Wen Ding

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Wen Ding
Reign 1112 - 1102 BC
Predecessor Wu Yi
Successor Di Yi
Died 1102 BC
Issue Di Yi
Bi Gan

Wen Wu Ding or Wen Ding (Chinese: 文丁) was a king of the Shang dynasty of China from 1112 to 1102 BC.[1][2]


According to Bamboo Annals, his capital was at Yin (殷) or Zimou.[3]

In the second year of his reign, his vassal Jili of Zhou attacked the Yanjing Rong (燕京戎), but they defeated him.[4]

During his third year, the Huan River (洹水) dried up.

In his fourth year, Jili attacked the Yuwu Rong (余无戎) and was victorious, making Yuwu into a Zhou client.

In his seventh year, Jili attacked the Hu Rong (呼戎) and was again victorious.

Several years later, Jili defeated the Xitu Rong (翳徒戎) and captured three of their generals. Worried that Zhou was growing too powerful, Wen Ding sent Jili to a city called Saiku (塞库) and had him killed there.


Wen Ding
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Wu Yi (ruler)
King of China
c. 1112 BC – c. 1102 BC
Succeeded by
Di Yi