Wendy Davis (politician)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Wendy Davis
Wendy Davis by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Member of the Texas Senate
from the 10th district
In office
January 9, 2009 – January 13, 2015
Preceded byKim Brimer
Succeeded byKonni Burton
Member of the Fort Worth City Council
from the 9th district
In office
May 1, 1999 – January 8, 2008
Preceded byCathy Hirt
Succeeded byJoel Burns
Personal details
Born
Wendy Jean Russell

(1963-05-16) May 16, 1963 (age 59)
West Warwick, Rhode Island, U.S.
Political party
Spouse(s)
  • Frank Underwood
    (m. 1982; div. 1984)
  • Jeff Davis
    (m. 1987; div. 2005)
  • Alan Schoenbaum
    (m. 2019)
    [citation needed]
Children2
Education
Signature

Wendy Russell Davis[1] (born Wendy Jean Russell;[2] May 16, 1963) is an American lawyer and Democratic Party politician from Fort Worth, Texas. Davis represented the 10th district in the Texas Senate from 2009 to 2015. She previously served on the Fort Worth City Council.

On June 25, 2013, Davis held a thirteen-hour-long filibuster to block Senate Bill 5, a measure which included more restrictive abortion regulations for Texas.[3] The filibuster played a major role in Senate Democrats' success in delaying passage of the bill beyond the midnight deadline for the end of the legislative session, though it ultimately passed in a second session. The filibuster brought Davis national attention, leading to speculation about a run for governor of Texas.[4] She subsequently ran for governor of Texas in 2014, but was defeated by Republican Party nominee Greg Abbott by 59% to 38%.[5]

On July 22, 2019, Davis announced she would run for Texas's 21st congressional district in 2020. She lost the election to Republican Chip Roy.[6]

Early life, education, and family[edit]

Wendy Davis was born Wendy Jean Russell[2] in West Warwick, Rhode Island,[7] the daughter of Virginia "Ginger" (née Stovall)[8] and Jerry Russell.[9] Her family moved to Fort Worth, Texas in 1973, when she was 10 years old.[9][10] When Russell was 13, her parents divorced.[11] Her father quit his job to pursue work in community theater, leading his child support payments to dry up.[12] Her mother, who had a ninth grade education,[13] supported her four children by working menial jobs.[11][14]

When Davis was 17 and still in high school, she moved in with her boyfriend, construction worker Frank Underwood.[15] In 1981, she graduated from Richland High School as a member of the National Honor Society.[12] She married Underwood on January 24, 1982, and gave birth to her first daughter, Amber, later that year.[15][16] When she was 19, she and Underwood separated.[15][16] She filed for divorce from Underwood in December 1983,[16] and the divorce became official on May 22, 1984, when she was 21. She was given custody of Amber, with Underwood paying child support.[15]

Davis attended University of Texas at Arlington for one semester, but left the school for financial reasons.[11] While waiting tables in 1983, she was introduced by her father to lawyer and former city councilman Jeffry R. Davis, who would become her second husband.[10][11][15] The couple eventually married on May 30, 1987 and settled in a historic home in the Mistletoe Heights neighborhood of Fort Worth.[15]

Davis attended a two-year paralegal program at Tarrant County College from 1984 to 1986.[9] She enrolled at Texas Christian University (TCU) in 1986 on an academic scholarship and a Pell Grant. Following her second marriage, her husband began to make significant financial contributions to her education.[11][13][16] He would ultimately adopt her daughter, Amber.[11][15] A second daughter, Dru, was born in September 1988. Davis underwent abortions for two later pregnancies, one (whom she named "Lucas") due to an ectopic tubal pregnancy and another (whom she named "Tate Elise") due to the fetus suffering from Dandy–Walker syndrome.[17][18][19]

