This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. (July 2013)
|Born||Wendell Oliver Scott|
August 29, 1921
|Died||December 23, 1990 (aged 69)|
|Cause of death||Spinal cancer|
|Achievements||First African-American in NASCAR|
First African-American winner in the Grand National Series
|Awards||1999 International Motorsports Hall of Fame inductee|
2015 NASCAR Hall of Fame inductee
|NASCAR Cup Series career|
|495 races run over 13 years|
|Best finish||6th (1966)|
|First race||1961 Spartanburg 200 (Spartanburg)|
|Last race||1973 National 500 (Charlotte)|
|First win||1964 Jacksonville 200 (Jacksonville)|
|NASCAR Grand National East Series career|
|17 races run over 2 years|
|Best finish||7th (1972)|
|First race||1972 Bold City 200 (Jacksonville)|
|Last race||1973 Buddy Shuman 100 (Hickory)|
Wendell Oliver Scott (August 29, 1921 – December 23, 1990) was an American stock car racing driver. He was one of the first African-American drivers in NASCAR and the first African-American to win a race in the Grand National Series, NASCAR's highest level.
Scott began his racing career in local circuits and attained his NASCAR license in around 1953, making him the first African-American ever to compete in NASCAR. He debuted in the Grand National Series on March 4, 1961, in Spartanburg, South Carolina. On December 1, 1963, he won a Grand National Series race at Speedway Park in Jacksonville, Florida, becoming the first black driver to win a race at NASCAR's premier level. Scott's career was repeatedly affected by racial prejudice and problems with top-level NASCAR officials. He was posthumously inducted into the NASCAR Hall of Fame in 2015.
Scott was born in Danville, Virginia, a town dominated by cotton mills and tobacco-processing plants. Scott vowed as a youth to avoid such labor. As a youth he began learning auto mechanics from his father, who worked as a driver and mechanic for two well-to-do white families. Scott also raced bicycles against white children in the neighborhood. As a teen he dropped out of high school, became a taxi driver, and served as a mechanic in the segregated Army in Europe during World War II. He married Mary Coles in 1943; they had seven children.
After the war, he ran an auto-repair shop. As a sideline, he took up the dangerous and illegal pursuit of running moonshine whiskey. The police caught Scott only once, in 1949. Sentenced to three years probation, he continued making his late-night whiskey runs.
In 1951, the officials at the Dixie Circuit, a regional racing organization, decided to recruit a Black driver as a marketing gimmick. Scott was recruited for this purpose and participated in his first race at the Danville Speedway.
In search for more opportunities, Scott repaired his car with the help of a black mechanic, Hiram Kincaid, and towed it to a NASCAR-sanctioned event in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Upon arrival, NASCAR officials refused to let him compete due to his race. A few days later he went to another NASCAR event in High Point, North Carolina and received the same result. Scott decided to avoid NASCAR for the time being and race with the Dixie Circuit and at other non-NASCAR speedways. He won his first race at Lynchburg, Virginia, only twelve days into his racing career.
Scott ran as many as five events a week, mostly at Virginia tracks. Some prejudiced drivers would wreck him deliberately though his expertise also won him white fans, even among his fellow drivers. These other drivers would serve as his bodyguards at events with racist fans.
Scott began the 1953 season on the northern Virginia circuit after winning a feature race in Staunton. He subsequently tied the Waynesboro qualifying record and won the Waynesboro feature race. The Waynesboro News Virginian reported that Scott had become "recognized as one of the most popular drivers to appear here." The Staunton News Leader said he "has been among the top drivers in every race here."
In 1954, Scott towed his racecar to a local NASCAR event at the Richmond Speedway and asked the steward, Mike Poston, to grant him a NASCAR license. Poston, a part-timer, was not a powerful figure in NASCAR's hierarchy, but he did have the authority to issue licenses. Scott's license was approved and he became the first Black driver in NASCAR.
