Wendy O. Williams
Wendy O. Williams
Williams in 1979
Wendy Orlean Williams
May 28, 1949
Webster, New York, U.S.
|Died||April 6, 1998 (aged 48)|
Storrs, Connecticut, U.S.
|Cause of death||Suicide by gunshot|
|Associated acts||Plasmatics, Motörhead|
Wendy Orlean Williams (May 28, 1949 – April 6, 1998) was an American singer, songwriter, and actress. Born in Webster, New York, she came to prominence as the lead singer of the punk rock band Plasmatics. Her onstage theatrics included partial nudity, exploding equipment, firing a shotgun, and chainsawing guitars. Dubbed the "Queen of Shock Rock" and the "Metal Priestess", Williams was considered the most controversial and radical female singer of her time. Performing her own stunts in videos, she often sported a mohawk hairstyle. In 1985, during the height of her popularity as a solo artist, she was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Female Rock Vocal Performance.
Leaving home at 16, Williams hitchhiked to Colorado, earning money by crocheting string bikinis. She travelled to Florida and Europe landing various jobs such as lifeguard, stripper, macrobiotic cook, and server at Dunkin' Donuts. After arriving in New York City in 1976, she began performing in live sex shows, and in 1979 appeared in the porno Candy Goes to Hollywood. That year manager Rod Swenson recruited her to the Plasmatics and the two became romantically involved. The band quickly became known on the local underground scene, performing at clubs such as CBGB.
Three albums with Plasmatics later, Williams embarked on a solo career and released her debut album, WOW, in 1984. Albums Kommander of Kaos (1986) and Deffest! and Baddest! (1988) followed, before her retirement from the music industry. Williams made her non-adult screen debut in Tom DeSimone's film Reform School Girls (1986), for which she recorded the title song. She also appeared in the 1989 comedy Pucker Up and Bark Like a Dog, television series The New Adventures of Beans Baxter, and MacGyver. On 6 April 1998, Williams committed suicide near her home in Storrs, Connecticut by gunshot. She had attempted to kill herself twice in the years leading up to her death; allegedly she had also been struggling with deep depression.
Life and career
1949–1976: Early life
Williams was born to Robert F. Williams, a chemist at Eastman Kodak, and Audrey Stauber Williams (1921–2008) on May 28, 1949 in Webster, New York. She studied clarinet at the Community Music School program of the University of Rochester's Eastman School of Music, and later was a clarinetist in her high school's concert band. At the age of six, she appeared tap-dancing on the Howdy Doody show as a member of the "Peanut Gallery."
She had her first run-in with the law at the age of 15, when she was arrested for sunbathing nude. Williams attended R. L. Thomas High School in Webster at least partway through the 10th grade, but left school before graduating. Her schoolmates and teachers recalled Williams as a "shy and pretty girl, an average student who played in the junior high band, paid attention to her hair and clothes, and who spoke so softly you had to lean toward her to hear her."
At the age of 16, Williams left her home and hitchhiked to Colorado where she earned money by selling crocheted string bikinis. Afterwards, she headed for Florida working as a lifeguard and then to Europe, where she worked as a macrobiotic cook in London and as a dancer with a gypsy dance troupe. Around that time, she was arrested on multiple occasions for shoplifting and passing counterfeit money.
In 1976, Williams arrived in New York City, where she saw an ad in the Show Business magazine that lay open on the Port Authority Bus Terminal station floor. It was a casting call for radical artist and Yale University graduate Rod Swenson's experimental "Captain Kink's Theatre." She replied to the ad and began performing in live sex shows. She later appeared in Gail Palmer's adult film, Candy Goes to Hollywood (1979), credited as Wendy Williams. She was featured as a performer on a parody of The Gong Show shooting ping pong balls across the set from her vagina.
By 1977, Swenson became Williams' manager and recruited her to join his newly formed punk rock band, Plasmatics. They made their debut in July 1978 at the Manhattan music club CBGB. The Plasmatics toured the world, although a concert in London was cancelled by the promoters due to safety reasons, causing the press to dub the band "anarchists." During the shooting of an appearance on SCTV in 1981, studio heads decided they would not air Williams' performance unless she changed out of a costume that revealed her nipples. Williams refused. The show's make-up artists found a compromise and painted her breasts black.
In January 1981, Milwaukee, Wisconsin police arrested Williams for simulating masturbation on stage, and charged with battery to an officer and obscene conduct. She was cleared of all charges. Later that year in Cleveland, Ohio, Williams was acquitted of an obscenity charge for simulating sex on stage wearing only shaving cream; she subsequently covered her nipples with electrical tape to avoid arrest. In November, an Illinois judge sentenced her to one year supervision and fined her $35 for attacking a freelance photographer who tried to take her picture as she jogged along the Chicago lakefront.
