West Garfield Park, Chicago

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West Garfield Park
Community area
Community Area 26 - West Garfield Park
The Pulaski station on the Green Line.
The Pulaski station on the Green Line.
Location within the city of Chicago
Location within the city of Chicago
Coordinates: 41°52.8′N 87°43.8′W / 41.8800°N 87.7300°W / 41.8800; -87.7300Coordinates: 41°52.8′N 87°43.8′W / 41.8800°N 87.7300°W / 41.8800; -87.7300
Country United States
State Illinois
County Cook
City Chicago
Neighborhoods
Area
 • Total 1.28 sq mi (3.32 km2)
Population (2015)
 • Total 17,742[1]
Demographics 2015[1]
 • White 1.78%
 • Black 95.60%
 • Hispanic 2.00%
 • Asian 0.34%
 • Other 0.28%
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes parts of 60624
Median household income $23,947[1]
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services

West Garfield Park on the West Side of Chicago, Illinois, is one of 77 officially designated Chicago community areas.[2] It is directly west of Garfield Park.

Neighborhood boundaries[edit]

The boundaries of West Garfield Park are NORTH: W. Kinzie St. EAST: Hamlin Blvd/ S. Independence Blvd. SOUTH: W. Taylor St. from S. Independence Blvd to S. Kildare Ave., S. Kildare Ave. from W. Taylor St. to W. 5th Ave, W. 5th Ave. from S. Kildare Ave. to S. Kolmar Ave. WEST: S. Kolmar Ave from W. 5th Ave. to W. Jackson Blvd., W. Jackson Blvd. from S. Kolmar Ave. to S. Kenton Ave., S. Kenton Ave. from W. Jackson Blvd. to W. Madison St., W. Madison St. from S. Kenton Ave. to N. Kenton Ave., N. Kenton Ave. to W. Kinzie St.[3]

K-Town[edit]

K-Town is a nickname for an area in North Lawndale, and West Garfield Park. Although these long streets extend beyond the bounds of North Lawndale, and West Garfield Park, published sources identify the name K-Town as referring specifically to an area of North Lawndale, and West Garfield Park, i.e. the area through which these streets pass. between Pulaski Road and Cicero Avenue in which the names of many north-south avenues begin with the letter K (Keystone, Karlov, Kedvale, Keeler, Kenneth, Kilbourn, Kildare, Kolin, Kolmar, Komensky, Kostner, Kilpatrick, Kenton, Knox, and Keating). The pattern is a historical relic of a 1913 street-naming proposal, by which streets were to be systematically named according to their distance from the Illinois-Indiana border; K, the eleventh letter, was to be assigned to streets within the eleventh mile, counting west from the state line. The eleventh mile is the easternmost area in which the plan was widely implemented, as many neighborhoods to the east were already developed and had street names in place. The portion of K-Town bounded by W. Kinzie St, W. Cermak Rd, S. Kostner Ave, and S. Pulaski Rd was listed as a historic district on the National Register of Historic Places on September 9, 2010.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates the Mary Alice Henry Post Office at 4222 West Madison Street.[4]

Bethel New Life, Inc. is a main community service provider to the area.[5]

Transportation[edit]

Two of Chicago Transit Authority's train lines, the Blue Line and the Green Line, serves this neighborhood. The Green Line has an elevated station at Pulaski, and the Blue Line has a station in the median of the Eisenhower Expressway, also at Pulaski.

Historical population
Census Pop.
193050,014
194048,447−3.1%
195048,4430.0%
196045,661−5.7%
197048,4596.1%
198033,865−30.1%
199024,095−28.8%
200023,019−4.5%
201018,001−21.8%
Est. 201517,742−1.4%
[1][6]

Crime[edit]

The neighborhood's 21 murders in 2014 occurred at a rate of 116 per 100,000, the highest in Chicago. In a city that sees 2,000 shootings per annum, they occur in West Garfield Park at a rate of 411 per 100,000. Commentators attribute the high crime rate to the number of guns, the lack of police interest or resources, and the loss of accountability which powerful gangs had provided in earlier decades.[7]

In 2016, the violence increased further, with a total of 31 murders, resulting in a murder rate of 172 per 100,000. Additionally, at least 172 people were shot during 2016, resulting in a shooting rate of 950 per 100,000 people.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Community Data Snapshot - West Garfield Park" (PDF). cmap.illinois.gov. MetroPulse. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  2. ^ "East Garfield Park". Encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  3. ^ "Find an apartment in a great neighborhood – YoChicago". Yochicago.com. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  4. ^ "Post Office Location - MARY ALICE HENRY". United States Postal Service. Retrieved April 17, 2009.
  5. ^ "Bethel New Life -". Bethelnewlife.org. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  6. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Community Areas Historical Data". Robparal.com. Retrieved 2 September 2012.
  7. ^ Glawe, Justin (8 October 2015). "America's Mass-Shooting Capital Is Chicago". Thedailybeast.com. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  8. ^ "Crime in Chicago -- Chicago Tribune". Crime.chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 23 September 2017.

External links[edit]