West Ham North (UK Parliament constituency)

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West Ham North
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
19501974 (1974)
Number of members One
Replaced by Newham North West
Newham North East
Created from Stratford and Upton
18851918
Number of members One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Replaced by Stratford and Upton
Created from South Essex

West Ham North was a borough constituency in the County Borough of West Ham, in what was then Essex but is now Greater London. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first-past-the-post voting system.

History[edit]

The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election, and abolished for the 1918 general election.

It was re-established for the 1950 general election, and abolished again for the February 1974 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

1885–1918[edit]

The 1885 act created a new parliamentary borough of West Ham which was divided into two single-member divisions. West Ham, North Division consisted of the part of the Local Government District of West Ham north of a boundary formed by a number of railway lines and roads, described as follows:

From a point where the north side of the present London and Tilbury Railway crosses the west boundary of West Ham Parish; thence in a north-easterly direction along the north side of the said railway to a point where the east side of the present North Woolwich Branch of the Great Eastern Railway crosses it; thence in a northerly direction along the east side of the last-mentioned railway to a point opposite the centre of Abbey Road; thence in a north-easterly and easterly direction along the centres of Abbey Road, Church Street North, Portway, and Plashet Lane to the eastern boundary of West Ham Parish.[1]

1950–1974[edit]

West Ham North Borough Constituency was created by the Representation of the People Act 1948, and was first contested at the 1950 general election. The seat was defined as consisting of eight wards of the County Borough of West Ham: Broadway, Forest Gate, High Street, Newtown, Park, Plashet Road, Upton and West Ham.[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Edward Rider Cook Liberal
1886 Forrest Fulton Conservative
1892 Archibald Grove Liberal
1895 Ernest Gray Conservative
1906 Charles Masterman Liberal
1911 by-election[3] Maurice de Forest Liberal
1918 constituency abolished: see Stratford and Upton

MPs 1950–1974[edit]

Election Member Party
1950 constituency recreated
1950 Arthur Lewis Labour
Feb 1974 constituency abolished: see Newham North West
and Newham North East

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: West Ham North[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Rider Cook 4,219 54.7 N/A
Conservative Forrest Fulton 3,500 45.3 N/A
Majority 719 9.4 N/A
Turnout 7,719 77.0 N/A
Registered electors 10,026
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: West Ham North[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Forrest Fulton 3,920 55.1 +9.8
Liberal Edward Rider Cook 3,193 44.9 -9.8
Majority 727 10.2 N/A
Turnout 7,114 70.9 -6.1
Registered electors 10,026
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +9.8

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Grove
General Election 1892: West Ham North[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Archibald Grove 4,976 50.2 +5.3
Conservative Forrest Fulton 4,943 49.8 −5.3
Majority 33 0.4 N/A
Turnout 9,919 74.4 +3.5
Registered electors 13,334
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +5.3
Ernest Gray
General Election 1895: West Ham North[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Gray 5,635 53.3 +3.5
Liberal Archibald Grove 4,931 46.7 -3.5
Majority 704 6.6 N/A
Turnout 10,566 73.9 -0.5
Registered electors 14,294
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +3.5

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: West Ham North[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Gray 6,613 61.5 +8.2
Liberal John Bethell 4,133 38.5 −8.2
Majority 2,480 23.0 +16.4
Turnout 10,746 67.8 −6.1
Registered electors 15,844
Conservative hold Swing +8.2
Masterman
General Election 1906: West Ham North[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Masterman 6,838 57.3 +18.8
Conservative Ernest Gray 5,094 42.7 −18.8
Majority 1,744 14.6 N/A
Turnout 11,932 79.0 +11.2
Registered electors 15,101
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +18.8

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: West Ham North[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Masterman 7,023 53.4 −3.9
Conservative Ernest Gray 6,133 46.6 +3.9
Majority 890 6.8 −7.8
Turnout 13,156 84.0 +5.0
Registered electors 15,661
Liberal hold Swing −3.9
Wild
General Election December 1910: West Ham North[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Masterman 6,657 53.6 +0.2
Conservative Ernest Wild 5,760 46.4 −0.2
Majority 897 7.2 +0.4
Turnout 12,417 79.3 −4.7
Registered electors 15,661
Liberal hold Swing +0.2
de Forest
West Ham North by-election, 1911[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Maurice de Forest 6,807 54.1 +0.5
Conservative Ernest Wild 5,776 45.9 -0.5
Majority 1,031 8.2 +1.0
Turnout 12,583 76.2 -3.1
Liberal hold Swing +0.5

General Election 1914/15:

A General Election was due to take place by the end of 1915. By the autumn of 1914, the following candidates had been adopted to contest that election.

