West Coast Railway (Victoria)

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West Coast Railway
IndustryPublic Transport
Founded19 September 1993
Defunct31 August 2004
ParentDon Gibson
Gary McDonald
Michael Menzies
Australian Public Trustees

West Coast Railway was a passenger train company operating in Victoria, Australia that operated services between Melbourne and Warrnambool from September 1993 until August 2004.


West Coast Railway's S302 at Warrnambool station in 2001

West Coast Railway was formed in 1993 when the Kennett State Government offered long-distance country rail services previously run by the government-owned operator V/Line to private operators. Bids were lodged in February 1993 and West Coast Railway was announced as the successful tender on 30 April the same year.[1] The initial franchise was for eight years with operations commencing on 19 September 1993.[2] Subsequently a three-year extension was negotiated.[3]

While most other rail services tendered were replaced by road coach services, West Coast Railway successfully tendered to retain a rail service.[4] During the 11 years of WCR operation of the line, patronage increased by 20%.[5] The first rail service under WCR operated on 19 September when V/Line locomotive N466 hauled the 17:00 Warrnambool to Melbourne Spencer Street service.[6]

In August 2001, Connex purchased a 50% shareholding.[7] In 2003, Connex sold its shareholding to Australian Public Trustees.[8]

In 2001 the two directors of the company bought a 50% share in Tranz Scenic, the national passenger operator in New Zealand.[9][10] In May 2004 the shareholding was sold back to Toll NZ.[9][11]

Rolling stock[edit]

R711 leads a steam-hauled West Coast Railway service out of Warrnambool station in 2001

West Coast Railway operated rolling stock notable for being largely made up of 1950s locomotives and rolling stock bought from V/Line, replacing the 1980s-built locomotives and rolling stock that had previously operated on the line. This was in contrast to the successful tenderer for the Shepparton line rail service from Hoys Roadlines, who decided to lease rolling stock from V/Line.[12]

The locomotives purchased from V/Line were:[13]

  • B class locomotives: B61, B65, B75 (never restored to service), B76 & B80 (restored for failed South Australian Tourist Venture: The Murraylander)
  • S class locomotives: S300, S302, S311 & S312 (never restored to service)
  • T class locomotives T363, T369 & T385

The carriages purchased were S and Z type steel-bodied passenger carriages built between 1937 and 1959.[14]

A blue, white, yellow and grey livery was adopted.

The first locomotive to be fully overhauled by was S300 which begun trials on 23 January 1995, entering regular service two weeks later. The railway depot at Ballarat East was leased by the company as its heavy maintenance base, with transfer runs being made via the Geelong to Ballarat line.[6]

Specially modified R class steam locomotives were also used to operate a Saturday return service,[15][16][17] becoming the fastest regular steam hauled passenger service in the world.[18] R711 entered service on regular trains on 21 November 1998 and was fitted with multiple unit control equipment for diesel electric locomotives. It was followed by R766 in 2001.[6]

As well as operating regular Warrnambool passenger services, West Coast Railway also ran charter services and operated special excursion trains to various destinations within Victoria, often in conjunction with The South Western Railway Society. The company assisted with the restoration of a number of steam locomotives, with R711 and Y112 made operational, and work being carried out on J536, D3 638, D3 641, and A2 986.[6]

The company also took advantage of Victoria's newly privatised rail freight market by hiring its T class locomotives and occasionally its mainline fleet of B class and S class, to freight operators.

Fleet List[edit]

This is all items of rollingstock which were directly involved with West Coast Railway.

  • Diesel locomotives: B61, B64, B65, B75, B76, B80, GM19, S300, S302, S311, S312, T363, T369, T385, W241, W244
  • Steam locomotives: A2986, A2996, D3638, D3641, D3688, J536, R711, R766, Y112
  • Passenger carriages: ACZ252, ACZ255, ACZ257, BZ267, BZ269, BZ270, BS201, BS203, BS205, BS206, BS207, BS208, BS210, BS212, BRS221, BRS222, BRS223, BRS224, BRS225, BRS229, 700BK, 709BK, 711BK, 714BK, RMS2360, JRA1, JTA1, WAL951
  • Vans: D314, D315, D319, 2PCO, CP291, CP293, PCP292, PCP294, VLCX212H, VLCX534Q, VLCX604W, VZDY27; and D309, 325 and 333 which were never repainted away from their previous V/Line orange scheme.


