West Bengal Human Rights Commission

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West Bengal Human Rights Commission
পশ্চিমবঙ্গ মানব অধিকার আযোগ
Agency overview
Formed31 January 1995 (Notification: No. 42 & 180 HS/HRC)
Preceding agency
Jurisdictional structure
Federal agencyIndia
Operations jurisdictionIndia
Size88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi)
Population91,347,736 (2011)
General nature
Operational structure
HeadquartersKolkata, West Bengal
Agency executives
Official website

The West Bengal Human Rights Commission is an agency of the Government of West Bengal, India. It was established based on Notification No. 42 HS/HRC Dt: 31-01-1995 to exercise the powers conferred upon and to perform the functions assigned to the State Human Rights Commission under Chapter V of the Protection of Human Rights Act. Section 21(2). The commissions become fully functional vied its Notification No. 180 HS/HRC Dt: 13-04-1995.[2]


According to TPHRA, 1993[3] (with amendment act 2006), the commission is entitled to perform any of the following functions:

  • Autonomously investigate on a petition filed by a victim or any person on his/her behalf as a complaint of
  1. Violation of human rights and instigation or
  2. Negligence in the prevention of such violations by any public servant.
  • Get involved in any proceeding under allegation or violation of human right pending before a court with the approval of that court.
  • Inspect living conditions of the inmates in any jail or any other institution under the control of the State Government where persons are detained or lodged for purposes of treatment, reformation or protection.
  • Review the safeguards provided in the constitution or any other law for the time it is in force to ensure the protection of human rights
  • Review the factors that inhibit the enjoyment of human rights
  • Undertake and promote research and awareness programs in the field of human right
  • Promote human right awareness through literacy campaigns, publications, seminars etc. for the protection and safeguards available under human rights practices.
  • Encourage involvement of Non-Government Organizations and individuals for expansion work in the field of human rights awareness.
  • Perform any other functions that may be considered necessary for the promotion of human rights.

It is clarified that though the Commission has the power to inquire in violation of human rights (or instigation thereof) by a public servant. Instances where the human rights are violated by any individual citizen then the Commission can intervene, if there is failure or negligence on the part of a public servant to prevent any such violation.


  1. ^ a b "WBHRC". www.wbhrc.nic.in.
  2. ^ "WBHRC". www.wbhrc.nic.in.
  3. ^ "The Protection of Human Rights Act" (PDF). www.nhrc.nic.in. 1993.