West Bengal Civil Service

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West Bengal Civil Service
পশ্চিমবঙ্গ জনপালন কৃত্যক
Service overview
Founded1988; 32 years ago (1988)
Staff college
  • Administrative Training Institute, Salt Lake, Sector-III, Kolkata (Executive)
  • Swami Vivekanada State Police Academy, Barackpore (Police)
Cadre controlling authorityDepartment of Home (West Bengal)
Minister responsibleMamata Banerjee, Chief Minister of West Bengal and Home Minister
Legal personalityGovernmental; civil service
DutiesPolicy formulation
Policy implementation
Public administration
Bureaucratic governance
Secretarial assistance
Cadre strength1604 members (Group-A)[1]
454 members (Group-B)[2]
SelectionPublic Service Commission, West Bengal (PSCWB)
Success Rate0.5%
Head of the civil services
Chief SecretaryShri Rajiva Sinha, IAS[3][4]

West Bengal Civil Service (Executive), popularly known as W.B.C.S.(Exe), is the civil service of the Indian state of West Bengal. For the WBCS (Exe) and other comparative posts, Public Service Commission of West Bengal arranges competitive examinations in three phases every year. These phases are Preliminary, Mains and Personality Test.

WBCS Exams[edit]

Exam Phase Paper Time Subject Question Type Total Marks
Preliminary Exams 1 paper (qualifying) 2.5 hrs. 8 different topics which includes Reasoning,English Language,History,Geography,Current Affairs,General Knowledge,Genral Science and Indian Polity and Economics MCQ 200
Main Exams Paper I 3 hrs. Bengali / Hindi / Urdu / Nepali/Santali Descriptive 200
Paper II English
Paper III General Studies-I : History & Geography MCQ
Paper IV General Studies-II : Science & Technology, Environment, G.K and Current Affairs
Paper V The Constitution of India & Indian Economy
Paper VI Arithmetic and Test of Reasoning
Paper VII & VIII Optional Subject; One subject to be chosen (2 Papers) [a] Descriptive (200 X 2)= 400
  1. ^ Optional paper only for Group 'A' & 'B'
Personality Tests
Group A Group B Group C Group D
200 Marks 150 Marks 100 Marks

Normally, online form fill up begins for WBCS in the month of November. Preliminary Exam is held in the Last week of January at different cities of West Bengal. then Mains Exams are held in July–August in Kolkata city at the office of WBPSC which is located near Tollyganj railway station. The candidates who passed in Mains are called for Personality test. At last, a selection list is issued by PSC consisting the name of qualified candidates of Mains Exams and Personality test. All these processes take up to one and a half year.


There are different groups in recruitment of such examination based on choice and merit of scored number. These are Group A, Group B (only for West Bengal Police Service ), Group C[5] and Group D. The WBCS (Exe) officers belong to Group A . In general, As per record of the WBPSC the candidates with higher scores opt for WBCS (Exe), WBPS and some allied services like erstwhile WBCTS etc as their first choice. Since 1988 some of the top ranked candidates have opted an allied service called WB commercial Tax Service (WBCTS) as their first choice due to less strenuous nature of the service and the lure of metro posting. Only WBCS (Exe) & WBCTS cadres are considered to be the State Civil Service by UPSC for direct promotion to IAS and WBPS officers are promoted to IPS after 7 to 9 years of service in state police service.[6]


The WBCS (Exe) officers are usually appointed as deputy magistrates or deputy collectors on probation and after completion of two years of mandatory administrative training under the tutelage of Administrative Training Institute, start their career as Deputy Magistrate and Deputy Collector and Block Development (B.D.O.) Officers. They also pass order in Executive Magistrate Court and execute some sections of Criminal Procedure Code. The officers of the cadre perform the key administrative functions at different levels of various departments of the state. The highest position WBCS (Exe) officers can attain is that of Departmental secretary. Three posts of district magistrate in the State of West Bengal is reserved for these officers. WBCS (Exe) officers may also be nominated at a later stage of their career to become Indian Administrative Services (IAS) officers.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "WBCS officers list of 2018" (PDF), Government of West Bengal
  2. ^ "WBPS officers list 2018" (PDF), WBP
  3. ^ "List of Secretaries". Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  4. ^ IAS officers in West Bengal as on 02.08.2018
  5. ^ "WBCS (Gr-C) new appointee of 2018", PSCWB
  6. ^ "Groups of Services of WBCS". WBCSMadeEasy. Retrieved 8 December 2018.

External links[edit]