Wendy Alexander

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Wendy Alexander
Wendy Alexander.jpg
Official portrait, c. 1999–2002
Leader of the Labour Party in Scotland
In office
14 September 2007 – 28 June 2008
DeputyCathy Jamieson
UK party leaderGordon Brown
Preceded byJack McConnell
Succeeded byIain Gray
Ministerial offices
Minister for Enterprise, Transport and Lifelong Learning[1]
In office
1 November 2000 – 3 May 2002
First Minister
Preceded byHenry McLeish (Enterprise and Lifelong Learning)
Sarah Boyack (Transport and Planning)
Succeeded byIain Gray
Minister for Communities
In office
19 May 1999 – 1 November 2000
First Minister
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byJackie Baillie
Member of the Scottish Parliament
for Paisley North
In office
6 May 1999 – 22 March 2011
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Personal details
Born (1963-06-27) 27 June 1963 (age 59)
Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Political partyLabour
SpouseProf Elizabeth Ashcroft
RelationsDouglas Alexander (brother)
Alma materUniversity of Glasgow
University of Warwick

Wendy Alexander (born 27 June 1963) is a retired Scottish politician and the former Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) for Paisley North. She held various Scottish Government cabinet posts and was the Leader of the Labour Party in Scotland from 2007 to 2008. In 2010–2011 she convened the Scotland Bill Committee on financial powers of the Scottish Parliament.

After leaving politics, she was appointed Associate Dean of Global Business and Associate Dean for Degree Programmes and Career Services at the London Business School, and in April 2015 was appointed as Vice-Principal (International) by the University of Dundee.[2][3] In March 2016 she was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh for her work for the university sector.[4] In 30 November 2017, she was appointed as the Scottish Government Trade and Investment Envoy for Higher Education.[5]

Early life and education[edit]

Alexander was born on 27 June 1963 in Glasgow to Dr Joyce O. Alexander and Reverend Douglas N. Alexander.[6] Alexander attended Park Mains High School in Erskine and won a scholarship to Lester B. Pearson United World College of the Pacific in British Columbia before studying at the University of Glasgow, where she graduated with a First Class MA (Hons) in Economic and Modern History. She later gained a postgraduate MA in Industrial Relations from the University of Warwick, and an MBA from INSEAD. She was awarded an honorary degree from Strathclyde University in 2007.

Early career[edit]

After her MBA Alexander worked for Booz & Co., an international management consultancy, undertaking assignments in Europe, Asia, North America and Australasia.

Adviser to Donald Dewar[edit]

Following Labour's landslide victory at the 1997 general election, Alexander was appointed Special Adviser to Donald Dewar when he became Secretary of State for Scotland. She was deeply involved in the preparation of the White Paper on devolution, the Scotland Act 1998 and preparations for the establishment of the Scottish Parliament, all matters she had published on during the 1990s.

Member of Scottish Parliament[edit]

Wendy Alexander served as a Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) from its creation in 1999 until 2011.

Ministerial career[edit]

From 1999 to 2002 Wendy Alexander was a Scottish Government minister, first serving as Minister for Communities, then as Minister for Enterprise and Lifelong Learning, and subsequently as Minister for Enterprise, Transport and Lifelong Learning.

As Communities Minister she launched the free central heating installation programme for all pensioners without a system.[7] She oversaw the creation of the first social justice report, "A Scotland where everyone matters – our vision for Social Justice",[8] setting ambitious new targets for delivering social justice and defeating child poverty in Scotland, and an Annual Scottish Social Justice Report to measure progress towards those targets.[9][10]

She set up the Homelessness Task Force, which led to radical homelessness legislation[11][12] and she championed the community ownership of housing by tenants including the removal of £1.6bn of Glasgow debt.[13][14] The tenants subsequently voted in a referendum 2:1 in favour of transfer – the largest of its kind in the UK, involving 89,000 homes.

