West Meets East
|West Meets East|
|Studio album by|
|Yehudi Menuhin and Ravi Shankar chronology|
West Meets East is an album by American violinist Yehudi Menuhin and Indian sitar virtuoso Ravi Shankar, released in Britain in January 1967. It was recorded following their successful duet in June 1966 at the Bath Musical Festival, where they had played some of the same material.
The album was issued in America on EMI's Angel Records imprint in June 1967. West Meets East was number 1 on Billboard's Best Selling Classical LP's list for eighteen weeks in 1967 and continued to top that chart through January the following year. It also placed on the mainstream national chart (later the Billboard 200), where it peaked at number 161. In February 1968, the album won the 1967 Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance, the first time that an Asian musician had won a Grammy. This recognition coincided with a period of heightened interest in Indian classical music, and particularly Shankar, as Western pop and rock bands such as the Beatles, the Byrds, the Rolling Stones and Traffic all adopted sitar or other aspects of the genre into their sound.
In July 1968, Angel Records announced that West Meets East was the fastest selling LP in the history of the label. The album was the first in a trilogy of "West Meets East" collaborations by Menuhin and Shankar, volumes two and three appearing in 1968 and 1976, respectively. The friendship between the two musicians had begun in India in the early 1950s, after which Menuhin had done much to introduce Western audiences to Indian music.
On the recording, the main performers are accompanied at various points by tabla player Alla Rakha; Menuhin's sister, pianist Hephzibah Menuhin; and Prodyot Sen, on tambura. In addition to Shankar's and Menuhin's liner notes on the album sleeve, musician John Barham supplied a glossary, explaining musical terms such as alap, gat and tala. At the Bath Festival, Barham had translated Shankar's interpretation of Raga Tilang into Western annotation for Menuhin's benefit. When making West Meets East, Shankar rewrote this Tilang-based piece, recording it with Menuhin as "Swara Kakali". The album's opening selection is "Prabhati", a Shankar composition based on Raga Gunakali, and played by Menuhin and Rakha.
The fourth selection, filling side two in the LP format, is "Sonata for Violin & Piano No. 3 in A minor, Op. 25", featuring Hephzibah Menuhin. This piece was written by Romanian composer George Enescu, who had been Yehudi Menuhin's teacher.
All selections by Ravi Shankar except where noted.
- "Prabhati" – 4:08
- "Raga Puriya Kalyan" – 11:45
- "Swara Kakali (based on Raga Tilang)" – 8:46
- Yehudi Menuhin – violin
- Ravi Shankar – sitar, musical arrangements
- Alla Rakha – tabla
- Hephzibah Menuhin – piano
- Prodyot Sen – tambura
- "Yehudi Menuhin and Ravi Shankar West Meets East", AllMusic (retrieved 1 December 2013).
- Shankar, Raga Mala, p. 323.
- Lavezzoli, pp. 7, 62–63.
- "New Album Releases". Billboard. 3 June 1967. p. 45. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- Kirby, Fred (13 January 1968). "Mahler Takes Listings Crown From Beethoven". Billboard. p. 34. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- "Ravi Shankar: Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- "Past Winners Search", grammy.com (retrieved 1 December 2013).
- Lavezzoli, pp. 8, 63.
- World Music: The Rough Guide, p. 109.
- Robert Shelton, "Indian Raga Music Gains in Popularity Across U.S." Archived 7 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine, New York Times, 20 December 1966 (retrieved 3 December 2013).
- Ken Hunt, "Ravi Shankar", AllMusic (retrieved 1 December 2013).
- Lavezzoli, pp. 7, 162, 174–75, 180.
- World Music: The Rough Guide, pp. 109–10.
- Staff writer (13 July 1968). "Angel's Follow LP on 'West'". Billboard. p. 30. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- Reginald Massey, "Ravi Shankar obituary", The Guardian, 12 December 2012 (retrieved 1 December 2013).
- Lavezzoli, p. 63.
- Shankar, My Music, My Life, p. 94.
- Lavezzoli, pp. 57–58, 60–61, 63.
- "Credits: Yehudi Menuhin and Ravi Shankar West Meets East", AllMusic (retrieved 1 December 2013).
- Sleeve credits, West Meets East LP (HMV Records, 1966).
- Lavezzoli, p. 62.
- Sue C. Clark, "Ravi Shankar: The Rolling Stone Interview", Rolling Stone, 9 March 1968 (retrieved 1 December 2013).
- Shankar, My Music, My Life, p. 95.
- Lionel Rolfe, "West Meets East", Pasadena Weekly, 10 January 2013 (retrieved 1 December 2013).
- Peter Lavezzoli, The Dawn of Indian Music in the West, Continuum (New York, NY, 2006; ISBN 0-8264-2819-3).
- Ravi Shankar, My Music, My Life, Mandala Publishing (San Rafael, CA, 2007; ISBN 978-1-60109-005-8).
- Ravi Shankar, Raga Mala: The Autobiography of Ravi Shankar, Welcome Rain (New York, NY, 1999; ISBN 1-56649-104-5).
- World Music: The Rough Guide (Volume 2: Latin and North America, Caribbean, India, Asia and Pacific), Rough Guides/Penguin (London, 2000; ISBN 1-85828-636-0).