West Indian woodpecker
|West Indian woodpecker|
Both M. s. superciliaris
The West Indian woodpecker (Melanerpes superciliaris) is a species of bird in the Picidae family. It is found in the Bahamas, Cayman Islands and Cuba. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, and heavily degraded former forest.
The species has been observed to have a polyandrous breeding system, with one female raising two broods with different males concurrently.
There are four recognized endemic sub-species in Cuba:
- M. s. superciliaris, Main island and Cayo Cantiles
- M. s. murceus, Isla de Pinos
- M. s. florentinoi, Cayo Largo
- M. s. sanfelipensis, Cayo Real
There are two other sub-species:
- M. s. nyeanus, Grand Bahama and San Salvador I.
- M. s. blakei, Great Abaco I. (n Bahamas)
- Raffaele, Herbert; James Wiley, Orlando Garrido, Allan Keith & Janis Raffaele (2003) Birds of the West Indies, Christopher Helm, London.
- Willimont, L.A., Jackson, J.A. and Jackson, B.J.S. (1991). "Classical polyandry in the West Indian woodpecker on Abaco, Bahamas". Wilson Bull. 103: 124-125. 
- Stamps (for Cayman Islands, and Cuba)
- Stamp photo; Article
- West Indian woodpecker photo gallery VIREO; Photo-linked at natureserve.org
- West Indian woodpecker videos on the Internet Bird Collection
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