As Communities Minister, Alexander fought hard to bring about the repeal of Section 28 to contribute to social acceptance and greater equality for the LGBT community by removing a ban on the promotion of homosexuality by local authorities.[15] in the face of a sustained campaign by Stagecoach millionaire and later SNP donor Brian Souter to keep the legislation. In the end the repeal, contained in the ethical Standards in Public Life (Scotland) Bill[16] was passed by 99 votes to 17.[17] During the final debate, Alexander said, "Repeal is not, and never has been, about the promotion of homosexuality in our schools. It is not about political correctness or, even less, about marriage. It is about building a tolerant Scotland. We know that teachers are confused about the meaning of section 2A, we know that bullying exists in our schools and elsewhere, and we know that children's organisations overwhelmingly back repeal."[18]

Alexander oversaw the Scottish Executive's response to the recommendations of the McIntosh Commission into the future of local government in Scotland,[19] introducing a package of measures for local government[20][21] including giving local authorities the lead role in developing Community Planning, creating a formal Power of Community Initiative (later known as a power of well-being) and establishing the Renewing Local Democracy (Kerley) Working Party on electoral systems.[22] Building on the work of the Best Value Taskforce, she also announced plans for a statutory duty to secure Best Value in local government services.[23]

She also published the first Equality Statement to Parliament, established the Executive's Equalities Unit,[24][25] announced the first Scottish-wide fund to tackle violence against women – the Domestic Abuse Service Development Fund[26] – and the first national loan fund,[27] administered by a new organisation – Social Investment Scotland[28] – to invest in emerging social enterprises and "make it easier for the voluntary sector to emerge as an effective third force, alongside the traditional public and private sectors".[29][30]

As Enterprise Minister Alexander launched Smart, Successful Scotland,[31] a widely welcomed new economic strategy for Scotland[32] supporting high-skill, high-value investment such as that by Rolls-Royce.[33] She launched Scotland's first ever Science strategy[34][35] and developed a better pipeline to get ideas out of labs and into businesses, including the Proof of Concept Fund[36] and the Scottish Co-Investment Fund[37] to stimulate private venture capital investment in emerging businesses.[38] She also championed the first broadband strategy for Scotland and took action to tackle the 'digital divide'.[39][40][41]

Alexander promoted a "learning, earning" nation including the doubling of the number of Modern Apprenticeships,[42] jointly leading the Clyde Shipyards Taskforce[43] to help modernise shipbuilding on the Clyde through investment in skills,[44] and in the face of the global downturn in electronics hitting companies such as Motorola launched what became the PACE (Partnership for Continuing Employment[45]) initiative to help those made redundant find work quickly. As Minister with responsibility for skills and lifelong learning she promoted higher education enterprise links and championed research, modernising management[46] and widening access to universities by those previously excluded.[47] She also extended Educational Maintenance Allowances to support pupils from low income families to complete their schooling.[48]

Alexander launched a new international economic strategy for Scotland called Global Connections[49] realigning Scotland's international economic effort with the Smart Successful Scotland strategy,[50] bringing together Scotland's previously separate inward investment and export agencies into one organisation, Scotland Development International[51][52] and created the Globalscot network[53] to develop and expand Scotland's standing in the global business community.

Alexander resigned from ministerial office on 4 May 2002. After her resignation from Jack McConnell's Cabinet she became a visiting professor at the Strathclyde Business School and became a member, and subsequently Chair of the Scottish Parliament's Finance Committee. She inspired and led the Allander Series of seminars which had the aim of encouraging fresh thinking on Scotland's economic future.[54][55] The seminars brought William Baumol, Ed Glaeser and Nobel laureates James Heckman and Paul Krugman from across the spectrum of political economy to Scotland to reflect on issues such as the returns to early intervention, supporting innovation and cities as future growth engines.[56][57]

She also authored Chasing the Tartan Tiger: Lessons from a Celtic Cousin? (2003),[58] co-edited (with Diane Coyle and Brian Ashcroft) New Wealth for Old Nations: Scotland’s Economic Prospects (2005),[59][60] edited an anthology of essays on the life of the late First Minister, Donald Dewar: Scotland's first First Minister (2005)[61] and wrote a non-political column for young mums in the Daily Record.

