West Australian Ballet

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West Australian Ballet or WAB is the State ballet company of Western Australia and is based in Perth at the Western Australian Ballet Centre in Maylands[2]

The company was founded in 1952 by Madame Kira Bousloff (formerly of the Ballets Russes)[3] and is one of the oldest ballet companies in Australia. Artistic directors have included Garth Welch (1979–83) and Ivan Cavallari (2007–12). The current Artistic Director is Belgian Aurelien Scannella. Choreographers who have produced dances for the Ballet include: Stephen Baynes, Adrian Burnett, Gideon Obarzanek, Stephen Page and Natalie Weir, Jacqui Carroll, Chrissie Parrott and Garth Welch.[3]

The company has a creative partnership with the West Australian Symphony Orchestra.[4] At present the company consists of 32 full-time dancers and 8 'Young Artists' (a full-time year-long development programme), structured since 2014 with Principal Dancers, Soloists, Demi-soloists and Corps de Ballet.[5] WAB performs three to four major seasons in Perth a year, one at The Quarry Amphitheatre in City Beach[6] the others usually at the performance home of His Majesty's Theatre, Perth[4] (although Burswood Theatre and Regal Theatre have also played hosts). They also offer regional touring throughout Western Australia, choreographic workshops, and extensive education programme and other community activities.[7]

Early Days[edit]

Madame Kira Bousloff, a ballerina with the Ballet Russes, had travelled with the company to the east coast of Australia in 1938. She settled in Melbourne after her commitment to the Ballet Russes was complete, later moving to Perth with her second husband, composer James Penberthy. She fell in love with the city, declaring that the beautiful coastline reminded her of the French Riveria and later stated "When I came to the airport in little Perth at the end of the world, I put my feet on the ground, I looked around and I said loudly and strongly, 'This is where I'm going to live, and this is where I'm going to die ... this is my place'".[8]

She put together a corps de ballet and choreographed sequences for Perth Metropolitan Operatic Society's production of The Gypsy Baron (conducted by Penberthy), and the following year held an open meeting of dancers and teachers to discuss establishing a major ballet company. Response was good, but there were no finances to support the venture until Eric Edgley, who ran His Majesty's Theatre as a private commercial enterprise, put up 400 pounds for the first production.[8]

During the first 15 years of the company, Madame Bousloff presided as Artistic Director, battling against financial constraints. Access to funds with inconsistent, and dancers sometimes performed without being paid. It was not until 1968–1970 when professional dancers, administrative staff and permanent headquarters were put into place. To begin with, rehearsals were held at Perth Boys' School (now Perth Institute of Contemporary Art) before moving to Perth Rowing Club, and then the first floor of the Grand Theatre (corner of Murray and Barracks Street) in 1955. In 1968, they transferred in King Street.[8]

In the early days of West Australian Ballet Madame Kira Bousloff was assisted by her Russian friend Madame Nadine Wulffius who also was briefly President of the Ballet company before Mr. Edwards. Margita Chudziak interviewed Madame Nadine in 1986. Madame Nadine shares about those early days.[8]

...My first encounter with the WA Ballet Company was very early in 1953 the year I arrived in Perth. Perth was at this time a very distant and sleepy town with out the cultural life that we were used to in Europe. There was no permanent Theatre. There was no permanent Musical Society or other such cultural and artistic organisations. When in November my relations told me that there was a Western Australian Ballet Company and they were to have a performance I was very surprised. I certainly had to go. It was on 15th November 1953. I went to His Majesty's Theatre and there was the performance. It was called Graduation Ball and in it were some gypsy dancers and scenes. I was very surprised to find in Graduation Ball and some other selected small numbers great similarity to the kind of Ballet-style I was used to in Europe. The similarity of the choreography of this school to my own school was because the choreographer Mrs Bousloff had been taught by the same teacher as me, Olga Preobrasjenska. Mrs Bousloff was firstly taught by Olga after I had finished being taught by her. So the age difference between us was very large. [Madame Nadine was 16 years older than Madame Kira]. I was pleased to learn this about Mrs Bousloff and wanted to get acquainted with her. After a while I did go and make her acquaintance and we became friends.[8]