In May 1990, Davis graduated from TCU with a Bachelor of Arts degree in English.[12][20] That fall, she moved with her daughters to Lexington, Massachusetts, to attend Harvard Law School. This living situation proved untenable; after four months, her daughters returned to Texas to live with her husband. Davis's mother helped to care for her daughters, and Davis flew back to Texas regularly to visit her family for the remainder of her time at Harvard.[11] While at Harvard, she volunteered at a legal clinic for the poor, where she helped AIDS patients write living wills and surviving partners with their legal rights.[10] In May 1993, she earned her J.D. degree cum laude,[11] and she was admitted to the State Bar of Texas in November 1993.[21]

In November 2003, Jeff and Wendy Davis separated.[11] When the divorce settlement was finalized in 2005, the former couple shared "joint conservatorship" over Dru, who primarily lived with her father in the family home;[22] Wendy Davis agreed to pay $1,200 a month in child support.[11][22]

Law career[edit]

After graduating from law school, Davis was law clerk to U.S. District Judge Jerry Buchmeyer of the Northern District of Texas in Dallas from 1993 to 1994.[23] She worked as an attorney at Haynes & Boone (practicing litigation).[11][24] In 1999, Davis's then-husband, Jeff Davis, started Safeco Title Co. of Fort Worth, Texas, and she became part owner. The title company was sold to First American Title as part of their divorce decree,[15][25][better source needed] and Davis continued to work at the Fort Worth branch of First American Title until 2009.[25][better source needed] Davis was of counsel at Cantey Hanger from March 2010[25] to December 31, 2013.[26] She partnered with Brian Newby to open Newby Davis, PLLC in March 2010.[25][failed verification]

During her time working for the Safeco title company, Davis was paid an annual salary of $40,000 by her husband Jeff Davis. Jeff Davis told Robert Draper of the New York Times Magazine that he paid her the salary for her work for the city of Fort Worth as a council member, a job that paid little.[11]

Political career[edit]

City Council[edit]

Davis first ran for the Fort Worth City Council in 1996, but was defeated by ninety votes.[12][11] After her defeat, Davis sued the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, American Broadcasting Company, and the Disney Company, which at the time owned the Star-Telegram and ABC.[12] The Texas Tribune stated that she alleged "that biased coverage led to her defeat and caused injury to her physical and mental health".[12] Her claims were rejected by the Texas courts, based upon the Star-Telegram's First Amendment free speech grounds.[12][27]

Subsequently, in 1999, Davis was elected to the Fort Worth City Council. During her nine-year tenure there, Davis focused on transportation, economic development, and neighborhood issues. She also worked on economic development projects, such as the Montgomery Plaza renovation, the Tower, Pier One and Radio Shack campuses.[citation needed]

Republican politics[edit]

While serving on the Fort Worth City Council, Davis voted in Republican primaries. (Municipal elections in Texas in Texas are nonpartisan, so her affiliation was not indicated on the ballot when she ran for City Council.)[28] Davis has said that she was then a Republican because she liked Republican Congresswoman Kay Granger of Fort Worth, and she wanted to vote on judicial nominees in Republican primaries.[15] She voted in the Republican primaries in 1996, 1998 and 2006 and she has given $1,500 to Granger.[29] Also, in April 1999, she gave $250 to George W. Bush's first presidential campaign.[30][better source needed]

State Senate[edit]

As a Texas State Senator

In 2008, running as a Democrat, Davis narrowly defeated incumbent Republican Senator Kim Brimer for Texas's 10th Senate district,[31] which includes portions of Tarrant County, Texas, despite a legal challenge against her candidacy by the state Republican Party.[11][32] Davis was re-elected in 2012, defeating a challenge from Mark M. Shelton, a Fort Worth pediatrician and Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives, who would seek the 10th district seat again in 2014.[33] Davis was the vice-chair on the Senate Select Committee on Open Government. She was also a Member of the Senate Committee on Economic Development, the Senate Committee on Transportation, and the Veteran Affairs and Military Installations Committee. She had previously served on the Senate Committee for Education and as vice-chair on the Senate Committee on International Relations and Trade.[34]