1984–1986: Solo career, WOW and Kommander of Kaos
Williams recorded a duet of the country hit "Stand by Your Man" with Lemmy of Motörhead in 1982. In 1984, she released the W.O.W. album, produced by Gene Simmons of Kiss. Kiss members Paul Stanley, Ace Frehley, Eric Carr, and Vinnie Vincent also perform on the album. Gene Simmons plays bass but is credited as Reginald Van Helsing. In 1985 Williams starred in The Rocky Horror Show at the Westport Playhouse in St. Louis. The show played for over six months, but a nationwide tour fell through.
In 1986, she starred in Tom DeSimone's indie-film Reform School Girls. Neither she nor manager Rod Swenson liked the film when it came out, but at this point the producers had heard Kommander of Kaos (her second solo album) and wanted to include three tracks from the album in the movie score. They approached Rod about producing the title track for the film and having Wendy sing it. The band reluctantly agreed to do it. Uncle Brian from the Broc joined Rod as co-producer and also played sax. He also appeared in the video that the film company had asked Rod to produce and direct, playing the sax and wearing a tutu.
1987–1990: Reunion with Plasmatics and Deffest! and Baddest!
In 1987, Williams starred as the part-time friend/enemy in the underground spy world to the title character on Fox's The New Adventures of Beans Baxter. The Plasmatics' last tour was in late 1988. Williams appeared in Pucker Up and Bark Like a Dog, directed by Paul S. Parco, in 1990.
In 1988, Wendy put out another solo album, this time a "thrash rap" album called Deffest! and Baddest! under the name "Ultrafly and the Hometown Girls."
Wendy's last known performance of a Plasmatics song occurred due to the prompting of Joey Ramone. She performed "Masterplan" one final time with Richie Stotts, when Richie's band opened for the Ramones on New Year's Eve, 1988.
1991–1998: Retirement and final years
In 1991, Williams moved to Storrs, Connecticut, where she lived with her long-time companion and former manager, Rod Swenson, and worked as an animal rehabilitator and at a food co-op in Willimantic. She explained her move by saying that she "was pretty fed up dealing with people."
Williams first attempted suicide in 1993 by hammering a knife into her chest where it lodged in her sternum. However, she changed her mind and called Rod Swenson to take her to the hospital. She attempted suicide again in 1997 with an overdose of ephedrine.
Williams died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound on April 6, 1998, when she was 48. Swenson, her partner for more than 20 years, returned to their home in the area where they had lived since moving to Connecticut from New York City. He found a package she left for him that contained some noodles he liked, a packet of seeds for growing garden greens, some Oriental massage balm, and sealed letters from her.
The suicide letters, which included a "living will" denying life support, a love letter to Swenson and various lists of things to do, caused Swenson to begin searching the woods for her. After about an hour, as dusk fell, he found her body in a wooded area with a pistol lying on the ground nearby. She had apparently been feeding wild squirrels moments before her suicide, as well as putting a bag over her head before shooting herself to spare her partner the horrible sight. "Wendy's act was not an irrational in-the-moment act," he said; for four years she had contemplated suicide. Swenson reportedly described her as "despondent" at the time of her death. This is what she reportedly wrote in a suicide note regarding her decision:
I don't believe that people should take their own lives without deep and thoughtful reflection over a considerable period of time. I do believe strongly, however, that the right to do so is one of the most fundamental rights that anyone in a free society should have. For me, much of the world makes no sense, but my feelings about what I am doing ring loud and clear to an inner ear and a place where there is no self, only calm.
Joey Ramone and many others issued statements at the time of her death. On Motörhead's 1999 live album Everything Louder Than Everyone Else, before the song "No Class," Motörhead vocalist Lemmy said that he wanted to dedicate the song to her.
A memorial was held at CBGB on May 18. Several of Wendy's former Plasmatics co-members (Chosei Funahara, Richie Stotts, Wes Beech, Stu Deutsch, Jean Beauvoir and TC Tolliver) played a six-song set with four of them handling the vocals.
Her teachers and other sources described Wendy Williams as a shy and soft-spoken child who was an average student that learned to play the clarinet very well in the junior high band – though she herself has numerous times stated that she felt like an outcast and was misunderstood by her strict parents, whom she referred to as "cocktail zombies". Swenson recalled in an interview how Wendy told him there were attempts to have her institutionalised after she became a rebellious teenager. She was said to have "experimented with drugs and furious sex" in her teenage years (though years later as an adult woman in 1979 and the early 1980s she would go on to become a "teetotaler", in the words of her partner).
