West Lockinge

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West Lockinge
West Lockinge village.png
West Lockinge from the The Ridgeway
West Lockinge is located in Oxfordshire
West Lockinge
West Lockinge
West Lockinge shown within Oxfordshire
Population 179 (parish, including East Lockinge) (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SU4287
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Wantage
Postcode district OX12
Dialling code 01235
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
Website Ardington and Lockinge Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
OxfordshireCoordinates: 51°35′13″N 1°23′31″W / 51.587°N 1.392°W / 51.587; -1.392

West Lockinge is a village in Ardington and Lockinge civil parish, about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) east of Wantage. It was part of Berkshire until the 1974 local authority boundary changes transferred the Vale of White Horse to Oxfordshire. The village is included within the North Wessex Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB).

History[edit]

The route of the ancient Icknield Way passes through the village.[2]

Arn Hill and the nearby vicinity behind the village was an Iron Age fortification and Anglo-Saxon burial ground. Although a barrow was destroyed by ploughing, in approximately 1863 remains and artefacts were recovered from the summit of the hill.[3][4]

West Lockinge had a tithe barn for several centuries but no trace of it now survives.[5] An open field system of farming also prevailed in West Lockinge parish until it was enclosed in 1808.[5]

One cottage in the village is half-timbered and bears the date 1666.[5]

West Lockinge Farm has a Georgian farmhouse of five bays.[6] It is built of blue and red brick and has a hipped roof.[6] A record from 1770 of a "new erected messuage" at West Lockinge may refer to this house,[5] which has been enlarged by later alterations.[6] The farm is now run by Henrietta Knight and formerly Terry Biddlecombe, trainers of the racing horse Best Mate.[7] Since 1958 there has been a Lockinge Stakes horse race at Newbury Racecourse.

In 1993 a mixed conifer and deciduous woodland was planted behind the village, the area is named Christopher's Wood after Christopher Loyd, previous manager of the Lockinge Estate.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area selected: Vale of White Horse (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 April 2010. 
  2. ^ Thomas, Edward Jr. (1916). The Icknield Way. London: Constable & Company Ltd. p. 51. ISBN 978-1447471929. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  3. ^ Dickinson, Tania Maruerite (1977). The Anglo-Saxon burial sites of the upper Thames region, and their bearing on the history of Wessex, circa AD 400-700. Oxford: University of Oxford, Faculty of Anthropology and Geology. p. 147. Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  4. ^ Hallam, WH (1900). History of the Parish of East Lockinge Berks (2013 ed.). London. p. 96. Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d Page & Ditchfield 1924, pp. 307–311.
  6. ^ a b c Pevsner 1966, p. 170.
  7. ^ West Lockinge Farm

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to West Lockinge at Wikimedia Commons