On May 29, 2011, Davis launched a filibuster of a budget bill that cut $4 billion from public education in the state, resulting in a special session called by Texas Gov. Rick Perry.[35]

In 2009, Texas Monthly named her "Rookie of the Year".[36] She was also chosen by the readers of Fort Worth Weekly as the "Best Servant of the People".[37] In January 2012, Davis was listed among "12 State Legislators to Watch in 2012" by Governing magazine[38] and was mentioned as a possible candidate for statewide races.[39]

Early in the 83rd Session, senators drew for terms in a post-redistricting, once-a-decade process. Davis drew a two-year term and was up for re-election in November 2014.[40] In March 2013, she announced her intention to run for re-election to the Senate.[41] On October 3, 2013, she changed her mind and announced a candidacy for governor of Texas instead of re-election to the State Senate.[42]

2013 filibuster[edit]

On June 25, 2013, Davis performed a filibuster to block Senate Bill 5, a proposal to ban abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy, require abortion clinics to meet the same standards that hospital-style surgical centers do, and mandate that a doctor who performs abortions have admitting privileges at a nearby hospital.[43] She attempted to hold the floor until midnight, when the Senate's special session ended, after which it would no longer be able to vote on the measure.[44] Following an 11-hour filibuster—ending three hours short of midnight—Lieutenant Governor David Dewhurst ruled that Davis had gone off topic, forcing a vote on whether the filibuster could continue.[45] Despite Republican efforts, parliamentary inquiries from Leticia R. Van de Putte and others as well as raucous cheering and yelling from the political activists gathered in the Capitol carried on through midnight and the close of the special session.[46] Following the deadline, Republicans indicated that a vote had taken place and passed, while Democrats declared that the vote had taken place after midnight, making it void.[46] Dewhurst later conceded that the bill was dead.[47][48]

The next day, Governor Rick Perry called for a second special session to allow for another attempt to pass the abortion restrictions, as well as to address other issues.[49][50] The bill was eventually passed by both the House and the Senate in the July 2013 second special session,[51][52][53] prompting one commentator to state that "Wendy Davis won the battle, but Rick Perry won the war."[54] The bill was signed by Gov. Rick Perry on July 18, 2013.[55]

The filibuster attracted national attention, including from The New York Times and The Washington Post.[56][57] National fundraising by and speculation about a gubernatorial run for Davis also followed.[4] She was encouraged to run by groups like Battleground Texas and EMILY's List.[58]

During the filibuster, Davis wore hot pink sneakers known as Mizuno Wave Rider 16. Following the filibuster, the sneakers became "the bestselling shoe on Amazon.com and an unlikely feminist symbol".[59] Davis's sneakers gained national attention.[60][61][62][63][64]

Campaign for Governor of Texas[edit]

On October 3, 2013, Davis announced her intention to run for Governor of Texas in the 2014 gubernatorial election. On March 4, 2014, she won the Democratic nomination with 432,065 votes (79.1 percent), defeating her only challenger, Reynaldo "Ray" Madrigal, who received 114,458 votes (20.9 percent).[65] Davis was the first female nominee for Texas governor since the defeat of Gov. Ann Richards in 1994 by George W. Bush.[66] In the election on November 4, 2014, she lost to Republican nominee Greg Abbott, the then-outgoing Texas Attorney General.[65]

In January 2014, Wayne Slater of The Dallas Morning News reported that the personal history Davis had been sharing on the campaign trail "blurred" some facts.[15] In particular, Slater said Davis did not divorce until she was 21 (not 19 as she had claimed), that she only lived in her family's mobile home for a few months after the divorce, and that she had been financially supported by her second husband while at TCU and Harvard.[15][22] Davis acknowledged the errors and said, "My language should be tighter".[15][16][22] Amid the controversy, Davis' daughters each released letters in defense of their mother.[67]

