West Malling

Coordinates: 51°17′30″N 0°24′55″E / 51.29170°N 0.41521°E / 51.29170; 0.41521
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West Malling
St. Leonard's Tower, West Malling
West Malling is located in Kent
West Malling
West Malling
Location within Kent
Population2,590 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceTQ685575
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWEST MALLING
Postcode districtME19
Dialling code01732
PoliceKent
FireKent
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°17′30″N 0°24′55″E / 51.29170°N 0.41521°E / 51.29170; 0.41521
J. M. W. Turner's watercolour of St Mary's Abbey with the Cascade, circa 1791
Three service awards for nurses who worked in the Kent Nursing Institute; member, five and ten year service.

West Malling (/ˈmɔːlɪŋ/ MAW-ling, historically Town Malling) is a market town in the Tonbridge and Malling district of Kent, England. It has a population of 2,590.

Landmarks[edit]

West Malling contains several historic buildings, including St Leonard's Tower, a Norman keep built by Bishop Gundulf (bishop between 1077 and 1108).[2] He also built the White Tower of the Tower of London, the castles of Rochester and Colchester, and the Priory and Cathedral of Rochester. In c.1090 Gundulf founded St. Mary's Abbey in West Malling for Benedictine nuns. This historic site contains significant buildings from the Norman, medieval, Tudor and Georgian eras. There is also a Grade II* Listed 1966 abbey church which is used by the Anglican Benedictine nuns who have made Malling Abbey their home since 1916.

Other buildings of interest in West Malling include the Prior's House, once a residence for those with leprosy; Ford House, over 600 years old; a mainly Georgian High Street; the Swan Hotel,[3] an 18th-century coaching inn (Grade II listed), and Went House, built c.1720 and noted for its elegant brickwork. Manor Park Country Park is just to the south of the town, close to St Leonard's Tower and Douce's Manor, whose grounds the park once comprised.

In about 1791 the artist J. M. W. Turner painted a watercolour of 'St Mary's Abbey and an ornamental waterfall' on Swan St, that remains in place today.[4]

Places of worship include the Anglican St Mary's Church[5] and West Malling Baptist Church, built in 1836.[6]

Kings Hill[edit]

This new parish is a mixed residential housing estate and commercial development formed from parts of West Malling, Mereworth, East Malling and Wateringbury. The 2004 Wealth of the Nation report lists Kings Hill as having the highest average income and the highest proportion of households earning more than £100,000 per annum in Great Britain.

Transport[edit]

West Malling is some 35 miles (56 km) from central London, next to the main road between London and the coastal ferry ports of Folkestone and Dover and with good links by road and rail; the area has become a popular commuter location.

Road[edit]

Originally established on the main road to London from the coast, West Malling is about a mile (1½ km) from Junction 4 of the M20, and from Junction 2 of the M26 which leads on to the M25, encircling London.

Air[edit]

In the 1930s, Maidstone Airport was established two miles from the town, at Kings Hill. During the Second World War, RAF fighters were posted to the then-named RAF West Malling, and several US Navy squadrons were located there during the 1960s. After closure as an operational airfield in 1967, several commercial air-based activities moved onto the site, and a number of popular airshows took place – the last was in 1987. By then, work had started to convert the area to non-flying use, developing into the new parish of Kings Hill.

Rail[edit]

West Malling station, situated on the outskirts of the town, provides a regular service, operated by Southeastern Trains, up to Victoria, and down to Maidstone and Ashford. Journeys into London take around one hour. Direct services to London Bridge and Cannon Street were withdrawn in December 2009.

With the recent development of Kings Hill, the station was renamed "West Malling for Kings Hill", and in 2007 road access was provided from the West Malling bypass, taking commuter traffic away from the High Street.

Healthcare[edit]

Kent Nursing Institute was founded in 1875 in West Malling as a private nursing service, and also had a branches in Tunbridge Wells.[7] Funding was via charitable donations, subscriptions and one off payments. There was a nursing institute in West Malling from at least 1881 until the end of the First World War.  In 1881 Eva Luckes, Matron of The London Hospital was asked to train some probationers from the institute ward based training at The London.[8] Nurses were awarded five (bronze) and ten (silver) badges for long service, see image right). The Tunbridge Wells branch was in Crescent Road, and was an Auxiliary Hospital during the First World War with beds for civilians and soldiers.[9]

Notable staff[edit]

  • Agnes Theodosia Kelly (1863-1929) was Lady Superintendent / matron of the West Malling branch between 1902-1916.[10] Kelly trained at The London Hospital under Luckes between 1889-1891.[11] [12]Kelly was also Lady Superintendent of Kent VAD Hospital 150, based in West Malling, Kent until at least January 1919.[13]

Local media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

West Malling is covered by the Malling edition of the Kent Messenger, published by the KM Group. There is also a King's Hill edition of the Sevenoaks Chronicle.

