Glover, Vermont

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Glover, Vermont
Town
Located in Orleans County, Vermont
Located in Orleans County, Vermont
Location of Vermont with the U.S.A.
Location of Vermont with the U.S.A.
Coordinates: 44°41′39″N 72°13′16″W / 44.69417°N 72.22111°W / 44.69417; -72.22111Coordinates: 44°41′39″N 72°13′16″W / 44.69417°N 72.22111°W / 44.69417; -72.22111
Country United States
State Vermont
County Orleans
Chartered November 20, 1783
Area
 • Total 38.6 sq mi (100.0 km2)
 • Land 37.9 sq mi (98.1 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)
Elevation 945 ft (507 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 966
 • Density 25.5/sq mi (9.8/km2)
 • Households 384
 • Families 269
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 05839
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-28075[1]
GNIS feature ID 1462103[2]

Glover is a town in Orleans County, Vermont, in the United States. As of the 2000 census the town's population was 966. It contains two unincorporated villages, Glover and West Glover.

The town is named for Brigadier General John Glover,[3] who served in the American Revolutionary War. He was the prime proprietor of the town.

Glover is home of the Bread & Puppet Museum.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 38.6 square miles (100.0 km2), of which 37.9 square miles (98.1 km2) is land and 0.7 square mile (1.9 km2) (1.92%) is water.

The surface of the town is uneven, with hills and valleys. The highest elevation is Black Hills, at 2,258 feet (688 m), in the south part of town.[4] The town drains northward via the northern branches of the Barton River, and southward via branches of the Passumpsic, Lamoille, and Black Rivers, which have their sources here. Four ponds of considerable size also are found here, Parker Pond, in the north, Stone's and Clark's pond, in the south and central, and Sweeney pond in the west, as well as Shadow Lake.[5] Shadow Lake was first called Chambers Pond, then Stone Pond about 1822. In 1922 it was given its current name. The Abenaki had called it Pekdabowk, or Smoke Pond.[6]

History[edit]

In 1802, the town decided to construct one school at the Parker settlement. Operating expenses were limited to $20 for that year.[6]

In the most cataclysmic natural catastrophe affecting Orleans County in post-Columbian times, the banks of Glover's Long Pond gave way on June 6, 1810, and flooded the Barton River valley. The hero of the day was laborer Spencer Chamberlain who ran ahead of the flood to warn people at the mill. The wayward pond was forever after known as "Runaway Pond".

By 1851, there were 450 grammar school students. In 2017, the number of students at that level had dropped to about 100.[6]

From about the 1820s to the 1930s, there was a settlement, Slab City, near the outlet from Shadow Lake, whose economy was dependent on the logging, and three sawmills in the area. The settlement also contained a lime kiln, butter tub factory, a cider mill, a one-room schoolhouse, a post office, a church, and other allied businesses.[7] In 1836, a suit against the height of the water retained in a dam to power the sawmills was successful. The suit was motivated in large part by the Runaway Pond catastrophe. The end of the dam power marked the beginning of the end for Slab City.[6]

The unincorporated village of West Glover had a municipal septic system which failed in 2008.[8] This was replaced in 2012. It connected to the main sewage line in Glover village, which in turns was connected to the wastewater treatment facility in adjacent Barton. This was funded by USDA Rural Development Agency.[9]


Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 36
1810 387 975.0%
1820 549 41.9%
1830 902 64.3%
1840 1,119 24.1%
1850 1,137 1.6%
1860 1,244 9.4%
1870 1,178 −5.3%
1880 1,055 −10.4%
1890 970 −8.1%
1900 891 −8.1%
1910 932 4.6%
1920 826 −11.4%
1930 860 4.1%
1940 788 −8.4%
1950 727 −7.7%
1960 683 −6.1%
1970 649 −5.0%
1980 843 29.9%
1990 820 −2.7%
2000 966 17.8%
2010 1,122 16.1%
Est. 2014 1,099 [10] −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 966 people, 384 households, and 269 families residing in the town. The population density was 25.5 inhabitants per square mile (9.8/km2). There were 677 housing units at an average density of 17.9 per square mile (6.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.38% White, 0.21% African American, 0.93% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.31% from other races, and 1.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.

There were 384 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the town, the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 23.2% from 25 to 44, 34.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.

Government[edit]

Town[edit]

  • Selectman - Jack Sumburg
  • Selectman - Mike Ladd
  • Selectman - Brian Carroll
  • Constable -
  • Clerk/Treasurer - Donna Sweeney
  • Assistant - Jessica Sweeney
  • Library Trustee - Ned Andrews (2013)
  • 2010-2011 Budget - 736,525.22

School District[edit]

In 2009 and 2010, the Glover Community School stood highest in the county for averaged proficiency in reading and mathematics on the standardized NE-CAP test.[12][13]


Economy[edit]

Personal Income[edit]

The median income for a household in the town was $33,403, and the median income for a family was $38,309. Males had a median income of $25,977 versus $21,172 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,112. About 10.8% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 14.9% of those age 65 or over.

Tourism[edit]

The town is second in the county for the highest percentage of second home ownership.[14][15]

Transportation[edit]

Major Routes[edit]

Town maintained roads[edit]

The town has 40 miles (64 km) of dirt roads. These lose an estimated 11,720 cubic yards (8,960 m3) of gravel annually which must be replaced.[16]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 139. 
  4. ^ Orleans County Vermont Summits
  5. ^ Gazetteer of Lamoille and Orleans Counties, VT.; 1883-1884, Compiled and Published by Hamilton Child; May 1887
  6. ^ a b c d Starr, Tena (February 1, 2017). "The fascinating story of a lost way of life". the chronicle. Barton, Vermont. pp. 1B, 16B. 
  7. ^ Ashe, Connie (January 9, 2013). "Info about Glover's "Slab City" sought". the chronicle. Barton, Vermont. pp. 16B. 
  8. ^ Braithwaite, Chris (March 5, 2008). Quilts soften mood at crowded Town Meeting. the Chronicle. 
  9. ^ "Wastewater treatment facility is upgraded". the chronicle. Barton, Vermont. February 27, 2013. p. 23. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 19, 2015. 
  12. ^ Braithwaite, Chris (3 February 2010). "NECAP results show four standouts". Barton, Vermont: the Chronicle. p. 2. 
  13. ^ Starr, Tena (February 15, 2011). "Student test scores released by state". Barton, Vermont: the Chronicle. p. 14. 
  14. ^ The first is Westmore
  15. ^ Starr, Tena (7 July 2010). "Glover to study summer people's spending habits". Barton, Vermont: the Chronicle. pp. 10A. 
  16. ^ Creaser, Richard (May 2, 2007). Rough roads are the subject of special meeting. the Chronicle. 

External links[edit]