Wendy Maruyama

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Wendy Maruyama
Born 1952
Education RIT, SDSU
Website www.WendyMaruyama.com

Wendy Maruyama (born 1952) is an artist, furniture maker, and educator from California. Born in La Junta, CA.[1]

Maruyama was influential in the early period of post-modern artistic furniture. She challenges the masculine environments within the field of woodworking. Her work uses humor, social commentary, sculptural forms, and color to challenge the accepted notions of furniture. Conceptually her work deals with social practices such as her Japanese-American heritage, feminism, and wildlife endangerment in Africa.[2] Maruyama served as the head of the Furniture Design department at San Diego State University for 25 years.[2]

Background[edit]

Maruyama is a third generation Japanese-American living in San Diego. She was born deaf in both ears and has worn a hearing aid since nine years old.[1] She studied woodworking at San Diego State University, where she received her BA in 1975. She then studied woodworking at the Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, VA. She transferred to Boston University's Program in Artistry from 1976-1978, where she studied under Alphonse Mattia and Jere Osgood. In 1980, she was one of the first women, and the first deaf student to complete an MFA at the Rochester Institute of Technology's School for American Crafts in New York.[2][3][4]

Career[edit]

Educator[edit]

Maruyama taught at the Appalachian Center for Crafts in Smithville, Tennessee from 1980-1985, and served as head of the woodworking and furniture design program from 82-85. She then went on to work as the head of woodworking and furniture design at California College of Arts and Crafts in Oakland, California from 1985-1989. After that she was the head of woodworking and furniture design at San Diego State University from 1989-2014.[2]

Early in her career, Maruyama taught at the California State University in Northridge, California in 1970. From 1970 up to present day, she has taught workshops at craft schools including Penland School of Crafts in Penland, North Carolina, and Anderson Ranch Arts Center in Snowmass Village, Colorado. Although she has officially retired, Maruyama continues to serve as a mentor for her former students, and is set to teach a workshop at Anderson Ranch Arts Center in the summer of 2017.

Artist[edit]

Her earliest works in the 1970s were very typical of the style of that time, in which she used visible cabinetmaking skills, compound bent lamination, celebration of complex wood grains and types. Along with Rosanne Somerson and Gail Fredell, Maruyama was one of the first women to break into the field of Studio Furniture. These women responded to the marginalization felt by a male-dominated field by making work that used complex joinery, bent lamination, and technical processes.[5] Maruyama felt restricted by this type of highly technical furniture, and set out to make more expressive works during her time at RIT.[2][clarification needed]

Believing in the art of furniture making, Maruyama stated "I see furniture as a archetypal object that can also be expressive of the times. Furniture is capable of setting a certain mood and reflecting common ideals in our lives."[2] In her early career she produced 15-20 pieces of furniture a year. She continued to produce about 6-8 pieces every year while of teaching full-time and maintaining other responsibilities.[3] The 1980s was an era of experimentation with forms and aesthetics, using colored surfaces, angular forms, and several mediums. Later in the 80's, Maruyama entered what she describes as a "white period", of "post-nuclear primitive", as an opposition to nuclear testing. These works consisted of pale, white furniture that she imaged would exist after a nuclear Holocaust.[2]

Her 1982 piece, Mickey Mackintosh Chair, humorously plays homage to the cartoon character Mickey Mouse, but also speaks to the renown Scottish designers Charles Rennie Mackintosh and Margaret MacDonald Mackintosh. Maruyama's chair visually alludes to the iconic tall-backed Mackintosh Chair by the twentieth-century duo.[2]

Her work is included in permanent collections at the Victoria and Albert Museum; Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Dallas Museum of Art, Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery, Launceston, AUS; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA; Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA; Museum of Arts and Design, New York, NY; Mint Museum of Art, Charlotte, NC; Fuller Craft Museum, Brockton, MA; Mingei International Museum, San Diego, CA; and the Oakland Museum of Art,[clarification needed] Oakland, CA.[6]

Maruyama had held a studio space in the Glashaus in Barrio Logan in San Diego for many years, until 2017 when the building was sold and renovated. [7]

Maruyama has served as a member of the advisory of the Furniture Society. In 2009, she was inducted into the American Craft Council's College of Fellows for outstanding artistic achievement over her career.[8]

WildLife Project[edit]