I did not give regular lessons at her studio, but I helped her with advice and with the corrections of her productions. By the way she was an excellent producer. And the first one I worked with her on was Cinderella and the music was by James Penberthy...It was not a very big company but it was big enough to put on small ballets....We worked slowly with performances but the Company was not officially registered. It took us a few years until the Company became registered, which was in 1957 [the WAB website mentions 1959 as the year[3]]. During this time the Company didn't have many performances because there was no government subsidy and all our dancers were working without a salary...[8]

1970s and 1980s[edit]

In 1969, Rex Reidtook over as Artistic Director as the company became firmly established as the State ballet company. In 1970, moving to North Fremantle Town Hall, where they remained until 1980, nine dancers received full-time contracts. In the same year company also went on its first international tour to New Guinea. Luis Moreno succeeded Reid as artistic director in 1973, followed by Robin Haigin 1977, Garth Welch in 1979 and Barry Moreland in 1983. Moreland went on to remain in the position for 15 years.[3]

Although the company continued to develop both its repertoire and technical and performance standards for the dancers, as well as enjoying many successes, the financial strains on the company also continued to grow. At times during the 1980s, there were doubts as to whether the company could continue.[3][9]

Despite this, in 1986 and agreement between the State Government and the Australian Broadcasting Corporation secured the orchestral services of The West Australian Symphony Orchestra for performances, a collaborative relationship that continues today. In 1980 the company moved to the newly refurbished His Majesty's Theatre which remained its performance, rehearsal and administrative home until 2012 when rehearsals and administration were moved to the West Australian Ballet Centre. In 1981, Garth Welch's world premiere of Peter Pan gave West Australian Ballet its very first sell-out season.[3][9]

1990s – current[edit]

In 1990 the company established an official national and international touring programme. Early tours included China, Japan and the Philippines, and since then has continue to tour in South-East Asia and extensively within Australia. Moreland's time as Artistic Director heralded the beginning of a series of high profile collaborations including acclaimed visual artist Charles Blackman and choreographer Chrissie Parrott.[9]

Ted Brandsen took the helm as Artistic Director in 1998, and won the Australian Dance Award for choreography in 2000 for his Carmen which was later recorded and sold by ABC television. Artistic Director Judy Maelor-Thomas was appointed in 2001, followed by Simon Dow in 2003. That same year, WAB performed it first 'Ballet at the Quarry' season, set in an outdoor amphitheatre. This season has become a staple of the company's repertoire.[3]

In 2007 Ivan Cavallari was appointed Artistic Director and efforts started to be made to greatly increase the facilities and size of the company. By 2012 West Australian Ballet had achieved its' aim, moving into a new state of the art facility (West Australian Ballet Centre) and increasing the company from 19 full-time dancers to 32, enabling it to perform the best of classical repertoire including the highly acclaimed Onegin (2013). Other major productions included Marcia Haydee's The Sleeping Beauty (marking WAB's debut at The Burswood Theatre and boasting a cast of over 80), Gala (with guest Principal Artists from The Royal Ballet, Stuttgart Ballet and The Australian Ballet) and John Cranko's The Taming of the Shrew.[9]

In 2013, Cavallari left to return to Europe and Aurelien Scannella was appointed the new Artistic Director, his first year of programming beginning in 2014.[3][9]

In 2016 WAB will premiere a brand new traditional production of The Nutrcacker choreographed by Principal Dancer Jayne Smeulders CitWA, Sandy Delasalle-Scanella, and Aurelien Scannella with design by Charles Cusick Smith and Phil R Daniels.[10]

West Australian Ballet Centre[edit]

In April 2012, during WAB's 60 year celebrations, the company moved all operations and rehearsals to the West Australian Ballet Centre, a custom designed facility in Maylands, Western Australia. The Forrest Building, a heritage listed building, is owned by the City of Bayswater and leased long-term to the company.[3]

