West Lothian (UK Parliament constituency)

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West Lothian
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of Scotland Linlithgowshire
19501983
Number of members One
Replaced by Linlithgow
Livingston
Falkirk East[1]
Created from Linlithgowshire

West Lothian was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1950 to 1983. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post voting system.

The constituency is best known for its third and final MP, Tam Dalyell of the Labour Party, whose concerns about Scottish devolution were labelled "the West Lothian question".

History[edit]

West Lothian was created for the 1950 general election, partly replacing the previous Linlithgowshire constituency.

With effect from the 1983 general election, it became two different constituencies: Linlithgow and Livingston.

Boundaries[edit]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[2] Party Notes
1950 George Mathers Labour later Baron Mathers
1951 John Taylor Labour
1962 by-election Tam Dalyell Labour subsequently MP for Linlithgow
1983 constituency abolished: see Linlithgow

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: West Lothian[3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Mathers 27,236 60.61 N/A
Unionist W McE. Younger 15,999 35.60 N/A
Scottish Self-Government Maxwell Hynd 1,039 2.31 N/A
Communist J Borrowman 664 1.48 N/A
Majority 11,237 25.01 N/A
Turnout 44,938 79.76 N/A
Registered electors 56,339
Labour win (new seat)
General Election 1951: West Lothian[5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Taylor 28,906 60.52 -0.09
Unionist Humphrey Edward Gregory Atkins 18,854 39.48 +3.88
Majority 10,052 21.05 -3.96
Turnout 47,760 84.89 +5.13
Registered electors 56,259
Labour hold Swing -1.99
General Election 1955: West Lothian[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Taylor 25,654 59.66 -0.86
Unionist William R Grieve 17,347 40.34 +0.86
Majority 8,307 19.32 -1.73
Turnout 43,001 75.38 -9.51
Registered electors 57,045
Labour hold Swing -0.86
General Election 1959: West Lothian[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Taylor 27,454 60.29 +0.63
Unionist W Ian Stewart 18,083 39.71 -0.63
Majority 9,371 20.58 +1.26
Turnout 45,537 77.90 +2.52
Registered electors 58,457
Labour hold Swing +0.63

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

West Lothian by-election, 1962[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tam Dalyell 21,266 50.82 -9.47
SNP William Wolfe 9,750 23.30 +23.30
Unionist W. I. Stewart 4,784 11.43 -28.28
Liberal D. Bryce 4,537 10.84 +10.84
Communist Gordon McLennan 1,511 3.61 +3.61
Majority 11,516 27.5 +6.92
Turnout 41,848
General Election 1964: West Lothian[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tam Dalyell 24,933 50.32 -9.97
SNP William Cuthbertson Wolfe 15,087 30.45 N/A
Unionist RA Gordon Stuart 8,919 18.00 -21.71
Communist Irene Swan 610 1.23 N/A
Majority 9,846 19.87 -0.71
Turnout 49,549 79.50 +4.12
Registered electors 62,328
Labour hold Swing -20.21
General Election 1966: West Lothian[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tam Dalyell 26,662 52.37 +2.05
SNP William Cuthbertson Wolfe 17,955 35.27 +4.82
Conservative Dr David L MacKinnon 5,726 11.25 -6.75
Communist Irene Swan 567 1.11 -0.12
Majority 8,707 17.10 -2.77
Turnout 50,910 79.59 +0.09
Registered electors 63,967
Labour hold Swing -1.39

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: West Lothian[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tam Dalyell 29,360 52.91 +0.54
SNP William Cuthbertson Wolfe 15,620 28.15 -7.12
Conservative Michael Ancram 10,048 18.11 +6.86
Communist Christopher Bett 459 0.83 -0.28
Majority 13,740 24.76 +7.66
Turnout 55,487 76.68 -2.91
Registered electors 72,366
Labour hold Swing +3.83
General Election, February 1974: West Lothian[1][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tam Dalyell 28,112 45.31 -7.60
SNP William Cuthbertson Wolfe 21,690 34.96 +6.81
Conservative Alexander Pollock 11,804 19.03 +0.92
Communist Christopher Bett 438 0.71 -0.12
Majority 6,422 10.35 -14.41
Turnout 62,044 80.63 +3.95
Registered electors 76,946
Labour hold Swing -7.21
General Election, October 1974: West Lothian[1][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tam Dalyell 27,687 45.31 +0.00
SNP William Cuthbertson Wolfe 24,997 40.91 +5.95
Conservative Anthony Lester 6,086 9.96 -9.06
Liberal Hector MacAulay 2,083 3.41 N/A
Communist Christopher Bett 247 0.40 -0.31
Majority 2,690 4.40 -5.95
Turnout 61,100 78.81 -1.82
Registered electors 77,527
Labour hold Swing -2.97
General Election 1979: West Lothian[1][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tam Dalyell 36,713 54.87 +9.55
SNP William Cuthbertson Wolfe 16,631 24.86 -16.06
Conservative John Roderick Whyte 13,162 19.67 +9.71
Communist William Sneddon 404 0.60 +0.20
Majority 20,082 30.01 +25.61
Turnout 66,910 78.12 -0.69
Registered electors 85,645
Labour hold Swing +22.81

See also[edit]

West Lothian question

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "'West Lothian', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results February 1950". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1951". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1955". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  8. ^ [3]
  9. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1959". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  10. ^ [4]
  11. ^ "1962 By Election Results". Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2015-08-17. 
  12. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1964". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  13. ^ [5]
  14. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1966". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  15. ^ [6]
  16. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1970". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  17. ^ [7]
  18. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results February 1974". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  19. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results October 1974". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  20. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results May 1979". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 March 2016.