West Ham Park
West Ham Park is a privately owned public park in West Ham in the London Borough of Newham. Spanning 77 acres (31 ha), it is the largest park in the borough. The park has been managed by the City of London Corporation since 1874.
Records from 1566 show that the park had been a part of the estate of Upton House, later known as Ham House. William Rooke, who had inherited the estate, enlarged it to 28 acres (11 ha) in 1559. The estate was purchased by John Elliott in 1752, who owned it for 10 years. It was acquired in 1762 by John Fothergill, who enlarged the grounds to around 80 acres (32 ha) and created a sizeable botanical garden, which had been described as 'second only to Kew'. He would often accept rare plants in lieu of his fees as a physician. After Fothergill's death in 1780, the contents of the garden were largely sold off.
The estate was sold to James Sheppard in 1787, and after his death was purchased by Samuel Gurney, his son-in-law, in 1812. During this period, Gurney's sister, Elizabeth Fry, resided there. It was later passed to John Gurney, who lived in Norfolk at had no use for the estate. Ham House was demolished in 1872. In 1874, John Gurney gave a large contribution towards the purchase of the Ham House estate and grounds by the Corporation of the City of London, to serve as a public open space.
The park was the home to Upton Park FC, a local football club that drew large crowds at home matches. The venue was the site of the first ever FA Cup goal, scored by Jarvis Kenrick for Clapham Rovers in a 3–0 victory over Upton Park on 11 November 1871.
The park features ornamental gardens, children's playgrounds, and sporting facilities including five-a-side football pitches, cricket nets and tennis courts. Until its closure in 2016, a nursery stood at the north east corner of the park, and was one of the largest operations of its kind in the UK, producing over 200,000 spring and summer bedding plants each year for the park, gardens and churchyards in the City of London and other Corporation open spaces. Plants grown in the nursery were also used for state occasions and banquets hosted by the City of London Corporation.
- "West Ham Park". City of London Corporation. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
- History of West Ham Park (sign). West Ham Park: City of London Corporation.
- "West Ham Park". London Parks and Gardens Trust. 3 July 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
- History Trail: West Ham Park Walks (PDF). City of London Corporation. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
- "Arnold Hills". Oxford University AFC. Archived from the original on 29 March 2017.
- "Football: Upton Park FC to host special game to mark first ever FA Cup goal". Newham Recorder. 26 October 2017. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
- Smith, Graeme (14 October 2018). "Community view: Enjoy park's beauty this autumn". Newham Recorder. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
- "Sports and activities". City of London Corporation. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
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