West Kensington

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West Kensington
West Kensington is located in Greater London
West Kensington
West Kensington
West Kensington shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ246783
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district W14
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°29′27″N 0°12′23″W / 51.4907°N 0.2065°W / 51.4907; -0.2065Coordinates: 51°29′27″N 0°12′23″W / 51.4907°N 0.2065°W / 51.4907; -0.2065

West Kensington is an area of West London, England, 3.4 miles (5.5 km) west of Charing Cross. West Kensington, the London postal area of W14 is roughly defined as the area between Brook Green and Hammersmith Road to the west, Fulham to the south, Shepherd's Bush to the north and Kensington to the east.

It is best known as home to the Olympia Exhibition Centre and the Queen's Club at Barons Court.

History[edit]

A map showing the wards of Fulham Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.

In 1876 William Henry Gibbs and John P. Flew, builders from Dorset, decided to capitalise on their modest success in Kensington, by recreating another 'South Kensington' on the market gardens west of the West London Railway. They built 1,200 houses in the village of North End in the parish of Fulham. However, the housing slump of the 1880s left them with many unsold properties. Their response was two-fold, to have North End renamed as 'West Kensington' and to build a bridge over the railway, from their estate to link with the Cromwell Road in fashionable Kensington.[1] They succeeded with the first plan, but the second led to bankruptcy and the dissolution of the partnership in 1885. However, the campaign for the bridge was taken up by local residents and the West Cromwell Road bridge was eventually commenced in 1938 and opened in 1942. Gibbs and Flew thereafter carried on separate businesses with a measure of success in Fulham.[2]

Residential[edit]

West Kensington is primarily a residential area consisting mainly of Victorian terraced houses, many of which are subdivided into flats. There are excellent examples of Victorian architecture, with several houses and some entire streets listed – including the imposing mansion blocks of Fitzgeorge Avenue (off North End Road) and the mansion blocks around Avonmore Road including, Glyn Mansions (Built 1897), Avonmore Mansions and Avonmore Gardens (Built 1893) which is located next to the new Kensington Village development. West Kensington Court was purpose built and completed in 1938 with a view of providing what were considered at the time luxury flats for young professionals and families wishing to move from older-style properties. There are also a number of ex-local authority and local authority buildings around the North End Road, including the recently renovated Lytton Estate. Many of buildings have been sold off. A more recent private development, St Paul's Court, was built in 1980 on the former site of St Paul's School.

Demographics[edit]

West Kensington is a cosmopolitan enclave. There are significant populations of Arabs, Americans, Australians, New Zealanders, Irish, Italian, Spanish, and French, for some of which private schools teaching in their native language can be found around Brook Green. The area also has a large student population, as it is close to Imperial College London, Charing Cross Hospital, South Kensington, Hammersmith and other Central London Universities.

Location[edit]

West Kensington has a major advantage in its location. Spill-over wealth from Kensington (W8) means that the area has brought more speciality shops, catering establishments and other developments. West Kensington straddles the border between the boroughs of Hammersmith & Fulham and Kensington & Chelsea. Although the area has not experienced the same level of investment and rejuvenation as neighbouring Earl's Court and Fulham, new building and renovation work continue. W14 became the first London postcode area without a post office, until a sub-post office agreement was reached with North End News in February 2009.[3]

Incidents[edit]

On 26 February 1975, Stephen Tibble, a 22 year old police officer of the Metropolitan Police, was fatally shot by Liam Quinn, a member of the Provisional IRA, after a chase near Barons Court tube station. It was later discovered that a flat on Fairholme Road was used by the IRA and Quinn himself as a 'bomb factory'.[4]

Commerce and education[edit]

Local business consists of small shops, offices and restaurants, with the Olympia Exhibition Centre nearby. West Kensington is within easy reach of Earl's Court, and the Broadways of Fulham, Hammersmith and Notting Hill. There are several pubs and hotels, including The Albion public house, which is reputedly haunted. The Baron's Court Theatre is also located in basement of The Curtains Up bar and restaurant. The Carnival Store is a longstanding fancy dress and costume shop in Hammersmith Road and family owned for the past 40 years.

