West Bengal Civil Service

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West Bengal Civil Service
পশ্চিমবঙ্গ জনপালন সেবা
Service overview
Founded1950; 71 years ago (1950)[1]
Staff college
  • Administrative Training Institute, Salt Lake, Sector-III, Kolkata (Executive)
  • Swami Vivekanada State Police Academy, Barackpore (Police)
Cadre controlling authorityDepartment of Home and Hill Affairs
Minister responsibleMamata Banerjee, Chief Minister of West Bengal and Home Minister
Legal personalityGovernmental; Civil Service
DutiesPolicy formulation
Policy implementation
Public administration
Bureaucratic governance
Secretarial assistance
Cadre strength1646 members (Group-A) (2019)[2]
454 members (Group-B)[3]
SelectionWest Bengal Public Service Commission (WBPSC)
Success Rate0.5%
Head of the civil services
Chief SecretaryShri Alapan Bandyopadhyay, IAS[4]

West Bengal Civil Service (Executive), popularly known as W.B.C.S.(Exe.), is the civil service of the Indian state of West Bengal. For the WBCS (Exe) and other comparative posts, Public Service Commission of West Bengal arranges competitive examinations every year in three phases every year. These phases are Preliminary, Mains and Personality Test.

WBCS Exams[edit]

Exam Phase Paper Time Subject Question Type Total Marks
Preliminary Exams 1 paper (qualifying) 2½ hrs. General Studies (8 topics including Reasoning, English language, History, Geography, Current Affairs, General Knowledge, General Science and Indian Polity and Economy MCQ 200
Main Exams Paper I 3 hrs. Bengali / Hindi / Urdu / Nepali/Santali Descriptive 200
Paper II English 200
Paper III General Studies-I : History & Geography MCQ 200
Paper IV General Studies-II : Science & Technology, Environment, G.K and Current Affairs 200
Paper V The Constitution of India & Indian Economy 200
Paper VI Arithmetic and Test of Reasoning 200
Paper VII Optional Subject Paper I[1] Descriptive 200
Paper VIII Optional Subject Paper II 200
Total Marks 1600[2]
  • 1 Only one optional subject is to be taken from the prescribed list.
  • Optional paper is only for those candidates who opted for Group A & B
  • 2 Total marks are 1200 in case of Group C and D candidates
Personality Tests
Group A Group B Group C Group D
200 Marks 150 Marks 100 Marks

Usually, online form fill up begins for WBCS in the month of November. Preliminary Exam is held in the Last week of January or first week of February at different cities of West Bengal. Post the publication of Preliminary results, Mains Exams are held in June–July in some selected institutions of Kolkata city and at the office of WBPSC. The candidates who passed in Mains are called for Personality test. At last, a selection list is issued by PSC consisting the name of qualified candidates of Mains Exams and Personality test. All these processes take up to one and a half year.


There are different groups in recruitment of such examination based on choice and merit of scored number. These are Group A, Group B (only for West Bengal Police Service ), Group C[5] and Group D. The WBCS (Exe) officers belong to Group A . In general, As per record of the WBPSC the candidates with higher scores opt for WBCS (Exe), WBPS and some allied services like erstwhile WBCTS etc as their first choice. Since 1988 some of the top ranked candidates have opted an allied service called WB commercial Tax Service (WBCTS) as their first choice due to less strenuous nature of the service and the lure of metro posting. Only WBCS (Exe) & WBCTS cadres are considered to be the State Civil Service by UPSC for direct promotion to IAS and WBPS officers are promoted to IPS after 7 to 9 years of service in state police service.[6]


The WBCS (Exe) officers are usually appointed as deputy magistrates or deputy collectors on probation and after completion of two years of mandatory administrative training under the tutelage of Administrative Training Institute, start their career as Deputy Magistrate and Deputy Collector and Block Development (B.D.O.) Officers. They also pass order in Executive Magistrate Court and execute some sections of Criminal Procedure Code. The officers of the cadre perform the key administrative functions at different levels of various departments of the state. The highest position WBCS (Exe) officers can attain is that of Departmental secretary. Three posts of district magistrate in the State of West Bengal is reserved for these officers. WBCS (Exe) officers may also be nominated at a later stage of their career to become Indian Administrative Services (IAS) officers.[7]


Services are alloted in four groups, which are as follows:[8]

Group A
  • West Bengal Civil Services (Executive) WBCS (Exe)
  • West Bengal Revenue Service[a] (WBRS)
  • West Bengal Co-operative Service (WBCoS)
  • West Bengal Labour Service (WBLS)
  • West Bengal Food and Supplies Service (WBF&FS)
  • West Bengal Employment Service (Non-Technical) (WBES)
Group B
Group C
  • West Bengal Correctional Home Services
  • Joint Block Development Officer (Jt. BDO)
  • Deputy Assistant Director of Consumers and Fair Business Practices
  • West Bengal Junior Social Welfare Service (WBJSWS)
  • Assistant Canal Revenue Officer (Irrigation) (ACRO–Irrigation)
  • West Bengal Sub-ordinate Land Revenue Services, Grade-I (SLRO)
  • Assistant Commercial Tax Officer (ACTO)
  • Chief Controller of Correctional Service (CCCS)
Group D
  • Inspector of Co-operative Societies (ICoS)
  • Panchayat Development Officer (PDO)
  • Rehabilitation Officer (RO)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ About PSC, West Bengal wbpsc.gov.in
  2. ^ "WBCS officers list as on 01-09-2019" (PDF), Government of West Bengal
  3. ^ "WBPS officers list 2018" (PDF), WBP
  4. ^ "Alapan Bandyopadhyay appointed as new West Bengal chief secretary". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  5. ^ "WBCS (Gr-C) new appointee of 2018", PSCWB
  6. ^ "Groups of Services of WBCS". WBCSMadeEasy. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  7. ^ "WB CM announces incentives for WBCS officers". All India Trinamool Congress. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  8. ^ "WBCS Job Profile". Edufever Jobs. 24 April 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2021.


  1. ^ Post GST implementation Commercial Tax Service (CTS), Agricultural Income Tax Service, Excise Service and Registration and Stamp Revenue Service were merged into one service

External links[edit]