West Highland Way
|West Highland Way|
Rannoch Moor on the West Highland Way, between Bridge of Orchy and Kingshouse
|Length||154.5 km (96 mi)|
|Highest point||The Devils Staircase near Kingshouse, 550 m (1,800 ft)|
|Lowest point||sea level|
The West Highland Way (Scottish Gaelic: Slighe na Gàidhealtachd an Iar) is a linear long distance footpath in Scotland, with the official status of Long Distance Route. It is 154.5 km (96.0 mi) long, running from Milngavie north of Glasgow to Fort William in the Scottish Highlands, with an element of hill walking in the route. It is managed by the West Highland Way Management Group (WHWMG) consisting of West Dunbartonshire Council, Stirling Council, Argyll & Bute Council, Highland Council and Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park Authority. About 85,000 people use the path every year, of whom over 30,000 walk the entire route.
- 1 History
- 2 The route
- 3 Ultramarathons on the West Highland Way
- 4 Towns, villages or hotels along the Way
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The trail was approved for development in 1974 and was completed and opened on 6 October 1980 by Lord Mansfield so becoming the first officially designated long distance footpath in Scotland. In June 2010, the West Highland Way was co-designated as part of the International Appalachian Trail.
The path uses many ancient roads, including drovers' roads, military roads and old coaching roads, and is traditionally walked from south to north. As well as increasing the sense of adventure, taking the route in this direction keeps the sun from one's eyes.
The route is commonly walked in seven to eight days, although many fitter and more experienced walkers do it in five or six. The route can be covered in considerably less time than this, but a less hurried progress is the choice of the majority of walkers, allowing for appreciation of the countryside along the Way. Enjoyment of the natural surroundings of the walk is the primary motivating factor for many people following the route.
The path officially starts in Milngavie town centre (around 25 minutes by train from Glasgow Central Station), where a granite obelisk is located. Most walkers arrive at the railway station located close by. Milngavie is a town located on the northern fringe of the conurbation of Glasgow, and the path quickly enters open countryside. It proceeds by way of country roads, an abandoned railway, the Queen Elizabeth Forest Park and scenic Conic Hill on the Highland Boundary Fault, to reach Balmaha on Loch Lomond. From here, the route follows the isolated, wooded, eastern shores of the loch via Rowardennan and Inversnaid to Inverarnan. Rowardennan is the furthest north road access which is available on the east shore of the loch from the south. There is road access to Inversnaid from the east, via Aberfoyle.
The Way follows Glen Falloch northward to Crianlarich then northwest along Strathfillan to Tyndrum. North of Tyndrum the Way enters Glen Orchy before crossing the desolate yet beautiful Rannoch Moor and descending into Glen Coe. From here, the route climbs the Devil's Staircase before a great descent to sea level at Kinlochleven. The final stage skirts the Mamore Mountains on an old military road and descends into Glen Nevis before finishing in Fort William.
Due to the large number of walkers being constrained to a single track, some parts of the Way have become badly eroded. However, a considerable amount of work is undertaken to maintain the route.
Walkers seeking solitude should consider starting their journey away from the weekends.
When deciding the time of year to attempt the Way, it is good to know that midges (biting flies) and mosquitoes begin swarming in May and last well into August, some years even September. Also, because Scottish weather can be particularly variable, and often unforgiving, it must be respected with proper forecasting and gear.
A walk along the Way is often broken up into sections or stages, each of which will typically be walked in a day. One pattern of sections, travelling from south to north, is as follows:
Milngavie to Drymen
The path officially starts in Milngavie town centre, where a granite obelisk is located. Most walkers arrive at the railway station located close by. Milngavie is a town located on the northern fringe of the conurbation of Glasgow. The path passes Mugdock Castle and Mugdock Country Park before emerging into open countryside and the Campsie Fells can be seen. By the west side of Craigallian loch the way passes a small monument to commemorate 'The Craigallian Fire', an important historical symbol for outdoor activities in Scotland. As the Way approaches the Campsies by the piece of ground known as Tinkers Loan, there is an opportunity to explore adjacent hills such as Dumgoyne (grid reference ; 427m) or the small but heavily wooded Dumgoyach ( ; 108m). Finally the Way reaches the village of Drymen.
This section is approximately 19 kilometres (12 mi) in length.
Drymen to Balmaha
After leaving Drymen the path enters Garadhban Forest before reaching the first major summit of the route, Conic Hill (a site of special scientific interest) at 361 metres (1,184 ft), though the route does not require you to ascend to the summit. The village of Balmaha on the eastern shore of Loch Lomond is the next settlement reached.
This section is approximately 13 kilometres (8 mi) in length.
Balmaha to Rowardennan
This section is approximately 11 kilometres (7 mi) in length.
Rowardennan to Crianlarich
The path leaves Rowardennan and heads in a northerly direction alongside the eastern shore of Loch Lomond the route follows the lower slopes of Ben Lomond before returning to the waterside at Inversnaid. From Inversnaid the route passes a cavern known as Rob Roy's cave, before reaching the village of Crianlarich.
- Rowardennan to Inversnaid - 7 miles
- Inversnaid to Inverarnan - 7 miles
- Inverarnan to Crianlarich - 6 miles
This section is approximately 32 kilometres (20 mi) in length.
Crianlarich to Tyndrum
This section is approximately 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) in length.