Scott won dozens of races during his nine years in regional-level competition. In 1959 he won two championships. NASCAR awarded him the championship title for drivers of sportsman-class stock cars in the state of Virginia, and he also won the track championship in the sportsman class at Richmond's Southside Speedway.
In 1961, he moved up to the Grand National Series. He achieved the most points for a debutant in 1961. In the 1964 season, he finished 15th in points, and on December 1 of that year, driving a Chevrolet Bel Air that he purchased from Ned Jarrett, he won a race on the half-mile dirt track at Speedway Park in Jacksonville, Florida—the first Grand National event won by an African-American (Bubba Wallace became the second African-American driver in NASCAR's top 3 series to win with his 2013 Kroger 200 win at Martinsville). Scott passed Richard Petty, who was driving an ailing car, with 25 laps remaining for the win. Scott was not announced as the winner of the race at the time. Buck Baker, the second-place driver, was initially declared the winner, but race officials discovered two hours later that Scott had not only won, but was two laps in front of the rest of the field. NASCAR awarded Scott the win two years later, but his family never received the trophy he had earned until 2021 – nearly 58 years after the race, and 31 years after Scott had died.
He continued to be a competitive driver despite his low-budget operation through the rest of the 1960s. Despite his successes, he never received commercial sponsorship. In 1964, Scott finished 12th in points despite missing several races. Over the next five years, Scott consistently finished in the top ten in the point standings. He finished 11th in points in 1965, was a career-high 6th in 1966, 10th in 1967, and finished 9th in both 1968 and 1969. His top year in winnings was 1969 when he won $47,451.
Scott was forced to retire due to injuries from a racing accident at Talladega, Alabama in 1973, although he did make one more start at Charlotte in which he finished 12th. He achieved one win and 147 top ten finishes in 495 career Grand National starts.
Only seven other African-American drivers are known to have started at least one race in what is now the Cup Series: Elias Bowie, Charlie Scott, George Wiltshire, Randy Bethea, Willy T. Ribbs, Bill Lester, and most recently Bubba Wallace.
As reported in the Washington Post, filmmaker John W. Warner began directing a documentary about Scott, titled The Wendell Scott Story, which was to be released in 2003 with narration by the filmmaker's father, former U.S. Senator John Warner but instead Warner created a four-set DVD entitled American Stock: The Golden Era of NASCAR: 1936-to-1971 which documents many racers including Scott. The film included interviews with fellow race-car drivers, including Richard Petty.
Scott is prominently featured in the 1975 book The World's Number One, Flat-Out, All-Time Great Stock Car Racing Book, written by Jerry Bledsoe.
In April 2012, Scott was nominated for inclusion in the NASCAR Hall of Fame, and was selected for induction in the 2015 class, in May 2014. In January 2013, Scott was awarded his own historical marker in Danville, Virginia. The marker's statement is, “Persevering over prejudice and discrimination, Scott broke racial barriers in NASCAR, with a 13-year career that included 20 top five and 147 top ten finishes.” Scott was inducted into the NASCAR Hall of Fame on January 30, 2015.
Loosely based on him, a fictionalized version of Scott was given a minor role in the 2017 Pixar film Cars 3. He is portrayed by Isiah Whitlock Jr. in the form of an anthropomorphized car, with his name changed to River Scott.
A fictionalized version of Scott early in his career in 1955 was featured heavily on Timeless episode 2, season 2. Portrayed by Joseph Lee Anderson, Scott's history as a smuggler, mechanical and driving ability, perseverance, and past and future injustices due to racial discrimination were major themes of the episode.
Motorsports career results
(key) (Bold – Pole position awarded by qualifying time. Italics – Pole position earned by points standings or practice time. * – Most laps led.)