West Coast Railway encountered a series of operational difficulties during 2003/04 which adversely affected its business. The death of one of the company's founding principals, Gary McDonald, on 25 April 2003 removed the guiding light and spirit of the company.[18] The closure of the Warrnambool line between Melbourne and Geelong for five weeks in January and February 2004, to allow its rebuilding as part of the 160 km/h (100 mph) Regional Fast Rail project, meant that the company had to replace rail services with road coaches during the period of the works, with a resulting drop in passenger numbers.[5]

In May 2004 (two months after rail services had resumed) the Victorian Department of Infrastructure issued an alert on stress cracks on the underframes of the B class and S class locomotives, including the units owned by West Coast Railway.[5] Once again the company was forced to replace two of its three daily-return rail services with road coaches.[18]

There had also been a change in government transport policy following the election of the Bracks State Government. In light of the failure of privatisation of V/Line Passenger, then Opposition transport spokesman Geoff Leigh predicting the proposed re-tendering of statewide regional rail operations in 2006 would result in West Coast Railway being "executed".[19]

Although West Coast Railway stated as late as May 2004 its intention to negotiate a new contract to operate Warrnambool services beyond the expiry of its existing contract in June 2004,[20] with the expected locomotive repair bill to be in excess of $1 million it decided not to seek a renewal.[5] On 31 August 2004 West Coast Railway operated its final services with V/Line resuming services the following day.[21]

Most of the diesel locomotives were sold to Chicago Freight Car Leasing Australia.[22] R711 was allocated to Steamrail Victoria by its owners.

Other rollingstock was disposed of thus:

  • V/Line Passenger purchased S302, PCO2, ACZ252, ACZ257 and BZ267.
  • 707 Operations purchased PCP294, ACZ255, BZ270, BRS224, BS205 and BS212
  • Steamrail Victoria purchased B64, PCP292, CP291, BRS 229, BZ269, BS201, BS206, BS207, BK700, BK711, BK714
  • Pacific National purchased BRS221, BRS222, BRS223 and BRS225
  • Vans D309, D314, D315, D319, D325, D333, CP293, VLCX212H, VLCX534Q, VLCX604W, VZDY27, were sold individually.


  1. ^ "Sprinters launched as V/Line franchises let" Railway Gazette International June 1993 page 367
  2. ^ Agreement for the Supply of Passenger Train Services between Warrnambool and Melbourne Victorian Government
  3. ^ "Market" Railway Gazette International December 2000 page 795
  4. ^ "History". www.wcr.com.au. 10 August 2004. Archived from the original on 10 August 2004. Retrieved 6 January 2007.
  5. ^ a b c d Philip Hopkins (19 July 2004). "End of the line for West Coast Rail". The Age. Retrieved 17 December 2006.
  6. ^ a b c d Peter Attenborough (February 2004). "West Coast Railway". Australian Model Railway Magazine. pp. 32–34.
  7. ^ Connex still expanding Railway Gazette International September 2001 page 570
  8. ^ "Intelligence" Railway Gazette International December 2003 page 763
  9. ^ a b Toll NZ buys back Tranz Scenic passenger services New Zealand Herald 20 May 2004
  10. ^ Tranz Scenic Press Release (26 June 2001). "West Coast Railway Preferred Tranz Scenic Buyer". www.scoop.co.nz. Retrieved 6 January 2007.
  11. ^ "Toll takes back passenger trains" Railway Gazette International July 2004 page 387
  12. ^ Sid Brown (April 1996). "Train A-Hoy". Newsrail. Australian Railway Historical Society (Victorian Division).
  13. ^ "West Coast Railway Fleet Specs". www.wcr.com.au. 16 November 1999. Archived from the original on 9 October 1999. Retrieved 6 January 2007.
  14. ^ Carriage History Details West Coast Railway
  15. ^ "West Coast Railway - News and Events". www.wcr.com.au. 3 February 2000. Archived from the original on 3 February 2000. Retrieved 6 January 2007.
  16. ^ Steam Train Experience West Coast Railway
  17. ^ Anatomy of West Coast Railway's Super R Class Steamrail Victoria
  18. ^ a b c Lee, Robert (2007). The Railways of Victoria 1854-2004. Melbourne University Publishing. p. 257. ISBN 978 0 522851 34 2.
  19. ^ Andrew Heasley (24 August 2002). "State to tear up V/Line contract". The Age. Retrieved 19 December 2006.
  20. ^ "West Coast to continue rail services after contract ends". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 5 May 2004. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
  21. ^ "Intelligence" Railway Gazette International October 2004 page 666
  22. ^ Locomotive Classes Vicsig