Tyndrum to Glencoe
This is one of the more rural sections of the route with very little in the way of settlements. Walkers are advised to be well provisioned for these sections. The route passes over the Drovers road between Bridge of Orchy and Inveroran with large panoramic views with little visibility of civilisation.
- Tyndrum to Bridge of Orchy - 7 miles
- Bridge of Orchy to Inveroran - 2 miles
- Inveroran to Kingshouse - 10 miles
This section is approximately 30 kilometres (19 mi) in length.
Glencoe to Kinlochleven
Glen Coe (Gleann Comhann in Gaelic ) is often considered one of the most spectacular and beautiful places in Scotland, and is a part of the designated National Scenic Area of Ben Nevis and Glencoe. The narrow glen shows a dramatically grim grandeur, shut in on both sides by wild and precipitous mountains. Towards Invercoe the landscape acquires a softer beauty.
This stage is approximately 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) in length.
Kinlochleven to Fort William
Starting with a steep climb out of Kinlochleven the route follows the contour of the valley which offers little respite from the weather- both sun and rain can be a problem- until the forest is reached outside of Fort William. The last section of the route can be visually disappointing due to the use of forestry tracks until finally reaching the pavements leading into the traditional finish line in Fort William.
This section is approximately 24 kilometres (15 mi) in length.
Ultramarathons on the West Highland Way
There are several ultramarathons held on the West Highland Way. The Highland Fling Race is an annual 53 miles (85 km) race from Milngavie to Tyndrum. The Devil O' The Highlands Footrace is 43 miles (69 km) from Tyndrum to Fort William, along the northern section of the way. The West Highland Way Race is an annual 95 miles (153 km) race along the full south–north distance of the West Highland Way. The West Highland Way Challenge Race is a younger, alternative race which also covers the full route.
West Highland Way Race
Bobby Shields (Clydesdale Harriers) and Duncan Watson (Lochaber) initiated the idea of racing over Scotland's most popular long distance footpath.
On 22 June 1985 the two set out from Milngavie. Their route differed in many ways from the route of today: it was shorter, at 93 miles (not 95), and had 8 miles more on tarmac, with around 500 ft less of climbing. After around 60 miles, as they started over Rannoch Moor, they decided to cease competing against each other and ran together. They set a time of 17 hours 48 minutes 30 seconds.
In 1986 Shields and Watson opened up an invitation to some fellow runners to race in the opposite direction, Fort William - Milngavie. 1987 saw a return to the established direction of running, South - North. Of eleven starters seven arrived in Fort William. Jim Stewart took over the organisation of the event in 1991, as the footpath was now complete, the course was changed, increasing the distance to 153 km with only 15 km on road and more climbing was introduced. With this increased difficulty runners were likely to be out longer and now a bigger percentage are out for a second night.
Dario Melaragni, who had completed the race himself three times, took over as race director in 1999. He developed the format of the race by involving local mountain rescue teams who provided emergency response during the event. He also inaugurated and developed the race website, which has become a prime source of information for runners wishing to attempt the race. The race has gained status in recent years and entries open in the November preceding each race - for the 2013 a ballot process was used for the first time to allow 250 entries.
In July 2009, whilst out running with friends, Melaragni suffered a suspected heart attack and died near the summit of Lochnagar in the Cairngorms. His funeral was attended by many people wearing West Highland Way Race clothing.
122 runners finished in 2009 and 109 finished in 2010. 966 have now completed the challenge. Jim Drummond holds the highest number of male finishes with 15 and Fiona Rennie has the highest number of female finishes with 11. The race record holder is Paul Giblin of Paisley with a time of 14:14:44, set in June 2015. The female record holder is Lucy Colquhoun of Aviemore with a time of 17:16:20, set in 2007.
Towns, villages or hotels along the Way
Listed south to north, with approximate distances from Milngavie, the West Highland Way passes the following towns, villages or hotels:
- Beech Tree Inn, Glengoyne
- Balmaha, Loch Lomond; 30 km (19 mi)
- Rowardennan, Loch Lomond; 44 km (27 mi)
- Inversnaid, 54 km (34 mi)
- Inverarnan, 64 km (40 mi)
- Crianlarich, 75 km (47 mi)
- Tyndrum, 85 km (53 mi)
- Bridge of Orchy, 95 km (59 mi)
- Inveroran, 99 km (62 mi)
- Kings House Hotel, 115 km (71 mi)
- Kinlochleven, 130 km (81 mi)
- Fort William, 154.5 km (96.0 mi)
- The West Highland Way, Terry Marsh 2003 ISBN 1-85284-369-1 Cicerone
- "Hiking The Appalachian Trail – To Morocco". 27 June 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- The West Highland Way, Terry Marsh
- "SNH SiteLink". Retrieved 3 April 2009.
- "Highland Fling Race".
- Devil O' The Highlands Footrace
- Race web site
- Dario Melaragni -Herald Scotland 31 July 2009
- Race Daddy' drops dead on hills -Herald Scotland 15 July 2009
- "West Highland Way Race web site". contains full official details of course records and participant counts. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
The West Highland Way Official Guide, Bob Aitken and Roger Smith, mercat press ISBN 1-84183-066-6
- West Highland Way official website
- West Highland Way on Walkhighlands: Complete route description and free OS mapping and waypoints
- West Highland Way Race
- West Highland Way Walk Thru
- A map of the West Highland Way in 1 mile segments
- The Monument to commemorate The Craigallian Fire
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