West Fourth Street–Washington Square (New York City Subway)

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West Fourth Street–Washington Square
"A" train "B" train "C" train "D" train "E" train "F" train "M" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
W 4 St Upper SB.JPG
Station statistics
Address West Third Street & Sixth Avenue
New York, NY 10014
(main station entrance)
Borough Manhattan
Locale Greenwich Village
Coordinates 40°43′54″N 74°00′03″W / 40.731682°N 74.000945°W / 40.731682; -74.000945Coordinates: 40°43′54″N 74°00′03″W / 40.731682°N 74.000945°W / 40.731682; -74.000945
Division B (IND)
Line       IND Sixth Avenue Line
      IND Eighth Avenue Line
Services       A all times (all times)
      B weekdays at all hours except late evenings and nights (weekdays at all hours except late evenings and nights)
      C all times except late nights (all times except late nights)
      D all times (all times)
      E all times (all times)
      F all times (all times)
      M weekdays at all hours except late nights (weekdays at all hours except late nights)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: M55
Port Authority Trans-Hudson PATH: JSQ–33, HOB–33, JSQ–33 (via HOB) (at 9th Street)
Structure Underground
Levels 2
Platforms 4 island platforms (2 on each level)
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 8 (4 on each level)
Other information
Opened September 10, 1932; 84 years ago (1932-09-10)[1] (upper level)
January 1, 1936; 81 years ago (1936-01-01) (lower level)
Accessible This station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Traffic
Passengers (2015) 14,147,148[3]Increase 1.5%
Rank 20 out of 425
Station succession
Next north 14th Street (8th Ave): A all times C all except late nights E all times
14th Street (6th Ave local): F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
34th Street–Herald Square (6th Ave express): B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times
Next south Spring Street (8th Ave local): A late nights C all except late nights E all times
Canal Street (8th Ave express): A all except late nights
Broadway–Lafayette Street (6th Ave): B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 north 14th Street (8th Ave): A all times C all except late nights E all times
34th Street–Herald Square (6th Ave): B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 south World Trade Center (8th Ave local): no regular service
none; elevator at World Trade Center out of service: E all times
Fulton Street: A all times C all except late nights
Broadway–Lafayette Street (6th Ave): B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.

West 4th Street Subway Station (IND)
MPS New York City Subway System MPS
NRHP Reference # 05000223[4]
Added to NRHP March 30, 2005

West Fourth Street–Washington Square is an express station and transfer stop on the IND Sixth Avenue and IND Eighth Avenue Lines of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of West Fourth Street and Sixth Avenue in Greenwich Village, Manhattan. It is served by:

  • A, D, E, and F trains at all times;
  • B and M trains on weekdays;
  • C train at all times except late nights

History[edit]

West Fourth Street was one of the 28 stations opened on September 10, 1932, as part of the first line of the Independent Subway System (IND), the Eighth Avenue Line, from Chambers Street to Inwood–207th Street.[1][5] At the time, only the upper level was used, with service on the lower level beginning in January 1936 with service from the Eighth Avenue Line to Second Avenue; through service on the Sixth Avenue local tracks began in December 1940. The Sixth Avenue express tracks were built later and were put into through service on November 27, 1967; prior to then, the express tracks here and at 34th Street–Herald Square were used as terminal tracks only.

The station was named West Fourth Street as opposed to merely Fourth Street because the planners of the Independent Subway System believed there would be confusion between this station and South Fourth Street, a proposed transfer station on the never-built IND Second System in Williamsburg, Brooklyn.[6]

The upper level (at left) serves Eighth Avenue Line trains, while the lower level (at right) serves Sixth Avenue Line trains.

Station layout[edit]