Leader of the Labour Party in Scotland[edit]


Following the Scottish Parliament elections in May 2007, Alexander became Shadow Cabinet Secretary for Finance and Sustainable Growth. Following Jack McConnell's resignation in August 2007, she announced her candidacy for Leader of the Labour Party in Scotland. Alexander laid out her vision to "Renew the party organisation, reform the policies, and reconnect the Labour Party in Scotland with its electorate".[62] Other contenders ruled themselves out and she was elected unopposed by Labour MSPs on 14 September 2007.[63]

As the leader of the Labour Party in Scotland, Alexander believed that "the people of Scotland told us loud and clear they wanted change. They didn't whisper – they shouted it. So change we must!"[64] She argued that Labour must offer radical change to regain the trust of voters, a vision spelt out in Scottish Labour New Directions: Change is what we do,[65] a publication outlining her views on the future policy direction for the Labour Party in Scotland.[66] Addressing Labour's Scottish Conference as Leader she spoke of the need for Labour to be the progressive party of Scotland. Alexander argued: "'Scotland' is not a political philosophy. 'Scotland' can just as easily be Adam Smith as it can be John Smith. The world over, politics comes down to a choice: right versus left, conservatives versus progressives, nationalists versus internationalists".[67][68]

Organisationally, she called for a new approach to candidate selection, including primary systems to give all Labour supporters a chance to be involved in choosing their local member. Policy initiatives included establishing a Literacy Commission with Rhona Brankin to investigate child literacy standards in Scottish schools[69] (subsequently embraced by all parties in the Parliament),[70] supporting investment in the early years, including nursery places for all vulnerable 2-year-olds, more one-on-one tuition in schools, personalised care plans for those with chronic conditions and legislation providing for a modern apprenticeship for every qualified school leaver who sought one.

Calman Commission[edit]

Alexander made a speech at the University of Edinburgh on St Andrew's Day 2007 in which she set out the case for a wide-ranging review of the devolution settlement, with a view to identifying possible areas for reform.[71] The speech laid out her proposals for "a more balanced home rule package" including greater financial accountability and new tax powers for the Scottish Parliament (a cause that she had first championed when she led the Allander Series) in order that the "Union become a more comfortable home for all its members".[72] She said "Scotland wants to see a future that allows her to walk taller within the UK without walking out" and called for a new "expert-led and independent" Scottish constitutional commission.

As the leader of the Labour Party in Scotland, she set this in motion by working with the Conservative and Liberal Democrat leaders to set up the Commission on Scottish Devolution (aka the Calman Commission) in a "bold cross-party, cross-border initiative".[73][74][75] The review was established by a vote of the Scottish Parliament.[76] The Calman Commission became a unique Scottish Parliament-UK Government joint venture which reported back to the Parliament in June 2009 proposing wide-ranging changes in the financing of the Scottish Parliament.[77][78][79] Alexander wrote then "history teaches that constitutional reform has never been gifted to Scotland. It has to be fought and argued for... Calman will shape the next phase of Scotland's journey…[with] a range of common sense measures to improve relationships".[80]

On St. Andrew's Day 2010, three years to the day after Alexander's call for a Commission, the UK Government introduced a new Scotland Bill. The proposals in the bill closely followed the commission's recommendations and proposed major new financial powers worth £12 billion, giving Holyrood control of a third of its budget. Under the legislation, Holyrood will set a Scottish income tax rate each year from 2015, applying equally to the basic, high and additional rates. The UK Government called it the "biggest transfer of fiscal powers to Scotland since the creation of the Union."[81] In December 2010 Alexander was appointed convener of the Scottish Parliament's Committee to report on the bill.

Scottish independence referendum[edit]

During a TV interview on 4 May 2008, Wendy Alexander suggested that she would be willing to support a referendum on Scottish Independence saying "Bring it on!". It was a bold move, but led to suggestions of a rift between her and the Prime Minister, who did not overtly back her.[82] On 7 May, at Prime Minister's Questions, Prime Minister, Gordon Brown stated that she was not, in fact, offering Labour's support for an immediate referendum.[83]

During First Minister's Questions in the Scottish Parliament, on 8 May, Alexander asked Alex Salmond to bring forward a referendum bill at the first opportunity. Alex Salmond declined the offer of Labour support for a referendum, preferring to delay by at least a further year, saying "We will stick to what was laid out in pages 8 and 15 of the SNP manifesto".[84]

Resignation over foreign donation[edit]

