Wenling

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Wenling[1]

温岭市
温岭城市一景-1.jpg
Wenling[1] is located in Zhejiang
Wenling[1]
Wenling[1]
Location in Zhejiang
Coordinates: 28°022′N 121°022′E / 28.367°N 121.367°E / 28.367; 121.367Coordinates: 28°022′N 121°022′E / 28.367°N 121.367°E / 28.367; 121.367
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceZhejiang
Prefecture-level cityTaizhou
Area
 • Land926 km2 (358 sq mi)
 • Water1,079 km2 (417 sq mi)
Population
 • Total1,366,000
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s)(0)576
License Plate Prefix浙J
Websitewww.wl.gov.cn

Wenling (Wenling dialect: Ueng-ling Zy [ʔuəŋ ʔliŋ zɿ]; simplified Chinese: 温岭市; traditional Chinese: 溫嶺市; pinyin: Wēnlǐng Shì) is a coastal county-level city in the municipal region of Taizhou, in southeastern Zhejiang province, China. It borders Luqiao and Huangyan to the north, Yuhuan to the south, Yueqing to the west, looks out to the East China Sea to the east. Wenling locates on 28°22'N, 121°21'E, approximately 300 km (190 mi) south of Shanghai.

Jiangxia Tidal Power Station is located there as well as a number of e-waste recycling centers which have contributed to soil contamination in the region.[2]

Because of its geographical location, Wenling has long suffered from typhoons. On August 12, 2004, Typhoon Rananim, the sixth strongest typhoon in PRC history, landed in Shitang Town, Wenling. On 10 August 2019, Typhoon Lekima, the third strongest in PRC history, came ashore at Chengnan Town, Wenling.

Administration[edit]

Songmen (labelled as Sung-men 松門) (1953)

The county-level city of Wenling currently administers 5 subdistricts and 11 towns.

Language[edit]

Like the majority of areas in Zhejiang, most people from Wenling speak a dialect of Wu Chinese, known as Wenling Hua. It is not mutually intelligible with Mandarin Chinese, and partially intelligible with (also Wu) Shanghainese. There is also a small portion of Min Nan speakers in the southeastern regions, especially in Shitang Town. The linguistic diversity of some regions has resulted in a segment of the population becoming fluent in speaking up to three languages, when Mandarin is included.

History[edit]

During the Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties, Wenling was not part of the Chinese state but rather part of the separate culture of Dong'ou. Following the 3rd-century BC conquests of the Qin Empire, it was incorporated into the Minzhong Prefecture before being moved to Kuaiji under the Han. From the Tang to the Ming, Wenling was divided between Taizhou's Huangyan District and Wenzhou's Yueqing District.

In 1469, Taiping County was formed in the area from Fangyan, Taiping, and Fanchang, three villages formerly incorporated into Huangyan. Yueqing County's Shanmen and Yuhuan villages were ceded in 1476. In 1513, the county seat built 2.5 kilometers (1.6 mi) of city wall, roughly squared, giving it the name of "Square Castle". In 1914, the county was renamed Wenling to distinguish it from counties with same name in Shanxi, Sichuan, and Anhui. Wenling ("warm mountain") was once another name of Wenqiao Town.

Wenling was conquered by Communist forces on May 28, 1949, and the county government was created. In March 1994, Wenling was made a county-level "city".

Transportation[edit]

Wenling Railway Station is located in Daxi Town, North-West of Wenling. It is part of the Ningbo-Taizhou-Wenzhou Railway, and has connected to high speed rail lines that runs in 300 km/h. In 2017, its annual ridership is about 8.5 million.

Wenling is 26 km (16 miles) away from the Taizhou Luqiao Airport, located in the city centre of Taizhou.

Wenling also connects to the Ningbo-Taizhou-Wenzhou expressway.

Food[edit]

QianGao
  1. QianGao (嵌糕; pinyin: QiànGāo) is made with rice cake (NianGao) and many different dishes like fried noddle, carrots, potatoes, pork, tofu, and whatever people want. QianGao is shaped like a big dumpling, and all the dishes are stuffed inside of it.[3]
  2. ShanFenHu
    ShanFenHu (山粉糊; pinyin: ShānFenHú) is made with ShanFen which is the powder made from potato related plants. ShanFenHu is sticky and gel-liked. People can add different things in it. For example, if people want it to be salty, they can add pork, mushroom, beans, tofu, peanut, and so on. If people want it to be sweet, they can add red date, raisin, lotus seed, brown sugar, and so on.[4]
  3. PaoXia
    PaoXia (泡虾; pinyin: PàoXiā) is one of the most famous snacks people can buy on the street in Wenling. It is translated as "Fried Shrimp," but it is not actual shrimp. It is fried dough made with wheat flour and stuffed with pork and cabbage.[3]
  4. ChuiYuan
    ChuiYuan (炊圆; pinyin: ChūiYuán) is made with glutinous rice. And people put dried small shrimp, pork, tofu, carrot inside the glutinous rice bun.[3]
  5. MaiBingTong (麦饼筒; pinyin: MàiBingTong) is made with paste mixed with Pseudognaphalium affine and some other green vegetable juices. People can add pork, stir-fry egg, shrimp, onion, stir-fried noodle, and so on within the thin slice of the paste and make a roll out of it.[3]
MaiBingTong

Economy[edit]

The economy of Wenling is relatively developed. In 2018, its nominal GDP exceeds 100 billion, becoming the first city (or county, district) in Taizhou to have 100 billion GDP. Its GDP per capita is about 83,300 RMB (12,607 US dollar).

Listed companies[edit]

Company Symbol Listing date Township
Zhejiang Qianjiang Motorcycle Co.,Ltd. SZSE: 000913 May 4, 1999 Wenling Economic Development Zone
LEO Group Co.,Ltd. SZSE: 002131 April 27, 2007 Binhai
Aishida Co.,Ltd. SZSE: 002403 May 11, 2010 Eastern New City
Shimge Pump Industry Co.,Ltd. SZSE: 002532 December 31, 2010 Daxi
Zhejiang Yueling Co., Ltd. SZSE: 002725 January 29, 2014 Zeguo
Fuling Global Inc. NasdaqFORK November 4, 2015 Songmen
Zhejiang Doyin Technology Co., Ltd. SZSE: 002793 April 15, 2016 Daxi
Zhejiang Zomax Transmission Co.,Ltd. SSE: 603767 June 13, 2017 Shitang
Zhejiang Dayuan Pumps Industry Co., Ltd SSE: 603757 July 11, 2017 Zeguo
Forest Packaging Group Co., Ltd. SSE: 605500 December 22, 2020 Daxi
Wenling Zhejiang Measure & Cut Tools Trading CTR Co Ltd SEHK1379 December 30, 2020 Wenqiao
Zhejiang Taifu Pump Co., Ltd SZSE: 300992 May 25, 2021 Songmen

Disasters[edit]

On 13 June 2020, a fuel truck crashed and exploded, killing 19 and injuring over 170 people in Liangshan Village, close to the city of Wenling.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wenling". GEOnet Names Server.
  2. ^ http://www.mendeley.com/research/heavy-metal-persistent-organic-compound-contamination-soil-wenling-emerging-ewaste-recycling-city-taizhou-area-china/[dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d "台州温岭市8大推荐美食".
  4. ^ "山粉糊".
  5. ^ "China explosion: Tanker truck blows up, killing 19 people". BBC News. 14 June 2020. Retrieved 15 June 2020.