In August 2014, Davis released her first campaign ad, entitled "A Texas Story." The ad attacked her rival, Abbott, for a Texas Supreme Court decision from which he had dissented. Diane Reese of The Washington Post called the advertisement "character assassination and fear-mongering".[68]

In October 2014, a Davis campaign ad was described by Aaron Blake of The Washington Post as "one of the nastiest campaign ads you will ever see." The ad attacked Abbott as being hypocritical for receiving monies from an accident which incapacitated him, and then, as attorney general, supporting litigation limits on such payments.[69] Mother Jones called the ad "offensive and nasty".[70] MSNBC stated that the advertisement is probably "a hail mary effort" because Davis was trailing Abbott by double digits in the polls.[71]

In November 2014, Salon journalist Jenny Kutner reported that American Thinker writer Deborah C. Tyler came up with a last-minute nickname for then-gubernatorial candidate Davis, a "gynecist", a term Kutner felt was meant to be derogatory by Tyler, but according to Kutner, "actually sounds kind of awesome once she starts describing what it means: Gynecism promotes the political position that the primary and most essential power a female can hold is the control of her own sexual and genital functions."[72]

On November 4, 2014, Davis lost the gubernatorial race to Abbott, 59%-38%.[73] According to exit polls, she received the support of only 47% of female voters in Texas.[74]

Campaign for Congress[edit]

On July 22, 2019, Davis announced her candidacy for the United States House of Representatives to represent Texas's 21st congressional district against incumbent Chip Roy.[75] On November 3, 2020, Davis was defeated, winning two of the ten counties in the district.[76]

Political positions[edit]

Upon examining Davis' voting record over her three terms in the Texas Senate, Mark P. Jones, the Chairman of the Department of Political Science at Rice University in Houston, concluded that Davis was the fourth most liberal senator out of the 31 state senators who served during at least two of the three terms during which Davis had served. Jones found that she was "significantly more liberal" than John Whitmire, Juan Hinojosa, Carlos Uresti, and Eddie Lucio Jr., who represent the centrist wing of the Texas Senate Democrats, "significantly more conservative" than José R. Rodríguez, the most liberal Texas Senate Democrat, and "statistically indistinguishable" from the other six Texas Senate Democrats.[77]

Abortion[edit]

In 2009 and 2011, Davis voted against a bill that requires physicians to perform a sonogram on and provide other information to abortion patients prior to an abortion. In 2011, she would also vote against a bill that requires an ultrasound prior to an abortion.[78][79]

On June 25, 2013, Davis held an eleven hour long filibuster to block Senate Bill 5, a measure which included more restrictive abortion regulations for Texas. The filibuster played a major role in Senate Democrats' efforts to delay passage of the bill beyond the midnight deadline for the end of the legislative session, though the bill ultimately passed in a second session.[11]

In October 2013, Davis campaign spokesman Bo Delp said, "Like most Texans, Sen. Davis opposes late-term abortions except when the life or health of the mother is endangered, in cases of rape or incest or in the case of severe and irreversible fetal abnormalities".[79] Also in October 2013, EMILY's List endorsed Wendy Davis for governor in 2014.[80]

On February 11, 2014, Davis said that she would have supported a ban on abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy, if the law adequately deferred to a woman and her doctor. She said she found the ban on abortions after 20 weeks to be the "least objectionable" provision in the abortion bill she had filibustered during the previous year.[81]

Gun rights[edit]

While on the Fort Worth City Council, Davis supported gun restrictions, including restrictions for gun shows at city facilities.[82]

On February 6, 2014, Davis expressed support for a proposed open carry gun law in Texas, which was banned under Texas state law. She also said that background checks and training requirements would "help ensure that only mentally stable, law-abiding citizens" could carry weapons.[83] She later said that she believed municipalities should be able to decide whether the proposed open carry and existing concealed carry laws would apply within their boundaries.[84] After losing the 2014 gubernatorial election, Davis stated that she opposed open carry laws.[85]

LGBT rights[edit]