In 2007, a controversy developed after it emerged that Alexander's campaign team had accepted a £950 impermissible donation from Paul Green, a property magnate,[85] a matter that was investigated by the Electoral Commission and Strathclyde Police.[86] When it emerged that the donation of £950 had come from a personal account, and not a business account, the money was immediately forfeited. Further newspaper reports on 30 November indicated Alexander was aware of the identity of the donor, after having sent a personal letter of gratitude to Mr Green (at his home in Jersey) concerning the donation.[87] As Mr Green was not registered as an elector in the United Kingdom this barred him from donating to a UK-based party. However, the Electoral Commission concluded in February 2008 that Alexander had taken 'significant steps' to comply with funding regulations and decided there was no basis for further action.[88] As part of the Electoral Commission ruling, they also stated that Alexander "did not take all reasonable steps" and that "there is not sufficient evidence to establish that an offence has been committed".[89] These mixed messages have resulted in a number of people questioning the decision, including Alex Salmond the head of the Scottish Government who likened the result to a not proven verdict.[90]

In a separate development, a few days earlier in February 2008, the Scottish Parliament standards watchdog reported Alexander to the procurator fiscal for failing to declare as gifts the donations that were made to the fund for her campaign for the leadership of the Labour Party in Scotland.[91] Alexander had been told by the parliamentary authorities that there was no need to declare these donations as gifts.[92] In previous leadership campaigns, campaign donations were not treated as gifts. Again the subsequent investigation led to a decision by the Crown Office to take no further action.[93]

Despite this ruling, on 26 June 2008, on the eve of the Parliamentary summer recess, the SNP-led Standards Committee of the Parliament voted 4 to 3 to propose a one-day ban from the Scottish Parliament[92] as a sanction for not declaring leadership campaign donations as gifts on the Parliament's register of interests. The proposed ban was overwhelmingly rejected by the Parliament in a subsequent vote in September 2008.[94][95] However, with Holyrood going into summer recess at the time, Alexander would have had to wait until September for all MSPs to vote on the recommendation. So, rather than having the issue hanging over her – and her party – Alexander announced her resignation as leader on 28 June 2008.[96] She subsequently stated it had been a mistake for her to take on the leadership of the Labour Party in Scotland while her children were so young.[97]

Parliamentary career[edit]

From 2008 to 2011 Alexander served as a member of the Scottish Parliament's Economy, Energy and Tourism Committee. She was also convenor of the Scotland Bill Committee, which produced the report for the Scottish Parliament and UK Government in March 2011 proposing new powers for the Scottish Parliament.[98] Many of these proposals recommend greater fiscal autonomy for Scotland,[99] including improved borrowing powers, the ability to issue bonds and further tax devolution.[100] Despite the Scottish Government's initial opposition to the bill they supported the Scotland Bill Committee's recommendations, with parliament voting 121:3 in favour. In her valedictory speech on the Scotland Bill, Alexander said: "This initiative has from beginning to end been cross-party, consensual and co-operative among the participating parties. [...] The bill will deliver the most far-reaching transfer of financial powers from London since the creation of the union. [...] In the future, all Scottish political parties will have to make decisions about raising money as well as about spending it. [...] The bill serves Scotland better [...] It is, quite simply, in the national interest."[101]

She stood down from Parliament in May 2011 to seek a new life outside active politics.[97][102]

Alexander also serves as a member of the Social Market Foundation's Advisory Board and Reform Scotland's Political Advisory Board.

Personal life and family[edit]

Wendy Alexander is married to Elizabeth Ashcroft, an economist who came out as a transgender woman in September 2020.[103] They have fraternal twin children.[6]