When transitioning into early adulthood, after running away from her family at the age of 16 and leaving the US to explore the world for several years, for a time Wendy became interested in Far Eastern spirituality, religions, and gurus as well as experimenting with mind-altering substances like LSD and mescaline. She continued to try different jobs and lifestyles in order to discover somewhere where she felt she belonged, until eventually finding the show-business magazine ad for Rod Swenson's Sex Fantasy Theater in 1976 – he would go on to form and manage their band, the Plasmatics; the two remained lifelong romantic partners until her suicide in 1998. Williams was strictly against sexism in the rock scene. Throughout her musical careers, her songs frequently featured anti-consumerist and anti-establishment messages. Swenson claims that Wendy and he agreed together that they "didn't want to do things that sold, [they] wanted to do things that were interesting, new territory".
A committed vegetarian since 1966 until her death, Williams believed in leading a healthy lifestyle and aiming for self-improvement. She was once featured on the cover of the Vegetarian Times. In her later years, she gave up smoking (which she felt very strongly about and would not allow anyone to smoke in her changing rooms) as well as eventually stopping drinking entirely and never using any other drugs; she also became strongly opposed to the high sugar content in easily available processed foods. Swenson recalls that: "[Wendy] was a consummate professional, always working on her craft, working on the show. She would work out hours every day, she would run six miles a day. She was a total vegetarian, totally into health food. When we were on the road, she always made sure the band was well fed. No processed meats, no white bread". She was known for refusing to wear makeup products manufactured by companies that used animals for laboratory experimentation and she was completely against needless poaching. After leaving the music scene, Swenson and Williams moved to Storrs, Connecticut, in 1991 to live in the geodesic dome house that they built for each other. Wendy worked at a food co-op and became a wildlife rehabilitator to help animals, which she loved since her childhood as she was known for taking in and helping wounded wild animals as a child.
Williams once described herself as a "marginal nymphomaniac and terminal exhibitionist". Several sources state that she was struggling with deep depression for many years before her death, as the two suicide attempts prior to her death also indicate. Although some have retroactively referred to her as straight edge, and her lifestyle supports this as she never used drugs and stopped drinking/smoking at a certain point in her life, there is no known evidence to suggest that Wendy identified as such. When Williams was promoting Kommander of Kaos during a televised interview with Joan Rivers, the host says that Wendy's favorite movie is The Texas Chainsaw Massacre – which could either be a true statement or a simple reference to the Plasmatics' onstage stunts at their concerts, that regularly involved acts of destruction and chainsawing through guitars. In several interviews, Williams has spoken about her passion for tattoos. On her brief appearance in the adult film Candy Goes to Hollywood, Wendy was quoted as saying: "It was just like working in a donut shop, except you didn't wear a paper hat".
With the Plasmatics:
- New Hope for the Wretched (1980)
- Beyond the Valley of 1984 (1981)
- Metal Priestess (1981)
- Coup d'etat (1982)
- Maggots: The Record (1987)
- Coup de Grace (2002)
As WOW, her solo act:
- WOW (1984)
- F**k N' Roll (Live) [EP] (1985)
- Kommander of Kaos (1986)
- Maggots: The Record (1987)
- Deffest! and Baddest! (1988)
- Candy Goes to Hollywood (1979)
- SCTV – Fishin' Musician Sketch (John Candy) (1981)
- Hell Camp of the Gland Robbers (1985)
- Reform School Girls (1986)
- The New Adventures of Beans Baxter (1987)
- Pucker Up and Bark Like a Dog (1990)
- MacGyver (1990)
- Wendy O. Williams and the Plasmatics: 10 Years of Revolutionary Rock and Roll (DVD). MVD Visual. 2006.
In popular culture
- Wendy O. Williams was the first woman in history to appear on national television with a mohawk haircut.
- In 1981, People magazine put Williams on their best dressed style list.
- Wendy O. Williams was promoted in the number 72 July issue of Kerrang! magazine in 1984 while also being the first woman to be featured on its front cover.
- She also appeared on the cover of Vegetarian Times issue 83, in July 1984.
- Wendy was featured in a Playboy pictorial in 1986, skydiving naked, where she was described as the "leather-clad queen of heavy metal".
- In the Super Mario games, the main antagonist Bowser has a minion named Wendy O. Koopa, who was named after a notable musician in popular music like her siblings.
- She participated in the U68 public service announcement series on safe sex and venereal diseases in 1985, where she coined the now somewhat iconic sentence: "If it's not clean enough to put in your mouth, don't take it home and sleep with it".
- Various sources have referred to Wendy O. Williams as the "Queen of Shock Rock", "High Priestess of Metal", "Queen of Heavy Metal", "Evel Knievelette", "Dominatrix of the Decibels", etc.