Television[edit]

Local news and television programmes are provided by BBC South East and ITV Meridian. Television signals are received from the Bluebell Hill TV transmitter, [14] BBC London and ITV London can also be received from the Crystal Palace TV transmitter. [15]

Radio[edit]

The local radio station for West Malling is KMFM Maidstone. The county-wide stations BBC Radio Kent, Heart and Gold can also be received in the town.

Sport[edit]

West Malling is reputed to be the site of the first recorded cricket match in Kent. The Old County Ground, off Norman Road, was once the home of inter-county cricket in Kent, and it is known that in 1705, "West of Kent" played Chatham at Malling.

The setting for the cricket match between All Muggleton and Dingley Dell in Charles Dickens's The Pickwick Papers is reputed to be based on an amalgamation of the grounds at West Malling and Maidstone. There is a resemblance to West Malling in the original illustration of the match, a version of which featured on the back of the £10 banknote featuring Dickens, first circulated on 29 April 1992. Dickens, however, was a regular visitor to Dingley Hall in the village of Dingley, Northamptonshire. Here he would have encountered an annual cricket match against a team formed of men with the name Muggleton, from the next village of Wilbaston. Dingley Dell is an area just south of the village, steep and wooded which may instead have been the model for Dickens' "Dingley Dell".[citation needed]

Kings Hill golf course was founded in 1995 and is open to guests and visitors.[16]

Cultural references[edit]

In 1967, The Beatles' Magical Mystery Tour was filmed around West Malling, including in the High Street and at the airfield.[17]

Notable residents[edit]

  • Aretas Akers-Douglas, 1st Viscount Chilston, Conservative politician and Home Secretary 1902–1905. Born at St. Mary's Abbey, West Malling in 1851.
  • John Downman, artist. Lived in Went House, West Malling from 1804.
  • Wing Commander Guy Gibson, V.C., leader of The Dambusters, was stationed at RAF West Malling in 1941. His signature is preserved on the ceiling of the cellar at Douce's Manor, used as an Officers' Mess by the Airmen.
  • Tony Hudgell, fundraiser, lives with his parents in Kings Hill.
  • William Perfect, surgeon, obstetrician and pioneer of the treatment of mental illness. Lived in West Malling from 1756 until his death in 1809.
  • Lt. Col. A.D. Wintle, M.C., famous eccentric and soldier. First layman to win a unanimous verdict in the House of Lords. Lived in Coldharbour House in West Malling.
  • Gladys Wright, an advocate for women's physical education was born here in 1891.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 20 October 2016. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
  2. ^ "St Leonard's Tower". National Heritage List for England. Historic England. Archived from the original on 18 September 2016. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  3. ^ "Swan Hotel, West Malling, Kent". Archived from the original on 31 January 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
  4. ^ "West Malling: St Mary's Abbey with the Cascade;". www.tate-images.com. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  5. ^ "St Mary's Parish Church". stmaryswestmalling.org.uk. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  6. ^ "West Malling Baptist Church". wmbc.org.uk. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  7. ^ Burdett's Official Nursing Directory, Directory of Nurses, 1895. The Scientific Press. 1895. p. 633.
  8. ^ Matron’s Report to House Committee, 5 April 1881; House Committee Minutes, 1880–1882; RLHLH/A/5/40, 182.
  9. ^ "Nurse Lilian Teasdale (1877-1969) and Kent Nursing Institute". schoolsofnursing.co.uk. Retrieved 6 November 2023.
  10. ^ Rogers, Sarah (2022). 'A Maker of Matrons'? A study of Eva Lückes's influence on a generation of nurse leaders:1880–1919' (Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Huddersfield, April 2022)
  11. ^ Agnes Theodosia Kelly, Register of Probationers; RLHLH/N/1/3, 69; Barts Health NHS Trust Archives and Museums, London
  12. ^ Agnes Theodosia Kelly, Register of Sisters and Nurses; RLHLH/N/4/1, 115; Barts Health NHS Trust Archives and Museums, London
  13. ^ Agnes Theodosia Kelly, First World War Volunteers, British Red Cross Society [Available at: https://vad.redcross.org.uk , accessed on 23 February 2018]
  14. ^ "Full Freeview on the Bluebell Hill (Medway, England) transmitter". UK Free TV. 1 May 2004. Retrieved 27 September 2023.
  15. ^ "Full Freeview on the Crystal Palace (Greater London, England) transmitter". UK Free TV. 1 May 2004. Retrieved 27 September 2023.
  16. ^ "Kings Hill Golf Club". kingshillgolf.com. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  17. ^ "The Beatles' bubbly". www.bbc.co.uk. 25 January 2007. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  18. ^ Matthew, H. C. G.; Harrison, B.; Goldman, L., eds. (23 September 2004). "Gladys Wright in The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. ref:odnb/93577. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/93577. Retrieved 10 May 2023. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

External links[edit]