St Margaret of Antioch Church
|Area||21.39 km2 (8.26 sq mi) |
|Population||2,121  2001 Census|
2,181 (2011 Census)
|• Density||99/km2 (260/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||29 miles (47 km) N|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||EAST GRINSTEAD|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
West Hoathly is a village and civil parish in the Mid Sussex District of West Sussex, England, located 3.5 miles (5.6 km) south west of East Grinstead. In the 2001 census 2,121 people, of whom 1,150 were economically active, lived in 813 households. At the 2011 Census the population increased to 2,181. The parish, which has a land area of 2,139 hectares (5,290 acres), includes the hamlets of Highbrook, Selsfield Common and Sharpthorne. The mostly rural parish is centred on West Hoathly village, an ancient hilltop settlement in the High Weald between the North and South Downs.
The area was already settled by the 11th century, when St Margaret's Church was founded. Names recorded at that time include Hadlega and Hodlega—later standardised to Hodlegh and Hothelegh, then (West) Hoathly. This Anglo-Saxon word signifies a heath-covered clearing. The parish lay on the edge of the dense woodland of the Ashdown Forest.
At the time of the Domesday survey in 1086, the land covered by the present parish was held by the manors of Ditchling and Plumpton to the southeast. The rectory of the church was associated with Lewes Priory. By the 16th century, the manor of Gravetye was in existence. Gravetye Manor house, built in 1598, still stands in extensive grounds 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the village.
In 1556, West Hoathly resident Ann Tree was burnt at the stake in East Grinstead for refusing to renounce Protestantism; she was one of 17 "Sussex Martyrs" who suffered this fate. A brass memorial in the church commemorates her.
West Hoathly was connected to the British railway network when the Lewes and East Grinstead Railway was built in 1882. A station was provided east of the village, between the village itself and Sharpthorne.
The line passed under a sandstone ridge by means of a 731yd long tunnel. The line and station closed on 16 March 1958, and the station stood derelict for many years, with the footbridge and down-platform buildings removed in 1964 and the station house demolished in 1967. The preserved Bluebell Railway, (now 11 miles in length) runs along part of the route of the former Lewes and East Grinstead Railway. The West Hoathly station site was purchased by the Bluebell Railway on 30 November 1975, and the line re-opened through the site in 1992, but the station itself otherwise remains disused.
Also known as "Great-upon-Little", this natural landscape formation is in a wooded area southwest of the village, near the road to Ardingly. It is an exposed outcrop of sandstone with a harder band overlying a soft stratum at ground level. The lower stratum has weathered significantly, making the upper section overhang like the cap of a mushroom.
Places of worship
There are two Anglican churches in the civil parish. St Margaret's Church, dedicated to Margaret of Antioch, stands on North Lane in West Hoathly. It has Norman origins, although much of the fabric of the building is 13th-century. The church has a tower with a Perpendicular Gothic broach spire, a single-aisled nave, a chancel and a side chapel. The terraced churchyard is a well-known viewpoint, with far-reaching views across the Weald. All Saints Church at Highbrook was paid for by two wealthy local sisters who thought that church attendance among the hamlet's residence was being hampered by the long distance they had to travel to St Margaret's Church. Architects Richard H. Carpenter and Benjamin Ingelow designed the large, stone-built church in 1884. The churches have separate ecclesiastical parishes but are part of a united benefice, served by the same vicar.
St Dunstan's Roman Catholic church is in West Hoathly. English Heritage describe the building as "a curiosity": it was a cottage with an attached butcher's shop until its conversion into a church in 1957. In Sharpthorne, the Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion—a small Nonconformist denomination with links to Methodism—has a place of worship, the Sharpthorne Community Church. It was founded by members of an older church in nearby Turners Hill. There was also a Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion chapel at the north end of West Hoathly from 1826 until the early 21st century. The timber-framed building survives, but is disused.
The parish has many medieval houses and farms. The oldest is Tickeridge, near Selsfield Common and the preserved Kingscote railway station. Its modernised exterior hides a 14th-century timber-framed Wealden hall house of "high antiquarian interest". The gabled solar wing dates from the 16th century. Gravetye Manor, built in 1598, has an Elizabethan façade and was built for a local ironmaster: northern Sussex was an important ironmaking area for several centuries. Later abandoned to smugglers, the building and its grounds were rejuvenated in 1884 when "the greatest English gardener" William Robinson bought it. He also designed the 30-acre (12 ha) gardens. Upon his death in 1935 the manor, set in a large area of woodland, passed to the Forestry Commission for use as a base for their work. It was converted into a high-class restaurant (now with a Michelin star) in 1958. Chiddinglye, which may have been a separate manor at one time, is a Gothic house of 1866. Next to it is Chiddinglye Farm, an open hall house with 15th- and 16th-century parts. Selsfield House has a Georgian façade.
The Priest House West Hoathly in the centre of the village opposite St Margaret's Church, was turned into a museum by the Sussex Archaeological Society in 1935. The 15th-century open hall-house, with a five-bay façade and a solar wing, retains some original windows and its king post and trussed roof. Items relating to local and domestic history are on display, and there are formal gardens. Also near the church is Manor House—not named in relation to any historic manor, but built in 1627 as a dower house and associated with the owners of Gravetye Manor. A note in the museum says that it was built for Katherine Infield, widow of Richard Infield of Gravetye Manor. The building materials, the composition and the ornaments of the main facade are identical to the ones of Gavetye Manor. It is approximately H-shaped, built of ashlar, and has prominent mullioned windows and a gabled roof laid with Horsham stone slabs. Old panelling remains in some rooms.
