West Hartlepool

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West Hartlepool map, 1859

West Hartlepool was a predecessor of Hartlepool, County Durham, England. It developed in the Victorian era and took the name from its western position in the parish of what is now known as the Headland.

The former town was originally formed in 1848 as an accompanying settlement for nearby railway and docks, which brought and exported coal from the area. The rail network grew, connecting to docks in Leeds and other cities.[1][2] Further developments in the area lead to the 1960s formation of Hartlepool as a town.

History[edit]

The town of West Hartlepool was founded by Ralph Ward Jackson who went on to become managing director of the Stockton and Hartlepool Railway in 1848.[3]

The area known as Newburn Raw, part of the ancient village of Stranton, steadily grew into a centre for shipping and railway transportation.[2][4] The West Hartlepool Harbour and Dock (8 acres (0.032 km2)) opened on 1 June 1847. Five years later, also on 1 June, the Jackson dock (14 acres (0.057 km2)) opened as well as a railway connecting West Hartlepool to Leeds, Manchester and Liverpool. Massive timber trading with Baltic countries began as timber was needed for pitprops in nearby coal mines. The area's population grew quickly as a result.[2] Eight shipbuilding yards were established.[4] Supporting shipbuilding and repair were: a canvas manufacturing firm, Bastow Brothers and W. Taylor iron foundries, block and mast makers and other related machinery.[5]

Streets were laid out along which shops and brick homes were built. Standard town services followed including paved roads, gas and electricity, sewers, a slaughterhouse, cemetery and more.[4]

Jackson built a large church, Christ Church, from stone excavated from the docks and the parish was consecrated in 1854 by the Bishop of Durham.[4] Swainson Dock opened on 3 June 1856, named after Ward Jackson's father-in-law. In 1878 the William Gray & Company ship yard in West Hartlepool achieved the distinction of launching the largest tonnage of any shipyard in the world, a feat to be repeated on a number of occasions.[2]

The municipal borough of West Hartlepool was created in 1887, and, with its headquarters at West Hartlepool Town Hall,[6] it was promoted to the status of county borough, outside the control of Durham County Council, in 1902.[7] In 1967, a county borough, called Hartlepool, was established by amalgamating West Hartlepool with old Hartlepool.[8][9]

Sport[edit]

The town's Rugby Union football team was formed in 1881 by men who came to the area to build the railway and dig the docks, and continued until 1908 when the Hartlepool Union's round ball game was in vogue.[10] Until 1977, the football team now known as Hartlepool United was shown in the plural - Hartlepools United - to show its links to both Hartlepool and to West Hartlepool.[11]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "West Hartlepool History". This is Hartlepool. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d Lionel Alexander Ritchie, Gray, Sir William (1823–1898), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 2 May 2011
  3. ^ "Jackson, Ralph, Ward". Hartlepool Then and Now. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d Whellan, William, & Co. (1856). History, Topography, and Directory of the County Palatine of Durham. Whittaker and Company. p. 533.
  5. ^ Whellan, William, & Co. (1856). History, Topography, and Directory of the County Palatine of Durham. Whittaker and Company. p. 534.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Town Hall (1250394)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  7. ^ "West Hartlepool MB/CB". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  8. ^ "Local Government Boundaries (Hartlepool)". House of Commons Debates. 7 February 1967. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  9. ^ "Hartlepool Order 1966". House of Lords Debates. 8 February 1967. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  10. ^ Picken, Dave. (29 April 2010). West Hartlepool Rugby: A Short History. West Hartlepool Rugby. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  11. ^ "Club History". Hartlepool F. C. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  12. ^ Buckman, David (1 December 2003). "Margaret Green: Painter inspired by coastal Suffolk". The Independent. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  13. ^ Forbes, Watson (2001). Tertis, Lionel. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.27716. ISBN 978-1-56159-263-0.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°41′20″N 1°13′30″W / 54.68892°N 1.22498°W / 54.68892; -1.22498