So in 2015
|Full name||Wesley Barbasa So|
|Country||Philippines (until November 2015)
United States (since November 2015)
October 9, 1993 |
Bacoor, Cavite, Philippines
|FIDE rating||2782 (September 2016)|
|Peak rating||2788 (February 2015)|
|Ranking||No. 7 (July 2016)|
|Peak ranking||No. 7 (February 2015)|
|2010 Guangzhou||Men's Team|
Wesley Barbasa So (born October 9, 1993) is a Filipino chess grandmaster representing the United States. A former chess prodigy, So became the youngest player to pass 2600 Elo rating in October 2008, breaking the record previously held by Magnus Carlsen. In early 2013, So passed 2700 rating and in February 2015 he entered the World top 10 after tying for second place at the 2015 Tata Steel Chess Tournament.
In March 2016, So received the Samford Fellowship, which identifies and assists the best young American chess masters. The fellowship granted So $42,000 to train for and play in top tournaments.
He was aged six when his father taught him to play chess and nine when he began competing in junior tournaments.
As a junior player, So won the Philippines U-10s Championship in 2003. He also competed in various sections of World Youth Chess Championships, finishing 19th in the U-10s in 2003, 13th in the U-12s in 2004 and fourth place in the U-12s in 2005. He also took part in the ASEAN Open U-10s in 2004, securing individual golds in the standard and rapid sections along with team silver medals in the standard and rapid along with winning individual golds in the standard, rapid and blitz sections in the U-12s in 2005.
So took first place at the 2003 Philippine National Chess Championships in the U-10s section.
Rising to elite status
So made his tournament debut at the Nice International Open in August 2005, finishing in sixteenth place (from 159) with 4/7. He also completed three International Master norms in the space of four months, becoming the youngest Filipino to achieve that status after scoring 5/9 at the Dubai Open, 5.5/9 at the San Marino Open and 6.5/11 at the Dato Arthur Tan Malaysia Open. During this period, So made his first Olympiad appearance on second reserve board at the 37th Chess Olympiad held in Turin in 2006.
So's form continued with 5.5/9 at the Calvia Open, his first GM-norm with 7/9 at the Bad Wiessee Open, tying for sixth with 4/8 at the GMA Presidents Cup in Parañaque and ended 2006 by scoring 6/9 at the Singapore Masters. In January 2007, So qualified for the Chess World Cup 2007 via the Zonal tournament held in Phu Quoc, Vietnam, scoring 5.5/9. Between January 2006 and April 2007, So had increased his FIDE rating by 303 points to 2519.
In May 2007, he went on to become National Junior Chess Champion. So got his second GM norm by scoring 7.5/13 at the 2007 World Junior Chess Championship in Yerevan. He achieved his third and final Grandmaster norm in December 8, 2007 at the Pichay Cup International Open (Manila, Philippines), thus becoming the youngest Filipino grandmaster at the age of 14 and the seventh youngest to reach the title.
January 2008 saw So finish fourth with 7/11 at the ASEAN Chess Circuit event held in Tarakan, Indonesia. In April 2008 So shared first place at the Dubai Open, scoring 7/9. He also finished in third place with 7/9 at a blitz tournament held during the rest day. So then defeated Susanto Megaranto 4-2 in a six-game match as part of the JAPFA Chess Festival held in Jakarta, won the "Battle of Grandmasters tournament" with 8½/11 (+6 =5 -0) in Manila, came tenth with 7.5/11 in the Philippines Open followed immediately with second place at the Subic Open with 6.5/9.
In July 2008, So came second with 12.5/17 in a tournament to decide the team for the 2008 38th Chess Olympiad, followed by sharing eighth place at the World Juniors Championship held in Gaziantep, Turkey. He shared second with Zurab Azmaiparashvili scoring 6.5/9 at the Vietnam Open but finished well back at the Arroyo Cup in sixteenth place. During the previous 3-month rating period So completed 69 rated games.
After competing in the Asian Club Cup, So made his first appearance at a major chess tournament by winning the Corus Group C in January 2009, a point ahead of Anish Giri and Tiger Hillarp Persson with a score of 9.5/13, earning a spot in Group B the next year. He scored 5/9 and shared 17th place at the strong Aeroflot Open held in Moscow. He showed his strength against home opposition scoring 9/11 at the Dapitan City Battle of GMs, but found it difficult at the Asian Continental Championships in Subic scoring 6.5/11 and sharing 18th place. So won a seat in the 2009 Chess World Cup by finishing second at the Zonal Championship held in July 2009 in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. After competing in the Chinese Chess League, So shared fourth place at the SPICE Cup Group A with a solid 4.5/10.
