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Werner Vogels

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Werner Vogels
Werner Vogels at the 2013 AWS Summit
Werner Hans Peter Vogels

(1958-10-03) 3 October 1958 (age 65)
Alma materVrije Universiteit
The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Known forAmazon Web Services
Scientific career
FieldsDistributed computing
InstitutionsCornell University
INESC Lisboa
Vrije Universiteit
ThesisScalable Cluster Technologies for Mission Critical Enterprise Computing (2003)
Doctoral advisorHenri Bal
Andy Tanenbaum[1]

Werner Hans Peter Vogels (born 3 October 1958) is the chief technology officer and vice president of Amazon in charge of driving technology innovation within the company. Vogels has broad internal and external responsibilities.[2][3]

Werner Vogels introduced "The Frugal Architect" which outlines seven laws to make software architectures more cost efficient.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Vogels studied computer science at The Hague University of Applied Sciences finishing in June 1989.[5][6] Vogels received a Ph.D. in computer science from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands, supervised by Henri Bal and Andy Tanenbaum.[1]


After his mandatory military service at the Royal Netherlands Navy, Vogels studied radiology, both diagnostics and therapy. He worked at the Antoni van Leeuwenhoekziekenhuis, part of the Netherlands Cancer Institute, from 1979 through 1985. In 1985 he returned to university to study computer science.[7] After completing his studies, he pursued a career in computer science research.

From 1991 through 1994, Vogels was a senior researcher at INESC in Lisboa, Portugal.[8] He worked with Paulo Verissimo and Luis Rodrigues on fault-tolerant distributed systems, evolving the reliable group communication system that was developed in the context of the Delta-4 project.[9]

In 1994 he was invited to join the computer science department of Cornell University as a visiting scientist. From 1994 until 2004, Vogels was a research scientist at the Computer Science Department of Cornell University. He mainly conducted research in scalable reliable enterprise systems. He is the author of many conference and journal articles, mainly on distributed systems technologies for enterprise computing systems.[10][11][12][13]

He co-founded a company with Kenneth Birman and Robbert van Renesse in 1997 called Reliable Network Solutions, Inc. The company possessed U.S. patents on computer network resource monitoring and multicast protocols.[14] From 1999 through 2002, he held vice president and chief technology officer positions with the company.[15]

He joined Amazon in September 2004 as the director of systems research. He was named chief technology officer in January 2005 and vice president in March of that year.

Vogels described the deep technical nature of Amazon's infrastructure work in a paper about Amazon's Dynamo,[16] the storage engine for Amazon's shopping cart.


  • 2008: Information Week recognized Vogels for educational and promotional role in cloud computing with the 2008 CIO/CTO of the Year award.[17]
  • 2009: Media Momentum Personality of the Year Award.[18]
  • 2010:
    • ReadWriteWeb voted on the "Cloud's Most Influential Executive" and selected Vogels with a double-digit margin.[19]
    • Vogels was named a TechTarget Top 10 Cloud Computing Leader in 2010,[20] 2011,[21] and 2012,[22]
  • 2012: Led the list of Wired's Top 10 Cloud Influencers and Thought Leaders.[23]
  • 2014:
    • Vogels received the inaugural Holland on the Hill Heineken Award for "Substantial contributions to the US-Dutch economic relationship, a commitment to innovation and support for entrepreneurs".[24]
    • AdvisoryCloud ranked Vogels Top Chief Technology Officer.[25]


  1. ^ a b c Vogels, Werner (2003). Scalable Cluster Technologies for Mission Critical Enterprise Computing (PhD thesis). Vrije Universiteit. hdl:1871/10357.
  2. ^ O'Hanlon, C. (2006). "A conversation with Werner Vogels". Queue. 4 (4): 14–22. doi:10.1145/1142055.1142065.
  3. ^ Canny, J. (2006). "The Future of Human-Computer Interaction". Queue. 4 (6). ACM: 24–32. doi:10.1145/1147518.1147530.
  4. ^ "The Frugal Architect". thefrugalarchitect.com. Retrieved 2024-05-26.
  5. ^ Mygind, Dan (November 3, 2006). "Fra forsker til CTO hos Amazon". computerworld.dk (in Danish). Retrieved March 19, 2017.
  6. ^ Vogels, Werner (October 4, 1990). "Experienced Unix/Mach System software Engineer/Manager (EUROPE)". Newsgroupmisc.jobs.resumes. Usenet: 782@nikhefk.UUCP. Retrieved March 19, 2017.
  7. ^ "Seedcamp Podcast: 100th guest special with Werner Vogels, CTO & VP of Amazon". November 10, 2016. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  8. ^ Jennifer L. Schenker (15 September 2014). "Q&A With Amazon's Werner Vogels". informilo.com. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
  9. ^ "DELTA-4 - Definition and Design of an Open Dependable Distributed Computer System Architecture". January 2, 1992. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  10. ^ Van Renesse, R.; Birman, K. P.; Vogels, W. (2003). "Astrolabe". ACM Transactions on Computer Systems. 21 (2): 164. doi:10.1145/762483.762485. S2CID 6204358.
  11. ^ Von Eicken, T.; Basu, A.; Buch, V.; Vogels, W. (1995). "U-Net". ACM SIGOPS Operating Systems Review. 29 (5): 40. doi:10.1145/224057.224061.
  12. ^ Werner Vogels at DBLP Bibliography Server Edit this at Wikidata
  13. ^ Werner Vogels publications indexed by Microsoft Academic
  14. ^ "Patent US 6724770 B1". google.com/patents. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
  15. ^ "Robbert van Renesse: Resume". Cornell University. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
  16. ^ Decandia, G.; Hastorun, D.; Jampani, M.; Kakulapati, G.; Lakshman, A.; Pilchin, A.; Sivasubramanian, S.; Vosshall, P.; Vogels, W. (2007). "Dynamo". Proceedings of twenty-first ACM SIGOPS symposium on Operating systems principles - SOSP '07. p. 205. doi:10.1145/1294261.1294281. ISBN 9781595935915. S2CID 221033483.
  17. ^ "InformationWeek News Connects The Business Technology Community". InformationWeek. Retrieved 2018-03-14.
  18. ^ "Europe's fastest growing digital media companies 2009" (PDF). Media Momentum. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
  19. ^ Williams, Alex. "Weekly Poll: Who is the Cloud's Most Influential Executive?". ReadWriteWeb. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
  20. ^ "Top 10 cloud computing leaders of 2010". SearchCloudComputing. Retrieved 2018-03-14.
  21. ^ "Top 10 cloud computing leaders of 2011". SearchCloudComputing. Retrieved 2018-03-14.
  22. ^ "Top 10 cloud computing leaders in 2012 - Top 10 cloud computing leaders in 2012". searchcloudcomputing.techtarget.com. Retrieved 2018-03-14.
  23. ^ "Top 10 Cloud Influencers, Thought Leaders". WIRED. Retrieved 2018-03-14.
  24. ^ Zaken, Ministerie van Buitenlandse. "United States". dc.the-netherlands.org. Retrieved 2018-03-14.
  25. ^ "AdvisoryCloud 2014 Top Chief Technology Officers". www.advisorycloud.com. Retrieved 2019-04-01.

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