|Some of this article's listed sources may not be reliable. (November 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
26 March 1912|
|Died||9 September 1972
|Allegiance|| Weimar Republic
|Years of service||1930–45, 1957–70|
Kapitän zur See (Bundesmarine)
1st U-boat Flotilla
German Destroyer Z-1
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross|
Werner Winter (26 March 1912 – 9 September 1972) was a German U-boat commander in World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. He reached the rank of Korvettenkapitän with the Kriegsmarine during World War II, and later that of Kapitän zur See with the Bundesmarine.
He served for a few months aboard U-22, before taking command of the U-boat in October 1937. In September 1939 he made two short and unsuccessful combat patrols, before joining the staff of the BdU, but returned in July 1941 to take command of U-103 from Viktor Schütze, making three successful patrols, sinking fifteen merchant ships, for a total of 79,302 tons of Allied shipping, including the USS W. L. Steed.
Winter testified in the court martial which sentenced Oskar Kusch, the commander of U-154, to death on charges of "defeatism". Kusch had served on U-103 under the command of Winter. Although the prosecution had only requested a 10-year sentence, the court led by Marine-Kriegs-Gerichtsrat Karl-Heinrich Hagemann, assisted by Oberleutnant zur See Otto Westphalen, sentenced him to death. Both Winter and his successor as commander of U-103, Gustav-Adolf Janssen, had tried their best to save the life of Kusch, whom they considered a very able and brave officer.
Summary of career
|22 September 1941||Edward Blyden||United Kingdom||5,003||Sunk|
|22 September 1941||Niceto de Larringa||United Kingdom||5,591||Sunk|
|2 February 1942||W. L. Steed||United States||6,182||Sunk|
|4 February 1942||San Gil||United States||3,627||Sunk|
|5 February 1942||China Arrow||United States||8,403||Sunk|
|5 February 1942||India Arrow||United States||8,327||Sunk|
|5 February 1942||Stanbank||United States||5,966||Sunk|
|17 May 1942||Ruth Lykes||United States||2,612||Sunk|
|19 May 1942||Ogontz||United States||5,037||Sunk|
|21 May 1942||Clare||United States||3,372||Sunk|
|21 May 1942||Elizabeth||United States||4,727||Sunk|
|23 May 1942||Samuel Q. Brown||United States||6,625||Sunk|
|24 May 1942||Hector||Netherlands||1,828||Sunk|
|26 May 1942||Alcoa Carrier||United States||5,588||Sunk|
|28 May 1942||New Jersey||United States||6,414||Sunk|
- Wehrmacht Long Service Award 4th Class
- Knight's Cross of the Hungarian Merit Medal (August 1938)
- Sudetenland Medal (20 December 1939)
- Iron Cross (1939)
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 5 June 1942 as Kapitänleutnant and commander of U-103
- War Merit Cross 2nd Class
- Mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht on 1 June 1942
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Korvettenkapitän Werner Winter". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 10 May 2010.
- Bert Morio. "Oskar Kusch und der Marineschießplatz Holtenau". www.holtenau-info.de (in German). Retrieved 17 July 2014.
- "History of Fletcher-Class Destroyer in German Navy". heinzalbers.org. Retrieved 10 May 2010.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-103". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- Busch & Röll 2003, p. 213.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 789.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 448.
- Busch & Röll 2003, p. 214.
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939–1945 — Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [The U-Boat War 1939–1945 — The Knight's Cross Bearers of the U-Boat Force from September 1939 to May 1945] (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 978-3-8132-0515-2.
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) . Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
- Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943 (in German). München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 3-423-05944-3.
Kapitän zur See Heinz Birnbacher
|Commander of German destroyer Z-1 (formerly USS Anthony)
November 1960 – July 1961