Due to the outbreak of war, the election never took place.

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: West Ham North[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Lewis 33,782 68.58 N/A
Conservative RM Prior 12,623 25.63 N/A
Liberal RL Phillips 2,349 4.77 N/A
Christian Democrat GW Dickinson 503 1.02 N/A
Majority 21,159 42.96 N/A
Turnout 49,257 77.83 N/A
Registered electors 63,288
Labour win (new seat)
General Election 1951: West Ham North[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Lewis 34,156 70.45 +1.87
Conservative James A Erskine-Shaw 14,328 29.55 +3.92
Majority 19,828 40.90 -2.06
Turnout 48,484 76.57 -1.26
Registered electors 63,318
Labour hold Swing -1.03
General Election 1955: West Ham North[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Lewis 27,249 65.89 -4.56
Conservative Muriel Bowen 10,712 25.90 -3.65
Liberal David Penwarden 3,393 8.20 N/A
Majority 16,537 39.99 -0.91
Turnout 41,354 67.41 -9.16
Registered electors 61,346
Labour hold Swing -4.11
General Election 1959: West Ham North[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Lewis 27,249 65.89 -6.66
Conservative J Guy Jones 9,318 22.90 -3.00
Liberal David S Brooke 7,271 8.20 +9.67
Majority 14,778 36.32 -3.67
Turnout 40,685 70.36 +2.95
Registered electors 57,828
Labour hold Swing -1.83

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: West Ham North[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Lewis 21,228 60.52 -5.37
Liberal Jean Pilkington 7,005 19.97 +11.77
Conservative Christopher Brocklebank-Fowler 6,844 19.51 -3.39
Majority 14,223 40.55 +4.22
Turnout 35,077 62.83 -7.53
Registered electors 55,824
Labour hold Swing -8.57
General Election 1966: West Ham North[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Lewis 21,778 65.62 +5.10
Liberal Jean Pilkington 5,882 17.72 -2.25
Conservative William J Shearman 5,527 16.65 -2.86
Majority 15,896 47.90 +7.35
Turnout 33,187 61.83 -1.00
Registered electors 53,672
Labour hold Swing +3.68

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: West Ham North[18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Lewis 17,664 63.17 -2.45
Conservative William J Shearman 7,130 25.50 +8.85
Liberal Brian McCarthy 3,167 11.33 -6.39
Majority 10,534 37.67 -10.23
Turnout 27,961 50.32 -11.51
Registered electors 55,565
Labour hold Swing -5.65

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 C.23, Sixth Schedule, Divisions of Boroughs
  2. ^ Representation of the People Act 1948 C.65, First Schedule, Parliamentary Constituencies
  3. ^ Masterman was re-elected in December 1910, but the election was declared void. A by-election was held in July 1911. See London Gazette, issue 28512 (11 July 1911), page 27.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 206. ISBN 9781349022984. 
  5. ^ a b British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  6. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results February 1950". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 12 April 2016. 
  7. ^ http://tools.assembla.com/svn/grodt/uk/thc/files/marked_up/1950_marked_up.txt
  8. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1951". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 12 April 2016. 
  9. ^ http://tools.assembla.com/svn/grodt/uk/thc/files/marked_up/1951_marked_up.txt
  10. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1955". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 12 April 2016. 
  11. ^ http://tools.assembla.com/svn/grodt/uk/thc/files/marked_up/1955_marked_up.txt
  12. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1959". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 12 April 2016. 
  13. ^ http://tools.assembla.com/svn/grodt/uk/thc/files/marked_up/1959_marked_up.txt
  14. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1964". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 12 April 2016. 
  15. ^ http://tools.assembla.com/svn/grodt/uk/thc/files/marked_up/1964_marked_up.txt
  16. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1966". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 12 April 2016. 
  17. ^ http://tools.assembla.com/svn/grodt/uk/thc/files/marked_up/1966_marked_up.txt
  18. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1970". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 12 April 2016. 
  19. ^ http://tools.assembla.com/svn/grodt/uk/thc/files/marked_up/1970_marked_up.txt

External links[edit]