West Hoathly Church of England School, which maintains links with St Margaret's Church, is the primary school in the parish. There is also a Steiner (also known as Waldorf education) boarding school called Philpots Manor School that is situated around half a mile from the village.
West Hoathly Football Club were founded in 1902 and currently play their games at The Recreation Ground, The club is split into two teams with the First team playing in the Mid Sussex Division 3 and the seconds in Division 9. The best days of the club's history came in the 1980s where the team won the county league in five consecutive seasons a feat yet to be reproduced since.
The 2011/12 season was hard for the team, with many players leaving and moving on. Subsequently, both the first XI and second XI teams were relegated to Division 3 and Division 9 respectively. The first team is managed by John Kendall who also runs coaching sessions for both teams, whilst Matt Kendall and Mark Harding run the second XI. The kit for both teams is Home - Black and White stripes, Black shorts, Black socks Away - White with Red bar down the centre of the shirt, Red shorts, Red Socks
The team plays its home game at West Hoathly's Recreation Ground, The Pavilion which the team uses as its home area and changing rooms was given to the team in 1925 and since then has undergone many refurbishments the last one being in the 1980s, and now the rooms are sadly in a very bad state with the current set up not passing The FA standard regulations but fortunately in April 2012 the local parish council agreed to let the team redevelop the pavilion adding in two new rooms on either side creating wet and dry rooms and a spacious area with patio area to help house local clubs/sports and scout groups. This work will take place over the summer of 2012 and be undertaken on the majority by members of the parish and team players already in the construction and decorating industry. Hopefully in the future the club will be able to create a youth team which can be run by players in the first and second XI who are keen on getting into coaching and create a lasting legacy and flow of talent coming through the club.
Near the village of Sharpthorne there is a Site of Special Scientific Interest known as West Hoathly Pit. It is a working clay pit of geological interest with 9 metres (30 ft) of visible sedimentary layers.
- "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish" (PDF). West Sussex County Council. 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
- "About the Parish Council". West Hoathly Parish Council. 2010. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- Salzman, L. F., ed. (1940). "A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 7 – The Rape of Lewes. Parishes: West Hoathly". Victoria County History of Sussex. British History Online. pp. 164–172. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- Syms 1994, p. 174.
- "The Parish of West Hoathly". West Hoathly Parish Council. 2010. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- Nairn & Pevsner 1965, p. 627.
- McCann, pp. xxxiii–xxxiv.
- Gough 1993, p. 120.
- Marx 2000, p. 198.
- Marx 2000, p. 235.
- Gough 1993, p. 125.
- Swinfen & Arscott 1984, p. 146.
- Wales 1999, p. 229.
- "St Margaret's Church, West Hoathly". St Margaret's Church, West Hoathly. 2010. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- Salter 2000, p. 143.
- Nairn & Pevsner 1965, p. 626.
- Allen, John (22 February 2010). "Highbrook – All Saints". Sussex Parish Churches website. Sussex Parish Churches (www.sussexparishchurches.org). Archived from the original on 7 February 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- Elleray 2004, p. 32.
- Nairn & Pevsner 1965, p. 538.
- "All Saints Church". Highbrook village website. Serious Systems. 2009–2010. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- "English Heritage Review of Diocesan Churches 2005 (Extract): St Dunstan, West Hoathly, West Sussex" (PDF). English Heritage. 2005. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- "Church Websites: The Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion Churches". New Connexions. 2006. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- "Connexional Churches in the South East". Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion. 2009. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- Elleray 2004, p. 55.
- Nairn & Pevsner 1965, p. 628.
- Wales 1999, pp. 229–230.
- "West Hoathly". Mid Sussex District Council. 2010. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- Swinfen & Arscott 1984, p. 147.
- "About Us". West Hoathly Primary School. 2010. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- "SSSI Citation — West Hoathly" (PDF). Natural England. Retrieved 2 May 2009.
- Elleray, D. Robert (2004). Sussex Places of Worship. Worthing: Optimus Books. ISBN 0-9533132-7-1.
- Gough, Terry (1993). British Railways Past and Present No. 18: Surrey and West Sussex. Past and Present Railways Collection. Wadenhoe: Past and Present Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-85895-002-3.
- McCann, Tim (2004). Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century. Sussex Record Society.
- Marx, Klaus (2000). An Illustrated History of the Lewes & East Grinstead Railway. Shepperton: Oxford Publishing Co. ISBN 0-86093-547-7.
- Nairn, Ian; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1965). The Buildings of England: Sussex. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071028-0.
- Salter, Mike (2000). The Old Parish Churches of Sussex. Malvern: Folly Publications. ISBN 1-871731-40-2.
- Swinfen, Warden; Arscott, David (1984). Hidden Sussex. Brighton: BBC Radio Sussex. ISBN 0-9509510-0-5.
- Syms, James Antony (1994). East Sussex Country Churches. Seaford: S.B. Publications. ISBN 1-85770-056-2.
- Wales, Tony (1999). The West Sussex Village Book. Newbury: Countryside Books. ISBN 1-85306-581-1.
Media related to West Hoathly at Wikimedia Commons