West Bali National Park

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West Bali National Park
Taman Nasional Bali Barat
IUCN category II (national park)
Bali Barat NP 2009.jpg
Map showing the location of West Bali National Park
Map showing the location of West Bali National Park
West Bali NP
Location of West Bali NP
Location Buleleng, Bali, Indonesia
Coordinates 8°8′S 114°29′E / 8.133°S 114.483°E / -8.133; 114.483Coordinates: 8°8′S 114°29′E / 8.133°S 114.483°E / -8.133; 114.483
Area 190.02 km2
Established 1995
Visitors 5,592 (in 2007[1])
Governing body Ministry of Environment and Forestry

West Bali National Park (Indonesian: Taman Nasional Bali Barat) is a national park located in Buleleng Regency, Bali, Indonesia. The park covers around 190 square kilometres (73 sq mi), of which are 158 square kilometres (61 sq mi) land and the remainder is sea.[2] This is approximately 3% of Bali's total land area. To the north, it includes a 1,000-metre (3,300 ft) long beach, reef and islets. A seaport at Gilimanuk is west of the park, and the village of Goris is to the east. The National Park can be reached by roads from Gilimanuk and Singaraja, or by using ferries from Ketapang, East Java.

There are several habitats in the national park, a savanna, mangroves, montane and mixed-monsoon forests, and coral islands.[3] The center of the park is dominated by remnants of four volcanic mountains from Pleistocene era, with Gunung Patas at 1,412 metres (4,633 ft) its highest elevation.

Flora and fauna[edit]

The National Park is the last stronghold of the endangered Bali myna

Some 160 species can be found inside the park, including the banteng, barn swallow, black-naped oriole, black racket-tailed treepie, crested serpent-eagle, crested treeswift, dollarbird, hawksbill turtle, Indian muntjac, Java sparrow, Javan lutung, large flying fox, leopard cat, lesser adjutant, long-tailed shrike, milky stork, Pacific swallow, red-rumped swallow, rusa deer, sacred kingfisher, savanna nightjar, stork-billed kingfisher, water monitor, wild boar, yellow-vented bulbul and the critically endangered Bali myna.

In June 2011, West Bali National Park received 40 Bali mynas released from Surabaya Zoo and 20 from Taman Safari Indonesia.[4]

There are several endangered flora species in this national park, such as: Pterospermum diversifolium, Antidesma bunius, Lagerstroemia speciosa, Steleochocarpus burahol, Santalum album, Aleurites moluccanus, Sterculia foetida, Schleichera oleosa, Dipterocarpus hasseltii, Garcinia dulcis, Alstonia scholaris, Manilkara kauki, Dalbergia latifolia and Cassia fistula.

Extinct[edit]

A Balinese tiger which was killed by M. Zanveld, in 1920s.
  • The last Bali tigers were positively recorded in western Bali in the 1930s.[5]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Forestry statistics of Indonesia 2007, retrieved 20 May 2010
  2. ^ "Tentang Kami « Taman Nasional Bali Barat (Bali Barat National Park) – Taman Rekreasi, Jalak Bali, Penelitian, Pariwisata". Tnbalibarat.com. Retrieved 2013-07-12.
  3. ^ Ministry of Forestry: Bali Barat National Park, retrieved 13 October 2010
  4. ^ "Surabaya zoo releases 40 endangered birds into Bali national park", Waspada Online, 18 June 2011
  5. ^ Jackson, P. & Nowell, K. (2008). "Panthera tigris ssp. balica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature.

External links[edit]