West Bengal Civil Service
|Cadre controlling authority||Department of Home and Hill Affairs|
|Minister responsible||Mamata Banerjee, Chief Minister of West Bengal and Home Minister|
|Legal personality||Governmental; Civil Service|
|Cadre strength||1646 members (Group-A) (2019) |
454 members (Group-B)
|Selection||West Bengal Public Service Commission (WBPSC)|
|Head of the civil services|
|Chief Secretary||Shri Alapan Bandyopadhyay, IAS|
West Bengal Civil Service (Executive), popularly known as W.B.C.S.(Exe.), is the civil service of the Indian state of West Bengal. For the WBCS (Exe) and other comparative posts, Public Service Commission of West Bengal arranges competitive examinations every year in three phases every year. These phases are Preliminary, Mains and Personality Test.
|Exam Phase||Paper||Time||Subject||Question Type||Total Marks|
|Preliminary Exams||1 paper (qualifying)||2½ hrs.||General Studies (8 topics including Reasoning, English language, History, Geography, Current Affairs, General Knowledge, General Science and Indian Polity and Economy||MCQ||200|
|Main Exams||Paper I||3 hrs.||Bengali / Hindi / Urdu / Nepali/Santali||Descriptive||200|
|Paper III||General Studies-I : History & Geography||MCQ||200|
|Paper IV||General Studies-II : Science & Technology, Environment, G.K and Current Affairs||200|
|Paper V||The Constitution of India & Indian Economy||200|
|Paper VI||Arithmetic and Test of Reasoning||200|
|Paper VII||Optional Subject Paper I||Descriptive||200|
|Paper VIII||Optional Subject Paper II||200|
|Group A||Group B||Group C||Group D|
|200 Marks||150 Marks||100 Marks|
Usually, online form fill up begins for WBCS in the month of November. Preliminary Exam is held in the Last week of January or first week of February at different cities of West Bengal. Post the publication of Preliminary results, Mains Exams are held in June–July in some selected institutions of Kolkata city and at the office of WBPSC. The candidates who passed in Mains are called for Personality test. At last, a selection list is issued by PSC consisting the name of qualified candidates of Mains Exams and Personality test. All these processes take up to one and a half year.
There are different groups in recruitment of such examination based on choice and merit of scored number. These are Group A, Group B (only for West Bengal Police Service ), Group C and Group D. The WBCS (Exe) officers belong to Group A . In general, As per record of the WBPSC the candidates with higher scores opt for WBCS (Exe), WBPS and some allied services like erstwhile WBCTS etc as their first choice. Since 1988 some of the top ranked candidates have opted an allied service called WB commercial Tax Service (WBCTS) as their first choice due to less strenuous nature of the service and the lure of metro posting. Only WBCS (Exe) & WBCTS cadres are considered to be the State Civil Service by UPSC for direct promotion to IAS and WBPS officers are promoted to IPS after 7 to 9 years of service in state police service.
The WBCS (Exe) officers are usually appointed as deputy magistrates or deputy collectors on probation and after completion of two years of mandatory administrative training under the tutelage of Administrative Training Institute, start their career as Deputy Magistrate and Deputy Collector and Block Development (B.D.O.) Officers. They also pass order in Executive Magistrate Court and execute some sections of Criminal Procedure Code. The officers of the cadre perform the key administrative functions at different levels of various departments of the state. The highest position WBCS (Exe) officers can attain is that of Departmental secretary. Three posts of district magistrate in the State of West Bengal is reserved for these officers. WBCS (Exe) officers may also be nominated at a later stage of their career to become Indian Administrative Services (IAS) officers.
Services are alloted in four groups, which are as follows:
- Group A
- West Bengal Civil Services (Executive) WBCS (Exe)
- West Bengal Revenue Service[a] (WBRS)
- West Bengal Co-operative Service (WBCoS)
- West Bengal Labour Service (WBLS)
- West Bengal Food and Supplies Service (WBF&FS)
- West Bengal Employment Service (Non-Technical) (WBES)
- Group B
- West Bengal Police Service (WBPS)
- Group C
- West Bengal Correctional Home Services
- Joint Block Development Officer (Jt. BDO)
- Deputy Assistant Director of Consumers and Fair Business Practices
- West Bengal Junior Social Welfare Service (WBJSWS)
- Assistant Canal Revenue Officer (Irrigation) (ACRO–Irrigation)
- West Bengal Sub-ordinate Land Revenue Services, Grade-I (SLRO)
- Assistant Commercial Tax Officer (ACTO)
- Chief Controller of Correctional Service (CCCS)
- Group D
- Inspector of Co-operative Societies (ICoS)
- Panchayat Development Officer (PDO)
- Rehabilitation Officer (RO)
- About PSC, West Bengal wbpsc.gov.in
- "WBCS officers list as on 01-09-2019" (PDF), Government of West Bengal
- "WBPS officers list 2018" (PDF), WBP
- "Alapan Bandyopadhyay appointed as new West Bengal chief secretary". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
- "WBCS (Gr-C) new appointee of 2018", PSCWB
- "Groups of Services of WBCS". WBCSMadeEasy. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
- "WB CM announces incentives for WBCS officers". All India Trinamool Congress. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
- "WBCS Job Profile". Edufever Jobs. 24 April 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
- Post GST implementation Commercial Tax Service (CTS), Agricultural Income Tax Service, Excise Service and Registration and Stamp Revenue Service were merged into one service