Alexander's brother is the Labour politician Douglas.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Enterprise and Lifelong Learning (2000–01)
  2. ^ Dundee appoints Vice-Principal to head global drive, University of Dundee 24 February 2015
  3. ^ "Ms Wendy Alexander". University of Dundee. Archived from the original on 24 October 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  4. ^ "2016 Elected Fellows". Royal Society of Edinburgh. Royalsoced.org.uk. Archived from the original on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  5. ^ "Trade Envoys appointed". Scottish Government. gov.scot.
  6. ^ a b Who's who (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. 2017.
  7. ^ Fuel poverty pledge to elderly BBC, 18 September 2000
  8. ^ "B10417-Social Justice text fin" (PDF). Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  9. ^ Executive poverty pledges BBC, 22 November 1999
  10. ^ A Scotland where everyone matters – our vision for social justice Scottish Executive, 22 November 1999
  11. ^ Homeless review launched BBC, 17 June 1999
  12. ^ Task force homes in on homelessness BBC, 25 August 1999
  13. ^ Minister wants tenants in charge BBC, 16 September 2000
  14. ^ Housing transfer moves forward BBC 10 April 2000
  15. ^ Scottish Parliament repeals Section 28Independent 22 June 2000
  16. ^ "The Scottish Parliament: - Bills - Bills not in progress (1999 - 2003)". Archived from the original on 25 December 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  17. ^ Official Report, 21 June 2000 Scottish Parliament
  18. ^ Official Report, 21 June 2000 Scottish Parliament
  19. ^ PR for Scottish council electionsBBC, 22 June 1999
  20. ^ Report of the Commission on Local Government and the Scottish Parliament-The Scottish Executive's Response Scottish Executive
  21. ^ Official Report, 2 July 1999 Scottish Parliament
  22. ^ "The Report of the Renewing Local Democracy Working Group" (PDF). Scottish Government. June 2000. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 January 2018.
  23. ^ Helping councils lead their communities Scottish Executive, 8 June 2000
  24. ^ Equality Strategy: Working together for Equality Scottish Executive
  25. ^ Pledge to put equality of opportunity at heart of policy makingScottish Executive, 28 September 1999
  26. ^ Official Report, 27 October 1999Scottish Parliament
  27. ^ £10 million fund to boost community projects Scottish Executive, 3 November 1999
  28. ^ "Providing Affordable Social Loan Funding". Social Investment Scotland. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  29. ^ £13 million to help communities help themselves Scottish Executive, 13 March 2000
  30. ^ Wendy Alexander Announces Extra £1.2 Million For Voluntary Network Across Scotland Scottish Executive, 4 October 2000
  31. ^ "Smart Scotland Cover" (PDF). Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  32. ^ Firms told to go upmarket BBC, 24 February 2002
  33. ^ Rolls-Royce plans £85m factory BBC, 22 April 2002
  34. ^ "Science Strategy 15. 8.01" (PDF). Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  35. ^ Executive makes science centre-stage BBC, 27 August 2001
  36. ^ More cash for innovators BBC, 10 September 2001
  37. ^ "Frequently asked questions :: Scottish Enterprise". Archived from the original on 20 November 2008. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  38. ^ Scottish Co-investment FundScottish Executive, 30 March 2003
  39. ^ Minister's net push help plea BBC, 7 February 2001
  40. ^ Poor lag behind IT revolution BBC, 4 February 2000
  41. ^ Libraries book a place on the internet BBC, 7 February 2001
  42. ^ Wendy Alexander announces action plan to get every Scot job ready Scottish Executive, 30 November 2000
  43. ^ "Task Force Report" (PDF). January 2002. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2023.
  44. ^ Tide turning for Clyde shipbuilding BBC, 4 February 2002
  45. ^ "Supporting business - gov.scot". Scotland.gov.uk. 22 January 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  46. ^ Polishing the Scottish jewel Times Higher Education, 19 October 2001
  47. ^ Minister targets university elitism BBC, 19 November 2000
  48. ^ Cash for learning scheme widened BBC, 26 March 2001
  49. ^ "B21055 strategy cover 2 up" (PDF). Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  50. ^ Plan to 'globalise' Scotland's economyBBC, 4 October 2001
  51. ^ "Scottish Development International". SDI. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  52. ^ Wendy Alexander: Putting the enterprise into higher education Scotsman, 15 February 2002
  53. ^ "The global business network committed to helping Scottish businesses succeed". GlobalScot. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  54. ^ Overseas threat to economy BBC 2 October 2003
  55. ^ Single city call for central belt BBC 10 February 2004
  56. ^ Seeds of Allander have fallen on fertile ground Herald, 29 June 2004
  57. ^ Positive ideas for Scotland Scotsman, 29 June 2004