G Street level Exit/entrance
B1 Mezzanine Fare control, station agents
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevator at NE corner of Sixth Avenue and 3rd Street)
B2 Northbound local "C" train toward 168th Street ("A" train toward 207th Street late nights) (14th Street (Eighth Avenue))
"E" train toward Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer (14th Street (Eighth Avenue))
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound express "A" train toward 207th Street all except nights (14th Street (Eighth Avenue))
Southbound express "A" train toward Rockaway Park (PM rush hours), or Lefferts Boulevard or Mott Avenue (all except nights) (Canal Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound local "C" train toward Euclid Avenue ("A" train toward Mott Avenue late nights) (Spring Street)
"E" train toward World Trade Center (Spring Street)
B3 Mezzanine Transfer between directions/lines
B4 Northbound local "F" train toward Jamaica–179th Street (14th Street (Sixth Avenue))
"M" train toward Forest Hills–71st Avenue (14th Street (Sixth Avenue))
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound express "B" train toward Bedford Park Boulevard rush hours, 145th Street other times (34th Street–Herald Square)
"D" train toward Norwood–205th Street (34th Street–Herald Square)
Southbound express "B" train toward Brighton Beach (Broadway–Lafayette Street)
"D" train toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue via West End (Broadway–Lafayette Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound local "F" train toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue via Culver (Broadway–Lafayette Street)
"M" train toward Middle Village–Metropolitan Avenue (Broadway–Lafayette Street)
Track layout
to 34 St–Herald Sq
to 14 St–6 Av
to 14 St–8 Av
Superimposed track section
(Left tracks above right ones)
All express tracks remain level
MA MA
Match point mA
Lower level local tracks rise
MB MB MB MB
Match point mB
MC MC
Match point mC
mB mB mB mB
Outer tracks descend northward
Outer tracks descend southward
mC mC
Match point MC
MD
MD
Match point mD
mD mA mA mD
Match points MA, MD
Lower level local tracks rise
to Bway–Lafayette St
to Spring St
to Canal St
Lower level
Upper level

West Fourth Street station was built by the IND as the major transfer point between its two Manhattan trunk lines. It can be considered the "heart" of the IND system as it is the location of the zero point on the IND chaining. It is a bi-level station with a connecting concourse between the two platform levels. The Eighth Avenue Line occupies the upper level, while the Sixth Avenue Line uses the lower level. Both levels use identical platform arrangements–two island platforms between four tracks, allowing for cross-platform interchanges between local and express trains in each direction.

There are two fare control areas, one at each end of the station. Both lead directly to the Eighth Avenue Line on the upper level platforms; access to the Sixth Avenue Line on the lower level is via stairs and elevators from the upper level and/or the full-length mezzanine between the two levels. Several escalators are present, which go directly between one of the lower level platforms to its corresponding upper level platform. The elevators, added in April 2005 to make the station ADA-accessible, provide access to both levels and to the mezzanine.[7] This massive station has only four exits despite its size, which illustrates the station's main purpose as a major transfer point between trains on both IND trunk lines.

South of this station, at the curve from under Houston Street to Sixth Avenue on the IND Sixth Avenue Line (lower level), a bellmouth merges with the Queens-bound local track.[8]

Exits[edit]

Street stair

The station does not have an exit to Fourth Street itself anymore, though an exit formerly existed there.[9] The northern exits are on the northern side of 6th Avenue and Waverly Place. Two staircases go up to the northeast corner, both built into alcoves of stores, and one to the northwest corner. The southern exits are at West Third Street, on the east and west sides of 6th Avenue.[10]

  • Two to the northwest corner (within building), one to the northeast corner (within building) of Sixth Avenue and Waverly Place[10]
  • One to the east side of Sixth Avenue north of Waverly Place[10]
  • Handicapped/disabled access One elevator and staircase on the northeast corner of Sixth Avenue and West Third Street[10]
  • One on the west side of Sixth Avenue at West Third Street[10]

There are also four additional closed exits at the center of the station: two at Washington Place, and two at West 4th Street itself.[9]

Nearby points of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b New York Times, List of the 28 Stations on the New Eighth Ave Line, September 10, 1932, page 6
  2. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved April 18, 2016. 
  4. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved January 25, 2012. 
  5. ^ Crowell, Paul (September 10, 1932). "Gay Midnight Crowd Rides First Trains In The New Subway: Throngs at Station an Hour Before Time, Rush Turnstiles When Chains are Dropped". New York Times. Retrieved November 8, 2015. 
  6. ^ Pollak, Michael (September 12, 2008). "F. Y. I.". The New York Times. Retrieved August 5, 2009. 
  7. ^ Chan, Sewell (October 29, 2005). "New Elevators in Subways Are Delayed". The New York Times. Retrieved September 13, 2015. 
  8. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q0Es5eOJe0E The provision for a line that was never built can be seen towards the left, at the 2:40 mark into the video, just before the train enters the West Fourth Street station.
  9. ^ a b "Review of the A and C Lines" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 11, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "MTA Neighborhood Maps: West VIllage" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved September 13, 2015. 

External links[edit]