In 2000, Davis voted for Fort Worth's nondiscrimination ordinance based on sexual orientation.[86]

In January 2014, Human Rights Campaign endorsed Wendy Davis for governor.[87][better source needed] On February 13, 2014, she expressed support for same-sex marriage and said that Attorney General Greg Abbott, her presumed general-election opponent in the race for governor, should stop defending the state's ban on same-sex marriage.[88]

Cannabis[edit]

On February 11, 2014, Davis expressed support for decriminalizing cannabis. She said she would back legislation to decrease criminal provisions for possession of small amounts of cannabis and believes medical cannabis should be left to the voters.[81]

Electoral history[edit]

City council elections[edit]

1999[edit]

Fort Worth City Council general election, 1999: District 9[89][failed verification]
Party Candidate Votes %
nonpartisan Wendy Davis 1,820 50.75
nonpartisan David Minor 1,471 41.02
nonpartisan Dan Roberts 295 8.23

2003[edit]

Fort Worth City Council general election, 2003: District 9[90][failed verification]
Party Candidate Votes %
nonpartisan Wendy Davis 2,581 68.21
nonpartisan Bill Ray 1,203 31.79

2007[edit]

Fort Worth City Council general election, 2007: District 9[91]
Party Candidate Votes %
nonpartisan Wendy Davis 1,330 76.61
nonpartisan Bernie Scheffler 406 23.39

State Senate elections[edit]

2008[edit]

Texas general election, 2008: Senate District 10[92]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Wendy Davis 147,832 49.91
Republican Kim Brimer (incumbent) 140,737 47.52
Libertarian Richard A. Cross 7,591 2.56
Democratic gain from Republican

2012[edit]

Texas general election, 2012: Senate District 10[93]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Wendy Davis (incumbent) 147,103 51.12
Republican Mark Shelton 140,656 48.87
Democratic hold

2014 gubernatorial election[edit]

Texas gubernatorial election, 2014: Governor[94]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Greg Abbott 2,790,227 59.25
Democratic Wendy Davis 1,832,254 38.91
Libertarian Kathie Glass 66,413 1.14
Green Brandon Parmer 18,494 0.39
Independent Sarah M. Pavitt 1,168 0.02
Republican hold

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Texas's 21st congressional district, 2020[95]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Chip Roy 235,740 52.0
Democratic Wendy Davis 205,780 45.4
Libertarian Arthur DiBianca 8,666 1.9
Green Thomas Wakely 3,564 0.8
Total votes 453,750 100.0
Republican hold

Published works[edit]

