West Dean, Wiltshire
Cottages, West Dean
|Population||252 (in 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
West Dean is a village, civil parish and former manor in Wiltshire (historically in Hampshire), England, situated on the Wiltshire/Hampshire border. The village is on the River Dun, about 7 miles (11 km) east of Salisbury.
A Roman villa site straddles the present-day Wiltshire/Hampshire border. The village was mentioned in the Cartularium Saxonicum for the year 880 as (æt) Deone, and may have formed part of the inheritance of Aethelweard, youngest son of King Alfred. It is mentioned as Duene in the Domesday Book of 1086 (one of the 51 holdings of Waleran the Hunter), as Westdone in 1265, and as Westdune in 1270.
Dean House, which straddles the border with Hampshire, is a Grade II* listed former rectory from the late 17th century, enlarged in the 18th.
The Salisbury and Southampton Canal was opened through the parish in 1802 or 1803 but was never completed as far as Salisbury; it closed in 1806. The Wessex Main Line railway was built through the village in 1847, with Dean station where it crosses the road at a level crossing. The station is still in use.
Much of the northern half of the parish is woodland, including Bentley Wood which contains a biological Site of Special Scientific Interest.
- The geographic coordinates are from the Ordnance Survey.
- "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- Victoria County History, Vol.4: Hampshire, 1911, pp.519-524, Parishes: West Tytherley with Buckholt, Manors: West Dean
- Historic England. "Roman villa at West Dean (222998)". PastScape. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- Ekwall, Eilert, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 4th edition, 1960. p. 140. ISBN 0198691033.
- Historic England. "Dean House (1093674)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
- "Site Records - Dean Hill Royal Naval Armaments Depot". Subterranea Britannica. 5 December 2003. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- "Borbach Chantry". historicengland.org.uk. Historic England. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
- "West Dean, Salisbury". Churches Conservation Trust. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
- Historic England. "Church of St Mary, West Dean (1135718)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- "New Church of St. Mary the Virgin, West Dean". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- "Methodist Chapel, West Dean". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
Media related to West Dean, Wiltshire at Wikimedia Commons
- "West Dean". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- Village Design Statement, West Dean parish council, February 2009
- West Dean village and parish council
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