West Cornwall (UK Parliament constituency)

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West Cornwall
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Cornwall
18321885
Number of members Two
Replaced by Camborne, St Austell, St Ives and Truro
Created from Cornwall, St Mawes

West Cornwall was a county constituency in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) by the bloc vote system of election.

Boundaries[edit]

In 1832 the county of Cornwall, in south west England, was split for parliamentary purposes into two county divisions. These were the West division (with a place of election at Truro) and East Cornwall (where voting took place at Bodmin). Each division returned two members to Parliament.

The parliamentary boroughs included in the West division, between 1832-1885, (whose non-resident 40 shilling freeholders were eligible to vote in the county constituency) were Helston, Penryn and Falmouth, St Ives and Truro. (Source: Stooks Smith).

The constituency was also made up of the Hundreds of Kerrier and Penwith; the Parishes of Cornelly, Creed, Cuby, Feock, Gerrans, Kea, Kenwyn, Lamorran, Merther, Philleigh, Probus, Ruan Lanihorne, St Allen, St Anthony in Roseland, St Clement, St Enoder (part), St Erme, St Just in Roseland, St Michaels Penkevil, Truro St Mary and Veryan from the Hundred of Powder; the Parishes of St Agnes, Crantock, Cubert, Newlyn, St Enoder and Perranzabuloe from the Hundred of Pydar; together with the Isles of Scilly. (Source - The Boundary Act 1832)

History[edit]

During the 53-year history of this division, there was never a contested election. Only once was a Conservative member returned, but he only represented the constituency for a few months before becoming the 2nd Earl of Falmouth.

In 1885 this division was abolished, when the East and West Cornwall county divisions were replaced by six new single-member county constituencies. These were Bodmin (the South-Eastern division), Camborne (North-Western division), Launceston (North-Eastern division), St Austell (Mid division), St Ives (the Western division) and Truro. In addition the last remaining Cornish borough constituency was Penryn and Falmouth.

Members of Parliament[edit]

  • Constituency created (1832)
Election First member First party Second member Second party
1832 Sir Charles Lemon, Bt Liberal Edward Wynne-Pendarves Liberal
1841 Lord Boscawen-Rose Conservative
1842 by-election Sir Charles Lemon, Bt Liberal
1853 by-election Michael Williams Liberal
1857 Richard Davey Liberal
1858 by-election Sir John St Aubyn, Bt Liberal
1868 Arthur Vivian Liberal
1885 Constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

General Election 1832: Cornwall Western (2 seats) Electorate 3,353
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Lemon Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal Edward Wynne-Pendarves Unopposed N/A N/A

[[Sir Charles Lemon, 2nd Baronet|Charles Lemon] had been Whig Member of Parliament for Cornwall prior to the 1832 election. Edward Wynne-Pendarves had also been a Member of Parliament in the previous parliament.

General Election 1835: Cornwall Western (2 seats) Electorate 3,612
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Lemon Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal Edward Wynne-Pendarves Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 1837: Cornwall Western (2 seats) Electorate 4,928
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Lemon Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal Edward Wynne-Pendarves Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 1841: Cornwall Western (2 seats) Electorate 5,040
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Boscawen Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal Edward Wynne-Pendarves Unopposed N/A N/A

By-election, 16 February 1842[edit]

Lord Boscawen-Rose became Earl of Falmouth. Sir Charles Lemon, Bt was elected unopposed.

General Election 1847: Cornwall Western (2 seats) Electorate 5,259
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Lemon Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal Edward Wynne-Pendarves Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 1852: Cornwall Western (2 seats) Electorate 4,649
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Lemon Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal Edward Wynne-Pendarves Unopposed N/A N/A

By-election, 18 July 1853[edit]

Michael Williams was the only nomination as MP for West Cornwall, at a by-election, following the death of Edward Wynne-Pendarves, on 26 June 1853. Michael Williams was elected as a Liberal on 19 July 1853 according to The Times, Monday, 11 July 1853; pg. 3; Issue 21477; col D "Election Intelligence":(Election and its expected conclusion announced).

General Election 1857: Cornwall Western (2 seats) Electorate 4,542
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Richard Davey Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal Michael Williams Unopposed N/A N/A

There was a General Election in 1857. Michael Williams and Richard Davey were elected without opposition on 2 April, John Tremayne having stood down. Sir Charles Lemon, Bt did not seek re-election.[1]

By-election, 5 July 1858[edit]

There was a by-election, following the death of Michael Williams on 15 June 1858. Sir John St Aubyn, Bt was the only candidate, George Williams, younger son of Michael, having withdrawn, to avoid "disturbing the County".[2]

General Election 1859: Cornwall Western (2 seats) Electorate 4,897
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Richard Davey Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal John St Aubyn Unopposed N/A N/A

In the General Election in May 1859 the sitting MPs, Davey and St Aubyn, were re-elected without opposition.[3]

General Election 1865: Cornwall Western (2 seats) Electorate 4,615
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Richard Davey Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal John St Aubyn Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 1868: Cornwall Western (2 seats) Electorate 8,168
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Vivian Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal John St Aubyn Unopposed N/A N/A

In the General Election in November 1868 the sitting MP, St. Aubyn was re-elected and the new candidate, Vivian, was elected unopposed.[4] They both held their seats until the Constituency was abolished in 1885.

General Election 1874: Cornwall Western (2 seats) Electorate 7,494
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Vivian Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal John St Aubyn Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 1880: Cornwall Western (2 seats) Electorate 6,987
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Vivian Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal John St Aubyn Unopposed N/A N/A

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1977)
  • The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844-50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886-1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 6)[self-published source][better source needed]
  1. ^ The Times, Saturday, 21 March 1857; pg. 12; Issue 22634; col A and The Times, Wednesday, 1 April 1857; pg. 5; Issue 22643; col E "The Elections".
  2. ^ The Times, Saturday, 3 July 1858; pg. 9; Issue 23036; col D
  3. ^ The Times, Monday, 11 April 1859; pg. 9; Issue 23277; col F
  4. ^ The Times, Saturday, 14 Nov 1868; pg. 4; Issue 26282; col E