West Champaran district
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|West Champaran district|
|District of Bihar|
Location of West Champaran district in Bihar
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Paschim Champaran, Valmiki Nagar|
|• Assembly seats||Valmiki Nagar, Ramnagar, Narkatiaganj, Bagaha, Lauriya, Nautan, Chanpatia, Bettiah, Sikta|
|• Total||5,229 km2 (2,019 sq mi)|
|• Density||750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||58.06 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||906|
|Major highways||NH 28B|
West Champaran is an administrative district in the state of Bihar in India, located just 60 km (37 mi) west of Birgunj. It is a part of Tirhut Division (Tirhut). The district headquarters are located in Bettiah. The district is known for its fluid border with Nepal. One of the major location in West Champaran is KumarBagh and Vrindavan belongs to KumarBagh where Our Nationfather started Satyagrah Aandolan.
Flora and fauna
In 1989 West Champaran district became home to Valmiki National Park, which has an area of 336 km2 (129.7 sq mi). It is also home to two wildlife sanctuaries: Valmiki (adjacent to its namesake national park) and Udaypur Wildlife Sanctuary. Fauna include the Bengal tiger.
West Champaran district comprises the following Sub-Divisions: Bettiah, Bagaha, and Narkatiaganj.
Blocks: Bettiah, Sikta, Mainatand, Chanpattia, Bairia, Lauria, Bagaha - 1, Bagaha - 2, Madhubani, Gaunaha, Narkatiaganj, Manjhaulia, Nautan, Jogapatti, Ramnagar, Thakraha, Bhitaha, Piprasi
According to the 2011 census West Champaran district has a population of 3,922,780, roughly equal to the nation of Liberia or the US state of Oregon. This gives it a ranking of 63rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 950 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,500/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 28.89%. Pashchim Champaran has a sex ratio of 906 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 58.06%. Muslim education in [DEORAJ]is 87.12% which is highest in Bihar in a particular region.
The district is well connected by roads and railways to all major cities.
The city inherits a very rich culture. It is the birthplace of famous poet Gopal Singh Nepali. Mahatma Gandhi started the Champaran Satyagraha movement from here in 1917 along with prominent nationalists Rajendra Prasad, Anugrah Narayan Sinha and Brajkishore Prasad.
- Manoj Bajpayee, Film actor.
- Mahatma Gandhi, freedom fighter who started the Champaran Satyagraha movement here.
- Sanjay Jaiswal, Politician
- Prakash Jha, Film director.
- Krishna Kumar Mishra, Politician.
- Gopal Singh Nepali, Hindi poet.
- Gauri Shankar Pandey, Politician.
- Kedar Pandey, Politician
- Damodar Raao, Film Music Director, Actor & Singer
- Valmiki Rishi, an ascetic who wrote Hindu epic Ramayana here.
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Amund Ringnes Island 5,255km2
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Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est.
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