  • Davis, Wendy (2014). Forgetting to Be Afraid: A Memoir. Blue Rider Press. ISBN 978-0399170577.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fikac, Peggy (October 28, 2013). "New voting law required Davis to affirm her identity". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
  2. ^ a b County Clerk (January 24, 1982), Marriage Index, vol. 216, Tarrant County, Texas, p. 631
  3. ^ Ghahremani, Tanya (June 13, 2013), "Texas Senator Wendy Davis' 13-Hour Filibuster Successfully Beats Abortion Bill", Complex, retrieved April 10, 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Battleground Texas surpasses $1M", Politico, July 15, 2013. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
  5. ^ "Abbott Crushes Davis in GOP Sweep". The Texas Tribune. November 5, 2014. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  6. ^ Texas Election Results: 21st Congressional District, New York Times, November 4, 2020.
  7. ^ Walker, T. (June 28, 2013). "Wendy Davis: Single mother from trailer park who has become heroine of pro-choice movement". The Independent. Retrieved June 29, 2013.
  8. ^ State of Texas Marriage Certificate Number: M194004492 (Report) (437 ed.). Fort Worth, Texas: Tarrant County, Texas. May 20, 1994. p. 1057. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  9. ^ a b c Tinsley, Anna M. (October 3, 2013). "Davis makes it official: she's running for governor". Fort Worth Star-Telegram.
  10. ^ a b c Crawford, Amanda J. & David Mildenberg (September 4, 2013). "Harvard Law Put Davis on Path From Teen Mom to Politician". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Draper, Robert (February 12, 2014). "Can Wendy Davis Have It All?". The New York Times. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Root, Jay (September 1, 2013). "Spotlight on Davis, the Democrats' Big Hope". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  13. ^ a b Manny Fernandez (January 20, 2014). "Accused of Blurring Facts of Stirring Life Story, Texas Lawmaker Offers Chronology". The New York Times. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
  14. ^ Ramshaw, E. (June 4, 2011). "A Filibuster Creates an Overnight Celebrity". The New York Times. Retrieved June 29, 2013.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Slater, Wayne (January 18, 2014). "As Wendy Davis touts life story in race for governor, key facts blurred". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved January 8, 2022.
  16. ^ a b c d e Killough, Ashley (January 20, 2014). "Report: Wendy Davis' life story more complicated than compelling narrative". CNN. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
  17. ^ "Excerpts on Abortion from Wendy Davis Memoir". The Texas Tribune. September 5, 2014. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  18. ^ Paul J. Weber & Will Weissert (September 5, 2014). "Wendy Davis, Who Fought Texas Abortion Law, Had 2 Abortions". Associated Press. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  19. ^ Beusman, Callie (July 12, 2016). "Still Standing Tall: The Unstoppable Wendy Davis on the Fight for Abortion Rights" (includes video). Broadly.
  20. ^ "Wendy Davis LinkedIn". LinkedIn. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
  21. ^ "Record, State Bar of Texas, Wendy Davis". TexasBar.com. Retrieved January 8, 2022.
  22. ^ a b c d "Wendy Davis never gave up parental role, though she agreed to daughter primarily living with father in family's home". PolitiFact. January 30, 2014. Retrieved February 18, 2014.
  23. ^ Gardner, Jacylyn. (September 28, 2009). Memories of U.S. District Judge Jerry Buchmeyer. Texas Lawyer.
  24. ^ Personal Profile: Wendy Davis, The Texas Tribune.
  25. ^ a b c d "Cantey Hanger, LLP: Wendy R. Davis, Counsel, Fort Worth Office". canteyhanger.com/. Cantey Hanger LLP. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
  26. ^ Fikac, Peggy (February 5, 2014). "Wendy Davis no longer 'of counsel' to Fort Worth law firm". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
  27. ^ "Metro & Texas Digest", Fort Worth Star-Telegram, November 3, 2000
  28. ^ Cottle, Michelle (January 24, 2014). "When Wendy Davis Was a Republican". The Daily Beast – via www.thedailybeast.com.
  29. ^ Root, Jay. Spotlight on Davis, the Democrats' Big Hope, The Texas Tribune, September 1, 2013.
  30. ^ "Donor Lookup". OpenSecrets.org. Retrieved January 28, 2014. DAVIS, WENDY; FORT WORTH, TX 76102; HOMEMAKER; 4/28/99; $250; Bush, George W (R)
  31. ^ "2008 General Election Results". Elections.sos.state.tx.us.