The history of the building dates back to 1897 when the Victoria Institute and Industrial School for the Blind was developed as part of the celebrations for the 60th year of Queen Victoria's reign. The institute originally consisted of a complex of buildings which included a factory, workshops and residential facilities. The Federation Warehouse style of architecture, characterised by its hipped galvanized iron roof and protruding brick piers and plinths, can still be seen on the Sixth Avenue side of the building. The institute was officially opened in 1900 and was the only purpose designed and built centre of its kind in Western Australia.[11]

The institute derived income from chair caning, mat and brush making but was heavily reliant on public donations and government grants. After the First World War, production increased and the centre proved to be a significant place of assistance for service men that had lost their sight during the war. In 1923, production expanded to include basket making and sea grass furniture. The building was renamed the West Australian Institute and Industrial School for the Blind, but by 1936 was faced with severe overcrowding and workers started refusing to work in the harsh conditions.[11]

To rectify the situation, in 1937 the Lotteries Commission and West Australian Government contributed to the expansion of the building – adding to and encompassing the existing infrastructure to create the L-shape which remains today. The style of Inter-War Stripped Classical (with Art Deco influences) is seen on the front, Whatley Crescent, face of the centre.[11]

During World War Two, the institute was again affected, with workers supporting the war effort by working 10 days for 9 days' pay and producing nets and baskets for the military. In 1948, Helen Keller visited and was appalled by the industrial conditions in which the blind children were being educated, leading to significant changes. By the 1960s a new residential building was started and the ground level was converted into a showroom for the goods. In 1967, the centre was granted a Royal Charter and became the Royal WA Institute for the Blind. "Cane City" the mat shop and retail store was closed in 1989 when it could no longer compete with cheap imports.[11]

In 2001, the institute amalgamated with the WA Deafblind Association to form the Senses Foundation and in 2004 it was decided to close the institute and sell the premises. The building remained unoccupied, except for squatters, for several years before West Australian Ballet decided it would make the ideal location. Under careful guidance of architect Catherine Watts from Sandover Pinder, and led by construction manager Probuild, the new centre was carved out of the building – maintaining as much of the heritage elements and art deco flourishes as possible. The existence of the ballet centre is owed to the generous support of the building industry, State and local government, and corporate and private donors.[11]

The building now includes three dance studios on level 1, The Wesfarmers Salle, The Michael John Maynard Wright Salle and Friends of WAB Salle. Also upstairs is the Green Room, Shoe Storeroom, Male and Female change rooms and Physio/Pilates room. The Wesfarmers Salle (or Studio 1) is the largest of the three and has the facilities to host intimate performances seating approximately 120 persons. The ground levels consists of the administration offices, production offices, wardrobe department and foyer/entertaining areas. The facilities are available for hire and since opening has played hosts to weddings, fashion shows, corporate events, musical show rehearsals, dance exams, television and theatre auditions, and board meetings.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "West Australian Ballet - Welcome to Season 2016". waballet.com.au. Retrieved 2016-02-10. 
  2. ^ "West Australian Ballet | Contact WA Ballet". waballet.com.au. Retrieved 2016-02-10. .
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "West Australian Ballet | Our Story". waballet.com.au. Retrieved 2016-02-10. 
  4. ^ a b "West Australian Ballet | Welcome to Season 2016". waballet.com.au. Retrieved 2016-02-10. 
  5. ^ "West Australian Ballet | Dancers". waballet.com.au. Retrieved 2016-02-10. 
  6. ^ "West Australian Ballet | Five by Night: Ballet at the Quarry". waballet.com.au. Retrieved 2016-02-10. ,
  7. ^ "West Australian Ballet | For Ballet Students". waballet.com.au. Retrieved 2016-02-10. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f Wulffius, Nadine; Chudzidk, Margita (1986-01-01), Interview with Nadine Wulffius, retrieved 2016-02-10 
  9. ^ a b c d e "West Australian Ballet | Publications". waballet.com.au. Retrieved 2016-02-10. 
  10. ^ "West Australian Ballet | The Nutcracker". waballet.com.au. Retrieved 2016-02-10. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f "West Australian Ballet | West Australian Ballet | History". waballet.com.au. Retrieved 2016-02-10. 

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