Avonmore Road has become home to Kensington Village, built in the 1880s. Whiteleys Furniture Depositories, laundry and stables in Westbourne Grove was London's first department store. The high-ceilinged Warwick Building was used as a depository for Whiteleys-sourced furnishings (grand pianos, chaise longues, oriental room dividers, mahogany wardrobes) for the use of those resident in the colonies. Kensington Village now consists of a blend of modernised Victorian buildings, such as the Warwick Building, and modern additions such as the Pembroke Building, built in a similar style with London stock brick and red lintels and full-height glazing.

West Kensington is also home to the Cardinal Vaughan Memorial School, the three St James Independent Schools, and St Paul's School for Girls, where Gustav Holst was once director of music. (Two of his works are entitled the Brook Green Suite and the St Paul's Suite.)


Transport[edit]

West Kensington is well served by public transport.

West Kensington Station, the District line branch (running between Kensington Olympia-Earl's Court-Kensington High Street), Piccadilly line from Barons Court/Earl's Court, Circle and District line from High Street Kensington, Hammersmith & City line from Hammersmith tube station, and the Central line from Shepherd's Bush and Holland Park.

Nearest locations and places of interest[edit]

Cultural associations[edit]

Blythe House has been used as a filming location for numerous films including Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy.[5]

In the film Trainspotting, the flat that Renton shows the young couple around when he gets the job as an estate agent and ultimately stashes Begbie and Sickboy in is 78A North End Road, opposite West Kensington tube station.

The Nashville Rooms, now the Famous Three Kings pub, hosted many rock and punk concerts in the 1970s and early 1980s. Joy Division, The Sex Pistols and The Police all played there regularly.

In Hanif Kureishi's novel The Buddha of Suburbia, the main character moves from the southern suburbs of London to West Kensington and lives by the Nashville. He witnesses one of the first presentations of a punk band, probably The Sex Pistols.

The flat featured in the 1969 BBC series 'Take Three Girls' was at 17 Glazbury Road.

Heather Graham and Mia Kirshner play upper-middle-class dilettantes from West Kensington in the 2008 movie Buy Borrow Steal.[6]

Notable people[edit]

Future redevelopment[edit]

The London Borough of Hammersmith & Fulham and the Royal Borough of Kensington & Chelsea have resolved to grant outline planning permission for Sir Terry Farrell's Masterplan for the Earl's Court Project. As the Earls Court Project would bring considerable benefits to the area, it was recognised by the Mayor’s London Plan as an Opportunity Area in July 2011. The project, expected to span 15-20 years, would involve the redevelopment of the land around the Earl's Court Exhibition Centres and the West Kensington & Gibb's Green Estate. The proposals include the redevelopment and creation of four new village centres around North End Road, West Kensington, West Brompton and Earl's Court.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 'The Edwardes estate: Warwick Road (north) and West Cromwell Road', in Survey of London: Volume 42, Kensington Square To Earl's Court, ed. Hermione Hobhouse (London, 1986), pp. 282-288. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/survey-london/vol42/pp282-288 [accessed 20 October 2016].
  2. ^ Denny, Barbara (1997). Fulham Past. London: Historical Publications. pp. 69–70. ISBN 0 948667 43 5. 
  3. ^ Campaigners put post office back on the map in Olympia
  4. ^ "BBC ON THIS DAY | 27 | 1975: PC murder linked to IRA bomb factory". BBC News. 2002-02-27. Retrieved 2017-04-09. 
  5. ^ Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy film locations
  6. ^ Daily Brendan Gunn – Dialogue Coach Article
  7. ^ Melbury Road, Leighton House, and the Holland Park Artists' Houses
  8. ^ The Elgar Trail
  9. ^ The Hollywood Sign Girl Archived 10 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ New Royal Bank of Scotland Boss Hired
  11. ^ Telegraph Article "Colourful Past" Nos 7&8 Normand Mews
  12. ^ Olympia and Avonmore Character profile, London Borough of Hammersmith & Fulham
  13. ^ a b "Mr.Scully". "Queen places in London". Queen Concerts. Retrieved 2017-04-09. 
  14. ^ L. Perry Curtis Jr, "Tenniel, Sir John (1820–1914)" Retrieved 25 February 2014, pay-walled.
  15. ^ New York Times WB Yeats "A Life"

External links[edit]