Maruyama's series titled "WildLife Project" was inspired by a trip to Kenya where she met with wildlife advocates to learn more about the dangers of poaching animals. This work draws attention to the wrongful slaughter of elephants and rhinoceroses for the harvest of their tusks for the $10 billion annual ivory industry. Maruyama places special interest on the unique social nature of elephants and their similarities to humans.[9][10][11]

The series was started while Maruyama was a resident artist at the Pilchuck Glass School in Stanwood, Washington in 2013. During this time she created blown-glass tusks became part of the 2015 artwork Sarcophagus. WildLife consists of six life-sized elephant heads made from segments of painted wood stitched together. Each elephant reaches up to twelve feet tall, and resembles a hunting trophy. The show also includes a Buddhist-style Bell Shrine with burning incense and a bronze bell. The bell sounds every fifteen minutes to represent how often an elephant is killed for its tusks.[10][11][12]

This work has been traveling the United States since 2015 and has been exhibited at The Chrysler Museum of Art, the San Francisco Museum of Craft and Design, the Center for Art in Wood, Penland School of Crafts, and the Oceanside Museum of Art. The exhibition is organized by the Houston Center for Contemporary Craft and is curated by Elizabeth Kozolowski. It was made possible through contributions from the Windgate Charitable Foundation.[10][11][13][14][15]

Executive Order 9066[edit]

Wendy Maruyama: Executive Order 9066 is a series of works by Maruyama examining Franklin D. Roosevelt's 1942 Executive Order number 9066 which authorized the internment of 120,000 American citizens of Japanese ancestry. Maruyam's maternal relatives were among those imprisoned during this era.[16] These works include Executive Order 9066, the Tag Project, and a selection of historical artifacts. They have been exhibited at the Museum of Craft and Design in San Francisco, The University Art Gallery at San Diego State University, and the Richard and Dolly Maas Gallery at SUNY Purchase.[4] These works have been said to continue to be of importance during current times of political turmoil. [17]

Executive Order 9066 is a series of wall-mounted cabinets alluding to themes common within these internment camps. These pieces include documentary photographs of Dorothy Lange and Tōyō Miyatake alongside barbed wire, tar paper, and domestic objects. These pieces also display actual objects owned or made by the internees in the camps, including suitcases used by families during their relocation and items made from materials available in the camps.[4] The Tag Project consists of 120,000 replicas of the paper tags Japanese internees were forced to wear during relocation. The tags were grouped into bundles representing each one of the camps and suspended from the ceiling. Their purpose is to display the sheer mass of those displaced as well as to evoke a sense of humiliation endured by the Japanese internees.[4] The making of this project involved the help of hundreds of community members to hand-write all of the names of the Japanese prisoners on the tags.

Awards and distinctions[edit]

Exhibitions[edit]

Wendy Maruyama has held solo exhibitions in New York City; San Francisco; Scottsdale, Arizona; Indianapolis, Indiana; Savannah Georgia; and Easthampton, New York. She has also exhibited in Tokyo, Seoul and London.[6]

Her exhibitions include:

