West Central German
|West Central German|
|Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Hesse, North Rhine-Westphalia, Lorraine, Deitscherei|
West Central German–language area
West Central German (German: Westmitteldeutsch) belongs to the Central, High German dialect family of German. Its dialects are Franconian and comprise the parts of the Rhinelandic continuum located south of the Benrath line isogloss, including the following sub-families:
- Central Franconian (Mittelfränkisch)
- Ripuarian (Ripuarisch), spoken in North Rhine-Westphalia (including Kölsch) and German-speaking Belgium and a small edge in the south of the Dutch province of Limbourg.
- Moselle Franconian (Moselfränkisch; francique luxembourgeois) in Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland and France
- Rhine Franconian (Rheinfränkisch; francique rhénan)
- Palatinate Franconian (Pfälzisch; francique palatin), spoken in Rhineland-Palatinate
- Hessian (Hessisch) in Hesse and the Rhenish Hesse region of Rhineland-Palatinate
Apart from West Central German on the southern edge and in south-east Franconian dialects are turning to Upper German. This transition area between Central German and Upper German is captured by the dialect families of South Franconian German and East Franconian German, colloquially miscalled Franconian as dialects of this sub-family are spoken all over Franconia.
West Central German was spoken in several settlements throughout America, for example in the Amana Colonies.