West Indian woodpecker

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West Indian woodpecker
West Indian woodpecker (Melanerpes superciliaris superciliaris) male.JPG
male
West Indian woodpecker (Melanerpes superciliaris superciliaris) female.JPG
female
Both M. s. superciliaris
on Cuba
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Picidae
Genus: Melanerpes
Species: M. superciliaris
Binomial name
Melanerpes superciliaris
(Temminck, 1827)

The West Indian woodpecker (Melanerpes superciliaris) is a species of bird in the Picidae family. It is found in the Bahamas, Cayman Islands and Cuba. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, and heavily degraded former forest.

The species has been observed to have a polyandrous breeding system, with one female raising two broods with different males concurrently.

Sub species[edit]

There are four recognized endemic sub-species in Cuba:[2]

  • M. s. superciliaris, Main island and Cayo Cantiles
  • M. s. murceus, Isla de Pinos
  • M. s. florentinoi, Cayo Largo
  • M. s. sanfelipensis, Cayo Real

There are two other sub-species:

  • M. s. nyeanus, Grand Bahama and San Salvador I.
  • M. s. blakei, Great Abaco I. (n Bahamas)

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Melanerpes superciliaris". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Orlando H. Garrido and Arturo H. Kirkconnell, Birds of Cuba, Christopher Helm, Cornell 2000 ISBN 0-7136-5784-7
  • Raffaele, Herbert; James Wiley, Orlando Garrido, Allan Keith & Janis Raffaele (2003) Birds of the West Indies, Christopher Helm, London.
  • Willimont, L.A., Jackson, J.A. and Jackson, B.J.S. (1991). "Classical polyandry in the West Indian woodpecker on Abaco, Bahamas". Wilson Bull. 103: 124-125. [1]

External links[edit]