  • 2018 - "Wendy Maruyama: Executive Order 9066", Riverside Art Museum, Riverside, CA [19]
  • 2017 - "Wendy Maruyama: The WildLIFE Project", Oceanside Museum of Art, Oceanside, CA [20]
  • 2016 - "Wendy Maruyama: The WildLIFE Project", Penland School of Crafts Gallery, Penland, NC [21]
  • 2016 - "Executive Order 9066 and The Tag Project", Boise Art Museum, Boise, ID
  • 2016 - "Instructions to All Persons: Reflections on Executive Order 9066", Japanese American National Museum, Los Angeles, CA [22]
  • 2014 - "Executive Order 9066", The San Jose Institute of Contemporary Art, San Jose, CA [23]
  • 2013 - "Wendy Maruyama: Executive Order 9066", Arkansas Art Center, Little Rock, AR
  • 2012 - "Wendy Maruyama: Executive Order 9066", The Society of Arts and Crafts, Boston, MA.
  • 2012 - "Mirror, Mirror", Velvet Da Vinci Gallery
  • 2009 - "Executive Order 9066", Richard and Dolly Maas Gallery, SUNY Purchase, NY.
  • 2005 - "Men in Kimonos", Pritam and Eames Gallery, East Hampton, NY.
  • 2003 - "Turning Japanese", Pritam and Eames Gallery, East Hampton, NY.
  • 2002 - "The Inside Story", Herron School of Art, Indianapolis, IN.
  • 2000 - "In the Eye of the Beholder", Savannah College of Art and Design, Savannah, GA.
  • 1999 - Solo Exhibition, John Elder Gallery, New York, NY.
  • 1998 - "Wendy Maruyama: New Work", Joanne Rapp Gallery, Scottsdale, AZ.
  • 1997 - "Hako", NUNO Inc., Japan.
  • 1995 - "Wendy Maruyama: Simple Pleasures and Indulgences", Peter Joseph Gallery, New York, NY.
  • 1990 - Solo Exhibition, Snyderman Gallery, New York, NY.
  • 1989 "Craft Today USA"[2]
  • 1984 "Material Evidence"[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Oral history interview with Wendy Maruyama, 2010 March 5-6". www.aaa.si.edu. Retrieved 2017-12-03.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Cooke, Jr, Edward S. , Gerald W.R.Ward, and Kelly H. L'Ecuyer (2003). The Maker's Hand: American Studio Furniture, 1940-1990. Boston, Massachusetts: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. p. 130. ISBN 0878466630.
  3. ^ a b Kruppenbacher, Frank A. (Spring–Summer 2003). "Wendy Maruyama". Focus - National Technical Institute for the Deaf - Rochester Institute of Technology.
  4. ^ a b c d "Wendy Maruyama: Executive Order 9066 | The Furniture Society". furnsoc.org. Retrieved 2017-03-11.
  5. ^ Cooke Jr,, Edward S. (2000). Women furniture makers : from decorative designers to studio makers. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0300087349.
  6. ^ a b "Wendy Maruyama | The Furniture Society". furnsoc.org. Retrieved 2017-03-06.
  7. ^ Schimitschek, Martina. "Fall arts: Through her art, Wendy Maruyama raises awareness". sandiegouniontribune.com. Retrieved 2017-12-03.
  8. ^ "NewsCenter | SDSU | American Craft Council Recognizes Wendy Maruyama". Retrieved 2017-03-13.
  9. ^ Schwartz, Chip (3 March 2016). "Wendy Maruyama Gives Voices to Earth's Silent Giants". Knight Foundation.
  10. ^ a b c Stapley-Brown, Victoria (February 7, 2017). "Artist's Portrait of Elephants Killed by Poachers Brings Attention to the Cost of the Ivory Trade". The Art Newspaper.
  11. ^ a b c "Chrysler Museum of Art". Chrysler Museum of Art. Retrieved 2017-03-11.
  12. ^ "Chrysler Museum of Art". Chrysler Museum of Art. Retrieved 2017-03-11.
  13. ^ "Chrysler Museum Explores Impact of Illegal Ivory Trade with 'The wildLIFE Project'". Hyperallergic. 2016-09-12. Retrieved 2017-03-11.
  14. ^ "Wendy Maruyama: The wildLIFE Project | The Center for Art in Wood". centerforartinwood.org. Retrieved 2017-03-11.
  15. ^ "2016 Exhibition: Wendy Maruyama | The wildLIFE Project - Penland Gallery". Penland Gallery |. Retrieved 2017-03-11.
  16. ^ "Artist Hangs ID Tags to Tell Internment Story - Voice of San Diego". Voice of San Diego. 2012-02-10. Retrieved 2017-12-03.
  17. ^ Vankin, Deborah (2017-02-16). "Roosevelt's signed Executive Order 9066 on Japanese American internment to go on view in L.A." Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2017-12-03.
  18. ^ a b c d "Wendy Maruyama | School of Art + Design". art.sdsu.edu. Retrieved 2017-03-06.
  19. ^ "RAM :: Wendy Maruyama: E.O. 9066". www.riversideartmuseum.org. Retrieved 2017-12-03.
  20. ^ "Wendy Maruyama The WildLIFE Project – OMA Online". oma-online.org. Retrieved 2017-12-03.
  21. ^ "2016 Exhibition: Wendy Maruyama | The wildLIFE Project - Penland Gallery". Penland Gallery |. Retrieved 2017-12-03.
  22. ^ "About | Instructions to All Persons | Japanese American National Museum". www.janm.org. Retrieved 2017-12-03.
  23. ^ "Wendy Maruyama's 'Executive Order 9066: The Tag Project' Comes to San Jose". www.rafu.com. Retrieved 2017-12-03.

Further reading[edit]