  32. ^ "Wendy Davis Defeats Sen. Kim Brimer". Quorum Report. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
  33. ^ Ramshaw, E. (November 6, 2012). "Wendy Davis Clinches Re-election in SD-10". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  34. ^ "Wendy Davis". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
  35. ^ Ramshaw, E. (June 4, 2011). "A Filibuster Creates an Overnight Celebrity". The New York Times. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  36. ^ Burka, P.; Hart, P. (July 2009). "The Best and Worst Legislators 2009". Texas Monthly. Retrieved July 1, 2013.
  37. ^ "Senator Wendy Davis: District 10". Texas State Senate. Archived from the original on June 26, 2012. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  38. ^ Jacobson, L. (January 2012). "12 State Legislators to Watch in 2012". Governing. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  39. ^ Montgomery, D. (January 19, 2013). "Is Sen. Wendy Davis poised for statewide race?". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved January 23, 2013.
  40. ^ Parker, K. (January 23, 2013). "Political futures at risk as Senators draw terms". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  41. ^ Montgomery, D. (March 31, 2013). "Davis re-states intention to run for Senate". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  42. ^ Root, Jay (October 3, 2013). "Davis Makes It Official, Enters Governor's Race". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved March 31, 2022.
  43. ^ Fernandez, M. (June 25, 2013). "Filibuster in Texas Senate Tries to Halt Abortion Bill". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2013.
  44. ^ Tomlinson, C.; Vertuno, J. (June 26, 2013). "Marathon filibuster: Overnight drama stalls Texas abortion vote". KHOU. Archived from the original on June 28, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  45. ^ Sutton, J.; Smith, M. (June 25, 2013). "Lawmaker's filibuster to kill Texas abortion bill ends early". CNN. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
  46. ^ a b King, Michael (June 26, 2013). "Yea or Nay?". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  47. ^ "Liveblog: Senators Trying to Determine if Abortion Bill Passed". The Texas Tribune. June 26, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  48. ^ Helen Davidson (June 26, 2013). "Wendy Davis filibuster and public protest defeat Texas abortion bill: Texas senator stages 11-hour filibuster to block bill • Vote derailed, lieutenant governor blames 'mob'". The Guardian. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  49. ^ "Texas Gov. Rick Perry calls 2nd special session to pass abortion bill". CBS News. June 26, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  50. ^ "Texas Gov. Perry calls second special session on abortion". Fox News Channel. Associated Press. June 26, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  51. ^ Schwartz, John. Texas Senate Vote Puts Bill Restricting Abortion Over Final Hurdle, The New York Times, July 2013.
  52. ^ Weiner, Rachel. Texas state Senate passes abortion restrictions, The Washington Post, July 13, 2013.
  53. ^ MacLaggan, Corrie. Texas passes abortion restriction bill, governor certain to sign, Reuters, July 13, 2013.
  54. ^ Woodruff, Betsy. Texas: How Pro-Lifers Won, National Review, July 2013.
  55. ^ Luthra, Shefali. Perry Signs Abortion Bill into Law, The Texas Tribune, July 18, 2013.
  56. ^ Fernandez, Manny (June 26, 2013). "In Texas, a Senator's Stand Catches the Spotlight". The New York Times.
  57. ^ Weiner, Rachel (June 26, 2013). "6 key moments from Wendy Davis' filibuster". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
  58. ^ Fikac, Peggy (August 13, 2013). "Drafting Wendy Davis for governor UPDATE". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
  59. ^ "Wendy Davis's pink shoes spark sales boom and abortion debate on Amazon". the Guardian. June 28, 2013.
  60. ^ Minutaglio, As told to Rose (October 7, 2020). "Wendy Davis Still Has Her Famous Pink Filibuster Sneakers Ready to Go". ELLE.
  61. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/in-the-loop/post/wendy-daviss-sneakers-these-shoes-were-made-for-filibusterin/2013/06/26/ecee9b54-de76-11e2-b797-cbd4cb13f9c6_blog.html
  62. ^ mySanAntonio.com, Kelsey Bradshaw (February 25, 2016). "Wendy Davis to sell autographed pink shoes, lingerie, designer shoes in estate sale". mySA.
  63. ^ Severns, Maggie. "Can We Stop Talking About Wendy Davis' Shoes Yet?".
  64. ^ "Wendy Davis' sneakers race off Amazon shelves". NBC News.