Grand National Series
Winston Cup Series
|NASCAR Winston Cup Series results|
|Howard & Egerton Racing||Chevy||CLT
- Donovan, Brian (2008). Hard Driving: The Wendell Scott Story. Steerforth Press. pp. 59–60. ISBN 978-1586421618. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
- Donovan, Brian (2008). Hard Driving: The Wendell Scott Story. Steerforth Press. p. 91. ISBN 978-1586421618. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
- Coble, Don (October 18, 2010). "Wendell Scott's family gets long-lost trophy, and closure". Jacksonville.com. Waynesville, Georgia: The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
- Coble, Don (January 29, 2015). "Wendell Scott's induction into NASCAR Hall of Fame part of memorable legacy". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
- Price, Zenitha Prince (Senior AFRO Correspondent) (February 6, 2015). "First African American to Win NASCAR Premier Series Trophy Inducted into Hall of Fame".
- "The black American pioneer who could not change his sport". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2021-09-20.
- "Mary Scott, widow of Wendell Scott, passes away". Auto Racing Daily. Retrieved 2021-09-20.
- Hinton, Ed. "When they finally let me run..." Retrieved October 18, 2020.
- T. Wills, John (August 29, 2017). "Remembering: NASCAR's First Black Driver And Hall Of Famer". Thought Provoking Perspectives. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
- bruceyrock632 (October 27, 2013). "Wendell O Scott - Stories". Fold3. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
- "Wendell Scott: the Nascar Hall of Famer who conquered a tougher kind of race". The Guardian. January 31, 2015. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
- Ryan, Nate (May 22, 2014). "Ryan: A feel-good story for Wendell Scott but not for NASCAR". USA Today. Charlotte, North Carolina: USA Today. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
- International Motorsports Hall of Fame Archived 2005-03-11 at the Wayback Machine
- "Drivers remember Scott". The Gainesville Sun. Gainesville, FL. December 27, 1990. Retrieved 2012-04-25.
- "Inductee Details – Virginia Sports Hall of Fame & Museum". Archived from the original on 20 April 2016. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- Myrie, Donovan. "Meet the influential African-American drivers in NASCAR's Cup Series". ClickOrlando. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
- FRYER, JENNA. "Documentary Traces NASCAR's Roots". Retrieved 24 February 2017 – via washingtonpost.com.
- Demmons, Doug (April 12, 2012). "NASCAR does right by nominating Wendell Scott for Hall of Fame". The Birmingham News. Birmingham, AL. Retrieved 2012-04-25.
- "NASCAR HALL OF FAME CLASS OF 2015 ANNOUNCED". NASCAR.com. May 21, 2014. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
- "Danville to get historical marker honoring NASCAR racer Wendell Scott Sr". WSLS. January 15, 2013. Archived from the original on January 19, 2013. Retrieved January 16, 2013.
- Kaufman, Rachel (March 18, 2018). ""Timeless" Races Back to the '50s in 'Darlington'". Smithsonian.com. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
- "Wendell Scott – 1961 NASCAR Grand National Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
- "Wendell Scott – 1962 NASCAR Grand National Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
- "Wendell Scott – 1963 NASCAR Grand National Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
- "Wendell Scott – 1964 NASCAR Grand National Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
- "Wendell Scott – 1965 NASCAR Grand National Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
- "Wendell Scott – 1966 NASCAR Grand National Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
- "Wendell Scott – 1967 NASCAR Grand National Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
- "Wendell Scott – 1968 NASCAR Grand National Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
- "Wendell Scott – 1969 NASCAR Grand National Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
- "Wendell Scott – 1970 NASCAR Grand National Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
- "Wendell Scott – 1971 NASCAR Winston Cup Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
- "Wendell Scott – 1972 NASCAR Winston Cup Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved December 22, 2017.
- "Wendell Scott – 1973 NASCAR Winston Cup Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved December 22, 2017.
- Wendell Scott Foundation
- Wendell Scott driver statistics at Racing-Reference
- Omission of a Nascar Pioneer Stirs a Debate, New York Times, 8/19/09
- Wendell Scott at Find a Grave