At the age of 16, So became one of the stories of the 2009 Chess World Cup held in Khanty-Mansiysk after progressing to the fourth round before being knocked out by Vladimir Malakhov after rapid tiebreaks. He defeated Gadir Guseinov after rapid tiebreaks then defeated the experienced Vassily Ivanchuk and Gata Kamsky. This was followed by sharing fourth place at the Corus Chess Group B in early 2010 with Erwin l'Ami scoring 7.5/13 and sharing seventh place with 5.5/9 at the Aeroflot Open. Sharing second place with 6.5/9 at the Asian Continental Championships in April earned him a spot in the Chess World Cup 2011 and he secured a second Philippine Chess Championship.
As So's playing strength and rating increased, so did the number of invites to high-level events. So initially led the strong Biel tournament before drifting back to share fifth place with 4.5/9. Three weeks later, So held his own in the last NH "Experience vs Rising Stars" Match (played under Scheveningen match rules) scoring 4.5/10 for the "Rising Stars" team. So took part in the 39th Chess Olympiad and placed fourth, scoring 5.5/10 at the 2010 SPICE Cup, before the Asian Games.
So tied for fourth place at Tata Steel (formerly Corus) Group B but withdrew from the Aeroflot Open, held soon after, citing exhaustion from the previous event. In July 2011 he won the Philippine Chess Championship for a third time. So's rating would hover over the coming year with a solid performance at the strong AAI International Tournament in New Delhi among performances typical for his rating.
In August 2012, So began full-time study at Webster University in St. Louis in the Susan Polgar Institute of Chess Excellence (SPICE), founded by former women's world champion Susan Polgar. In September 2012, So found success in first place at the Quebec International, scoring 7.5/9, half a point ahead of Lazaro Bruzon and at the 40th Chess Olympiad drew against numerous top-level players including Levon Aronian, who described So as a "talented player from a country with a great chess culture".
So came second in the Zonal 3.3 Championship in Tagaytay, Philippines earning a place in the Chess World Cup 2013 and shared first place with Pavel Eljanov and Bassem Amin at the Reykjavik Open. In doing so he breached the 2700 Elo mark, considered to be the level of an elite player and placed him 50th in the World. So won also gold at the 2013 Summer Universiade in Kazan, Russia, the first such medal for the Philippines, after a play off match with Zaven Andriasian. After defeating Alexander Ipatov in the first round of the Chess World Cup, he was knocked out by eventual semi-finalist Evgeny Tomashevsky. In October 2013, So won the Unive Crown Group scoring 4.5/6.
So tied for fourth with Fabiano Caruana and Lenier Dominguez at the 2014 Tata Steel Chess Tournament Group A scoring 6/11. He also won the 49th Capablanca Memorial tournament, held in Havana, a point clear of Lazaro Bruzon, soon after winning the ACP Golden Classic tournament in Bergamo, Italy with a score of 4.5/6, a point ahead of Baadur Jobava. This string of tournaments propelled So to 12th in the FIDE World Rankings.
Federation change, chess professional
So's transfer to the United States Chess Federation was confirmed in the November 2014 rating list. Soon after, he left Webster University to focus full-time on chess. He moved to Minnetonka, Minnesota to live with his adoptive parents, Lotis Key and her husband, Renato Kabigting, both chess enthusiasts.
He won the Millionaire Chess Tournament held in Las Vegas in October 2014 scoring 8.5/13 and shared second place at the Tata Steel Masters in January 2015. In June 2015, in the Dortmund Sparkassen Chess Tournament, he came in second, behind the winner Fabiano Caruana.
In November 2015, So won the 2015 Bilbao Chess Masters Final tournament. He defeated Grandmaster Ding Liren in Round 1, drew the remaining 5 games, and won in the tiebreaks against Grandmaster Anish Giri.
In August 2016, So finished clear first at the 2016 Sinquefield Cup, ahead of former World Champions Viswanathan Anand and Veselin Topalov, 2014 winner Fabiano Caruana, and 2015 winner Levon Aronian. He won 2 games and drew 7 games (+2-0=7).
International team results
So has competed in four Chess Olympiads (representing the Philippines), making his debut at 12 years old at the Turin Olympiad in 2006:
Event Board Individual result Team result Olympiad, Turin 2006 Second Reserve 3/5 44th World Youth U16 Olympiad, Singapore 2007 First 9.5/10 (Gold) Bronze World Youth U16 Olympiad, Mersin 2008 First 9/10 (Gold) Bronze Olympiad, Dresden 2008 Second 7/10 (11th) 46th Olympiad, Khanty-Mansiysk 2010 First 6.5/10 (27th) 50th Asian Games, Guangzhou 2010 First 5/8 Silver Olympiad, Istanbul 2012 First 6.5/11 (16th) 21st
|This section uses algebraic notation to describe chess moves.|
"The young lad...would sacrifice a queen or any other pieces in his arsenal to get a winning attack....He cannot afford decent training given by well known GM-coaches and has to rely on his pure talent...before competing."
