Wensleydale sheep

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A Wensleydale in full fleece
Wool of an adult Wensleydale
A six-day-old black Wensleydale lamb resting.

The Wensleydale is a British breed of domestic sheep.[1][2] It is named for the Wensleydale region of North Yorkshire, in the north of England, where it was bred in the early nineteenth century by cross-breeding a Dishley Leicester ram with local long-woolled sheep of a breed that is now extinct.[3] It has a blue-grey face and long purled wool, and is among the heaviest of British sheep breeds. It is an endangered breed, and is categorised as "at risk" by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust.[3] It is often used as a ram breed to cross with other breeds to obtain market lambs, and for its high-quality wool.[3]

History[edit]

The mating of a Leicester ram with a Teeswater ewe in 1838 made the famous ram 'BLUE CAP' who was the first sire of the Wensleydale breed.

Today this breed is established throughout the United Kingdom and extends into mainland Europe, this breed is also being established in the United States of America.

The Wensleydale contributed to the development of the Blue-faced Leicester.[4]:765

Characteristics[edit]

A recently-shorn Wensleydale

The Wensleydale is a large long-wool sheep with a distinctive grey black face, ears and legs. The ears are slightly elongated and stand upright. They are naturally polled and have a tuft of long wool on top of the head which is not typically shorn (for aesthetic purposes). Wool from this breed is acknowledged as the finest lustre long wool in the world. [5] The fleece from a purebred sheep is considered kemp-free and curled or purled on out to the end. Rams weigh about 300 lbs and ewes about 250 lbs.

Average prolificacy: Yearling ewe - 200% Mature ewes - 250%

Twin lambs will average 13 pounds each at birth with a growth rate that enables ram lambs to reach 160 lbs. at 21 weeks.

Average lamb weight at 8 weeks: Singles - 57 lbs. Twins - 48 lbs. Micron count 33-35 Staple length 8-12 inches Yearling Fleece Weight 13-20 pounds.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barbara Rischkowsky, D. Pilling (eds.) (2007). List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, annex to The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Accessed May 2017.
  2. ^ Breed data sheet: Jacob/United Kingdom. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed June 2019.
  3. ^ a b c Wensleydale. Stoneleigh Park, Warwickshire: Rare Breeds Survival Trust. Archived 9 June 2019.
  4. ^ Valerie Porter, Lawrence Alderson, Stephen J.G. Hall, D. Phillip Sponenberg (2016). Mason's World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding (sixth edition). Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 9781780647944.
  5. ^ "Wensleydale". Sheep Breeds V-Z. Sheep101.info. Retrieved 7 May 2009.

External links[edit]