  65. ^ a b "Texas Democratic and Republican primary election returns, March 4, 2014". team1.sos.state.tx.us. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
  66. ^ "Texas election: Wendy Davis wins Democratic primary in governor's race". Associated Press. March 4, 2014. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
  67. ^ Henderson, Nia-Malika. Wendy Davis’s daughters defend her in letters, The Washington Post, January 28, 2014.
  68. ^ Reese, Diane (August 8, 2014). "First ad from Wendy Davis goes on attack in Texas governor's race". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  69. ^ Blake, Aaron (October 10, 2014). "Wendy Davis is running one of the nastiest campaign ads you will ever see". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  70. ^ Dreyfus, Ben (October 10, 2014). "If Wendy Davis Thinks She Can Win an Election by Pointing Out Her Opponent's Disability, She's Wrong". Mother Jones. San Francisco. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  71. ^ Roth, Zachary (October 11, 2014). "Wendy Davis campaign ad featuring empty wheelchair triggers outrage". New York: MSNBC. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  72. ^ Kutner, Jenny (November 5, 2014). "Conservative website comes up with fun last-minute nickname for Wendy Davis: She's a "gynecist"". Salon.
  73. ^ Root, Jay (November 4, 2014). "Greg Abbott Crushes Wendy Davis in GOP Sweep". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  74. ^ Hoppe, Christy (November 5, 2014). "Greg Abbott tops Wendy Davis in Texas governor's race". Dallas Morning News. Dallas, Texas. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  75. ^ "Wendy Davis announces bid for Congress, will challenge U.S. Rep. Chip Roy". July 22, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  76. ^ Chip Roy fends off challenge from Wendy Davis to win reelection in Texas, The Hill (newspaper), November 4, 2020.
  77. ^ Jones, Mark P. (July 10, 2013). "How does Wendy Davis stack up ideologically among other Texas democrats?". Pegasus News. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  78. ^ "Wendy Davis' Voting Records on Issue: Abortion". Retrieved February 18, 2013.
  79. ^ a b "Davis opposes late-term abortions, with certain exceptions". Retrieved February 18, 2013.
  80. ^ Joseph, Cameron (October 4, 2013). "EMILY's List endorses Wendy Davis". The Hill. Retrieved October 7, 2013.
  81. ^ a b FERNANDEZ, MANNY (February 13, 2014). "Wendy Davis calls on Greg Abbott to stop defending same-sex marriage ban". Retrieved February 18, 2013.
  82. ^ JEFFERS, GROMER (February 13, 2014). "Wendy Davis, Texas Candidate, Offers Nuance on Abortion View". The New York Times. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
  83. ^ "Wendy Davis supports open carry gun law in Texas". Politico. February 6, 2014. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
  84. ^ Fikac, Peggy (February 10, 2014). "Wendy Davis: Cities should be able to decide on guns". My San Antonio.
  85. ^ "Wendy Davis regrets supporting open carry of handguns". San Antonio Express-News. December 29, 2014.
  86. ^ Waugh, Anna (February 11, 2014). "Wendy Davis backs 20-week abortion ban that defers to women". Archived from the original on February 28, 2014. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
  87. ^ "HRC Endorses Wendy Davis for Texas Governor". Human Rights Campaign. January 29, 2014.
  88. ^ Fikac, Peggy (February 13, 2014). "Wendy Davis calls on Greg Abbott to stop defending same-sex marriage ban". Retrieved February 18, 2013.
  89. ^ "1999 Cumulative Election Report". City of Fort Worth. Retrieved October 16, 2010.
  90. ^ "2003 Cumulative Election Report". City of Fort Worth. Retrieved October 16, 2010.
  91. ^ "2007 Cumulative Election Report" (PDF). City of Fort Worth. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 20, 2012. Retrieved October 16, 2010.
  92. ^ "2008 General Election". Secretary of State of Texas. Retrieved January 8, 2022.
  93. ^ "2012 General Election". Secretary of State of Texas. Retrieved January 8, 2022.
  94. ^ "2014 General Election". Office of the Secretary of State (Texas). Retrieved January 8, 2022.
  95. ^ "Texas 2020 election results". The Texas Tribune. November 3, 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2021.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Texas Senate
Preceded by Member of the Texas Senate from the 10th district
2009–2015
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Democratic nominee for Governor of Texas
2014
Succeeded by