West Bend, Wisconsin
|West Bend, Wisconsin|
Aerial view of downtown
Location of West Bend within Wisconsin.
|• Mayor||Kraig Sadownikow|
|• Total||14.72 sq mi (38.12 km2)|
|• Land||14.57 sq mi (37.74 km2)|
|• Water||0.15 sq mi (0.39 km2)|
|Elevation||932 ft (284 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||31,540|
|• Density||2,133.0/sq mi (823.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Recreation and tourism
- 6 Government
- 7 Education
- 8 Media
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Notable people
- 11 Sister cities
- 12 References
- 13 External links
In 1845, the Wisconsin Territorial Legislature authorized the building of a road to connect Fond du Lac and Milwaukee. Byron Kilbourn, one of the highway commissioners, and Jasper Vliet, a surveyor, were put in charge of determining the route the road would take and of identifying a good halfway point for travelers. The path they chose is now U.S. Route 45 and the rest stop is present-day West Bend. Because many people used the resting place, it evolved into a popular area. The Milwaukee River running through the town eventually played a major role in the city's history. It was because of the western bend in the river that West Bend got its name. The river also produced enough energy to power saw mills and gristmills. Early buildings included Holy Angels Catholic Church, built in 1852 at the corner of Hickory and 7th. In 1866 this building was converted into a school, and a new church was built at Elm and 7th under the direction of Reverend Johann Baptist Reindl (1827–1891); the building is now Trinity Lutheran Church. The railroad arrived in 1873, bringing with it more settlers and industrialization. At this time, West Bend saw a growth spurt, and in 1885 the city officially became an incorporated Wisconsin community.
The Village of Barton
In 1845 early settler Barton Salisbury, while on a surveying trip up the Milwaukee River, found a rapids that he believed would be a good source of power for a sawmill. He built a log hut on the west side of the river and the village of Barton was born. On November 1, 1961, the city of West Bend annexed the Village of Barton.
April 4, 1981 tornado
In 2009, a controversy arose after a local couple complained to the West Bend Community Memorial Library about the presence of "sexually explicit books" and "books for youth on homosexuality" in the young adult section of the library. A petition called on the library to label the identified books as explicit, move them to the adult section of the library, install Internet content filters on the library's computers, and "adopt a policy to attain balance in the viewpoints of selections (both affirming and opposing) that the libraries carry in issues sufficiently controversial within the West Bend community (i.e. homosexuality). Specifically, we request faith-based and/or ex-gay books affirming traditional heterosexual perspectives be added to the library."
The West Bend Common Council refused to reappoint four library trustees whose terms were ending. One councilman complained that the library board was stonewalling the complaint, while another asserted that the library trustees were not serving the interests of the community “with their ideology.” The council's actions were widely criticized, and local citizens unsuccessfully sought to have the vote rescinded. After a public hearing on the petition in June 2009, the library board voted to reject any restrictions on young adults' access to books in the library.
Four Wisconsin men belonging to the Christian Civil Liberties Union filed a claim against the West Bend library, asking for $30,000 apiece for "emotional distress," and that Francesca Lia Block's book Baby Be-Bop be "burned or destroyed."
The Washington County Historical Society operates four distinct museums located in West Bend. Buildings and sites that have been deemed historic by official bodies include:
- Old Courthouse Museum
- Old Sheriff’s Residence and Jail
- West Bend Company/Regal Ware Museum
- Father Rehrl’s Rectory at St. Agnes Historic Site
- St. Peter's Church
Downtown West Bend has a movie theater which originally opened in 1929. The theater was last renovated in 1992 to house a total of three movie screens. The theater was closed and listed for sale in January 2012, with a purchase occurring in May 2012. The theater has not been re-opened for any purpose.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.72 square miles (38.12 km2), of which, 14.57 square miles (37.74 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.39 km2) is water.
The average temperature in West Bend ranges from a high of 81 °F (July) to a low average temperature of 11 °F (January). Record high and low temperatures are 107 °F and -30 °F, respectively. The average annual rainfall is 31.4 inches. The average annual snow measures 45.6 inches.
As of the census of 2010, there were 31,078 people, 12,769 households, and 8,250 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,133.0 inhabitants per square mile (823.6/km2). There were 13,546 housing units at an average density of 929.7 per square mile (359.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.8% White, 1.0% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 1.4% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.9% of the population.
There were 12,769 households of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.4% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.96.
The median age in the city was 37 years. 24.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.9% were from 25 to 44; 24.3% were from 45 to 64; and 14.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.
