Wesley L. Fox

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Wesley Lee Fox
Col Wesley L Fox.jpg
Colonel Wesley L. Fox, U.S. Marine Corps
Born (1931-09-30) September 30, 1931 (age 85)
Herndon, Virginia
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch Seal of the United States Marine Corps.svg United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1950–1993
Rank Colonel
Unit 3rd Battalion, 5th Marines
1st Battalion, 9th Marines
MAG-11
MCRD San Diego
2nd Force Reconnaissance Company
Marine Air Detachment
SHAPE
Basic School, Quantico
Commands held Company A, 1st Battalion, 9th Marines
Battalion Commander, 1st Battalion, 6th Marines,
Commanding officer, U.S. Marine Corps Officer Candidate School, Quantico, Virginia
Battles/wars Korean War
Vietnam War
Awards Medal of Honor
Other work Deputy Commandant of Cadets at Virginia Tech
Marine Corps Recruiter

Wesley Lee Fox (born September 30, 1931) is a retired United States Marine Corps colonel with 43 years of service. Fox received the Medal of Honor for his heroic actions during the Vietnam War, and is considered to be one of the Marine Corps' legendary heroes.

Biography[edit]

Fox was born to John Wesley and Desola Lee (née Crouch) Fox in Herndon, Virginia, the oldest of ten siblings. He attended Warren County High School in Front Royal, Virginia until 1948.

Korean War[edit]

Fox enlisted in the Marine Corps shortly before his 19th birthday, on August 4, 1950 during the beginning of the Korean War. He completed recruit training at the Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina. By January 1951, he was serving as a rifleman with Company I, 3rd Battalion, 5th Marines.[1] He was wounded in action in Korea on September 8, 1951 and sent to the U.S. Navy Hospital in Bethesda, Maryland, and was awarded the Bronze Star Medal with Combat "V". He recovered in 1952, and was sent back to Korea after the war was over as a Platoon Sergeant with Company G, 3rd Battalion, 5th Marines, in 1954. When he returned home from Korea, he was assigned to duty as both a drill instructor from 1955 to 1957 and a recruiter from 1957 to 1960. In May 1966, he was promoted to First Sergeant, and shortly afterwards, he was commissioned as a Marine Second Lieutenant.

Vietnam War[edit]

Beginning in September 1967, Fox served in the Vietnam War for 13 months as an executive officer of a South Vietnamese Marine Battalion.[2] In November 1968, he was reassigned to Vietnam as the company commander of Company A, 1st Battalion, 9th Marines until May 1969. On February 22, 1969, during Operation Dewey Canyon in Quang Tri Province, he was wounded twice. He was wounded the first time in the shoulder when his company was attacked by a large enemy force. A first lieutenant at the time, Fox then personally neutralized one enemy emplacement and directed his company to destroy others. After his company's executive officer was mortally wounded, he continued to direct the company's actions, ordering air strikes and coordinating the advance until the enemy retreated; Fox, the only officer left in his company that was capable of resisting the enemy, was wounded again in the final assault, but refused medical attention while he reorganized his troops and prepared the wounded for evacuation. For his heroic actions that day he was presented the Medal of Honor by President Richard Nixon on March 2, 1971.[3]

Later years[edit]

Fox retired from the Marine Corps as a full colonel in September 1993 at the mandatory age of 62. He held every enlisted rank except Sergeant Major and every officer rank except General. He continued to wear the uniform for eight more years as a deputy commandant of cadets for the Virginia Tech Corps of Cadets. During his time at Virginia Tech, Fox spoke of his experiences to America's next generation of military officers, business executives, and civic leaders.

Fox has written a book about his experiences in the military, Marine Rifleman: Forty-Three Years in the Corps (ISBN 1-57488-425-5), and was featured on the 2003 PBS program American Valor. Fox resides in Blacksburg, Virginia, with his wife, Dotti (formerly Dotti Lu Bossinger). They have three daughters.

Military awards[edit]

Fox's military decorations and awards include:

Diver Badge (USN).jpg
United States Navy Parachutist Badge.png
ViPaBa.jpg
Gold star
V
Award star (gold).png Award star (gold).pngAward star (gold).png
"V" device, gold.svg Award star (gold).png
Gold star
Bronze-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.png Bronze-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.png Bronze-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.png
Bronze-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.png Silver-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.png Bronze-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.png
Silver star
Silver star
USMC Rifle Expert badge.png USMC Pistol Expert badge.png
Diver insignia
Navy and Marine Corps Parachutist Insignia
Vietnam Parachutist Badge
1st Row Medal of Honor Legion of Merit w/ one 516" Gold Star
2nd Row Bronze Star Medal w/ Combat "V" Purple Heart w/ three 516" Gold Stars Meritorious Service Medal Joint Service Commendation Medal
3rd Row Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal w/ Combat "V" and 516" Gold Star Combat Action Ribbon w/ one 516" Gold Star [1] Navy Presidential Unit Citation Army Presidential Unit Citation
4th Row Navy Unit Commendation Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation w/ four 316" Bronze Stars Marine Corp Good Conduct Medal w/ four 316" Bronze Stars National Defense Service Medal w/ two 316" Bronze Stars
5th Row Korean Service Medal w/ three 316" Bronze Stars Vietnam Service Medal w/ one 316" Silver Star and one 316" Bronze Star Navy Sea Service Deployment Ribbon w/ three 316" Bronze Stars Navy Arctic Service Ribbon
6th Row Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross w/ two 516" Silver Stars Vietnam Staff Service Medal Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation Republic of Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation (Gallantry Cross) w/ Palm and Frame
7th Row Republic of Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation (Civil Actions) w/ Palm and Frame United Nations Korea Medal Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal w/ silver 1960- Device Republic of Korea War Service Medal

Medal of Honor citation[edit]

The President of the United States in the name of The Congress takes pleasure in presenting the MEDAL OF HONOR to

CAPTAIN WESLEY L. FOX
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS

for service as set forth in the following CITATION:

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as commanding officer of Company A, in action against the enemy in the northern A Shau Valley. Capt. (then 1st Lt.) Fox's company came under intense fire from a large well concealed enemy force. Capt. Fox maneuvered to a position from which he could assess the situation and confer with his platoon leaders. As they departed to execute the plan he had devised, the enemy attacked and Capt. Fox was wounded along with all of the other members of the command group, except the executive officer. Capt. Fox continued to direct the activity of his company. Advancing through heavy enemy fire, he personally neutralized 1 enemy position and calmly ordered an assault against the hostile emplacements. He then moved through the hazardous area coordinating aircraft support with the activities of his men. When his executive officer was mortally wounded, Capt. Fox reorganized the company and directed the fire of his men as they hurled grenades against the enemy and drove the hostile forces into retreat. Wounded again in the final assault, Capt. Fox refused medical attention, established a defensive posture, and supervised the preparation of casualties for medical evacuation. His indomitable courage, inspiring initiative, and unwavering devotion to duty in the face of grave personal danger inspired his marines to such aggressive action that they overcame all enemy resistance and destroyed a large bunker complex. Capt. Fox's heroic actions reflect great credit upon himself and the Marine Corps, and uphold the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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