So commented during an interview with Alina l'Ami in 2009:
During So's tournament victory at Bad Wiessee in 2006, he earned a creativity award in the Russian magazine e3e5 for the following game, where he won in spectacular fashion:
1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 Be7 5. e5 Nfd7 6. Bxe7 Qxe7 7. f4 a6 8. Nf3 b6 9. Qd2 c5 10. Nd1 O-O 11. c3 f6 12. Bd3 a5 13. O-O Ba6 14. exf6 Qxf6 15. Ng5 g6 16. Ne3 h5 17. Rae1 Bxd3 18. Qxd3 cxd4 (see diagram) 19. Nxe6 Qxe6 20. Nxd5 Qf7 21. Re7 Qf5 22. Qxd4 Nf6 23. Re5 Qd7 24. Qd3 Nxd5 25. Qxg6 Qg7 26. Qe6+ Qf7 27. Qh6 Qf6 28. Rg5+ Kf7 29. Qh7+ Ke8 30. Rxd5 1-0
- von Keitz, Michael (12 February 2013). "Carlsen's Conquests – at 22 he has broken all records". ChessBase News. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- "2016 Samford Fellowship Awarded to Grandmaster Wesley So - US Chess". US Chess. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
- Brilliant Wesley So tops tough Dubai Open INQUIRER.net Published 16 April 2008
- WYCC Boys U10s 2003 Chess-results Accessed 18 September 2014
- WYCC Boys U12s 2004 Chess-results Accessed 18 September 2014
- WYCC Boys U12s 2005 Chess-results Accessed 18 September 2014
- Interview with Wesley So Online Chess Lessons Accessed 19 September
- "12 Open d'Ete de Nice - France". World Chess Federation. Retrieved 25 December 2015.
- Wesley So wins Dubai Open Chessbase Published 17 April 2008
- World Youngest Grandmaster, Filipino Wesley So, 14, Wins Dubai Open FIDE published 6 April 2008
- Wijk R13: Sergey Karjakin wins Wijk aan Zee 2009 Chessbase Accessed 21 September 2014
- Aeroflot Chess: So bags top junior award GMA Network Published 26 February 2009
- Filipinos Conquer Zonal 3.3 Championship Chessdom Published 30 July 2009
- World Cup R4: Youngsters out, experience rules Chessbase Published 2 December 2009
- Biel: Three players share first, tiebreaks on Thursday Chessbase Published 29 July 2010
- NH Chess Tournament 2010 The Week In Chess Published 22 August 2010
- Pinoy grandmaster So withdraws from Moscow tilt GMA Network Published 14 February 2011
- Wesley So Wins Philippines National Chess Championship Chessdom Published 27 July 2011
- Wesley So arriving at Webster University Susan Polgar blog
- Interview with Levon Aronian (video) Chessdom Published 31 August 2012
- So bags first-ever PH gold in Universiade Inquirer Sports Published 16 July 2013
- Unive Crown Group and Open 2013 The Week In Chess Published 26 October 2013
- Aronian Wins Tata Steel Chess 2014; Wesley So @ 6th place overall PhilBoxing.com (Jose Jereos Jr) Published 28 January 2014
- Tata 11: Giri and Timman take silver Chessbase Published 26 January 2014
- Wesley So with 2826 performance in Cuba ChessBase Published 20 May 2014
- ACP Golden Classic: Wesley So is the winner Chessbase Published 20 June 2014
- FIDE confirms So's transfer to USCF Manila Times Published 30 October 2014
- FIDE Player transfers FIDE website
- "Wesley So leaves Polgar, turns pro". Rappler. Ignacio Dee. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
- "One of the world's top chess players makes his move – to Minnetonka". Star Tribune. March 25, 2015.
- "Carlsen wins Wijk Masters, Wei Yi wins B". ChessBase. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- Men's Chess Olympiads – Wesley So Olimpbase Accessed 23 September 2014
- Cardoso, Rodolfo Tan (2007-12-10). World's Youngest GM – GM Wesley So, age 14. ChessBase (Rodolfo Tan Cardoso), 10 December 2007. Retrieved from http://www.chessbase.com/newsdetail.asp?newsid=4313.
- Close-Up: Wesley So! alinalami.com Published 21 June 2011
- Games Of The Month e3e5.com Published 18 December 2006
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