Although many current residents of West Bend work in neighboring communities, the city's economy has been historically based in manufacturing and financial services. West Bend Mutual Insurance Company was founded in the city in 1894 and West Bend Savings Bank (now Westbury Bank) in 1926. The West Bend Aluminum Company (later the West Bend Company) was founded in 1911 by Bernhardt C. Ziegler, and remained in West Bend until 2003. Ziegler had previously founded the securities brokerage company B.C. Ziegler & Co. in 1902. In 1915 Robert H. Rolfs founded Amity Leather in downtown West Bend, which eventually became the world's largest manufacturer of leather billfolds. Amity leather left the city in 1996. The strong economy in West Bend in the 1930s led Ripley's Believe it or Not to claim that West Bend was the only city in the United States that did not enter the Great Depression. In 1949, the printing company Serigraph, Inc. was founded in a garage in West Bend and went on to employ people all over the world. The Gehl Company is also located in West Bend.
The Army National Guard operates an armory near the airport, at 125 Chopper Drive, West Bend.
Recreation and tourism
A paved riverwalk snakes through the city along the banks of the Milwaukee River. The Eisenbahn State Trail, a Rails to Trails project, has added another trail for walking, running, biking, and roller skating. The 1,000-mile National Ice Age Trail crosses through West Bend. West Bend also has over 1,200 acres of parks and green space.
Just north of downtown is Regner Park, which offers a wooded area for hiking, a baseball diamond, a community swimming pond with a beach, a fishing pond, and several softball and soccer fields. On the southeast side of the city is Quaas Creek Park, home to the Roman "Doc" Gonring Athletic Complex and Quaas Creek Trail. This facility includes scenic bike/pedestrian trails, a canoe launch, three softball fields with two concession stands, and a children's play area. Lac Lawrann Conservancy, offers a 137-acre nature preserve and 5 miles of trails.
A farmers' market is held in Downtown West Bend on Saturday mornings from May through October each year. The market is one of the largest in Southeastern Wisconsin. It includes entertainment from various sources and boasts over 65 vendors, selling produce, fruits, meats, eggs, maple syrup, bakery items, spices, soaps, herbal products, prepared foods and more. It was listed as a favorite farmers' market in Vogue magazine.
Entertainment on Thursday nights in the summer is provided by Music on Main. The street in Downtown West Bend is closed to traffic and a different band takes the stage at Old Settler's Park each week. One local restaurant is designated each week to provide food and beverages for purchase.
Maxwell Street Days and German Fest are two summer events held in the downtown. Riverfest (formerly Seafood Fest) is held every year at Regner Park on the first weekend in June. A more recent annual event in Riverside Park is JazzFest.
West Bend has been branded the “Geocaching Capital of the Midwest™,“ boasting over 1,200 caches within a 10-mile radius of the city. An annual "Cache Ba$h" has been sponsored by the West Bend Area Chamber of Commerce since 2008.
A holiday light show, Enchantment in the Park, was moved to Regner Park in West Bend in 2012 (previously it was hosted at the Washington County Fair Park). The event accepts donations to support local food pantries. The event also includes an opportunity to visit Santa and ice skating on the pond at Regner Park.
The Washington County Fair Park and Conference Center is located five miles south of the city. Numerous events are held throughout the year, including the Washington County Fair. The facility was built in 1999 and has a 24,000 sq. ft. pavilion, Agricultural and Equestrian Complexes and theater entertainment areas.
The city is served by the West Bend School District. The public schools in the district include six elementary schools, two middle schools, and two high schools.
A public charter school (Pathways) was created, which will serve grades 7-10 in the 2014-2015 school year. The school will continue to add a grade level each year until becoming a school serving grades 7-12, beginning with the 2016-2017 school year.
The two high schools, West Bend East and West Bend West, are housed in a single building. The schools share facilities, but are operated as independent schools. Each school has its own sports teams and mascot.
The district also operates an alternative school, the West Bend Online Learning Academy.
There are also a number of private schools.
West Bend has a country music station, WBWI (92.5 FM) and a news/talk station, WBKV (1470 AM). The official newspaper of the City of West Bend is the West Bend Daily News. The West Bend Booster is an independent, family-owned newspaper covering the area and has an office in West Bend.
