for the 2017/18 season. 2/2"
- "Final whistle for Wembley's towers". BBC News. 1 September 2016.
- "Gates' Microsoft Becomes Wembley Stadium Backer". Forbes. 20 October 2005.
- "Hotels near football stadiums | Football Hotels". Retrieved 2016-11-03.
- "Timeline: A new National Stadium for the national game".
- "Wembley to stage UEFA EURO 2020 final". UEFA. Retrieved 29 November 2014
- "Wembley kick-off: Stadium is ready and England play first game in fortnight". Daily Mail. London. 9 March 2007. Retrieved 19 March 2007.
- Belson, Ken (8 April 2010). "New Stadium, a Football Palace, Opens Saturday With Lacrosse". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- "Projects : National stadium, Wembley". Nathaniel Lichfield and Partners.
- "Wembley Stadium Uses". Wembley National Stadium Limited. Archived from the original on 24 September 2010.
- "Wembley arch due for completion". BBC News. 16 February 2004.
- Guinness World Records 2006
- "Inside the Games". Inside the Games. Archived from the original on 20 August 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- "Wembley is an athletics no-no". Mail Online.
- FA Editorial (20 April 2004). "New Wembley taking shape". TheFA.com. Retrieved 14 March 2012.[dead link]
- "Firm fined over Wembley stadium death". The Independent. London. 9 July 2009.
- "Wembley chief's Cup final doubts". BBC News. 11 November 2005. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "FA plays down doubts over Wembley". BBC News. 21 December 2005. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "Wembley cleared after beam slips". BBC News. 20 March 2006. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "Wembley dismisses 'sewer problem'". BBC News. 23 March 2006. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "Stadium delay hits Wembley gigs". BBC News. 31 March 2006. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- De Lisle, Tim (14 March 2006). "The Height of Ambition". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
- "Footballing legend Bobby Moore returns to Wembley". www.wembleystadium.com > Press Releases. Wembley National Stadium. 10 May 2007. Archived from the original on 3 May 2010. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- "Footballing legend Bobby Moore takes his place at Wembley". www.wembleystadium.com > Press Releases. Wembley National Stadium. 11 May 2007. Archived from the original on 3 May 2010. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- Wembley's Moore statue unveiled – BBC News, 11 May 2007
- "Doors finally open at new Wembley". BBC News. 17 March 2007. Retrieved 19 March 2007.
- "Presspack : Facts and Figures". Wembley National Stadium Limited. Archived from the original on 17 March 2007.
- "Building Wembley : Construction facts". Wembley National Stadium Limited. Archived from the original on 28 March 2010.
- "'Steel the key' to extra time". BBC News. 21 February 2006. Retrieved 19 March 2007.
- "The New Wembley", BBC Documentary with Lord Foster and Adrian Chiles
- "Wembley Stadium Arch Facts and Figures". wembleystadium.com. Archived from the original on 17 February 2007. Retrieved 19 March 2007.
- "Bilic blasts poor Wembley pitch". BBC Sport. 21 November 2007. Retrieved 21 January 2008.
- Winter, Henry (22 November 2007). "Croatia end woeful England's Euro 2008 dream". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 22 January 2008.
- Siret, Mal. "English game is paralysed by a fear of the unknown". The Times. London. Archived from the original on 8 September 2008. Retrieved 22 January 2008.
- "FA to address Wembley pitch issue". BBC Sport. 20 April 2008. Retrieved 20 April 2009.
- "FA promises action now and later over Wembley's problem pitch". The Guardian. London. 20 April 2009. Retrieved 20 April 2009.
- "Harry Redknapp seethes at 'disgraceful' Wembley pitch". BBC Sport. BBC. 11 April 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
- Siret, Mal (15 May 2010). "John Terry: Wembley pitch ruined the final". The Times. London. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
- "Owen happy with Wembley". Sky Sports. Sky Sports. 9 August 2010. Retrieved 9 August 2010.
- "Presspack: Key features". Wembley National Stadium Limited. Archived from the original on 1 March 2010.
- "Football's Coming Home". People Magazine. January 2006: 45.
- Henderson, Charlie (19 May 2007). "BBC text commentary FA Cup Final 2007". BBC News.
1504 The Chelsea goal is in the shaded part of the pitch....1518: The whole pitch is in shade now
- Campbell, Denis (15 October 2006). "Eight-year Wembley stadium saga is over at last". The Guardian. London.
- "Losses for Wembley firm hit £106m". BBC News. BBC. 23 February 2006.
- Rogers, David (13 March 2008). "£253m How much Multiplex wants from Mott MacDonald". The Architects' journal.[dead link]
- Hoyle, Rhiannon (9 July 2009). "Mott MacDonald steels itself for high court battle over Wembley Stadium". The Guardian. London.
- Henley, Will (20 March 2009). "Wembley architects fear 'ruinous cost' of ruling". bdonline.co.uk.
- Hoyle, Rhiannon (30 July 2009). "Multiplex v Mott MacDonald trial to start in Jan 2011". Construction news. (subscription required)
- Gardiner, Joey (25 June 2010). "Final whistle for £253m Wembley row". Building.
- Mylius, Andrew (22 June 2006). "Wembley judgement 'lets contractors screw subbies'". nce.co.uk.
- McAteer, Owen (30 September 2008). "Both sides claim victory as judge rules on Wembley row". The Northern Echo.
- McCulloch, Chloë (5 December 2007). "Multiplex wins another legal spat over Wembley stadium". Building.
- London2012.com profile. – accessed 29 September 2010.
