West Burton, North Yorkshire

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West Burton
West Burton village green.jpg
West Burton village green
West Burton is located in North Yorkshire
West Burton
West Burton
West Burton shown within North Yorkshire
Population 303 
OS grid reference SE018870
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LEYBURN
Postcode district DL8 4
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°16′45″N 1°58′24″W / 54.279121°N 1.973300°W / 54.279121; -1.973300Coordinates: 54°16′45″N 1°58′24″W / 54.279121°N 1.973300°W / 54.279121; -1.973300

West Burton is a village in Bishopdale, a side valley of Wensleydale, in the Yorkshire Dales, North Yorkshire, England. It lies 6.2 miles (10.0 km) south west of Leyburn and 22.3 miles (35.9 km) west of the County Town of Northallerton. It is the largest settlement in the civil parish of Burton-cum-Walden.

History[edit]

There is some evidence of an Iron Age settlement on top of nearby Burton Moor that has been designated a Scheduled Ancient Monument. It consists of about eighteen hut circles and defined fields.[1]

The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book as just Burton. The topynomy of the village is derived from the Old English burh-tūn meaning a fortified farm.[2][3] Until the 17th century the village was known as Burton in Bishopdale.[4] "West" distinguishes the village from the village of Constable Burton, 9 miles (14 km) to the east, also known simply as Burton in the early Middle Ages.

At the time of the Norman invasion the village was part of the manor belonging to Thorkil, but afterwards the manor was granted to Geoffrey of Swaffham by Count Alan of Brittany, who had been awarded the lands by the Crown.[5] West Burton (or Burton in Bishopdale or Burton-cum-Walden) was a manor or township of the ancient parish of Aysgarth, and was always coupled with Walden.[4] The manor befell the same fate as other lands belonging to Geoffrey in that they eventually passed to Richard Duke of Gloucester in 1480. Thereafter the descent of the manor followed that of Castle Bolton into the 19th century.[4][6]

The village used to be an important market town and the octagonal market cross and stocks are still seen today on the village green.[6]

Burton-cum-Walden became a separate civil parish in 1866.[7]

Governance[edit]

The village is in the Richmond UK Parliament constituency. It is also in the Penhill ward of Richmondshire District Council and the Upper Dales electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council.[8] Burton-cum-Walden Parish Council has five Councillors and a parish clerk.[9]

Geography[edit]

West Burton lies on the B6160 road to Addingham. Two other roads leave the village, both dead ends, but one leads to the two hamlets of Walden and Walden Head. The villages of Aysgarth, Newbiggin and Thoralby are all about a mile from the village.

Cauldron Falls is a small waterfall in the village. The village lies near the mouth of Bishopdale and at the mouth of Waldendale, the valley through which Walden Beck runs. Walden Beck runs north past the eastern edge of the village to join Bishopdale Beck on its way to the River Ure.[8]

Demography[edit]

Cauldron Force, West Burton

Population figures are for the whole parish of Burton-cum-Walden.

Population[10][11][12]
Year 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961 2001 2011
Total 444 425 367 314 385 367 294 266 311 303

2001 census[edit]

The 2001 UK census showed that the population was split 48.5% male to 51.5% female. The religious constituency was made of 72.3% Christian and the rest stating no religion or not stating at all. The ethnic make-up was 98.7% White British and 1.3% White other. There were 178 dwellings.[11]

2011 census[edit]

The 2011 UK census showed that the population was split 48.8% male to 51.2% female. The religious constituency was made of 66.7% Christian, 0.3% Jewish, 0.3% Buddhist, 1.6% Hindu and the rest stating no religion or not stating at all. The ethnic make-up was 94.4% White British, 1.3% Mixed Ethnic, 2.3% Asian British and 2.0% each White Other. There were 192 dwellings.[12]

Community and culture[edit]

Education in the village is provided at West Burton Primary school.[13] The school was built in 1873.[6] Pupils receive secondary education at The Wensleydale School & Sixth Form in Leyburn.[14] There are a number of local businesses including a butchers shop, a small pottery, general store and a public house.[15]

Notable people[edit]

In their retirement, musical theatre actress Pat Kirkwood and her husband Peter Knight, the former president of Bradford & Bingley, lived in the village for ten years.[16]

Religion[edit]

The Wesleyan and Independent Methodists both built chapels in the village in 1813 and 1851 respectively. The Wesleyan Methodist chapel was rebuilt in 1898.[6][4][17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Iron age settlement". English Heritage. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  2. ^ Watts (2011). Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names. Cambridge University Press. pp. 104–5. ISBN 978-0521168557. 
  3. ^ A.D. Mills (1998). Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford Paperbacks. pp. 88–9. ISBN 978-0192800749. 
  4. ^ a b c d William Page (editor) (1914). "Parishes: Aysgarth". Victoria County History. A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 1. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  5. ^ West Burton in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. p. 342. ISBN 1-86150-299-0. 
  7. ^ Vision of Britain website
  8. ^ a b Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  9. ^ "Parish Council". West Burton and Walden. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  10. ^ "Population at Cenuses". Vision of Britain. 2009. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "2001 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2002. Retrieved 25 March 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "2011 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2013. 
  13. ^ "Primary School Info". Retrieved 26 March 2013. 
  14. ^ "Secondary School Admissions – Northallerton Area". North Yorkshire County Council. 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2013. 
  15. ^ "Amenities". Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  16. ^ "Bared on stage: What Prince Philip wrote to star Pat Kirkwood". Yorkshire Post. 3 October 2012. 
  17. ^ "Methodist Church". The Methodist Church. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 

External links[edit]