- William Arnemann, Wisconsin State Assemblyperson
- Samuel S. Barney, judge
- Mathias J. Berres, farmer and Wisconsin State Assemblyperson
- Bill B. Bruhy, Wisconsin State Assemblyperson
- Ward Christensen, computer scientist
- James Davison, Wisconsin State Assemblyman
- John DeMerit, baseball player
- Leander F. Frisby, lawyer
- Kenneth William Haebig, Wisconsin State Assemblyperson
- Fred H. Hildebrandt, U.S. Representative
- Theodore Holtebeck, Wisconsin State Assemblyperson
- George F. Hunt, Wisconsin State Senator and physician
- Ken Jungels, baseball player
- Florian Lampert, U.S. Representative
- Scott May, baseball player
- Stephen M. Mayer, Wisconsin State Senator
- Willie Mueller, baseball player
- Andrew P. O'Meara, United States Army officer
- B. S. Potter, Wisconsin State Assemblyperson
- Ryan Rohlinger, baseball player
- John W. Salter, Wisconsin State Assemblyperson
- Frederick C. Schroeder, Wisconsin State Assemblyperson
- Dick Smith, software engineer and computer consultant
- Dave Steckel, hockey player
- Patricia Strachota, Wisconsin State Assemblyperson
- Frank Weddig, Colorado State Legislator
- Viola S. Wendt, poet
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
- "West Bend (city), Wisconsin". United States Census Bureau. quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- "Community". West Bend Area Chamber. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- Heming, Harry Hooper. 1899. Geschichte der Katolische Kirche in Wisconsin. Authentische Geschichte der Katholischen Kirche in Wisconsin von frühester Zeit bis zur Gegenwart. Milwaukee: Catholic Historical Publishing Co., p. 954.
- Holy Angels Parish: The Church.
- A Short History of West Bend, city website
- "6 Are Killed and 100 Hurt in Tornado in Wisconsin". New York Times. 5 April 1981. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
- Maziarkas' February 2009 Letters to West Bend Library
- Handout, West Bend Community Library
- Petition to West Bend Library Board
- Four Tossed Off Library Board, West Bend Daily News, April 22, 2009
- Zimmer, Michael. "Update on West Bend Library Controversy: Board Members Removed, ALA and Free Speech Groups Object". University of Wisconsin Milwaukee. UWM Digital Commons. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- Dismissal of Wisconsin Board Members Draws National CensureAmerican Libraries May 4, 2009
- Vote on Library Board Stands West Bend Daily News May 19, 2009
- West Bend City Council Fails to Reinstate Library Board Members, School Library Journal, May 20, 2009
- Library board rejects restrictions, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, June 2, 2009.
- Library Board Will Stay the Course West Bend Daily News June 3, 2009
- "Books Challenged or Banned in 2009-2010". www.ila.org. Illinois Library Association. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
- Library fight riles up city, leads to book-burning demand, CNN.com, July 22, 2009
- Library Book Riles Small Wisconsin Town, ABCNews.com, June 19, 2009
- A teen book burns at the stake, Salon.com, June 16, 2009
- "Hours & Fees". Washington County Historical Society. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- "West Bend Cinema Brewhaus". Cinema Treasures. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- "Property Detail". Coldwell Banker. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- "Average Weather for West Bend". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
- "Climate in West Bend, WI". Sperling's Best Places. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- West Bend Mutual Insurance Co. website
- Manta.com on West Bend Savings Bank
- West Bend Company website
- From Billfold Empire to Affordable Palace: Amity Leather Products Factory, West Bend, Wisconsin
- Serigraph History
- Gehl Company website
- Eisenbahn State Trail
- Quaas Creek Trail
- "Events". Downtown West Bend. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- Bernier, Brian (9 August 2014). "In search of 'real food' at local markets". Herald Times. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- Frank, Alex (1 August 2014). "Vogue Staffers Pick Their Favorite Farmers' Markets". Vogue. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- German, Peter. "The Inaugural Riverfest 2014 was a success!". Rotary Club of West Bend. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- "West Bend $1000 Cache Ba$h 2014". www.geocaching.com. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- Flanigan, Kathy (7 November 2011). "Hit the lights for Enchantment Park this month". Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- "West Bend's "Enchantment in the Park" provides holiday entertainment and support for local food pantries". Scene. 1 December 2013. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- Schumacher, Mary (22 July 2014). "Museum of Wisconsin Art creates international residency in Luxembourg". Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- Foran, Chris (22 July 2014). "ZZ Top cancels Washington County Fair show". Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- http://events.jsonline.com/west_bend_wi/venues/show/678423-washington-county-fair-park. Retrieved 21 August 2014. Missing or empty
- "West Bend Municipal Code Section 2" (PDF). Retrieved 18 July 2014.
- "Organizational Meeting Minutes April 15, 2014". Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- . The Booster http://www.booster-ads.com/pages/publication_contactus. Retrieved 21 August 2014. Missing or empty
- "Airport Master Record". AirportIQ. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
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