West Bromwich West (UK Parliament constituency)
|West Bromwich West|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of West Bromwich West in West Midlands.
Location of West Midlands within England.
|Electorate||65,249 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Tipton and Wednesbury|
|Member of parliament||Adrian Bailey (Labour Co-op)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||West Bromwich|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
Members of Parliament
|1973 by-election||Betty Boothroyd||Labour|
|2000 by-election||Adrian Bailey||Labour Co-op|
Wednesbury and Tipton are economic centres and historic towns with considerable suburbs although overshadowed in the service sector by nearby Birmingham. Since the recessions of the 1970s and early 1980s, West Bromwich West has suffered from an acute, stubbornly great minority of unemployment, and as a result of the current recession which began in 2008 unemployment peaked at 14.3%. Only Birmingham, Ladywood nearby had higher unemployment rates in all of Britain.
Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 8.1% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian, this also exceeded the regional average of 4.7% of those of working age in receipt of this benefit, which is seen as the lower gauge of the breadth of unemployment.
West Bromwich West is one of four constituencies covering the Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell, covering its west and north-west. Main settlements are the towns of Tipton and Wednesbury, others the villages or suburbs of Great Bridge, Princes End and Tividale.
1997-present: The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell wards of Great Bridge, Oldbury, Princes End, Tipton Green, Tividale, Wednesbury North, and Wednesbury South.
1983-1997: The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell wards of Great Bridge, Greets Green and Lyng, Princes End, Tipton Green, Wednesbury North, and Wednesbury South.
1974-1983: The County Borough of West Bromwich wards of Greets Green, Hill Top, Horseley Heath, Lyng, Market, Tibbington, Tipton Green, and Wood Green.
The constituency was created in 1974 and took its present boundaries (except for partial ward shares with West Bromwich East) in 1997.
- Political history
The seat has been held by either the Labour Party or one of its members as the Speaker of the House of Commons since its creation - the most marginal majority in 2005 was still a majority of 16.3% of the vote, and Labour has polled at more than 50% of votes cast on all but two occasions since the constituency's formation.
At local level, Labour safely hold most of the wards of the constituency, who were, from 2008 until 2012 followed by the controversial British National Party who held four councillors, ahead of the Conservatives with three, hence a fairly strong BNP showing in the 2005 general election, receiving nearly 10% of the vote.
- Prominent frontbenchers
From 1974 until 2000 this was the constituency of Betty Boothroyd, who was first elected for the former West Bromwich in its by-election in 1973 and became the first woman to be Speaker of the House of Commons in 1992. She retired as Speaker in 2000.[n 3] The ensuing by-election was won by the Labour Co-operative candidate Adrian Bailey, who holds the seat to the present day.
Elections in the 2010s
|Labour Co-op||Adrian Bailey||18,789||52.1||4.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Flo Clucas||333||0.9||0.6|
|Labour Co-op||Adrian Bailey||16,578||47.3||2.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Karen Trench||550||1.6||10.4|
|Labour Co-op||Adrian Bailey||16,263||45.0||8.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Sadie Smith||4,336||12.0||1.8|
Elections in the 2000s
|Labour Co-op||Adrian Bailey||18,951||54.3||6.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Martyn Smith||3,583||10.3||3.5|
|Labour Co-op||Adrian Bailey||19,352||60.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Sadie Smith||2,168||6.8|
|Socialist Labour||Baghwant Singh||396||1.2|
|Labour gain from Speaker||Swing|
|Labour Co-op||Adrian Bailey||9,460||50.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Sadie Smith||1,791||9.6|
|Labour gain from Speaker||Swing|
Elections in the 1990s
|Independent Labour||Richard Silvester||8,546||23.3|
|National Democrats||Steven Edwards||4,181||11.4|
|Speaker gain from Labour||Swing|
1Boothroyd stood as "The Speaker seeking re-election."
|Liberal Democrat||Sarah Broadbent||3,925||9.7||2.7|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||Anthony Collingbourne||4,877||12.4|
|Social Democratic||A Collingbourne||6,094||16.4|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||R Churms||1,351||3.4|
|National Front||R Churms||2,022||5.4|
|National Front||G Bowen||3,107||7.8|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- She was elevated to the House of Lords as Baroness Boothroyd of Sandwell.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 2)
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "BBC Constituency Results 2017". BBC. Archived from the original on 9 June 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Croydon North East
|Constituency represented by the Speaker