- "2007 Wembley Stadium". Race of Champions. Archived from the original on 25 October 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- "The Race of Champions Returns To Wembley". Wembley Stadium. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- "USFL Site- United States Football League Wembley Game Report". Oursportscentral.com. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- "NFL in the UK". nfllondon.net. 25 October 2009.
- "Goodell expects more games to be played in Britain soon",". nfl.com. 2009. Archived from the original on 5 January 2010.
- "St. Louis Rams to play London games for next 3 years – ESPN". Espn.go.com. 20 January 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- Zimmerman, Kevin (13 August 2012). "St. Louis Rams Cancel London Games For 2013, 2014". SBNation.com. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- "Shad Khan, Roger Goodell announce Jaguars' London deal". NFL.com. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- "NFL extends agreement to play regular-season games at Wembley Stadium for an additional five years". NFLUK. National Football League. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
- "United Kingdom: Wembley Stadium : Private hire". hirespace.com. Retrieved 17 February 2014.
- Michael makes history at Wembley BBC News
- "Muse wow Wembley". BBC. 9 November 2016.
- "AC/DC to play Wembley Stadium". Wembleystadium.com. 26 June 2009. Archived from the original on 8 July 2009. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "Take That tickets sell out in record time". Metro.co.uk. 16 August 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- "Green Day Announce 3 Summer Stadium Dates of 2010". New Musical Express. UK. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "The Killers pay Wembley the ultimate tribute", wembleystadium.com. 23 June 2013
- Pareles, Jon (6 October 2008). "Aerobic, Not Erotic: The Concert as Workout". The New York Times.
- "Celebrity Gossip, latest Celebrity News and Showbiz Gossip | Eleven UK". Music.aol.co.uk. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- "Adele announces Wembley Stadium shows for summer 2017". BBC. 23 November 2016.
- "Adele announces two more Wembley Stadium shows". BBC. 3 December 2016.
- Deniqua. "Eminem Headlines Wembley Stadium and Brings out Dr. Dre". thesource.com.
- Dave Grohl breaks leg
- "mtv review: ed sheeran absolutely smashes wembley stadium show". MTV. 12 July 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
- Clench, James (2 December 2006). "The Sun". London: The Sun. Retrieved 11 August 2010.[dead link]
- Hart, Simon (18 March 2007). "The goal that means Wembley is back at last". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- Fletcher, Paul (24 March 2007). "England U21s draw Wembley cracker". BBC Sport. Retrieved 25 March 2007.
- Hughes, Ian (12 May 2007). "Kidderminster 2–3 Stevenage". BBC News. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "Henry the first". TheFA.com. 13 May 2007. Retrieved 13 August 2009.
- "Exeter 1–2 Morecambe". BBC Sport. 20 May 2007. Retrieved 20 May 2007.
- "Barça crowned as Messi and Villa see off United". UEFA.com. 28 May 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2011.[dead link]
- "Wembley chosen to host 2013 Champions League final". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 16 June 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
- Fletcher, Paul. "Olympics football: GB shock Brazil with 1–0 win to top Group E". BBC Sport.
- "England women to play Germany in 'historic' Wembley fixture". BBC Sport.
- "RL giants go head to head on BBC Sport". BBC Sport. 27 July 2007. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
- Lawrenson, David (26 August 2007). "Saints slay Dragons to retain cup". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
- "Carnegie Champion Schools: Fixtures & Results for Year 7 Boys National, Season 06/07"[dead link], TheRFL.co.uk
- "Roby scoops Man of Steel accolade". BBC Sport. 8 October 2007. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
- Wilson, Andy (5 November 2011). "Battling Wales are beaten but not humiliated by New Zealand". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
- Rej, Arindam (5 November 2011). "Four Nations 2011: England 20–36 Australia". BBC Sport. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
- TheFA. "3 Dec 2008 – Wembley Stadium". wembleystadium.com. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- Saracens thrash under-strength Harlequins to return to top of table – The Observer (London), 22 March 2014
- Sarries smash Quins to move second – SA Rugby Magazine, 28 March 2015
- Dirs, Ben. "BBC Sport – Rugby World Cup 2015: New Zealand 26–16 Argentina". BBC Sport.
- Haughey, John. "BBC Sport – Rugby World Cup 2015: Ireland 44–10 Romania". BBC Sport. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- Gough, Martin (28 October 2007). "Giants beat Miami at wet Wembley". BBC Sport. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
- "Report: Jags to play games in London". Associated Press. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- "Vikings and Steelers to play at Wembley on September 29, 2013". NFL. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- "NFL announces 2014 London dates". Associated Press. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- "Lions-Falcons game to kick off at 9:30 am. ET". NFL. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- "WEMBLEY STADIUM TO HOST FROCH V GROVES REMATCH". Wembley Stadium. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- "Carl Froch v George Groves: Wembley Stadium to host rematch". BBC Sport. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- Gilbert, Peter (17 January 2017). "Joshua-Klitschko ticket sales set new Wembley record". Sky Sports. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
- "Public Transport Destination".
- "Wembley Stadium Road Closures".
- "Transport for London" (PDF). tfl.gov.uk.
- "Transport for London" (PDF). tfl.gov.uk.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wembley Stadium.|
|Events and tenants|
Santiago Bernabéu Stadium
|UEFA Champions League
Beijing Olympic Stadium
Football Finals (Wembley)
Rio de Janeiro
|UEFA Champions League
Estádio da Luz
Stade de France
|UEFA European Football Championship
or Friends Arena
or Atatürk Olympic Stadium