  58. ^ "Independent Progressive Public Policy Think Tank" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  59. ^ "Sample Chapter for Coyle, D., Alexander, W., Ashcroft, B., eds.: New Wealth for Old Nations: Scotland's Economic Prospects". Archived from the original on 10 June 2007. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  60. ^ Strength in numbers Scotland on Sunday, 22 May 2005
  61. ^ "Donald Dewar: Scotland's first First Minister by Edited by Wendy Alexander - books from rBooks.co.uk". 4 March 2012. Archived from the original on 4 March 2012.
  62. ^ Candidate Launch Speech wendyalexander.co.uk
  63. ^ Alexander leads the Labour Party in Scotland, BBC News Online, 14 September 2007
  64. ^ "A look at former Labour Party in Scotland leader Wendy Alexander". BBC News. 17 February 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  65. ^ "Info" (PDF). news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  66. ^ Labour must show radical change BBC, 23 March 2008
  67. ^ Alexander says fightback begins BBC, 29 March 2008
  68. ^ Speech to Scottish Conference by Wendy Alexander BBC, 29 March 2008
  69. ^ Rebus creator turns government inspector Guardian, 24 June 2008
  70. ^ Fifth of Scots have poor literacy BBC, 4 December 2009
  71. ^ "How to Get a Political Science Degree: Here All You Need to Know". paperwriter.com.
  72. ^ Alexander calls for tax powers to replace the Barnett formula Herald, 1 December 2007
  73. ^ Parties join forces to bulldoze SNP Scotsman, 7 December 2007
  74. ^ Its all part of the process Herald, 7 December 2007
  75. ^ Devolution body to take evidence BBC
  76. ^ "MSPs back devolution review body". BBC News. 6 December 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  77. ^ Serving Scotland BetterCommission on Scottish Devolution, June 2009
  78. ^ Serving Scotland Better Executive SummaryCommission on Scottish Devolution, June 2009
  79. ^ Digesting the Calman report calls BBC
  80. ^ Wendy Alexander: Blueprint for the future of Scotland Scotland on Sunday, 14 June 2009
  81. ^ Brian Taylor (30 November 2010). "Holyrood to get new budget powers under Scotland Bill". BBC News. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  82. ^ "A look a former Scottish Labour leader Wendy Alexander". Bbc.co.uk. 17 February 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  83. ^ Labour implodes over independence voteThe Scotsman, 8 May 2008
  84. ^ Official Report, 8 May 2008Scottish Parliament
  85. ^ Q&A: Wendy Alexander donations row , BBC, 1 December 2007
  86. ^ Alexander wrote to illegal donor, BBC News Online, 30 November 2007
  87. ^ Bombshell for Labour on illegal donations, The Scotsman, 1 December 2007
  88. ^ Alexander in clear over donations, BBC News Online, 7 February 2008
  89. ^ Statement by the Electoral Commission, Electoral Commission, 7 February 2008
  90. ^ Alexander in clear over donation, BBC News Online, 7 February 2008
  91. ^ Alexander reported over donations, BBC News Online, 3 February 2008
  92. ^ a b "Labour leader faces one-day ban". BBC News. 26 June 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  93. ^ "Alexander will not be prosecuted". BBC News. 6 March 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  94. ^ Official Report, Decision Time, 4 September 2008 Scottish Parliament
  95. ^ "MSPs vote against Alexander ban". BBC News. 4 September 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  96. ^ "A look at the former Labour Party in Scotland leader Wendy Alexander". Bbc.co.uk. 17 February 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  97. ^ a b "Wendy Alexander to quit Scots parliament at election". BBC News. 17 February 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  98. ^ Brian Taylor (3 March 2011). "MSPs call for more Holyrood power under Scotland Bill". BBC News. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  99. ^ "The Wendy Alexander plan aims to bridge gap in nation's finances". News.scotsman.com. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  100. ^ "Q&A: Scotland Bill". Bbc.co.uk. 30 November 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  101. ^ "Official Report – Meeting of the Parliament 10 March 2011". Scottish.parliament.uk. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  102. ^ "A Look at former Scottish Labour leader Wendy Alexander". Bbc.co.uk. 17 February 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  103. ^ Boothman, John. "Scottish economist Brian Ashcroft changes gender". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 1 April 2022.

External links[edit]

Scottish Parliament
Constituency created Member of the Scottish Parliament for Paisley North
Constituency abolished
Political offices
Office created Minister for Communities
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister for Enterprise and Lifelong Learning
Office abolished
Office created Minister for Enterprise, Transport and Lifelong Learning
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Leader of the Labour Party in Scotland in the Scottish Parliament
Succeeded by