- Baudelaire, Kate (September 6, 2018). "The Enduring Badness of Wendy O Williams". CVLT Nation. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- Strauss, Neil (April 9, 1998). "Wendy O. Williams, 48, Star Of Explosive Punk Rock Act". The New York Times. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
- Wallace, Carol (July 25, 1983). "Wendy O. Williams". People. Vol. 20 no. 4. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
- Petrucelli, Alan W. (2009). Morbid Curiosity: The Disturbing Demises of the Famous and Infamous. New York: Penguin Group. p. 137. ISBN 978-1-10114-049-9.
- Thomson, Liz, ed. (1982). New Women in Rock. New York: Delilah/Putnam. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-39941-003-1.
- Dauphin, Edouard; Star, Butch (1982). Plasmatics: Your Heart In Your Mouth! (The First Four Years). Raging Rhino Entertainment. p. 8. OCLC 836602136.
- Williams, Joy (September 1998). "The Love Song of Wendy O. Williams". Spin. Vol. 14 no. 9. pp. 134–138.
- Sawyer, Terry (29 May 2007). "Plasmatics: Wendy O. Williams and The Plasmatics: The DVD – Ten Years of Revolutionary Rock and Roll". PopMatters.
- "Lemmy & Wendy "Stand By Your Man" + Lyrics". YouTube. Archived from the original on April 6, 2017. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
- "1984–1985 – Wow, Most Dangerous Video Ever, Album Of The Year, Grammy Nomination 'Best Female Rock Vocalist Of The Year"". Plasmatics.com. Archived from the original on November 12, 2014. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
- "Wendy O.Williams (Featuring Ace Frehley) – Bump & Grind". YouTube. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
- "8. 1988 – Thrash Rap, Final Tour And 'Hiatus'". Plasmatics.com. Archived from the original on March 9, 2014. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
- Orwat, Jr., Thomas S. (2007). "The Shock Rock Giant: Interview with Richie Stotts". GlamMetal.com. Archived from the original on June 24, 2008. Retrieved April 30, 2012.
- Catlin, Roger (April 27, 1998). "In Woods, A Shooting Star Finally Burns Out". Hartford Courant. Archived from the original on August 15, 2014.
- Keedle, Jayne. "Wendy O., We Hardly Knew You". Hartford Advocate. Archived from the original on 5 December 1998. Retrieved December 20, 2008.
- Thomas, Bryan (May 29, 2017). "Remembering Wendy O. Williams, Chainsaw Princess who became the Queen of Shock Rock". Night Flight. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- Spevak, Jeff (May 10, 2016). "The Wendy O. Williams we didn't know". Democrat & Chronicle. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- "Former Punk-Band Singer Wendy O. Williams Dies". The Columbian. April 9, 1998. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017.
- "Obituaries". Plasmatics & Wendy O. Williams Unofficial Website. April 7, 1998. Retrieved April 30, 2012.
- Bolton, R. Scott (August 27, 2002). "Lemmy Describes 'Everything Louder Than Everyone Else'". Roughedge.com. Retrieved April 30, 2012.
- "Memorial For Plasmatics' Wendy O. Williams Held At CBGB's". VH1.com. May 19, 1998. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2012.
- Skid, Bill. "Remembering Wendy". Plasmatics & Wendy O. Williams Unofficial Website. Retrieved April 30, 2012.
- Catlin, Roger (May 20, 1998). "A Fitting Farewell For Williams From The Plasmatics". Hartford Courant. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014.
- Divezur, Roman (April 21, 2016). "Smash the control machine". Rochester City Newspaper. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
- Wallace, Carol (July 25, 1983). "Wendy O. Williams". People. Vol. 20 no. 4. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
- "Style Stars of '81". People. September 21, 1981. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
- "Of Maggots and Moshers: Wendy O. Williams hosts the 'Headbangers Ball' in 1987". Dangerous Minds. October 3, 2014. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- "Veg Topics: Famous Vegetarians – Wendy O'Williams". HappyCow. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- Molotkow, Alexandra (April 4, 2013). "On Suicide, Wendy O. Williams, and the Art of Life". Hazlitt. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- "Wendy O. Williams – Live + Interview On Joan Rivers Show '87". YouTube. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- "Wendy O. Williams – Interview – 07/06/88 (OFFICIAL)". YouTube. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- "Wendy O Williams, Music For Nations, 1984". Dunsy's Cupboard of Metal. March 22, 2012. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
- "Kerrang! no. 72, July 1984". Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- "Vegetarian Times, issue 83, July 1984". Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- "Playboy 1986, WOW pictorial 1". Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- "Playboy 1986, WOW pictorial 2". Vintage Playboy Mags. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- Klepek, Patrick (December 29, 2015). "How A Mario Character Was Named After Motorhead's Lemmy". Kotaku.com. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- "U68: WENDY O WILLIAMS Safe Sex PSA". YouTube. Retrieved May 29, 2019.